Table 4.6: Metro and Suburban Rail
U.S., Canada, Western Europe and Australasia
Bl - Bu          Blackpool - Burlington     (4.6.1, 2008.6)
(Boston tabulated separately)
City and Country
Population Served
System Length, km / mi
Annual Passengers (million)
Average Travel Distance, km / mi
Annual Traffic Density (million)
           
Blackpool - NR
GB
u 150,000
       
Bludenz - MBS - 1911
AT
@ 8,000
12.9 / 8.0
0.09
7.8 / 4.9
0.06
1964
   
"
0.7
9.0 / 5.6
0.5
2002
 
20,000
"
1.1
"
0.8
Bochum - DB
DE
400,000
see Essen - DB (S-Bahn Rhein-Ruhr)
 
Bologna - FS
IT
u 370,000
284 / 176
     
FBV
   
24.0 / 14.9
0.6
8 / 5
0.2
FER
   
48 / 30
     
* Metropolitana
           
Bolzano, IT: see Bozen-Bolzano (IT)
           
Bonn - DB
DE
390,000
see Köln - DB
   
Bordeaux - SNCF
FR
920,000
760 / 470
     
Borgholm - ÖJ - 1928
SE
25,000
150.8 / 93.5
0.1
15 / 9
0.01
1946
 
"
"
0.2
"
0.02
Boston (MA), US: see separate tabulation
         
Bournemouth - SWT
GB
u 140,000
       
Bozen-Bolzano - FS
IT
u 90,000
145 / 90
     
B-M - 1911
   
31.5 / 19.5
0.5
25.0 / 15.5
0.4
Virgl (fn) - 1911
   
0.341 / 0.241
0.1
0.341 / 0.241
0.1
Brandenburg an der Havel - DB
DE
u 80,000
see Berlin - DB
   
Bregenz - ÖBB
AT
240,000
39 / 24
     
Bregenzerwaldbahn - 1911
 
@ 10,000
35.3 / 21.9
0.2
16.5 / 10.2
0.1
Bremen
DE
         
* S-Bahn
 
546,000
270 / 170
     
Bréscia - FS (Brescia)
IT
600,000
160 / 99
     
** Metropolitana
 
u 190,000
13.7 / 8.5
     
Brest - SNCF
FR
210,000
316 / 196
     
Brienz - BRB - 1940
CH
 
7.6 / 4.7
0.02
7.6 / 4.7
0.02
1955
   
"
0.06
"
0.06
1970
   
"
0.1
"
0.1
1984
   
"
0.1
"
0.1
2002
   
"
0.2
"
0.2
Giessbach - GbB - (fn) - 1910
   
0.333 / 0.2
0.02
0.333 / 0.2
0.02
1930
   
"
0.02
"
0.02
1940
   
"
-
-
-
1955
   
"
0.04
0.333 / 0.2
0.04
1970
   
"
0.03
"
0.03
1984
   
"
0.05
"
0.05
2002
   
"
0.06
"
0.06
Brighton - SR, WT
GB
260,000
u 150,000
       
Bríndisi - FS (Brindisi)
IT
u 90,000
132 / 82
     
Brisbane - QR Citytrain (rly) - 1961
AU
@ 622,000
u 605,000
190.0 / 117.8
24.6
12.8 / 7.9
1.7
1971
 
@ 866,000
u 700,000
"
27.6
13.6 / 8.4
2.0
1981
 
@ 1,029,000
u 690,000
"
30.3
14.1 / 8.7
2.2
1991
 
@ 1,334,000
u 751,000
"
42.1
18.8 / 11.7
4.2
    1. 2006
 
@ 1,810,000
u 990,000
395.6 / 245.3
53.1
20 / 12
2.7
Bristol - WT
GB
u 400,000
       
Brugge - B (Bruges)
BE
117,000
see Bruxelles / Brussel - Belgium
 
Bruxelles / Brussel / Brussels
Belgium - 1913
BE
@ 7,571,000
4,379 / 2,715
207.7
30.2 / 18.7
1.4
1950
 
@ 8,639,000
5,037 / 3,123
216.9
32.5 / 20.1
1.4
1955
 
@ 8,896,000
5,030 / 3,119
226.7
33.0 / 20.5
1.5
1970
 
@ 9,651,000
4,144 / 2,575
246.8
33.5 / 20.8
2.0
1985
 
@ 9,859,000
4,000 / 2,500
150.3
43.7 / 27.1
1.6
2000
 
@ 10,242,000
3,471 / 2,152
153.3
50.6 / 31.4
2.2
2005
 
@ 10,155,000
3,536 / 2,192
186.6
49.1 / 30.4
2.3
B
   
63 / 39
40
14 / 9
9
Métro - 1984
 
@ 970,000
u 137,000
25.6 / 15.9
47
4.2 / 2.6
8
1996
 
@952,000
u 136,000
33.9 / 21.0
85.9
5 / 3
12.7
2005
 
1,018,000
u 140,000
37.1 / 23.0
114.5
"
15.4
Line 1
   
29.6 / 18.4
     
Line 2
   
7.5 / 4.6
     
Prémétro
   
see Table 3.3
   
* Burlington (NC)
US
         
Burlington (VT) - 2002
US
206,000
u 39,000
20.2 / 12.5
0.09
8 / 5
0.03
Key to Symbols:
* = in planning; ** = under construction.
*** = operated for less than 12 months as noted; traffic density scaled up to annual rate.
@ = population corresponds with historic data year.
u = population within municipal boundary.
 
Notes for Table 4.6
Bludenz - MBS: Opened 1905.
600V dc electrification converted to ÖBB system (15 kV 16⅔ Hz a.c.) in 1972. Extension Tschagguns – Partenen, 18 km / 11 mi, proposed. (Tschagguns – Partenen dam-construction railway, Illwerke Materialbahn, 760-mm / 2’ 5 13/16” gauge, 1927-1954.)
Bologna - FS: See also Ferrara-FS and Módena-FS.
FS and FER: Servicio ferroviario metropolitano bolognese (SFM) project, to create a network of five regional rail services extending 350 km / 220 mi, in progress. This will include six FS lines, the FER railway and the FBV railway (operated by FEV).
At 2003, about 15 million passengers traveled within the Provincia di Bologna on the six FS lines. About 1.5 million traveled on the FER and about 600,000 traveled over the FBV. Bologna Centrale station handled about 60,000 passenger movements (arrivals and departures) per workday, about 16 million per year.
Passenger traffic on the completed SFM network is forecast at 120,000 – 160,000 per workday, compared to about 60,000 per workday (including FER and FBV) at 2002.
FBV: This railway, closed to passengers from 1967, was reopened to passengers from 2003 September 15. Operated temporarily by diesel traction pending restoration of infrastructure and fleet modernization.
Metropolitana: Previous plans for a small-profile driverless metro (two lines, 12 km / 7 mi) were cancelled following election of a new municipal administration in 2004. News reports current at the end of 2004 describe a metro-tramvia project, with a short length in tunnel and the remainder on surface alignment. See Table 3.3 (Bologna) for additional details.
Bonn - DB: Airport railway: see Köln (Table 4.13).
Borgholm: Operator title: Ölands Järnväg. To SJ in 1947. Closed 1961.
Bozen-Bolzano - FS: See also Trento-FS.
B-M - 1911: Operator title: Bozen-Meran-Bahn (nationalized 1906 (kkStB), to FS 1918). Operates between Bozen-Bolzano and Meran-Merano.
Virgl - 1911: Funicular, Virglbahn (from 1918: Funicolare Virgolo). 1907 - 1976.
Bregenz - ÖBB: ÖBB was divided from 2004 January 1. The new passenger operator is Personenverkehr AG.
Bregenzerwaldbahn: (to BBÖ / ÖBB from 1932). 760-mm (2’ 5 13/16”) gauge. Closed to passengers 1980-1983, closed 1985. Part is now a preserved railway.
Bremen: S-Bahn:
S-Bahn Bremen, in planning. Upgrading of existing regional services on 5-line network. Trial operation on one line planned for 2007. Implementation of remainder planned for 2010-2011.
Bréscia: Metropolitane leggere di Bréscia, "Metro.bs" ("Metrobus"), light metro, driverless operation.
Initial segment to include 9.8 km / 6.1 mi underground and 17 stations, of which 13 underground. Opening planned for 2009. Total urban system length planned is 18.0 km / 11.2 mi, of which 13.3 km / 8.2 mi underground, 23 stations, of which 16 underground. Suburban extension, northward along Valle Trompia to Inzio station, Gardone, in planning. 14.0 km / 8.7 mi, of which 6.1 km (3.8 mi) underground, 15 stations, of which 9 underground.
Brienz - BRB: Brienz-Rothorn-Bahn, rack railway. Opened 1892 June 17, closed 1914 August 1, reopened 1931 June 14.
Giessbach - GbB: Giessbachbahn, funicular. Opened 1879 July 21, claimed as the world’s oldest operating funicular railway. Operation suspended 1939 - 1945 (?) because of war. Original vehicles continue in service.
Bríndisi - FS: See also Lecce - I.
Brisbane: Cross-River Rail Link, Roma St – South Brisbane, 0.8 km / 0.5 mi, opened 1978 November 18 to connect two separate suburban networks.
First electrified segment commissioned 1979 November 17; electrification of suburban network completed 1986. Second pair of tracks Roma Street Central Brunswick Street opened 1996 June 11. Quadrupling of trunk segment included construction of 0.9 km / 0.6 mi of tunnels.
Citytrain system length includes 208.8 km / 129.5 mi of "suburban" lines, and 186.8 km / 115.8 mi of "interurban" lines:
Gold Coast line to Robina,
Nambour and Gympie North line, also known as Sunshine Coast Line, to Nambour – Gympie,
Rosewood line, to Rosewood.
Gold Coast Railway: Beenleigh – Southport railway, 41 km / 25 mi and branch Ernest Junction – Nerang opened 1889. Extension Nerang – Tweed Head (NSW) opened 1903, closed 1961 July 1. Strong opposition from local residents did not stop the closure program: Ernest Jct – Nerang closed 1964 May 1 and Beenleigh – Southport closed 1964 July 1.
New railway Beenleigh Helensvale, 28.2 km / 17.5 mi, opened 1996 February 26. HelensvaleNerang, 7.6 km / 4.7 mi, opened 1997 December 16. Nerang – Robina, 9.5 km / 5.9 mi, opened 1998 May 31. The new railway does not use the alignments of the previous railway because the land was sold following closure.
Robina – Coolangatta extension, in planning. Robina – Reedy Creek, 4.1 km (2.5 mi), opening planned for 2009. Reedy CreekElanora, 10 km / 6 mi, planned for opening by 2015. Elanora Coolangatta Airport, 9 km / 6 mi, planned for opening by 2026.
Airport Railway, Airport Jct – Airport International Airport Domestic, 8.4 km / 5.2 mi, opened 2001 May 7.
Bruxelles / Brussel / Brussels - General: see Bruxelles / Brussel / Brussels, Table 3.3
Belgium: Data presented in the table above pertain to all passenger rail services operated by NMBS/SNCB.
The land area of Belgium is 30,278 km2 / 18,772 sq mi. The country ranks 34th by area and 14th by population among European states. Selected comparisons between Belgium and states (or subdivisions) located away from Europe:
Country
Subdivision
Area Index
Population Index
US
Massachusetts
67
61
US
Massachusetts + Connecticut
109
94
US
Massachusetts + Connecticut + Rhode Island
117
104
US
Maryland
84
53
The US [federal] state of Maryland has 84 percent of the land area of Belgium, but its population size is only 53 percent of that of Belgium.
B: Data refer to travel within the municipal boundaries, and were estimated based on Kenworthy et al. (1999).
At 2000, the average number of people traveling to Brussels per workday was stated at 350,000.
At 2005, 92.7 percent (172.9 million) of passengers carried during the year were "domestic," and 7.3 percent (13.7 million) were "international." The average distance traveled by "domestic" passengers was 44.9 km / 27.9 mi, and the average distance traveled by "international" passengers was 36.1 km / 22.4 mi. These figures suggest that a significant share of "international" traffic consists of cross-border journeys to work (to Lille, FR) and the short distance between Antwerpen and the Dutch border.
The first railway in Belgium, and in continental Europe, extended northward from Brussels (Allée verte / Groendreef) to Mechelen (Malines) and was opened on 1835 May 5. Brussels North (Bruxelles-Nord / Brussel-Noord) – Mechelen (Malines) – Antwerpen-Centraal, 44 km / 27 mi was the first NMBS/SNCB electrified segment, opened 1935 May 5.
NMBS/SNCB was divided in 2005 into three undertakings, wholly owned by the state: Infrabel, which manages railway infrastructure, operations and access, train operator NMBS/SNCB and NMBS/SNCB-Holding, which owns both undertakings and supervises their collaboration.
The North-South Junction railway (Jonction Nord-Midi / Noord-zuidverbinding) is a cross-city link between Brussels North (Bruxelles-Nord / Brussel-Noord) and Brussels South (Bruxelles-Midi / Brussel-Zuid) stations. The line has six tracks, three intermediate stations and extends 3.2 km / 2.0 mi, of which 2.1 km / 1.3 mi in tunnel. Construction authorized 1909, started 1911 but stopped 1914 because of the outbreak of the 1914-1918 war. Construction resumed 1936, again interrupted, by the 1939-1945 war. Work resumed 1947. First pair of tracks was opened by King Baudouin I on 1952 October 4. Project completed in 1954.
GEN/RER regional rail network (GEN = Gewestelijk Express Net; RER = Réseau Express Régional), under development. CityRail services introduced 2003 December on six radial routes as a predecessor to the planned GRN/RER system. “Horizon 2012” network includes eight services operating over 350 km / 220 mi of existing rail routes, serving 120 stations, extending approximately 30 km / 20 mi from central Brussels. Plans include quadrupling of five rail lines extending from Brussels to permit increased service frequency and acquisition of new rolling stock. Planned maximum permitted speed is 160 km/h / 100 mph. Initial RER services are planned for 2008.
The 1.6-km / 1.0-mi "Tunnel Schuman – Josaphat," east of central Brussels, would permit improved service to the "European District" near Luxembourg and Schuman stations. This is planned for completion by 2009.
The Diabolo project, to provide a connection between the Brussels – Anwerpen (Antwerp) and Brussels – Liège lines via Brussels Airport, includes extension of the current stub-end Airport branch to a new bypass, built in the alignment of the E19 motorway, between Schaerbeek and a point south of Mechelen (Malines). This will permit improved connections to the airport from Anwerpen and Liège, and a new direct Anwerpen – Liège intercity service. Completion is planned by 2012.
Métro: Planning started during mid-1920s. Construction of tfirst tunnel segment (east-west) started 1965. Worked provisionally by trams (Prémétro) from opening, 1969 December 17. Métro service (Line 1) opened 1976 September 20.
Second Prémétro tunnel opened in 1970, used by métro Line 2 from 1988 October 2.
Burlington (NC): Suburban rail services, under study.
Initial service would operate Burlington – Greensboro – Winston-Salem – Clemmons, 100.2 km / 62.1 mi. This would be followed by a second service, Burlington – Durham – Raleigh – Goldsboro, 174.2 km / 108.0 mi. Both services would operate on the North Carolina Railroad (owned by the North Carolina [federal] state authority and leased to the Norfolk Southern Railway Company for operation).
Population:
Burlington
138,000
u 48,000
 
Durham
450,000
u 202,000
Greensboro
685,000
u 240,000
 
Raleigh
1,025,000
u 368,000
Winston-Salem
442,000
u 227,000
 
Selma
250,000
u 6,000
     
Goldsboro
113,000
u 39,000
Burlington (VT): Suburban rail service (marketed as "Champlain Flyer"). Extended Burlington – Charlotte. Opened 2000 December 4.
Passenger traffic carried during 2002: 86,963. Passenger traffic forecast was 214, 562 / year. However, only about half of the planned service was actually operated.
Service planned as a mitigation measure during reconstruction of parallel road (US-7). However, following a change of administration, service was withdrawn from 2003 February 28. Road works had not been started at that date.
The "Champlain Flyer" operated on an alignment once owned by the Rutland Railroad Company (later Rutland Railway Company). Passenger service withdrawn 1953 June 26 (at the start of industrial action that caused suspension of operation for three weeks). Industrial action at 1961 led the company to petition for closure. This was authorized for 1963. The Vermont [federal] state authority purchased the line and leased it to the Vermont Railway Company for operation.
"Champlain Flyer" extensions Charlotte – Vergennes – Middlebury, 35 km / 22 mi, and Burlington – Winooski – Essex Junction, 13 km / 8 mi, once planned.
 
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