Table 3.1: Tramway, Light Railway and LRT
U.S, Canada, Western Europe and Australasia
A          A Coruña (La Coruña) - Avellino     (3.1.1, 2008.6)
City and Country
Population Served
System Length, km / mi
Annual Passengers (million)
Average Travel Distance, km / mi
Annual Traffic Density (million)
           
A Coruña (La Coruña) (La Coruna)
ES
229,000
5.8 / 3.6
     
Aachen-1966
DE
@ 480,000
52.7 / 32.7
16.5
3.8 / 2.4
1.2
Aarau-WSB - Suhrental-1910
CH
 
11.0 / 6.8
   
0.2
Wynental-1910
   
22.2 / 13.8
   
0.2
Summary-1910
   
33.2 / 20.6
   
0.2
             
Suhrental-1920
   
11.0 / 6.8
   
0.3
Wynental-1920
   
22.2 / 13.8
   
0.2
Summary-1920
   
33.2 / 20.6
   
0.2
             
Suhrental-1930
   
11.0 / 6.8
0.4
5.9 / 3.7
0.2
Wynental-1930
   
22.0 / 13.6
0.7
6.0 / 3.7
0.2
Summary-1930
   
33.0 / 20.5
1.1
6.0 / 3.7
0.2
             
Suhrental-1940
   
11.0 / 6.8
0.4
6.6 / 4.1
0.2
Wynental-1940
   
22.0 / 13.6
0.6
7.1 / 4.4
0.2
Summary-1940
   
33.0 / 20.5
1.0
6.9 / 4.3
0.2
             
Suhrental-1955
   
11.0 / 6.8
1.3
6.3 / 3.9
0.7
Wynental-1955
   
22.0 / 13.6
1.8
7.8 / 4.8
0.6
Summary-1955
   
33.0 / 20.5
3.0
7.2 / 4.4
0.7
             
WSB-1970
   
32.2 / 20.0
3.7
7.7 / 4.8
0.9
1984
   
"
3.7
7.9 / 4.9
0.9
2002
 
70,000
"
4.0
8.1 / 5.0
1.0
Aarhus, DK: see Århus (DK)
           
Aberdeen (WA)-1907
US
@ 22,000
15.8 / 9.8
1.2
3 / 2
0.2
1916
 
@ 27,000
"
1.8
"
0.4
1927
 
@ 55,000
11.5 / 7.1
1.4
"
0.4
Adelaide-1960
AU
@ 860,000
10.8 / 6.7
2.8
6.5 / 4.0
1.7
1970
 
@ 843,000
"
2.7
"
1.6
1980
 
@ 880,000
"
2.7
"
1.6
1989
 
@ 1,024,000
"
2.6
"
1.6
2006
 
1,120,000
"
2.1
"
1.3
O-Bahn-1989
   
12 / 7
6.8
6 / 4
 
2006
   
"
7
"
3.5
Aigle-AL-1910
CH
 
"
   
0.05
1920
   
"
   
0.06
1930
   
"
0.1
5.3 / 3.3
0.09
1940
   
5.9 / 3.7
0.08
5.5 / 3.4
0.08
1955
   
6.2 / 3.8
0.1
"
0.1
1970
   
"
0.3
"
0.2
1984
   
"
0.3
"
0.2
2002
 
10,000
"
0.3
5.7 / 3.6
0.2
* La Berneuse
   
4.0 / 2.5
0.5
4.0 / 2.5
0.5
AOM-1910
   
11.5 / 7.1
   
0.09
MCM
   
12.7 / 7.9
   
0.05
Summary
   
24.2 / 15.0
   
0.07
             
AOM-1920
   
11.2 / 6.9
0.2
7.2 / 4.5
0.1
MCM
   
12.7 / 7.9
   
0.04
Summary
   
23.9 / 14.8
   
0.08
             
AOM-1930
   
11.2 / 6.9
0.2
7.0 / 4.3
0.1
MCM
   
12.7 / 7.9
   
0.05
Summary
   
23.9 / 14.8
   
0.08
             
AOM-1940
   
11.2 / 6.9
0.2
7.1 / 4.4
0.09
MCM
   
12.7 / 7.9
0.07
8.3 / 5.1
0.04
Summary
   
23.9 / 14.8
0.2
 
0.07
             
AOMC-1955
   
23.9 / 14.8
0.4
6.4 / 4.0
0.1
1970
   
"
0.6
8.6 / 5.3
0.2
1984
   
23.4 / 14.5
0.6
7.9 / 4.9
0.3
2002
 
40,000
"
0.8
7.7 / 4.8
0.3
ASD-1920
   
22.4 / 13.9
0.07
14.0 / 8.7
0.04
1930
   
"
0.07
13.2 / 8.2
0.04
1940
   
"
0.07
14.4 / 8.9
0.04
1955
   
"
0.1
14.5 / 9.0
0.07
1970
   
"
0.2
17.9 / 11.1
0.1
1984
   
"
0.2
15.6 / 9.6
0.1
2002
 
10,000
"
0.3
10.1 / 6.3
0.1
Alacant (Alicante)
ES
700,000
13.2 / 8.2
5
4 / 2
1.5
Albany (OR)-1907
US
@ 4,000
1.6 / 1.0
0.06
0.8 / 0.5
0.03
Albuquerque (NM)-1907
US
@ 11,000
7.9 / 4.9
0.8
2 / 1
0.2
* Modern Streetcar
 
715,000
u 450,000
6 / 4
     
Allaman-AAG-1910
CH
 
10.0 / 6.2
   
0.07
1920
   
"
0.1
 
0.07
1930
   
"
0.1
3.6 / 2.2
0.05
1940
   
"
0.1
4.4 / 2.7
0.06
Allentown (PA)-1907
US
@ 100,000
205.5 / 127.4
20.3
5 / 3
0.5
1950
 
@ 200,000
126 / 78
21.1
"
0.8
Altdorf-AF-1910
CH
@ 3,000
3.1 / 1.9
0.2
2 / 1
0.1
1930
 
@ 4,000
"
0.3
"
0.2
1940
 
@ 6,000
"
0.2
"
0.2
Altoona (PA)-1907
US
@ 60,000
64.2 / 39.8
12.0
5 / 3
0.9
1950
 
@ 80,000
26 / 16
3.4
4 / 2.5
0.5
Altstätten-1910
CH
@ 9,000
11.2 / 6.9
0.7
3 / 2
0.2
1930
 
@ 9,000
14.8 / 9.2
0.7
"
0.1
1940
 
@ 9,000
4.8 / 3.0
0.4
2 / 1
0.2
1955
 
@ 9,000
1.2 / 0.7
0.2
1 / 0.5
0.1
1970
 
@ 9,000
"
0.2
"
0.1
Amarillo (TX) - 1922
US
@ 16,000
11 / 7
0.3
2 / 1
0.05
* Ames (IA) - Streetcar
US
50,000
5.0 / 3.1
     
Anaconda (MT)-1907
US
@ 10,000
10.3 / 6.4
1.3
3 / 2
0.4
Anderson (SC)-1907
US
@ 10,000
29.0 / 18.0
1.0
3 / 2
0.1
Annemasse-CFEN-1945
FR
 
50 / 31
0.7
15 / 9
0.2
1957
   
"
0.4
"
0.1
* Angers
FR
230,000
12 / 7
8
3 / 2
2.0
Antwerpen / Anvers / Antwerp-1967
BE
@ 625,000
u 250,000
58 / 36
50.1
3 / 2
2.6
1974
 
u 213,000
"
33.6
"
1.7
2005
 
800,000
u 461,000
64 / 40
65
4 / 2
4.1
Århus (Aarhus) - 1947
DK
@ 120,000
7 / 4
13
2 / 1
4
* LRT
 
808,000
u 300,000
23 / 14
     
Asheville (NC)-1925
US
@ 35,000
24.4 / 15.1
7
3 / 2
1
Astoria (OR)-1907
US
@ 10,000
6.8 / 4.2
0.7
2 / 1
0.2
1915
 
"
"
0.9
"
0.2
1921
 
"
"
1.5
"
0.4
Athina (Athens)
GR
3,100,000
23.7 / 14.7
14
5 / 3
3
Atlanta (GA)-1907
US
@ 150,000
178.1 / 110.4
44.7
5 / 2.5
1.0
AN-1907
 
@ 160,000
24.8 / 15.4
2.5
5 / 3
0.5
* Peachtree
   
19 / 12
5
5 / 2.5
1
* Downtown Loop
   
3 / 2
2
2 / 1
1
* BeltLine
   
35 / 22
26.4
6 / 4
5
Atlantic City (NJ)-AC&S-1907
US
@ 45,000
42.4 / 26.3
2.1
3 / 2
0.2
WJ&S-1907
   
13.8 / 8.5
5.8
3 / 2
1.4
CPR-1907
   
3.0 / 1.8
1.2
2 / 1
0.6
Suburban-1907
   
28.2 / 17.5
1.6
8 / 5
0.4
Attersee-VA-1964
AT
 
13.4 / 8.3
0.2
12 / 7
0.2
2002
 
10,000
"
0.3
10 / 6
0.2
US-1911
   
3.3 / 2.0
0.01
1.4 / 0.8
0.04
Auckland-1926
NZ
@ 90,000
52.6 / 32.6
64.6
3 / 2
4.0
1946
 
@ 110,000
71.1 / 44.6
98.9
4.4
Augsburg-1966
DE
@ 290,000
24.4 / 15.1
26.5
3.7 / 2.3
6.6
1984
 
@ 340,000
25.0 / 15.1
18.9
2.8
2003
 
390,000
35.5 / 22.0
30
4 / 2.5
3.4
Austin (TX)-1907
US
@ 30,000
19.6 / 12.1
3.2
2 / 1.5
0.4
* Avellino
IT
4,200,000
u 57,000
       
Key to Symbols:
* = in planning; ** = under construction.
*** = operated for less than 12 months as noted; traffic density scaled up to annual rate.
@ = population corresponds with historic data year.
u = population within municipal boundary.
 
Notes for Table 3.1
A Coruña (La Coruña): Heritage tramway opened 1997 May 10, expanded in stages. Expansion to full-scale LRT with modern vehicles, in planning.
Aarau - WSB: Wynental- und Suhrentalbahn. This railway was built by two undertakings, “AS” and “WTB,” under common management from 1904, merged from 1957.
Suhrental: Suhrentalbahn, opened 1901 November 19 by Aarau - Schöftland-Bahn (AS), Aarau – Schöftland. Plans for extension Schöftland – Triengen, active to the mid-1970s, were not carried out.
Original Aarau terminal located on north side of SBB line. 0.26-km (0.2 mi tunnel connection, permitting trains to reach former WTB station and through workings between Suhrental and Wynental lines, opened 1967 November 5.
New alignment in Muhen opened 2004 December 5.
Wynental: Wynentalbahn, opened in sages 1904 March 5 - May 1 by Wynentalbahn (WTB), Aarau – Menziken.
Original Aarau terminal (Bahnhofplatz) located on north side of SBB line, opened 1906 February 22. New terminal, south of SBB, opened 1924 July 17.
New alignment, Reinach Nord – Metziken (Wynentalbahn), opened 2002 December 15. Uses 2-km (1-mi segment of former SBB Seetalbahn branch (Beinwil am See – Beromünster) alignment (see under Luzern, Table.4.6).
New alignment, Aarau – Suhr (Wynentalbahn), in planning. To use regauged SBB line Aarau – Suhr (closed 2004 December 12), 4.2 km (2.6 mi. Opening planned for 2009.
Aberdeen: Operator title: Gray’s Harbor Railway and Light Company.
Adelaide: Extension Victoria Square – railway station – North Terrace (at West Campus of University of South Australia "UniSA"), 1.2 km (0.7 mi, opened 2007 October 14.
Tram-train: As part of the project to electrify the Adelaide suburban railway system (see Adelaide, Table 4.1), the tramway will be extended North Terrace – Adelaide Entertainment Centre. A connection will be built to the Grange Line railway, which will receive a new branch to Westfield West Lakes shopping center. Tram-train service will also operate to Port Adelaide on the Outer Harbor Line railway. This will receive a new extension to Semaphore. The tram-train services will be worked by dual-voltage stock. Completion planned by 2012.
O-Bahn: Northeast Busway.
Aigle - AL: Chemin de fer Aigle-Leysin. Aigle CFF (railway station) – Aigle-Dépôt – Grand-Hôtel-d’Aigle opened 1900 May 5. (Aigle-Dépôt – Grand-Hôtel-d’Aigle 1.0 km / 0.6 mi).
Town tramway service withdrawn 1932 August 31 (Grand-Hôtel closed 1934).
Aigle-Dépôt – Leysin-Feydey, 4.8 km / 3.0 mi, opened 1900 November 5. Traction voltage increased (600V - 650V d.c.) in 1908.
Leysin-Feydey – Leysin-Grand-Hôtel, 0.3 km / 0.2 mi, opened 1916 September 12. Operation suspended 1934 June 6 - 1947 May 3. Traction voltage increased (650V - 1,300V d.c.) in 1946.
Extension, Leysin-Grand-Hôtel (elevation 1,451m / 4,760’) – La Berneuse (2,000m / 6,562’), in planning. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (460,000 / year, current at 1995).
AOMC: Chemin de fer Aigle-Ollon-Monthey-Champéry. This railway was built by two undertakings, “AOM” and “MCM,”merged from 1946.
AOM: Chemin de fer Aigle-Ollon-Monthey. Aigle CFF (railway station) – Ollon – Monthey-Ville – Monthey-Place du Marché ( opened 1907 April 2). Monthey-Ville – Monthey-Place du Marché, 0.3 km / 0.2 mi closed 1922.
MCM: Chemin de fer Monthey-Champéry-Morgins. Monthey CFF (railway station) – Monthey-Ville (opened 1909 April 1) – Champéry (opened 1908 February 1). Branch to Morgins once planned, not built. MCM shared 0.7 km / 0.4 mi of line with AOM from Monthey-Ville station.
Monthey CFF – Monthey-Ville, street-track segment, 0.5 km / 0.3 mi, closed 1976 June 11.
ASD: Chemin de fer Aigle-Sépey-Diablerets. Aigle CFF (railway station) – Les Planches – Le Sépey, 13.8 km / 8.6 mi, opened 1913 December 22. Les Planches – Les Diablerets, 8.6 km / 5.3 mi, opened 1914 July 7. Extension once planned Les Diablerets – Col-du-Pillon – Gstaad, 30 km / 20 mi, not built. This railway operated under threat of closure for many years because of very light traffic (average 200 passengers / day from the 1914-1918 war). It continued operation after the 1939-1945 war only because roads to Les Diablerets were not safe during winter. The railway was modernized during the mid-1980s, following road improvements.
ASD and MCM under common management from 1940. Joined by AL from 1942. Joined by AOM from 1946 (upon merger with MCM), and BVB (see Bex, Table 3.2) from 1975. The four undertakings merged as Transports Publics du Chablais SA (TPC) from 1999.
Alacant (Alicante): TRAM Metropolità d'Alacant / TRAM Metropolitano de Alicante. Trial operation over 3.9 km / 2.4 mi of line, including 0.7 km / 0.4 mi of new tramway line, began 17 March 1999. Expanded to 13.2 km / 8.2 mi from 15 August 2003. First tunnel segment opened 2007 May 10.
Albany (OR): Operator title: Albany Street Railway Company. Horse traction.
Albuquerque: Operator title (at 1907): Albuquerque Traction Company.
Modern Streetcar: Town tramway using modern cars, in planning. Initial line planned to extend Old Town – Nob Hill, in Central Avenue.
Second-phase expansion, University of New Mexico – Albuquerque International Sunport (airport). Future lines to serve West Mesa and Northeast Heights districts.
Allaman - AAG: Allaman – Aubonne – Gimel. Opened 1896-1898. Closed in stages 1950 - 1952 May 17.
Allentown: Operator title: Lehigh Valley Transit Company. Operated town tramway services in Allentown and Bethlehem, suburban extensions (closed prior to 1950) to Nazareth, Slatington and Emmaus Macungie, and interurban line Allentown Quakertown Lansdale Philadelphia (Chestnut Hill). Lansdale Norristown built 1912; Lansdale Chestnut Hill closed 1926.
Altdorf - AF: Altdorf – Flüelen. 1906 - 1951 March 26.
Altoona: Operator title: Altoona and Logan Valley Railway Company. Operated town tramway services in Altoona, with suburban extensions to Hollidaysburg, and to Tyrone (closed 1938).
Altstätten: Rheintalische Strassenbahnen. Altstätten Bahnhof (railway station) – Altstätten Rathaus, 1897 April 6 - 1973 June 2, worked by SGA (see under St. Gallen, Table 3.15) to 1975 May 31.
Altstätten Rathaus – Heerbrugg, 1897 June 4 - 1940 September 7. Heerbrugg – Berneck, 1897 June 4 - 1940 September 24. Replaced by trolleybus.
Heerbrugg – Diepoldsau, 1915 October 12 - 1954 March 3.
Ames - Streetcar: Town tramway using modern or heritage stock, in planning.
Planned to connect Iowa State University – business center, also Reiman Gardens and Iowa State Center. Opening projected for 2015, if project authorized and financing secured.
Anaconda: Operator title: Anaconda Copper Mining Company.
Anderson: Operator title: Anderson Traction Company.
Angers: Tramway, in planning. Construction planned for 2006, opening planned for 2009. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (35,000 / weekday, at 2010).
Annemasse: Chemin de Fer Economique du Nord. Extended Annemasse – Sixt.
Antwerpen / Anvers / Antwerp: System length includes 7.6 km / 4.7 mi of tram tunnels (see below) and 48.9 km / 30.3 mi on reservation. Another interesting feature of the Antwerpen tram network: the depot and workshop at Punt aan de Lijn, north of central Antwerpen, opened 1998 in a former General Motors assembly factory.
The eastward extension Groenplaats – Frederik van Eeden – Linkeroever, including the Brabotunnel under the Schelde river (3.3 km / 2.0 mi), opened 1990 September 21. Extension Linkeroever – Zwijndrecht, 4.3 km / 2.7 mi, opened 2002 February 16.
Antwerpse premetro: 7.6 km / 4.7 mi of tram tunnels, 11 stations, started 1970, initial segment opened 1975 March 25. Worked by four services. Total of 15 km / 9 mi of tram tunnels, with 22 stations, planned. The initial segments were built for eventual conversion to full-scale metro operation (a concept which attracted increasing opposition because of disruptions caused by construction, and high cost.)
Second stage, 5.9 km / 3.7 mi, started 1977, not opened because of financial difficulties and public opposition. Tunnel construction stopped in 1996. (The cost of maintaining the unused tunnels is stated by Wansbeek (2002 September) as EUR 2 million per year.)
The Pegasus Plan (2003-2025) to improve public transport includes construction of new tram lines and extensions totaling 25 km / 15 mi. These extensions would reach towns once served by Belgium’s national light railway system (Nationale Maatschappij van Buurtspoorwegen / Société nationale des chemins de fer vicinaux, NMBS / SNCV). The last NMBS interurban tramways extending from Antwerpen were closed in 1968.
The Pegasus Plan also includes completion of the unopened premetro tunnel segment between Opera and Morkhoven.
Århus: Operator title: Århus Sporveje.
LRT, in planning.
Asheville: Operator title: Asheville Power and Light Company.
Athina Αθήνα: Tramway opened 2004 July 19. Traffic density estimate based on most recent available data (at 2007 August).
Atlanta: Operator title: Georgia Railway and Electric Company.
AN: Operator title: Atlanta Northern Railway Company. Subsidiary enterprise of GR&E Co.
Peachtree: Atlanta Streetcar Peachtree Corridor, in planning. Donelly Avenue – West End Mall – Five Points – Arts Center – Piedmont Hospital – Buckhead Village – Lenox Square – Roxboro Road. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (17,800 / weekday).
Downtown Loop: Atlanta Streetcar Downtown Loop, in planning. Centennial Olympic Park Georgia World Congress Center Philips Arena Georgia Aquarium Auburn Avenue. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (6,000 / weekday).
BeltLine: Peripheral LRT or "Modern Streetcar" line using railway alignments. To extend Lindbergh Center station – Ponce de Leon – Edgewood – Inman Park-Reynoldstown station – Pryor – Rose Circle – West End station – Abernathy Boulevard – Ashby station – Hollowell – Northside – Peachtree Road – Lindbergh Center station. Known previously as "Inner Core Alternatives Analysis" (see Table 4.1). Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (26.41 milion, at 2030).
Atlantic City: Population shown is the number of all-year residents.
AC&S: Operator title: Atlantic City and Shore Railroad Company. Operated town tramway services in Atlantic City, and interurban line Atlantic City – Pleasantville – Somers Point – Ocean City.
WJ&S: Operator title: West Jersey and Seashore Railroad, Atlantic City and Longport Branch. Tramway service, Atlantic City – Longport.
CPR: Operator title: Central Passenger Railway Company.
Suburban: Operator title: Atlantic City and Suburban Traction Company. Extended Atlantic City – Pleasantville – Somers Point, branch Pleasantville – Absecon.
Attersee - VA: Stern und Hafferl Verkehrsgesellschaft m.b.H., Attergaubahn.
Extends Vöcklamarkt (Lokalbahnhof) – Attersee. 1,000-mm / 3’ 3⅜” gauge. Opened 1913 January 14, electrified (750V dc).
US - 1911: Stern und Hafferl Verkehrsgesellschaft m.b.H., Elektrische Bahn Unterach–See am Mondsee. Operated Unterach – See am Mondsee, near the south end of Attersee lake. 1907-1949.
Auckland: Operator title: Auckland City Council (at 1926), Auckland Transport Board (at 1946).
Austin: Operator title: Austin Electric Railway Company.
Avellino: Town tramway system, in planning. Avellino is part of the metropolitan region of Napoli (Naples).
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