U.S. Urban Rail Transit Lines
Opened From 1980: P-W
publictransit.us
 
Compiled by Leroy W. Demery, Jr. • October 25, 2010
 
Copyright 2005-2010, Publictransit.us
 
U.S. Urban Rail Segments Opened From 1980, Part 3 (P-W)
 
Philadelphia (LRT 1905, HRT 1907; includes SEPTA, PATCO)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
HRT - SEPTA
1973
+(1.9) 1.2
Orange Line
Snyder – Pattison
(38.7) 24.0
1977
-(1.9) 1.2
Blue Line
* (see Notes)
 
1977
+(1.9) 1.2
"
* (see Notes)
 
HRT - PATCO
1969
+(17.6) 10.9
PATCO Speedline
Walter Rand Transportation Center
– Lindenwold
(23.4) 14.5
1980 System Length
(62.1 km) 38.5 mi
LRT
1970 System Length
(160.8 km) 99.7 mi
1975
-(1.6) 1.0
Route 36
Eastwick-80th – Eastwick-88th
(159.2) 98.7
1977
-(8.5) 5.3
Route 60
Allegheny-35th – Richmond-Westmoreland
(150.6) 93.4
1980
-(18.7) 11.6
Route 50
6th-Oregon – Rising Sun-Knorr
(131.9) 81.8
1986
-(4.8) 3.0
Route 6
Broad-Olney – City Line Loop
(127.1) 78.8
"
-(7.3) 4.5
Route 53
10th-Luzerne – Wayne-Carpenter
(119.8) 74.3
1989
-(0.2) 0.1
Norristown
Line
Norristown – Norristown
Transportation Center (new station)
(119.7) 74.2
1992
-(20.8) 12.9
Route 23
12th-Bigler – Germantown-Bethlehem Pike
(98.9) 61.3
"
-(12.3) 7.6
Route 56
23rd-Venango – Torresdale-Cottman
(86.6) 53.7
"
-(13.7) 8.5
Route 15
63rd-Girard – Richmond-Westmoreland
(72.9) 45.2
2005
+(13.7) 8.5
"
"
(86.6) 53.7
Total HRT and LRT (operating)
(148.7 km) 92.2 mi
 
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning - LRT:
2015
+(4.6) 2.8
+(10.6) 6.6
Waterfront
LRT
City Hall – Columbus Boulevard;
Pier 70 – Penn's Landing – Girard Avenue
(101.8) 63.1
by 2022
but see Notes
+(20.8) 12.9
Route 23
12th-Bigler – Germantown-Bethlehem Pike
(restoration of rail service)
 
by 2022
but see Notes
+(12.3) 7.6
Route 56
23rd-Venango – Torresdale-Cottman
(restoration of rail service)
 
Notes:
* segment of line, north of Market Street – south of Girard station, relocated from viaduct ("elevated") to median of new motorway ("Delaware Expressway").
HRT Track Gauges:
Market-Frankford Subway-Elevated (SEPTA): (1,581 mm) 5' 2¼".
Broad Street Subway (SEPTA): standard (1,435 mm = 4' 8½").
Port Authority Transit Corporation (PATCO): standard.
LRT System Length Totals:1970 LRT system length includes the following:
City Transit Division subway-surface tramway ("trolley") lines (10, 11, 13, 34 and 36), (35.5 km) 20.8 mi. Track gauge (1,581 mm) 5' 2¼". Includes (4.0 km) 2.5 mi of separated alignment, (1.6 km) 1.0 mi of reserved-track alignment, and (27.9 km) 17.3 mi of in-street alignment.
City Transit Division surface tramway ("trolley") lines (6, 15, 23, 50, 53, 56 and 60), (86.1 km) 53.4 mi. Track gauge (1,581 mm) 5' 2¼”. In-street alignment.
Suburban Transit Division Norristown Line, (21.9 km) 13.6 mi. Separated alignment. Standard gauge.
Suburban Transit Division Media and Sharon Hill lines, (19.2 km) 11.9 mi. Track gauge (1,581 mm) 5' ". Includes (16.6 km) 10.3 mi of reserved-track alignment, and (2.6 km) 1.6 mi of in-street alignment.
2004 LRT system length, (86.6 km) 53.7 mi includes:
--Subway-surface lines, (31.9 km) 19.8 mi.
--Route 15-Girard, (13.7 km) 8.5 mi; reopened 2005 September 4.
--Norristown Line, (21.8 km) 13.5 mi.
--Media and Sharon Hill lines, (19.2 km) 11.9 mi.
National Transit Database (NTD) Statistics:
NTD statistics reported by SEPTA combine:
--City Transit Division subway-surface tramway ("trolley") lines, surface tramway ("trolley") lines and Suburban Transit Division Media and Sharon Hill lines as "LRT." (Route 15-Girard (above) was the only surface tramway line in operation at 2010 October.)
--City Transit Division HRT lines (Market-Frankford Subway-Elevated and Broad Street Subway) and Red Arrow Division Norristown Line as "HRT."
Historic opening dates for in-street and reserved-track segments of "LRT" lines are presented in Part 4 (Appendices).
Waterfront LRT:
"Philadelphia Waterfront Transit Expansion," in planning by the Port Authority Transit Company (PATCO).
Restoration of tramway ("trolley") lines 23 and 56:
SEPTA has proposed to "program" capital funds for restoration of tramway ("trolley") service to lines 23 and 56. This proposal is exactly that - a proposal - and should not be interpreted as anything more. It appears, together with other proposals for capital expenditures, in annual capital budgets approved by the SEPTA board. No funds have been committed (at 2010 October); in fact, no funds have been identified for this or for other capital expenditures that might be described as "unfunded proposals."
U.S. public transport operators are required to prepare and publish four-year and twelve-year capital plans that coincide with the regional Transportation Improvement Program. The proposed expenditures described above appear in the "twelve-year" portion of each annual plan - that is, among the projects to be funded during "Years 5-12" (e.g. fiscal years 2015-2022) of the given capital plan (e.g. the current plan, which covers fiscal years 2011-2022). The stated purpose of the project descriptions and budget allocations for "Years 5-12" is to provide "an overview of projects proposed for programming in future budget years."
Comparison of SEPTA's Fiscal Year 2007 Capital Budget and Fiscal Years 2007-2018 Capital Program (pdf format; scroll down to Page 71) and Fiscal Year 2011 Capital Budget and Fiscal Years 2011-2022 Capital Program (pdf format; scroll down to Page 71) reveals that the amounts of the "budget allocations" for the "restoration of trolley service to Routes 23 and 56" was not changed - USD 189 million for "Infrastructure Improvements, and USD 130 million for "Vehicle Purchase" (USD 130 million) needed for tramway reopening was not changed. However, the time frame was changed - from 2012-2018 (FY 2007 capital budget) to 2015-2022 (FY 2011 capital budget). This is not at all a "postponement;" it is not even a "change" from the perspective of the capital budgeting process. The project has been proposed for funding during "Years 5-12" of each successive capital budget back to 2007 (at least). This appears likely to continue until the project either receives funding or is removed from the list of proposed capital expenditures; the latter might have significant political repercussions.
See also Camden - Trenton.
 
Phoenix (LRT 2008)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
2008
+(32.0) 19.8
METRO Light Rail
Phoenix Christown Mall
– Main at Sycamore (Mesa)
(32.0) 19.8
 
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning:
2016
+(5.0) 3.1
METRO Light Rail
Central Mesa
Extension
Main at Sycamore (Mesa)
– Mesa Drive
(36.9) 22.9
2016
+(4.0) 2.5
* Tempe South
University (Tempe)
– Southern Avenue (Tempe)
 
2021
+(18) 11
* Phoenix West
79th Avenue
– ASU Downtown Campus
 
2023
+(5.2) 3.2
METRO Light Rail
Northwest Extension
Dunlap Avenue
– Phoenix Christown Mall
 
2026
+(2.9) 1.8
"
Metrocenter Mall – Dunlap Avenue
 
2026
+(8) 5
* Glendale
Downtown Glendale
– Phoenix Christown Mall
 
2031
+(19) 12
* Northwest Phoenix
Central Avenue – Paradise Valley Mall
 
Note: Opened 2008 December 29.
* "Transit mode and route to be determined" for Tempe South, Phoenix West, Glendale and Northwest Phoenix corridors.
** Tempe South corridor was recommended for construction as a Modern Streetcar line at 2010 September.
 
Pittsburgh (LRT 1904; “Stage I” reconstruction completed 1987)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
1984
** +(3.7) 2.3
 
+(0.4) 0.3
South Hills Village line
Castle Shannon – Washington Junction
– Dorchester
Dorchester – South Hills Village
(27.9) 17.3
"
* +(7.6) 4.7
Library line
Washington Junction – Library
(35.5) 22.0
"
* -(8.7) 5.4
Dormont line
South Hills Junction – Castle Shannon
(24.4) 16.6
1985
** +(2.7) 1.7
52-Allentown
Smithfield Street Bridge
– South Hills Junction
(29.5) 18.3
"
-(3.9) 2.4
 
Downtown surface track,
Smithfield Street Bridge
 
"
+(0.8) 0.5
+(1.9) 1.2
Subway
Panhandle Tunnel
and Bridge
Gateway Center – Steel Plaza
Steel Plaza – Station Square
(28.7) 17.6
1986
* -(2.4) 1.5
** +(2.1) 1.3
52-Allentown
Drake branch
Panhandle Bridge –South Hills Junction
Dorchester – Drake
(28.1) 17.4
1987
** +(8.7) 5.4
Dormont line
South Hills Junction – Castle Shannon
(36.8) 22.8
1988
+(0.5) 0.3
Penn Station branch
Steel Plaza – Penn Station
(37.3) 23.1
1993
** +(2.4) 1.5
52-Allentown
Panhandle Bridge
– South Hills Junction
(39.7) 24.6
"
* -(8.9) 5.5
Overbrook line
South Hills Junction
– Overbrook – Castle Shannon
(30.8) 19.1
1999
* -(2.1) 1.3
Drake branch
Dorchester – Drake
(28.7) 17.8
2004
** +(8.9) 5.5
Overbrook line
South Hills Junction
– Overbrook – Castle Shannon
(37.6) 23.3
 
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning:
2012
+(1.9) 1.2
North Shore
Connector
Gateway Center – Allegheny
(39.5) 24.5
Notes: *operation suspended.     ** operation restored.
Most of the Pittsburgh LRT system was upgraded from segments opened prior to opening of initial "LRT" service on 1987 May 23. Details are presented in Part 4 (Appendices).
"Stage I" modernization includes (16.9 km) 10.5 mi: Gateway Center – Mount Lebanon – Castle Shannon – South Hills Village, and Steel Plaza – Penn Station, together with route 52-Allentown. Construction started 1980. Operation of Castle Shannon – Library and Washington Junction – Drake segments, and Allentown line, suspended 1982, leaving (27.9 km) 17.3 mi in operation.
Downtown subway, reconstructed Panhandle Tunnel, Panhandle Bridge and connection to Mount Washington Tunnel (Gateway Center – Steel Plaza – Station Square) opened 1985 July 7. Operation of new light rail vehicles confined to this segment until opening of reconstructed line South Hills Junction – Mount Lebanon – Castle Shannon on 1987 May 23.
"Stage II" modernization was outlined initially to include the remainder of the system: South Hills Junction – Overbrook – Castle Shannon – Library, and Dorchester – Drake. Overbrook line operation suspended 1993. Reconstruction started 2000, line reopened 2004 June 2. Operation of Dorchester – Drake segment suspended 1999. Financing had not been secured for reconstruction (at 2009 July).
Steel Plaza – Penn Station segment operated only during peak periods from 1993. All remaining service suspended from 2007 (except for that operated on occasion for special events).
52-Allentown line operated only during peak periods from 2005.
Operation of South Hills Junction – Traymore segment of Dormont line suspended for six months in 2007 to permit reconstruction of Palm Garden bridge. Peak-period service to Penn Station not resumed following reopening.
 
Portland (LRT 1986, Modern Streetcar 2001)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
LRT - Metropolitan Area Express (MAX)
1986
+(24.4) 15.1
Eastside MAX
(Blue Line)
11th Ave – Cleveland Ave
(24.4) 15.1
1997
+(0.8) 0.5
Westside MAX
(Blue Line)
11th Ave –
Goose Hollow / SW Jefferson
(25.2) 15.6
1998
+(27.2) 16.9
"
Goose Hollow / SW Jefferson –
Hatfield Government Center
(52.3) 32.5
2001
+(8.9) 5.5
Airport MAX (Red Line)
Gateway/NE 99th Ave TC –
Portland International Airport
(61.3) 38.0
2004
+(9.4) 5.8
Interstate MAX
(Yellow Line)
Interstate / Rose Quarter –
Expo Center
(70.6) 43.8
2009
+(2.9) 1.8
MAX Yellow Line
Portland State –
Union Station (Portland Mall)
 
"
+(10.5) 6.5
MAX Green Line
Gateway Transit Center –
Clackamas Transit Center
(84.0) 52.1
Modern Streetcar - Portland Streetcar
2001
+(3.8) 2.5
Portland Streetcar
Good Samaritan Hospital –
Portland State
(3.8) 2.5
2005
+(1.0) 0.6
RiverPlace Extension
Portland State – RiverPlace
(5.0) 3.1
2006
+(1.0) 0.6
South Waterfront
Extension
RiverPlace – SW Moody / Gibbs
(6.0) 3.7
2007
+(0.6) 0.4
SW Lowell Extension
SW Moody / Gibbs –
SW Moody / Lowell
(6.6) 4.1
Total LRT and Modern Streetcar (at 2010)
(90.6 km) 56.2 mi
 
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning - LRT:
2015
+(11.8) 7.3
Milwaukie /
South Corridor
PSU South / SW Jackson Street –
SE Park Avenue
(95.8) 59.4
2018
+(4.7) 2.9
MAX Yellow Line
Expo Center –
Marshall Center / Clark College
(100.5) 62.3
2007
+(0.6) 0.4
SW Lowell Extension
SW Moody / Gibbs –
SW Moody / Lowell
(6.6) 4.1
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning - Modern Streetcar:
2012
+(5.3) 3.3
Eastside Streetcar Loop
Lovejoy Street –
Oregon Museum of
Science and Industry (OMSI)
(11.9) 7.4
Notes: Interstate MAX (Yellow Line) opened 2004 May 1.
Portland Streetcar RiverPlace Extension opened 2005 March 11.
Portland Streetcar South Waterfront Extension opened 2006 September 8.
Portland Streetcar SW Lowell Extension opened 2007 August 17.
Portland Mall segment opened 2009 August 30.
MAX Green Line opened 2009 September 12. Portland Mall worked by Yellow and Green lines from this date.
Portland Streetcar Eastside Loop service is planned to share the (planned) Caruthers Bridge (0.8 km, 0.5 mi) with MAX trains to Milwaukie, completing the loop between OMSI and RiverPlace.
The "Westside Commuter Express" suburban ("commuter") rail service is worked by DMU stock. However, the category "Lightweight DMU" is not appropriate because this stock is "compliant" with Federal Railroad Administration crashworthiness standards. This line was therefore excluded from this compilation.
 
Sacramento (LRT 1987, Modern Streetcar in planning)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
1987
+(15.3) 9.5
Northeast Line
Watt/I-80 – 13th Street
(15.3) 9.5
1987
+(14.2) 8.8
East Line
13th Street – Butterfield
(29.5) 18.3
1998
+(3.7) 2.3
"
Butterfield – Mather Field / Mills
(33.2) 20.6
2003
+(10.2) 6.3
South Line
16th Street – Meadowview
(43.4) 26.9
2004
+(4.5) 2.8
Folsom Line
Mather Field / Mills – Sunrise
(47.9) 29.7
2005
+(11.9) 7.4
Folsom Line
Sunrise – Historic Folsom
(59.8) 37.1
2006
+(1.1) 0.7
Amtrak / Folsom Corridor
St. Rose of Lima Park –
    1. Sacramento Valley Station
(61.0) 37.8
 
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning - LRT:
2011
+(1.8) 1.1
Green Line
H Street –
7th & Richards / Township 9
(62.7) 38.9
-
+(6.8) 4.2
South Line Phase 2
Meadowview –
Cosumnes River College
(69.5) 43.1
2017
+(19.2)
11.9
Green Line
7th & Richards / Township 9 –
Sacramento International Airport
(88.7) 55.0
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning - Modern Streetcar:
-
+(3.5) 2.2
Riverfront Streetcar
West Sacramento City Hall –
15th Street
(3.5) 2.2
Notes: Folsom Line initial stage (Mather Field/ Mills – Sunrise) opened 11 June 2004. Second stage (Sunrise – Historic Folsom) opened 2005 October 15.
Amtrak / Folsom Corridor opened 2006 December 8.
Green Line also known as Downtown-Natomas-Airport (DNA) Line. Extension to Sacramento International Airport might be built in stages as determined by financial considerations.
Construction for the South Line Phase 2 is planned to start between "Spring 2011 and 2013." No projected date for completion could be found at 2010 October.
 
St. Louis (LRT 1994)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
1993
+(25.0) 15.5
MetroLink
5th & Missouri – North Hanley
(25.0) 15.5
1994
+(2.4) 1.5
"
North Hanley – Lambert Airport
(27.4) 17.0
2001
+(28.1) 17.4
"
5th & Missouri – College
(55.5) 34.4
2003
+(5.6) 3.5
" St. Clair Extension
College – Shiloh / Scott
(61.2) 37.9
2006
+(12.3) 7.6
Cross County
MetroLink
Forest Park –
Shrewsbury-Lansdowne I-44
(73.5) 45.5
Note: Cross County MetroLink opened 2006 August 28.
 
Salt Lake City (LRT 1999, Modern Streetcar 2013)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
1999
+(24.2) 15.0
Salt Lake / Sandy Line
Arena – Sandy Civic Center
(24.2) 15.0
2001
+(4.0) 2.5
University Line
Main St & 400 South – Stadium
(28.2) 17.5
2003
+(2.4) 1.5
"
Stadium –
University Medical Center
(30.6) 19.0
2008
+(1.4) 0.8
SL Intermodal Line
Central Station – Arena
(32.0) 19.8
 
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning - LRT:
2011
+(8.2) 5.1
West Valley Line
Central Pointe –
West Valley City Center
(40.2) 24.9
2011
+(17.1) 10.6
Mid-Jordan Line
Fashion Place West –
Daybreak South
(57.3) 35.5
2012
+(10) 6
Airport Line
W South Temple & N 400 West –
Salt Lake International Airport
(67) 41.5
-
+(5.6) 3.5
Draper Line
Sandy Civic Center – Draper
(73) 45
 
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning - Modern Streetcar:
2013
+(4.4) 2.7
Sugar House Streetcar
Central Pointe – Granite Block
(4.4) 2.7
Note: Delta Center renamed EnergySolutions Arena in 2006. Station name changed to Arena.
Extension to Central Station opened 2008 April 28.
 
San Antonio (Modern Streetcar 2014)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning:
2014
+(3.5) 2.2
Inner-City Rail Streetcar
Josephine Street –
South St. Mary's Street
(3.5) 2.2
 
San Diego (LRT 1981)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
1981
+(25.6) 15.9
South Line
Santa Fe Depot – San Ysidro
(25.6) 15.9
1986
+(7.1) 4.5
East Line
12th & Imperial Transfer Station –
Euclid Avenue
(32.7) 20.3
1989
+(17.9) 11.1
"
Euclid Avenue – El Cajon Transit Center
(50.6) 31.4
1990
+(2.6) 1.6
Bayside Line
Santa Fe Depot –
12th & Imperial Transfer Station
(53.2) 33.0
1995
+(5.6) 3.5
"
El Cajon Transit Center – Santee Town Center
(58.9) 36.5
1996
+(5.3) 3.3
North Line
Santa Fe Depot – Old Town Transit Center
(64.2) 39.8
1997
+(9.8) 6.1
Mission Valley West Line
Old Town Transit Center – Mission San Diego
(74.0) 45.9
2005
+(9.4) 5.8
Mission Valley East Line
Mission San Diego – Grossmont Center
(83.4) 51.7
 
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning:
2015
+(9.4) 11
Mid-Coast Line
Old Town Transit Center –
University Towne Center
(102) 63
Note: Mission Valley East Line opened 2005 July 10.
 
San Francisco (HRT 1972, LRT 1917)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
HRT
1980 System Length
(114.5 km) 71.0 mi
1995
+(3.5) 2.5
Pittsburg / Bay Point Extension
Concord – North Concord / Martinez
(118.5) 73.5
1996
+(2.6) 1.6
Colma Extension
Daly City – Colma
(121.1) 75.1
1996
+(7.7) 5.3
Pittsburg / Bay Point Extension
North Concord / Martinez –
Pittsburg / Bay Point
(129.7) 80.4
1997
+(23.7) 14.7
Dublin / Pleasanton Extension
Bay Fair – Dublin / Pleasanton
(153.4) 95.1
2003
+(14.0) 8.7
SFO Airport Extension
Colma –
San Francisco International Airport –
Millbrae
(167.3) 103.7
 
LRT
1980 System Length
(39.0 km) 24.2 mi
1980
+(1.5) 0.9
M Ocean View
Broad & Plymouth – Balboa Park
(40.5) 25.1
1991
+(3.7) 2.3
J Church
Church & 30th – Balboa Park
(44.2) 27.4
1995
* +(5.0) 3.1
F Market
17th & Castro –
Transbay Transit Terminal
"
1998
+(3.4) 2.1
N Judah
Embarcardero – 4th & King
(47.6) 29.5
2000
+(4.0) 2.5
 
-(0.5) 0.3
F Market
First & Battery (Market St.) – Fisherman's Wharf (Jones Street)
Loop line to
    1. Transbay Transit Terminal
(51.1) 31.7
2007
+(8.7) 5.4
Third Street Light Rail
4th & King – Sunnydale Avenue
(59.4) 36.8
-
(0.5) 0.3
"
Sunnydale Avenue –
CalTrain Bayshore Station
 
Total HRT and LRT (at 2010)
(217.9 km) 135.1 mi
 
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning - HRT:
2014
+(8.7) 5.4
Warm Springs
Extension
Fremont – Warm Springs
(176.0) 109.1
2018
+(16) 10
Berryessa Extension
Warm Springs – Berryessa
(192) 119
2025
+(10) 6
BART Silicon Valley
Berryessa –
Downtown San Jose – Santa Clara
(202) 125
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning - DMU:
2015
+(16) 10
eBART
Pittsburg / Bay Point –
Hillcrest Avenue (Antioch)
(16) 10
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning - AGT:
2014
+(5.2) 3.2
Oakland Airport
Connector
Coliseum / Oakland Airport –
Oakland International Airport
(5.2) 3.2
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning - LRT:
2016
+(3.1) 1.9
Central Subway
4th & King – Washington Square
(62.4) 38.7
-
+(1.4) 0.8
F-Market
Fisherman's Wharf (Jones Street)
– Fort Mason Center
(63.8) 39.5
Notes: * Full-time service restored.
HRT Track Gauge: San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District: (1,676mm) 5' 6".
LRT System Length Totals:
1980 LRT system length includes (8.9-km) 5.5-mi subway from Embarcadero portal to West Portal station (incorporates (3.5-km) 2.2-mi Twin Peaks Tunnel, opened 1917), and (1.3-km) 0.8-mi Sunset Tunnel. Remainder includes (3.1 km) 1.9 mi of reserved-track alignment and (25.8 km) 16.0 mi of in-street alignment.
1980 LRT system length includes Market Street surface tracks. Not in use on weekdays from 1980 because of opening of Market Street subway and beginning of weekday Muni Metro service. Weekend Muni Metro service began 1982, Market Street surface tracks out of use thereafter. Summer-only Trolley Festival operation 1983-1987. Full-time service restored 1995.
2004 LRT system length includes (11.0 km) 6.8 mi of separated alignment, (11.0 km) 6.8 mi of reserved-track alignment and (29.2 km) 18.1 mi of in-street alignment.
Historic opening dates for in-street and reserved-track segments of LRT lines are presented below (Part 3).
The "Westside Commuter Express" suburban ("commuter") rail service is worked by DMU stock. However, the category "Lightweight DMU" is not appropriate because this stock is "compliant" with Federal Railroad Administration crashworthiness standards. This line was therefore excluded from this compilation.
See also San Jose.
 
San Jose (LRT 1987)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
1987
+(3.5) 2.2
+(7.1) 4.4
Tasman West Light Rail
Guadalupe Light Rail
Old Ironsides – Tasman
Tasman – Younger Street *
(10.6) 6.6
1988
+(3.4) 2.1
"
Civic Center – Convention Center
(14.0) 8.7
1990
+(2.6) 1.6
"
Convention Center – Tamien
(16.6) 10.3
1991
+(13.9) 8.6
+(2.0) 1.2
"
Almaden Light Rail
Tamien – Santa Teresa;
Ohlone/Chynoweth – Almaden
(32.4) 20.1
1999
+(0.5) 0.3
+(12.3) 7.6
Tasman West Light Rail
Baypointe – Tasman;
Old Ironsides –Mountain View
(45.2) 28.0
2001
+(3.1) 1.9
Tasman East Light Rail
Baypointe – I-880 / Milpitas
(48.2) 29.9
2004
+(4.7) 2.9
+(5.6) 3.5
"
Capitol Light Rail
I-880 / Milpitas – Hostetter
Hostetter – Alum Rock
(58.5) 36.3
2005
+(1.6) 1.0
Vasona Light Rail
Children's Discovery Museum San Jose Diridon
(60.2) 37.3
"
+(6.9) 4.3
"
San Jose Diridon Winchester
(67.1) 41.6
 
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning:
-
+(4.2) 2.6
Capitol Expressway Light Rail to Eastridge
Alum Rock
Eastridge Transit Center
(71.3) 44.2
Notes: * Temporary terminal.
I-880 / Milpitas – Hostetter – Alum Rock segment opened 2004 June 23. Children's Discovery Museum – San Jose Diridon opened 2005 August 1. San Jose Diridon – Winchester segment opened 2005 October 1.
See also San Francisco.
 
San Juan (Puerto Rico; HRT 2005)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
2005
+(17.2) 10.7
Tren Urbano
Sagrado Corazón – Bayamón
(17.2) 10.7
Note: Opened 2004 December 19 for trial service, fare-free operation, Saturday and Sunday only. Weekday fare-free service added from 2005 April 19. Commercial service started on 2005 June 6.
 
Seattle (LRT 2009, Modern Streetcar 2007)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
LRT
2009 July
+(22.4) 13.9
Central Link (LRT)
Westlake –
Tukwila International Boulevard
(26.6) 16.5
2009 Dec
+(2.7) 1.7
"
Tukwila International Boulevard
SeaTac / Airport
(29.4) 18.2
Modern Streetcar
2007
+(4.2) 2.6
Seattle Streetcar,
South Lake Union Line
Pacific Place –
Fred Hutchinson
Cancer Research Center
(4.2) 2.6
Total LRT
and Modern Streetcar (at 2010)
(33.5 km) 20.8 mi
 
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning - LRT:
2016
+(5.1) 3.1
University Link
Westlake –
University of Washington
(34.4) 21.3
2020
+(6.6) 4.1
North Link
University of Washington –
Northgate
(41.0) 25.4
2020-2021
+(23.4) 14.5
East Link
International District / Chinatown – Overlake
(64.4) 39.9
2012
+(3.2) 2.0
Airport Link Extension
SeaTac / Airport
– South 200th Street
(67.6) 41.9
2020-2023
+(7.7) 4.8
South Link
SeaTac / Airport –
Redondo / Star Lake
(75.4) 46.7
2023
+(13.2) 8.2
North Link
Lynnwood Extension
Northgate – Lynnwood
(88.6) 54.9
-
+(5.5) 3.5
East Link
Redmond Extension
Overlake – Redmond
(94.3) 58.4
-
+(20) 12
South Link
Tacoma Dome Extension
Redondo / Star Lake –
Tacoma Dome
(113) 70
-
+(21) 13
North Link
Everett Extension
Lynnwood – Everett
(134) 83
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning - Modern Streetcar:
2013
+(3.5) 2.2
First Hill Link Connector
International District / Chinatown – Capitol Hill
+(7.7) 4.8
Note: Central Link, Westlake – Tukwila / International Boulevard segment, opened 2009 July 20.
Tukwila / International Boulevard – SeaTac / Airport segment opened 2009 December 19.
Central Link LRT line incorporates Downtown Seattle Transit Tunnel, Westlake – International District / Chinatown, (2.1 km) 1.3 mi. The "DSTT" was opened 15 September 1990. It was worked by "dual-mode" buses, which used electric traction in the tunnel and diesel traction elsewhere, to 24 January 2005. Dual-mode buses were then replaced by diesel-battery ("hybrid") buses. The tunnel was closed for reconstruction from 2005 September 24 to 2007 September 24.
Seattle Streetcar, South Lake Union Line opened 2007 December 12. Previous tramway line (in Westlake Avenue North) closed 1941.
See also Tacoma.
 
Tacoma (Modern Streetcar 2003)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
2003
+(2.6) 1.6
Tacoma Link
Theater District / S 9th – Tacoma Dome
(2.6) 1.6
Note: The Tacoma Link line is worked currently by modern streetcar stock of the type used in Portland. Infrastructure was designed and built to accommodate light-rail trains.
Opened 2003 August 22. Fare-free operation.
See also Seattle.
 
Tucson (Modern Streetcar 2012)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning:
2012
+(6.3) 3.9
Tucson Streetcar
Congress Street – Campbell Avenue
(6.3) 3.9
Note:
The Tucson Streetcar will incorporate the Old Pueblo Trolley, a (1.3-km) 0.8-mi heritage operation. This was opened on 1993 April 13. Of the system length, (0.8-km) 0.5-mi was built by the former tramway (streetcar) operator, Tucson Rapid Transit Company. This segment was closed with the remainder of the system on 1930 December 31, and uncovered in 1985. The remainder of the Old Pueblo Trolley line was built new. The existing single-track Old Pueblo Trolley line will be rebuilt and doubled.
A short (0.6-km) 0.3-mi Old Pueblo Trolley extension to the business center was opened on 2009 April 20.
Washington (HRT 1976, LRT 2016, Modern Streetcar 2012)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
1980 System Length
(60.0 km) 37.2 mi
1983
+(5.3) 3.3
Yellow Line
Gallery Pl-Chinatown – Pentagon
(65.3) 40.5
"
+(8.4) 5.2
"
Reagan Washington National Airport –
Huntington
(73.7) 45.7
1984
+(11.0) 6.8
Red Line
Van Ness-UDC – Grosvenor-Strathmore
(84.7) 52.5
"
+(11.1) 6.9
"
Grosvenor-Strathmore – Shady Grove
(95.8) 59.4
1986
+(14.7) 9.1
Orange Line
Ballston – Vienna / Fairfax-GMU
(110.5) 68.5
1990
+(5.2) 3.2
Red Line
Silver Spring – Wheaton
(115.6) 71.7
1991
+(2.7) 1.7
Green Line
Gallery Pl-Chinatown – U Street
/ African-American Civil War Memorial
/ Cardozo
(118.4) 73.4
"
+(6.1) 3.8
Blue Line
King Street – Van Dorn Street
(124.5) 77.2
"
+(4.7) 2.9
Green Line
L'Enfant Plaza – Anacostia
(129.2) 80.1
1993
+(12.8) 7.9
"
Fort Totten – Greenbelt
(141.9) 88.0
1997
+(5.3) 3.3
Blue Line
Van Dorn Street – Franconia-Springfield
(147.3) 91.3
1998
+(2.3) 1.4
Red Line
Wheaton – Glenmont
(151.1) 93.7
1999
+(4.7) 2.9
Green Line
U Street
/ African-American Civil War Memorial
/ Cardozo – Fort Totten
(155.8) 96.6
2001
+(10.5) 6.5
"
Anacostia – Branch Avenue
(166.3) 103.1
2004
+(5.0) 3.1
Blue Line
Addison Road- Seat Pleasant –
Largo Town Center
(171.6) 106.4
 
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning - HRT:
2013
+(18.9)
11.7
Dulles
Corridor
East Falls Church – Wiehle Avenue (Reston)
(190.5) 118.1
2016
+(18.5)
11.5
"
Wiehle Avenue (Reston) –
Dulles International Airport – Route 722
(209.9) 129.6
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning - LRT:
2016
+(26) 16
Purple Line
Bethesda – Silver Spring –
College Park – New Carrollton
(26) 16
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning - Modern Streetcar:
2012
+(1.2) 0.7
DC Streetcar
Anacostia (Metrorail station) – Naval Annex
(1.2) 0.7
2012
+(3) 2
"
Union Station – Oklahoma Avenue
(5) 3
2016
+(8) 5
Columbia Pike
Streetcar
Pentagon City – Bailey's Crossroads / Skyline
(13) 8
Note: Addison Road – Seat Pleasant – Largo Town Center opened 2004 December 18.
The Dulles Corridor line is known officially as the Dulles Corridor Metrorail Project
DC Streetcar: Opening of the Anacostia Initial Line Segment (Anacostia Metrorail station – Naval Annex) and H Street / Benning Road segment (Union Station – Oklahoma Avenue) planned for 2012 March. (60-km) 37-mi system planned for construction in three phases.
 
See Part 4 for "Historic Opening Years," Acknowledgments, References and Document History.