U.S. Urban Rail Transit Lines
Opened From 1980: J-O
publictransit.us
 
Compiled by Leroy W. Demery, Jr. • October 25, 2010
 
Copyright 2005-2010, Publictransit.us
Table of Contents
 
U.S. Urban Rail Segments Opened From 1980, Part 2 (J-O)
 
Jacksonville (AGT 1989-1996, Monorail 1997)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
1989
+(1.1) 0.7
JTA Skyway
Convention Center – Central
(1.1) 0.7
1996
-(1.1) 0.7
"
Convention Center – Central
0.0
1997
+(1.5) 0.9
"
Convention Center – Hemming Plaza
(1.5) 0.9
1998
+(0.5) 0.3
"
Hemming Plaza – FCCJ
(1.9) 1.2
1998
+(1.5) 0.9
"
Central – San Marco
(3.4) 2.1
2000
+(0.6) 0.4
"
San Marco – Kings Avenue
(4.0) 2.5
Notes: Line opened 1989 with steel-wheel, linear-motor stock built by MATRA. Closed 1996. Replaced by monorail stock built by Bombardier, opened 1997.
Operates Monday – Saturday. Sunday service operates for special events.
 
Jersey City (LRT 2000)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
2000
+(10.0) 6.2
+(2.3) 1.4
Hudson-Bergen Light Rail
Exchange Place – East 34th St;
Liberty State Park – West Side Avenue
 
"
+(1.6) 1.0
"
Exchange Place – Pavonia-Newport
(13.9) 8.6
2002
+(1.9) 1.2
"
Pavonia-Newport – Hoboken Terminal
(15.8) 9.8
2003
+(1.5) 0.9
"
East 34th Street – East 22nd Street
(17.3) 10.7
2004
+(3.5) 2.2
"
Hoboken Terminal – Lincoln Harbor
(20.8) 12.9
2006
+(4.7) 2.9
"
Lincoln Harbor – Tonnelle Avenue Park and Ride
(26.8) 16.6
 
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning:
2010
+(2.1) 1.3
"
East 22nd Street – East 8th Street
(28.9) 17.9
 
+(5.5) 3.4
"
Tonnelle Avenue Park and Ride –
Vince Lombardi Park and Ride
(34.3) 21.3
Notes: Hoboken Terminal – Lincoln Harbor extension opened 2004 September 7. Lincoln Harbor – Tonnelle Avenue Park and Ride opened 2006 February 25.
The extension East 22nd Street – East 8th Street was nearly complete at 2010 October, but no date for opening had been announced.
The project to extend the system to Vince Lombardi Park and Ride was not active at 2010 October. Other possible extensions were under study.
 
Las Vegas (Monorail 2004)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
2004
+(6.3) 3.9
Las Vegas Monorail
Sahara – MGM Grand
(6.3) 3.9
Note: Line opened 2004 July 15.
 
Los Angeles (HRT 1993, LRT 1990)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
HRT
1993
+(4.8) 3.0
Metro Red Line
Union Station –
Westlake / MacArthur Park
(4.8) 3.0
1996
+(3.2) 2.0
"
Westlake / MacArthur Park –
Wilshire / Western
(8.1) 5.0
1999
+(7.7) 4.8
"
Wilshire / Vermont –
Hollywood / Vine
(15.8) 9.8
2000
+(10.2) 6.3
"
Hollywood / Vine –
North Hollywood
(26.0) 16.1
LRT
1990
+(31.5) 19.5
Metro Blue Line
Pico – Anaheim
(31.5) 19.5
"
+(1.9) 1.2
"
Anaheim – Transit Mall
(33.4) 20.7
1991
+(1.3) 0.8
"
7th Street / Metro Center
/ Julian Dixon – Pico
(34.7) 21.5
1995
+(31.0) 19.2
Metro Green Line
Redondo Beach – Norwalk
(66.3) 41.1
2003
+(21.9) 13.7
Metro Gold Line
Union Station – Sierra Madre Villa
(87.7) 54.4
2009
+(9.5) 5.9
Eastside Metro Gold Line
Union Station – Beverly / Atlantic
(123.2) 76.4
Total HRT and LRT (at 2010)
(123.2 km) 76.4 mi
 
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning - HRT
by 2022
+(15) 9
Metro Westside
Subway Extension
Wilshire / Western –
Westwood / VA Hospital
(40) 25
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning - LRT
by 2012
+(12.1) 7.5
Metro Expo Line
Washington Boulevard
(junction) – Venice / Robertson
(135.3) 83.9
by 2014
+(18.2) 11.3
Metro Gold Line
Foothill Extension
Sierra Madre Villa – Azusa-Citrus
(153.5) 95.2
by 2015
+(10.6) 6.6
Metro Expo Line
Venice / Robertson – 4th / Colorado
(164.2) 101.8
by 2018
+(13.7) 8.5
Metro Crenshaw Line
Crenshaw / Expo –
Metro Green Line (junction)
(177.9) 110.3
by 2019
+(20.3) 12.6
Metro Gold Line
Foothill Extension
Azusa-Citrus – Montclair Transcenter
(198.2) 122.9
by 2019
+(2.9) 1.8
Metro
Regional Connector
7th Street / Metro Center
/ Julian Dixon – Little Tokyo
(201.1) 124.7
by 2035
+(4.4) 2.7
Metro Green Line
South Bay Extension
Redondo Beach –
South Bay Galleria
(205.5) 127.4
Note: Eastside Metro Gold Line (official title Edward R. Roybal Metro Gold Line Eastside Extension) was opened on 2009 November 16.
The Metro Westside Subway Extension was planned for construction in states at 2010 October, but details had not been announced.
The Metro Expo and Crenshaw lines will receive "line color" designations prior to opening, but no decisions had been made at 2010 October.
 
Memphis (LRT 1993)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
1993
+(4.0) 2.5
Main Street
Auction Avenue – Calhoun Avenue
(4.0) 2.5
1997
+(3.2) 2.0
Riverfront
Auction Avenue – Calhoun Avenue
(7.3) 4.5
2004
+(4.0) 2.5
Medical Center
Main Street – Cleveland Avenue
(11.3) 7.0
Notes: The MATA Trolley system is worked currently by vintage and replica stock. Infrastructure was designed and built to accommodate light-rail stock.
Main Street line includes (1.3 km) 0.8 mi of reserved-track alignment (transit mall) and (2.7 km) 1.7 mi of in-street alignment.
Riverfront line, single-track, operates in southward direction. Cars return northward on Main Street Line. Includes (2.7 km) 1.7 mi of reserved-track alignment and (0.5 km) 0.3 mi of in-street alignment.
Medical Center extension opened 2004 March 15.
 
Miami (HRT 1984, AGT 1986)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
HRT
1984
+(15.3) 9.5
Metrorail Green Line
Dadeland South – Overtown / Arena
(15.3) 9.5
1984
+(6.3) 3.9
"
Overtown / Arena –
Earlington Heights
(21.6) 13.4
1985
+(11.5) 7.1
"
Earlington Heights – Okeechobee
(33.1) 20.5
2003
+(2.3) 1.4
"
Okeechobee – Palmetto
(35.3) 21.9
AGT
1986
+(3.1) 1.9
Metromover
Downtown Loop
Government Center –
Bayfront Park – Government Center
(3.1) 1.9
1994
+(1.5) 0.9
+ (2.6) 1.6
“ Omni Loop
“ Brickell Loop
Downtown Loop – School Board;
Downtown Loop – Financial District
(7.1) 4.4
Total HRT and AGT (at 2010)
(42.4 km) 26.3 mi
 
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning - HRT:
2012
+(3.5) 2.4
Metrorail Orange Line
Earlington Heights - MIC Connection
Earlington Heights –
MIC (Miami Intermodal Center)
(39.2) 24.3
2014
+(15.3) 9.5
Metrorail
North Corridor
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Plaza –
Calder Race Course
(54.5) 33.8
2016
+(17.1) 10.6
Metrorail
East-West Corridor
MIC –
FIU (Florida International University)
(71.6) 44.4
Note: North and East-West corridor projects placed on "indefinite hold" during 2009 because of funding shortfall.
 
Milwaukee (Modern Streetcar 2013)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning:
2013
+(3) 2
Milwaukee Connector
Streetcar Project
W. St. Paul Street / N. 4th Street –
E. Ogden Avenue / N. Franklin Place
(3) 2
 
Minneapolis-St. Paul (LRT 2004)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
2004
+(12.6) 7.8
Hiawatha Line
Warehouse District / Hennepin Avenue
– Fort Snelling
(12.6) 7.8
"
+(6.8) 4.2
"
Fort Snelling – Mall of America
(19.4) 12.0
 
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning
2014
+(18) 11
Central Corridor
Hiawatha Line (junction) – 4th & Cedar
(37) 23
Note: Warehouse District / Hennepin Avenue – Fort Snelling (Phase I) opened 2004 June 26. Fort Snelling – Mall of America (Phase II) opened 2004 December 4.
 
Monterey (Lightweight DMU 2015)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning:
2015
+(16.4)
10.2
Monterey Peninsula
Fixed Guideway Service
Customs House Plaza (Monterey)
– Marina Green
(16.4) 10.2
 
New Orleans (LRT 1835)
Year
Segment Length
(km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
1980 System Length
12-St. Charles Streetcar Line
Carondelet-Canal –
Carrollton-Clairborne
(10.5) 6.5
1988
+(2.4) 1.5
2-Riverfront Streetcar Line
Esplanade – Julia
(12.9) 8.0
1990
+(0.8) 0.5
"
Julia – * Thalia
(13.7) 8.5
1999
+(0.6) 0.4
Canal Streetcar Line
Riverfront –
Baronne / Dauphine
(14.4) 8.9
2004
+(5.0) 3.1
 
+(1.5) 0.9
Canal Streetcar Line
 
City Park Branch
St. Charles
– Cemeteries Terminal
Canal – Beauregard Circle
(20.8) 12.9
 
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning:
2012
+(1.3) 0.8
Loyola Avenue Loop
Canal –
Union Passenger Terminal
(22.1) 13.7
-
+(3.1) 1.9
+(1.0) 0.6
French Quarter Loop
Canal – Press Street
St. Claude Avenue –
French Market
Station (Riverfront Line)
(26.1) 16.2
-
+(2.9) 1.8
Convention Center Loop
Canal – * Thalia
(29.0) 18.0
Notes: St. Charles tramway ("streetcar") line opened 1835, electrified 1893, regauged from standard (1,435mm = 4' 8½”) to (1,588 mm) 5' 2½” 1929.
* Riverfront Line Thalia Street terminal now named John Churchill Chase Station.
System length includes (9.0 km) 5.6 mi of reserved-track alignment in street medians ("neutral ground" and (1.5 km) 0.9 mi of in-street alignment.
Riverfront streetcar line built as standard gauge, regauged to (1,588 mm) 5' 2½” 1997. Reserved-track alignment.
Previous Canal Street line built 1861, electrified 1894, replaced by motorbus 1964.
Demonstration service on Canal Street between Riverfront and Dauphine Street from 1999.
Canal streetcar line and City Park branch (lines 42-Canal/Cemeteries and 45-Canal/City Park) opened 2004 April 18. Reserved-track alignment in street and road medians ("neutral ground").
Operation suspended 2005 August 28 because of tropical storm ("Hurricane Katrina"). Riverfront line, and Canal line between business center ("downtown") and Crozat Street, reopened 2005 December 18 using cars from St. Charles line fleet. Remainder of Canal line reopened 2006 April 2.
St. Charles line reopened 2006 December 19 between Canal Street and Lee Circle. Reopening of remainder delayed because of damage to overhead system, and decision to carry out previously-planned renewal of overhead system prior to reopening.
St. Charles line reopened 2007 November 11 between Lee Circle and Napoleon Avenue. Reopened 2007 December 23 between Napoleon Avenue and South Carrollton Avenue. Remainder reopened 2008 June 22.
 
New York (HRT 1871)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
1967
+(3.9) 2.4
IND Chrystie St
Houston St – Canal St
(431.3) 267.4
1968
+(0.6) 0.4
IND 6th Av
53 St – 58 St
(431.9) 267.8
1968
+(0.5) 0.3
IRT Lenox Av
145 St – Harlem-148 St
(432.4) 268.1
1969
-(4.4) 2.7
Myrtle Av El
Bridge-Jay Sts – Broadway
(428.1) 265.4
1973
-(8.9) 5.5
Third Av El
149 St – Gun Hill Rd
(419.2) 259.9
1977
-(1.6) 1.0
Culver Shuttle
9 Av – Ditmas Av
(417.6) 258.9
1977
-(1.5) 0.9
BMT Jamaica Line
(Jamaica Av El)
Queens Blvd – 168 St
(416.1) 258.0
1980 System Length
(416.1 km) 258.0 mi
1985
-(0.6) 0.4
BMT Jamaica Line
(Jamaica Av El)
Archer Avenue Subway junction – Queens Blvd
(415.5) 257.6
1988
+(2.4) 1.5
+(0.8) 0.5
Archer Avenue Subway
Van Wyck Blvd – Parsons Blvd;
Connection to BMT Jamaica Line
(418.7) 259.6
1989
+(3.5) 2.2
+(0.6) 0.4
63rd Street Tunnel
57 St – Queensbridge-21 St
Connection to BMT Broadway Line
(422.9) 262.2
2001
+(1.0) 0.6
63rd Street Connector
Queensbridge-21 St – 36 St
(423.9) 262.8
 
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning:
2013
+(1.6) 1.0
7 Subway Extension
Times Sq – 34 St
(425.5) 263.8
2016
+(3.1) 1.9
Second Avenue Subway
63 St / Lexington Avenue – 96 St
(428.5) 265.7
 
+(2.4) 1.5
"
96 St – 125 St
(431.0) 267.2
 
+(5.5) 3.4
"
72 St – Houston Street
(436.5) 270.6
2024
+(2.7) 1.7
"
Houston Street – Hanover Square
(439.2) 272.3
Notes: Cumulative System Length statistic includes NYCT, PATH and SIRy.
Operation suspended 1985-1988 over portion of BMT Jamaica Line between 121 St and junction with new Archer Avenue Subway, (0.6 km) 0.4 mi.
Segment of Archer Avenue Subway shared by BMT Jamaica and IND Queens Boulevard lines has two levels; upper level is used by IND Queens Boulevard trains, and lower level by BMT Jamaica Line trains.
63rd Street Tunnel Line connection to BMT Broadway Line (59th St & 7th Av) had not been used for scheduled service (to 2010 October).
2004 system length includes segments with operation suspended temporarily for rehabilitation, and from 2001 September 11 because of damage caused by terrorist attack.
The Second Avenue Subway is planned for construction in four phases during a 16-year interval. Only Phase 1 was under construction at the time of writing (2010 October). Phase 2 is planned to incorporate two tunnel segments built during 1972-1975.
 
Newark (LRT 1935)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
1980 System Length
(6.9 km) 4.3 mi
2002
+(1.3) 0.8
7-City Subway
Branch Brook Park – Grove Street
(8.2) 5.1
2006
+(1.6) 1.0
Newark Rail Link
Newark Penn Station –
Broad Street Station
(9.8) 6.1
Note: Newark Rail Link opened 2006 July 7. Service marketed as "Newark Light Rail" from that date.
 
Norfolk (LRT 2011)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning:
2011
+(11.9) 7.4
The Tide
Medical Center – Newtown Road
(11.9) 7.4
Note: Opening planned for 2011 May 1.
 
Oceanside - Escondido (Lightweight DMU 2008)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
2008
+(35) 22
Sprinter
Oceanside – Escondido
(35) 22
Note: Opening ceremony held 2007 December 28. Start of service planned for 2008 January 13; postponed to 2008 March 9. Not electrified. Previous passenger service withdrawn 1946.
 
Oklahoma City (Modern Streetcar 2020)
Year
Segment Length (km / mi)
Line
Segment
Cumulative System Length   (km / mi)
Under Construction, Under Design and In Planning:
2020
*
Modern Transit Project
*
*
Note: System length described as (8 to 10 km) 5 to 6 miles. Segments described as Union Station – Bricktown – State Capitol Complex, and Union Station – Myriad Gardens – Historic Neighborhoods.
 
See Part 4 for "Historic Opening Years," Acknowledgments, References and Document History.