Table 3.4: Tramway, Light Railway and LRT
U.S., Canada, Western Europe and Australasia
C          Caen - Covington     (3.4.1, 2008.6)
(Chicago tabulated separately)
City and Country
Population Served
System Length, km / mi
Annual Passengers (million)
Average Travel Distance, km / mi
Annual Traffic Density (million)
           
Caen - Tram (TVR) - 2004
FR
222,000
u 117,000
15.7 / 9.7
8.7
3 / 2
1.7
** Cagliari
IT
300,000
u 165,000
6.5 / 4.0
     
Calgary-1916
CA
@ 50,000
88.7 / 55.0
13.0
3 / 2
0.5
1946
 
@ 100,000
85.6 / 53.1
25.7
"
0.9
LRT-1984
 
@ 620,000
16.3 / 10.1
8.2
4 / 2.5
2.0
1986
 
@ 640,000
26.1 / 16.2
12.0
"
1.8
1993
 
@ 700,000
32.7 / 20.3
21.3
3.5 / 2.2
2.3
1998
 
@ 820,000
32.7 / 20.3
40.6
"
4.3
2005
 
930,000
42.1 / 26.1
55.3
"
4.6
Northeast Line
   
9.8 / 6.1
15.1
2.8 / 1.7
4.3
Northwest Line
   
9.6 / 6.0
14.0
2.7 / 1.7
4.0
South Line
   
20.7 / 12.8
21.7
3.8 / 2.4
3.9
Camden-Trenton (NJ)-1907
US
 
50.5 / 31.3
3.4
8 / 5
0.5
2006
 
280,000
56.2 / 34.8
2.4
7.3 / 4.5
0.3
Cape May (NJ)-CD&S-1907
US
@ 2,500
11.1 / 6.9
0.4
3 / 2
0.1
OSP-1907
   
2.4 / 1.5
0.07
2 / 1
0.05
Cedar Rapids (IA)-1907
US
@ 40,000
25.2 / 15.6
3.3
3 / 2
04
CR&IC-1907
   
45.9 / 28.5
0.6
24 / 15
0.3
1924
   
71.8 / 44.5
0.4
39 / 24
0.2
1947
   
44.0 / 27.2
0.6
"
0.5
1950
   
"
0.03
"
0.03
WCF&N-1924
   
174.7 / 108.3
3.5
10 / 6
0.2
1947
   
142.5 / 88.4
0.3
16 / 10
0.03
Celle-1911
DE
@ 20,000
4.3 / 2.6
0.7
1 / 0.5
0.2
1937
 
@ 35,000
5.2 / 3.2
1.0
"
0.2
1951
 
@ 60,000
5.1 / 3.2
1.3
"
0.3
Centralia (WA), US: see Chehalis (WA), US
         
Cernier-VR-1910
CH
 
8.2 / 5.1
   
0.2
1920
   
"
0.3
3.6 / 2.2
0.2
1930
   
"
0.5
"
0.2
1940
   
"
0.4
4.8 / 3.0
0.2
Charleroi-SNCV-1984
BE
400,000
u 230,000
103 / 64
1.6
5 / 3
0.08
MLC-2005
 
300,000
u 201,000
25 / 15
2.5
5 / 3
0.5
Charles City (IA)-CCW-1924
US
 
37.7 / 23.3
0.02
21 / 13
0.01
1947
   
33.9 / 21.0
0.003
"
0.002
Charleston (SC)-1907
US
@ 60,000
45.4 / 28.1
8.7
3 / 2
0.6
* LRT
 
595,000
u 116,000
       
Charlotte (NC)-1925
US
@ 65,000
39.8 / 24.7
9
3 / 2
0.7
Trolley-2005
   
3.4 / 2.1
0.3
3.0 / 1.8
0.3
** LRT
 
680,000
u 560,000
15.5 / 9.6
4.5
8 / 5
2.3
* Streetcar
   
16 / 10
4.5
4 / 2.5
1
P&N-1925
 
@ 80,000
43.1 / 26.7
0.3
16 / 10
0.1
* Charlottesville (VA) - Streetcar
US
118,000
u 39,000
       
Chattanooga (TN)-1907
US
@ 45,000
48.8 / 30.2
12.2
3 / 2
0.8
La Chaux-de-Fonds-TC-1910
CH
 
3.1 / 1.9
0.8
1 / 0.5
0.3
1930
   
5.1 / 3.2
1.5
"
0.3
1940
 
@ 30,000
5.3 / 3.3
1.1
"
0.2
             
CJ - SC-1910
   
26.5 / 16.4
   
0.1
TT
   
8.7 / 5.4
   
0.1
RSG
   
24.7 / 15.3
   
0.03
Summary
   
59.9 / 37.1
   
0.08
             
CJ - SC-1920
   
26.5 / 16.4
0.3
16.6 / 10.3
0.2
TBN
   
14.3 / 8.9
0.1
7.7 / 4.8
0.1
TT
   
8.7 / 5.4
0.1
8.7 / 5.4
0.07
RSG
   
24.7 / 15.3
0.04
17.2 / 10.7
0.03
Summary
   
74.2 / 46.0
0.5
 
0.1
             
CJ - SC-1930
   
26.5 / 16.4
0.2
12.1 / 7.5
0.1
CTN
   
23.0 / 14.3
0.3
8.4 / 5.2
0.1
RSG
   
24.7 / 15.3
0.02
17.3 / 10.7
0.02
Summary
   
74.2 / 46.0
0.5
 
0.07
             
CJ - SC-1940
   
26.5 / 16.4
0.2
13.5 / 8.4
0.08
CTN
   
23.0 / 14.3
0.3
9.4 / 5.8
0.1
RSG
   
24.7 / 15.3
0.04
14.8 / 9.2
0.03
Summary
   
74.2 / 46.0
0.5
 
0.07
             
CJ-1955
   
74.2 / 46.0
0.7
14.5 / 9
0.1
1970
   
"
0.7
15 / 9
0.1
1984
   
"
0.6
17 / 11
0.1
2002
 
50,000
"
0.7
18 / 11
0.2
             
CMN-1910
   
16.3 / 10.1
0.1
 
0.08
1920
   
"
0.1
11.3 / 7.0
0.08
1930
   
"
0.1
9.6 / 6.0
0.07
1940
   
"
0.1
11.2 / 6.9
0.06
1955
   
"
0.2
13.3 / 8.2
0.2
1970
   
"
0.2
15.0 / 9.3
0.2
1984
   
"
0.1
15.6 / 9.7
0.2
2002
 
40,000
"
0.2
15 / 9
0.2
Chehalis (WA)-1915
US
@ 12,000
10 / 6
0.4
5 / 3
0.4
1927
 
@ 13,000
"
0.3
"
0.2
Chemnitz-1974
DE
@ 300,000
45 / 30
91.2
2 / 1
4
1984
 
@ 320,000
28 / 17
72.4
"
5
2002
 
250,000
22.3 / 13.8
24
"
2.2
Chester (PA)-1907
US
@ 40,000
49.4 / 30.6
8.5
3 / 2
0.6
Chicago (IL), US: see separate tabulation
           
Chico (CA)-1928
US
@ 8,000
5 / 3
0.3
2 / 1
0.1
1947
 
@ 11,000
"
0.2
"
0.07
Christchurch-1926
NZ
@ 120,000
86.4 / 53.5
25.0
3 / 2
0.9
1946
 
@ 170,000
70.7 / 43.9
28.8
"
1.3
Chur-RhB-1910
CH
 
196.8 / 122.0
   
0.2
1920
   
276.2 / 171.2
1.7
32.7 / 20.3
0.2
1930
   
"
2.5
21.6 / 13.4
0.2
1940
   
275.6 / 170.9
2.3
23.0 / 14.3
0.2
1955
   
393.2 / 243.8
5.8
20.2 / 12.5
0.3
1970
   
"
7.8
23.5 / 14.6
0.5
1984
   
377.0 / 233.7
7.7
30.3 / 18.8
0.6
2002
 
130,000
398.5 / 247.1
8.8
34.2 / 21.2
0.8
Arosa-ChA-1920
   
25.7 / 15.9
0.1
18.4 / 11.4
0.07
1930
   
"
0.3
20.8 / 12.9
0.2
1940
   
"
0.3
19.9 / 12.3
0.2
Bernina-BB-1910
   
39.4 / 24.4
   
0.08
1920
   
60.7 / 37.6
0.2
14.7 / 9.1
0.04
1930
   
"
0.4
15.3 / 9.5
0.09
1940
   
"
0.2
17.7 / 11.0
0.07
Bellinzona-BM-1910
   
31.3 / 19.4
   
0.07
1920
   
"
0.3
7.4 / 4.6
0.09
1930
   
"
0.3
"
0.07
1940
   
"
0.2
"
0.06
Cincinnati (OH)-1914
US
@ 470,000
206.2 / 127.8
128
3 / 2
2
1923
 
@ 500,000
"
144.0
"
2.5
1950
 
@ 500,000
68 / 42
27
5 / 3
1.9
* LRT
 
277,000
29 / 18
5.9
10 / 6
2
Clairton (PA)-1907
US
 
1.6 / 1.0
0.1
0.8 / 0.5
0.06
Clarkston (WA), US: see Lewiston (ID), US
         
Clermont-Ferrand - Tram (Translohr)
FR
260,000
u 140,000
14 / 9
7
3 / 2
1.5
Cleveland (OH)-CRy-1914
US
@ 700,000
277.9 / 172.3
310
3 / 2
3.5
1923
 
@ 1,000,000
323 / 200
417.4
"
4
1941
 
@ 900,000
255 / 158
180
4 / 2.5
2.8
Euclid line-1941
   
16.5 / 10.2
20
4 / 2.5
5
* Streetcar
           
SHRT-LRT-1941
 
@ 1.220,000
u 23,000
21.1 / 13.1
3.5
10 / 6
1.6
1947
 
@ 1,310,000
u 26,000
"
7.4
"
3.2
1959
 
@ 1,650,000
u 36,000
"
6.2
"
2.8
GCRTA-LRT-1985
 
@ 1,450,000
u 32,000
"
4.6
"
2.1
1990
 
@ 1,400,000
u 31,000
"
5.5
10.0 / 6.2
2.6
2006
 
@ 1,390,000
u 30,000
24.8 / 15.4
3.8
9.4 / 5.8
1.4
CS&C-1914
   
337.7 / 209.4
7.1
13 / 8
0.3
LSE-1907
   
265.3 / 164.5
5.0
8 / 5
0.2
1914
   
245.0 / 151.9
5.8
13 / 8
0.3
Coimbra-1974
PT
125,000
6 / 4
5.2
2 / 1
1.7
    1. ** LRT
 
436,000
u 168,000
36 / 22
     
See also Coimbra-CP, Table 4.3
           
Cologne, DE: see Köln (DE)
           
Colorado Springs (CO)-1907
US
@ 30,000
40.0 / 24.8
10.0
3 / 1.5
0.6
Columbia (SC)-1907
US
@ 25,000
19.7 / 12.2
4.2
3 / 2
0.7
Columbus (OH)-1914
US
@ 210,000
132.0 / 81.8
80
3 / 2
2
1923
 
@ 280,000
"
87.5
"
2
* LRT
 
1,710,000
u 730,000
21 / 13
5
8 / 5
2
* Streetcar
           
CD&M-1907
   
87.8 / 54.4
2.3
11 / 7
0.3
1914
   
96.6 / 59.9
3.7
10 / 6
0.4
OERy-1907
   
740.6 / 459.2
17.7
11 / 7
0.3
1912
   
969.7 / 601.2
27.7
10 / 6
0.3
1914
   
969.0 / 600.8
26.3
"
0.3
SVT-1907
   
112.2 / 69.6
1.0
24 / 15
0.2
1914
   
120.2 / 74.5
1.4
19 / 12
0.2
Copenhagen, DK: see København (DK)
           
* Cork - LRT
IE
380,000
u 119,000
       
Cornwall-1946
CA
@ 15,000
8.9 / 5.5
3.4
2 / 1
0.6
* Corpus Christi (TX)
US
280,000
3 / 2
     
Cottbus
DE
150,000
22.8 / 14.1
8
5 / 3
2
Covington (KY)-1907
US
@ 80,000
60.3 / 37.4
28.7
3 / 2
1.5
1929
 
@ 200,000
50.8 / 31.5
29
1.8
* LRT
 
see Cincinnati (OH, US)
     
Key to Symbols:
* = in planning; ** = under construction.
*** = operated for less than 12 months as noted; traffic density scaled up to annual rate.
@ = population corresponds with historic data year.
u = population within municipal boundary.
 
Notes for Table 3.4
Caen-Tram (TVR): Transport sur voie réservée (Guided Light Transport), guided bus system, electric traction. (TVR vehicles are licensed as road vehicles and are unidirectional). System has center guide rail throughout. Construction started 2000, 0pened 2002 November 18.
Cagliari: Metropolitana Leggera di Cagliari, under construction.
Initial segment (Line 1), Cagliari Piazza Repubblica – Monserrato (via San Gottardo, “Gottardo”), upgrading and electrification of existing FdS 950-mm / 3’ 1 13/32” gauge line. Opening planned for 2007. (Monserrato population 21,000).
Line 3 Stage 1, new line Gottardo – Policlinico, 2.5 km (1.5 mi). Construction authorized, opening planned for 2008.
Line 3 Stage 2, new line from FdS Piazza Repubblica, southward in Via Dante Alighieri, Piazza San Cosmo ("Dante"), Viale del Cimitero, Piazza Madre Teresa di Calcutta ("Bonaria") to Viale Armando Diaz, then northwestward in Viale Armando Diaz, Piazza Emilio Lussu ("Lussu"), Via Roma ("Porto"), Piazza Giacomo Matteoti ("Matteoti," at the FS station), continuing northwestward and northward to San Michele and Suplanu, then northeastward to Policlinico, forming a loop (Anello Ovest). In planning.
Line 4, Anello Est, new line from Gottardo eastward to Selargius, Quartucciu and Quartu Sant’Elena, then along the coast to Poetto, then northwestward to join the Anello Ovest at Viale Armando Diaz (Selargius population 27,000; Quartucciu population 11,000; Quartu Sant’Elena population 68,000). In planning.
Line 2, electrification of existing FdS line between Cagliari, Monserrato, Settimo San Pietro (population: 6,000), Soleminis (2,000), Dolianova (8,000), Donorì (2,000), Barral (1,000) and Senorbì (4,000). Monserrato Senorbì distance is about 35 km / 22 mi. In planning.
Calgary - 1916: Operator title: Calgary Municipal Railway.
South Line extension, Anderson Fish Creek - Lacombe, 3.4 km / 2.1 mi, opened 2001 October 26.
Fish Creek - Lacombe – Somerset/Bridlewood, 3.0 km / 1.9 mi, opened 2004 June 28.
Northeast Line extension, Whitehorn McKnight-Westwinds, 3 km / 2 mi,under construction, opening planned for 2007.
Northwest Line extension, Brentwood – Dalhousie, 3.0 km / 1.9 mi, opened 2003 December 15. Dalhousie – Centennial (Crowfoot), 3 km / 2 mi, under construction, opening planned for summer 2008.
Long-term plans outline three additional LRT corridors, to be served by Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) prior to LRT construction:
West LRT, 9 km / 6 mi to 69 Street W, for construction during 2015-2020, 3 km / 2 mi to 85 Street W, subsequent.
Southeast LRT, 15 km / 9 mi to 114 Avenue – Douglasdale, for construction during 2020-2025; 12 km / 7 mi to Southeast Employment Centre, subsequent.
North LRT, 18 km / 11 mi, for construction after 2025.
The sum of "Annual Passengers" for "Northeast line," "Northwest Line" and "South Line" is exclusive of passengers who traveled exclusively on the "Downtown" segment, estimated at 5.3 million (at 2005). Estimated annual traffic density for "Downtown" segment, 2.0 km / 1.2 mi: 6.3 million pass-km per km of system length.
Camden-Trenton - 1907: Operator title: Camden and Trenton Railway Company.
2005: "River LINE," worked by diesel multiple unit (DMU) stock, opened 2004 March 14.
Cape May-CD&S: Population shown is the number of all-year residents. Operator title: Cape May Delaware Bay and Sewell’s Point Railroad Company. Extended Cape May Point – Cape May – Sewell’s Point.
OSP: Operator title: Ocean Street Passenger Railway Company.
Cedar Rapids: Operator title: Cedar Rapids and Marion City Railway Company. Operated town tramway services in Cedar Rapids, with suburban extension to Marion.
CR&IC: Operator title: Cedar Rapids and Iowa City Railway and Light Company (known locally as "Crandic"). Subsidiary enterprise of Iowa Railway and Light Company (Iowa Electric Light and Power Company from 1932). Operated Cedar Rapids – Iowa City, and Cedar Rapids – Lisbon (1914-1928). Operated town tramway service in Cedar Rapids (closed 1939).
WCF&N: Operator title: Waterloo Cedar Falls and Northern Railway (known locally as the "Cedar Valley Road"). Extended Cedar Rapids – La Porte City – Waterloo and Waterloo – Waverly. Operated town tramway service in Waterloo (closed in stages 1936-1939), and suburban extension Waterloo – Cedar Falls (closed 1958). Operated town tramway service in Cedar Falls (closed 1941).
Cernier-VR: Régional de Val-de-Ruz. Operated Les Hauts-Geneveys – Cernier – Villiers. Opened 1903 February 23. Closed 1948 August 31. Replaced by trolleybus.
Charleroi - SNCV: Suburban and rural electric light railway network extending west and north from Charleroi. Operated by Société nationale des chemins de fer vicinaux.
Métro Léger de Charleroi (MLC). A ten-year project authorized in 1971 included 52 km / 32 km of new light metro lines (with 69 stations), with eight lines extending outward from a Ring Central encircling the historic center. Relatively little of this system length was to be upgraded from the large Vicinal network (see above).
The initial MLC segment, a short viaduct to Charleroi Sud station, was used by SNCV tramcars from 1976 July 21. This was extended in (short) stages to Beaux-Arts station, which opened, together with the westward line to Piges and Dampremy, on 1983 May 24. This is considered the opening date of the MLC. The system was expanded in short stages to the early 1990s. The most recent segment, Waterloo – Parc, was opened on 1996 August 30. Meanwhile, the Vicinal network was closed, leaving only the segment Fontaine-l'Évêque (Pétria station) – Anderlues remained in operation, worked as part of the MLC. The segment from Piges northward to Jumet and Gosselies was retained for access to the depot and workshop.
Charleroi gained considerable fame - or infamy - for the manner with which the MLC plans were not carried out. The system was not built as planned for several reasons. The region's traditional heavy industry had begun to decline when the project was started. As one result, Charleroi began losing population at about the time construction started on the MLC network. A concurrent program of road improvements included construction of a motorway ring around Charleroi and improvements to radial roads. Anticipated new development along the MLC system did not occur, and the anticipated passenger traffic did not develop. MLC construction costs were high because of the high standards, including full separation, that were not justified by the traffic that developed. SNCV’s tramway closure program eliminated lines that were planned for incorporation into the MLC system. Disputes between SNCV (a state undertaking) and the local public transport undertaking also slowed progress. As part of the increased emphasis on federalism in Belgian politics, SNCV was separated into two regional operators in 1991.
Of the planned lines (anti-clockwise, from north):
Gosselies line (north, 6 km / 4 mi, 12 stations, Waterloo – Puissant – Faubourg) and branch, Ransart line (northeast, 6 km / 4 mi, 6 stations, Puissant – Aéroport – Heppignies), construction not started.
Courcelles line (northwest, 5 km / 3 mi, 9 stations, junction between Piges and Dampremy – Lido), construction not started.
Fontaine-l'Evêque line (west, 9.3 km / 5.8 mi, 11 stations, junction between Beaux-Arts and Piges – Fontaine), completed in stages 1980-1986, all stations open by 1992.
Mont sur Marchienne line (southwest, 3.2 km / 2.0 mi, 5 stations, Sud – Essarts), construction not started.
Couillet line (southeast, 4.3 km / 2.7 mi, 5 stations, Sud – Loverval), construction not started.
Châtelet line (east-southeast, 6.8 km / 4.2 mi, 8 stations, Waterloo – Châtelet), about 6 km / 4 mi of formations built before construction was stopped ca. 1985. Track, overhead and signals were installed on the westernmost segment (i.e. closest to central Charleroi). Six stations were started and some were almost complete.
Gilly line (east-northeast, 4 km / 2 mi, 6 stations, junction between Waterloo and Neuville – Gilly – Soleilmont). About 2 km / 1 mi to Gilly opened on 1992 August 28. Construction of most of remainder started, except easternmost segment and Soleilmont station, but was stopped ca. 1985.
Ring Central line, segment Sud – Parc started, not completed.
The regional authority has approved completion of the Ring Central, an eastward extension of the Gilly line to Soleilmont (where a new car parking facility will be built), and reopening of the tramway north to Jumet and Gosselies. The Châtelet line will not be completed.
Charles City-CCW: Operator title: Charles City Western Railway. Extended Charles City – Colwell and Charles City – Marble Rock. Operated town tramway service in Charles City (worked by one car at a time; withdrawn 1921).
Charleston: Operator title: Charleston Consolidated Railway Gas and Electric Company.
LRT: Charleston Visitors Center – Charleston International Airport – Moncks Corner, 52 km / 32 mi, on railway alignment, with branches to Summerville, and in Dorchester Road and Montague Avenue, North Charleston. Proposed by backers of major redevelopment project in "Neck" region of Charleston peninsula. Financing had not been secured (at 2007 December). The bodies of two former Charleston tramcars, used as a home from 1938, were recovered in 2006 for restoration and possible operation.
Charlotte-1925: Operator title: Southern Public Utilities Company.
Trolley: A not-for-profit society started operation of a restored Charlotte tramcar over disused railway goods tracks near the business center ("Uptown") in 1996. The car was powered by a diesel generator towed behind, and operation was confined to weekends only. This operation was handed to the public transport authority in 2003, which electrified the line and purchased three replica cars in order to provide full-time service. Full-time operation with electric traction began on 2004 June 28, but service was limited until the replica cars entered service on 2004 October 16. Operation was suspended temporarily from 2006 February 6 to permit construction of the South Corridor LRT line (below). The Charlotte Trolley will share tracks with the new LRT line in Uptown Charlotte. Restoration of Charlotte Trolley service planned for 2008 March.
LRT: "South Corridor Light Rail Project" (marketed as LYNX Blue Line), Charlotte business center ("Center City") – Pineville (I-485/South Boulevard). Opened 2007 November 27. Traffic density estimate based on projected passenger traffic for first year of operation, based on ridership actually carried during the first six months of operation.
"Northeast Corridor Light Rail Project" (LYNX Blue Line), Center City – 36th Street – I-485/North Tryon, 23 km / 14 mi. Opening planned to 36th Street by 2013, and to I-485/North Tryon by 2018.
"Southeast Corridor," Center City – Matthews, 20.5 km / 12.7 mi. Planned for construction as bus rapid transit (BRT) or LRT. Construction planned for 2010, opening of initial segment planned by 2013.
"West Corridor," Center City – Charlotte/Douglas International Airport – I-485/Wilkinson Boulevard, 16 km / 10 mi. Planned for construction as BRT or modern tramway ("streetcar"). Construction planned for 2010, opening of initial segment planned by 2013.
Streetcar: Town tramway worked by modern rolling stock in "Center City Corridor," in planning. To extend from west to east: Beatties Ford Road (Rosa Parks Place) – Johnson C. Smith University – Charlotte Gateway – Arena/Transportation Center – McDowell Street – Central Piedmont Community College – Presbyterian Hospital – Eastland Mall.
Planned for construction in Beatties Ford Road, Tryon Street (in business center, "Uptown") and Central Avenue, replacing segments of two of busiest bus routes in Charlotte.
City center branches ("spokes") planned to extend:
--Charlotte Gateway north to Tenth and Church street, and south to Post Street,
--McDowell Street north to Otts Street and south to Scott Avenue.
First phase, in Tryon Street (Johnson C. Smith University – Presbyterian Hospital), planned for opening by 2009. Second phase, to Rosa Parks Place and Eastland Mall, planned for opening by 2017. Center city branches ("spokes") planned for opening by 2025. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast for first and second phases (14,200 - 16,700 / day, by 2030).
P&N: Operator title: Piedmont and Northern Railway Company ("North Carolina Division"). Extended Charlotte – Gastonia, branch to Belmont. Operated town tramway service in Gastonia.
Charlottesville - Streetcar: "Charlottesville Streetcar Initiative," town tramway, in planning. Planned to connect business center ("Downtown Charlottesville") and University of Virginia.
Chattanooga: Operator title: Chattanooga Railways Company.
La Chaux-de-Fonds - TC: Tramway de La Chaux-de-Fonds. 1897 - 1950 June 15. Replaced by trolleybus.
CJ: This railway was formed by the 1944 merger of four predecessor undertakings:
--Chemin de fer Saignelégier-La Chaux-de-Fonds (SC). Operated La Chaux-de-Fonds – Le Noirmont – Saignelégier.
La Chaux-de-Fonds – La Chaux-de-Fonds Est, 1.0 km / 0.6 mi, opened 1893 November 28.
La Chaux-de-Fonds Est – Le Noirmont – Saignelégier, 25.5 km / 15.8 mi, opened 1892 December 7. Electrified 1953 March 13 (1,500V d.c.).
--Chemin de fer Tavannes-Le Noirmont (CTN). Operated Le Noirmont – Tramelan – Tavannes.
Le Noirmont – Tramelan, 14.2 km / 8.8 mi, opened 1913 December 16 by Chemin de fer Tramelan-Breuleux-Noirmont (TBN). Electric traction (1,200V d.c., increased to 1,500V d.c. from 1953).
Tramelan – Tavannes, 8.7 km / 5.4 mi, opened 1884 August 16 by Chemin de fer Tavannes-Tramelan (TT).
TT and TBN merged as CTN from 1927.
--Régional Saignelégier-Glovelier (RSG). Operated Saignelégier – Glovelier, 24.9 km / 15.4 mi. Opened 1904 May 21, standard (1,435mm) gauge. Passenger service withdrawn 1948 May 8. Meter-gauge and electrified operation started, passenger service restored, from 1953 October 4.
--Régional Porrentruy-Bonfol (RPB, see Porrentruy, Table 3.13).
CMN: Chemins de fer des Montagnes neuchâteloises. La Chaux-de-Fonds – Les Ponts-de-Martel opened 1889 July 26 by Ponts - Sagne - Chaux-de-Fonds. Merged with RdB (see under Le Locle, Table 3.7) from 1947. Electrified 1950 May 13 (1,500V d.c.).
CMN (see also Le Locle, Table 3.7) merged with RVT (see under Fleurier, Table 3.4) as Transports Régionaux Neuchâtelois (TRN) from 1999.
Chehalis: Operator title: Washington-Oregon Corporation (at 1915), Puget Sound Power and Light Company (at 1927). Tramway line extended Chehalis – Centralia.
Chemnitz: See also Chemnitz-City-Bahn in Table 4.3 (Metro and Suburban Rail tabulation).
Chester (PA): Operator title: Chester Traction Company. Operated town tramway services in Chester, with suburban extensions to Upland, and Garden CityMedia.
Chico: Operator title: Sacramento Northern Railway Company. Closed 1947 December 15.
Christchurch: Operator title: Christchurch Tramway Board.
Chur-RhB: Rhätische Bahn.
Chur – Landquart, 13.7 km / 8.5 mi, opened 1896 August 29.
Landquart – Klosters, 32.5 km / 20.1 mi, opened 1889 October 9 by Landquart-Davos-Bahn (LD).
Klosters – Davos Platz, 17.5 km / 10.8 mi, opened 1889 July 21 by LD. LD renamed RhB from 1895.
Davos Platz – Filisur, 19.3 km / 12.0 mi, opened 1909 July 1.
Chur – Reichenau-Tamins – Thusis, 27.5 km / 17.0 mi, opened 1896 July 1.
Thusis – Bever – Samedan – Celerina, 59.1 km / 36.6 mi, opened 1903 July 1.
Celerina – St. Moritz, 2.6 km / 1.6 mi, opened 1904 July 10. Electrified 1913 July 1.
Samedan – Pontresina, 5.3 km / 3.3 mi, opened 1908 July 7. Electrified 1913 July 1.
Bever – Scuol-Tarasp, 49.4 km / 30.6 mi, opened 1913 July 1. Electric traction (11kV 16⅔Hz a.c.).
Reichenau-Tamins – Ilanz, 19.3 km / 12.0 mi, opened 1903 June 1.
Ilanz – Disentis/Mustér, 30.0 km / 18.6 mi, opened 1912 August 1.
St Moritz / Pontersina – Scuol-Tarasp was first RhB electrified segment (1913). Remainder of system electrified in stages 1919 April 20 - 1922 June 1.
Extensions Scuol-Tarasp – Pfunds (AT) – Landeck (AT, 40 km / 25 mi), Zernez – Pass dal Fuora (Ofenpass) – Sta. Maria – Müstair – Mals / Málles Venosta (IT, 50 km / 30 mi), and St. Moritz – Malojapass – Chiavenna (IT, 50 km / 30 mi), once planned, not built.
Vereina Line: Klosters – Lavlin / Susch, 21.5 km / 13.3 mi, of which Vereinatunnel includes 19.0 km / 11.8 mi, opened 1999 November 19.
Arosa - ChA: Opened 1914 December 12 by Chur-Arosa-Bahn. Electric traction, 2,000V d.c., later converted to 2,200V d.c. ChA merged into RhB from 1942.
Electrification converted to 11kV 16⅔Hz a.c. from 1997 November 29. Mittenbergtunnel, 2.8 km / 1.7 mi, planned to replace street track in Chur. Project cancelled 1996 because of high cost.
Bernina - BB: Bernina-Bahngesellschaft. Operates Pontresina – Ospizio Bernina – Poschivo – Campocologno (CH) – Tirano (IT). Opened in stages 1908 July 1 - 1910 July 5. Electric traction (750V d.c., increased to 1,000V d.c. from 1935). Merged into RhB from 1943.
Operation of Campocologno – Tirano segment suspended 1942, restored 1945 October 3.
This railway reaches an elevation of 2,253m / 7,392’ above sea level at Ospizio Bernina. It is the highest through railway in Europe, and the only railway to cross the Alps without a tunnel. Operated only during summer season at opening. All-year operation St. Moritz – Alp Grüm began following construction of snowsheds and other engineering works during 1910-1915 to permit safe operation during winter. Additional line-relocation works were carried out during the 1930s on the Bernina plateau, north of the summit.
Bellinzona - BM: Società Ferrovia elettrica Bellinzona-Mesocco, also known as Misoxerbahn (in German) and Ferrovie Mesolcinese (in Italian).
Operated Bellinzona – Castione-Arbedo – Cama – Mesocco. Opened in stages 1907 May 6 - July 31. Extension Mesocco – Passo del San Bernardino – Thusis once planned, not built.
Merged into Rhätische Bahn (RhB) from 1942. (RhB is in effect the "state" railway of Canton Graubünden. Bellinzona is the capital of Canton Ticino, but most of the BM route length was located in Canton Graubünden.)
The Niedergang ("downfall") of the BM occurred as the result of construction of Nationalstrasse (National Highway) N13. The decision of a federal commission at the end of the 1960s to close the railway drew strong opposition from local residents. However, passenger service was withdrawn and the segment Bellinzona – Castione-Arbedo closed on 1972 May 27. Goods service between the SBB interchange at Castione-Arbedo and Mesocco continued, but the segment Cama – Mesocco was closed on 1978 August 8 because of storm damage. Goods service over the remaining segment was withdrawn in 1994. The line is now owned and operated as a preserved railway by Società Esercizio Ferroviario Turistico (SEFT).
Cincinnati: Operator title: Cincinnati Traction Company (at 1914), Cincinnati Street Railway Company (at 1923 and 1950).
LRT: Initial segment ("starter line") of regional light rail transit system, nominally in planning although the local share of financing had not been secured (at 2007 December). Population stated is that in corridor.
Planned to extend 12th Street, Covington (KY) Cincinnati business center ("downtown Cincinnati") – Mount Auburn – Pfeiffer Road, Blue Ash (Cornell Park station) New bridge across Ohio River, operation on street in downtown Cincinnati and 1.8-km / 1.1-mi tunnel beneath Mount Auburn planned. Remainder of line planned for construction on disused railway alignments. Low-floor vehicle fleet and 20-21 stations planned. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast: 19,500 passengers / weekday; 5,850,000 passengers / year, at opening, planned previously for 2008. (27,900 passengers / weekday; 8,366,100 passengers / year by 2020, i.e. after 12 years of operation.)
30-year public transport plan, including six LRT lines, two “urban streetcar” lines and three regional ("commuter") rail lines, developed by regional planning authority (Ohio-Kentucky-Indiana Regional Council of Governments, "OKI") for 7-county metropolitan region. Planned light rail transit lines:
--I-71 "Green Line:" Cincinnati / Northern Kentucky International Airport (KY) – Downtown Cincinnati – Kings Island.
--I-75 "Red Line:" Florence (KY) – downtown Cincinnati – Westchester.
--Eastside "Blue Line:" Downtown Cincinnati – Xavier – Eastgate.
--Westside (I-74) "Purple Line:" Downtown Cincinnati – Dent (OH).
--Crosstown "Light Green Line:" Dent/Rybolt Road – Xavier – Eastgate.
--I-471 "Blue Line:" Downtown Cincinnati Northern Kentucky University AA Highway [named for the terminal cities planned originally, Alexandria and Ashland].
System planned to use 3.5-km / 2.2-mi tunnel beneath the Cincinnati business center, built duing the 1920s for a metro project that was not completed.
Planned modern streetcar (tramway) lines:
--Uptown Line: Downtown Cincinnati – Vine Street – "Over-the-Rhine" – University of Cincinnati – Mount Auburn.
--Riverfront Line: Downtown Cincinnati – Covington (KY) – Newport (KY).
Total planned system length within Cincinnati and Hamilton County: 100 km / 60 mi.
The electorates of Cincinnati and Hamilton County rejected a tax proposal ("Cincinnati MetroMoves") to raise the local (Hamilton County) share of financing on 2002 November 5. Rail transit planning continues, with the Riverfront tramway given priority. The "starter" LRT line would be built in three stages if local funding becomes available.
See also Table 4.3.
Clairton: Operator title: Clairton Street Railway Company.
Clermont-Ferrand - Tram (Translohr): Translohr guided bus system, electric traction. (Translohr vehicles are not licensed as road vehicles, are bidirectional and can be operated as coupled formations). Opened 2006 November 13. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (28,000 - 30,000 / weekday).
Cleveland-CRy: Operator title: Cleveland Railway Company.
Streetcar: Lakeshore Electric Railway (LER), known previously as Trolleyville USA, is building a new depot for its collection of more than 40 historic tramcars near the end of the LRT Waterfront Line. This will replace the previous location at Olmstead Falls, southwest of Cleveland. Once the depot is completed, LER plans to build an electric tramway (trolley) museum on the Cleveland lakefront. The planned third stage is construction of tramway lines to replace GCRTA circulator bus services in the business center ("Downtown Cleveland") and the Ohio City district just west of downtown. The tramway lines would cross the Cuyahoga River on the lower ("subway") decks of the Detroit-Superior and Lorain-Carnegie bridges.
SHRT - 1941, 1947 and 1959: Includes all "revenue passengers" carried by Shaker Heights Rapid Transit, which is owned and operated today by GCRTA. Urban population statistics ("u") pertain to the City [municipality] of Shaker Heights.
CS&C: Operator title: Cleveland Southwestern and Columbus Railway Company. Extended Cleveland – Elyria – Norwalk, branch to Wellington, and Cleveland – Seville – Mansfield – Bucyrus, branch to Wooster.
LSE: Operator title: Lake Shore Electric Railway Company. Extended Cleveland – Lorain – Sandusky – Fremont –Toledo and Ceylon Junction – Norwalk – Fremont, branches to Gibsonburg, Beach Park – South Lorain, and Sandusky – Milan – Norwalk. Operated town tramway services in Lorain (with suburban extension to Elyria), Sandusky, and Norwalk (one car at a time used in Norwalk).
Coimbra - LRT: Metro do Mondego, under construction.
Metro Mondego S.A. began planning for a Metropolitano Ligeiro de Superfície do Mondego ("Mondego [Valley] Surface Light Metro") in 1996. The plan outlined construction of a 3-km / 2-mi street tramway from Coimbra B(ifurcaçaõ) station (on the CP Lisboa – Porto line) to central Coimbra and Coimbra Parque station, continuing to the Hospital da Universidade de Coimbra (HUC, "Coimbra University Hospital").
The Ramal da Lousã, a CP line extending southeastward Coimbra – Lousã – Serpins, would be rebuilt and incorporated into the Metro de Superfície. This line has 0.3 km / 0.2 mi of street track just east of Coimbra station. The distance Coimbra station – Coimbra-Parque is 1.9 km / 1.2 mi, and the distance Coimbra Parque – Serpins is 34.1 km / 21.1 mi. The Lousã line would be electrified and regauged from 1,668mm (5’ 5⅔”) to 1,435mm (standard).
(The Ramal da Lousã was started in 1889. The segment Coimbra – Lousã, 28.8 km / 17.9 mi, was opened on 1906 December 16. The segment Lousã – Serpins, 6.2 mi / 3.8 mi, was opened on 1930 August 10. The Coimbra tramway was opened on 1911 November 10 and was closed on 1980 January 9.)
The segment southeast of Ceira, 27.0 km / 16.7 mi, serving Miranda do Covo, Lousã and Serpins, is suburban and rural in character. How best to serve this segment was debated. Metro Mondego proposed at 2005 that the segment Lousã – Serpins, should be replaced by bus. This was unpopular with local residents.
Tenders for a design, build finance and maintain ("DBFM") contract were called early in 2005, but this was stopped following the parliamentary election of 2005 February and change of government. Then, early in 2006, the government announced that a tram-train project had been substituted for the Metro de Superfície. This will be built in two phases. The first phase, 2007-2008, includes modernization of the railway and improvement of service. Among the improvements planned are regauging (above), closure of some level (grade) crossings, renewal of the signal system and bridge and tunnel rehabilitation. The second phase, 2008-2011, includes electrification, implementation of tram-train service and construction of the branch to HUC. The first Metro Mondego trains are planned to begin service in 2011.
Colorado Springs: Operator title: Colorado Springs and Interurban Railway Company.
Columbia: Operator title: Columbia Electric Street Railway Light and Power Company.
Columbus: Operator title: Columbus Railway Power and Light Company (known locally as "Rail-Light"). Operated town tramway services in Columbus, with suburban extensions to Marble Cliff, Westerville and Worthington. Track gauge 1,575mm / 5’2’. This undertaking also operated town tramway service on standard-gauge tracks owned by interurban undertakings.
LRT: "North Corridor Transit Project" (previously “North Corridor Light Rail Project," also known as "FastTrax"), in planning. Planned to extend Columbus business center ("downtown") – Convention Center – Ohio State University – Ohio Exposition Center – Worthington – Polaris. Population shown is that for corridor (at 2000). Decision on technology (bus rapid transit, modern streetcar, light rail transit) pending. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (17,600 / weekday, by 2025, current at 2003). Long-term plan ("Vision 2020"), completed 1999, recommended construction of eight “passenger rail (regional ("commuter") rail or LRT) lines.
UPDATE: The Central Ohio Transit Authority (COTA) president announced at 2006 June that staff would recommend to the COTA Board that the North Corridor project be stopped. The stated reason was unfavorable results of benefit/cost analysis. The Board acted at 2006 July to cancel the project.
Streetcar: Street tramway in business center, in planning, separate from LRT development.
CD&M: Operator title: Columbus, Delaware and Marion Railway Company. Extended Columbus – Delaware – Marion. Operated town tramway services in Delaware and Marion.
OERy: Operator title: Ohio Elecric Railway Company. Major lines: Cincinnati (College Hill) – Hamilton – Dayton, Dayton – Union City (IN), Dayton – Richmond (IN), Dayton – Springfield – Columbus – Newark – Zanesville, Springfield – Bellefontaine, and Lima – Fort Wayne (IN). (Bellefontaine – Lima – Toledo completed 1908). Operated town tramway services in Dayton, Hamilton, Lima, Newark and Zanesville.
SVT: Operator title: Scioto Valley Traction Company. Extended Columbus – Circleville – Chillicothe, Obetz Junction – Lancaster. (Contact rail ("third rail") current collection except in towns.) Operated town tramway services in Chillicothe.
Cork: Three parties (Green Party, Fianna Fáil and Progressive Democrats) formed a coalition government following the election of 2007 May 24. The "programme for government" states that the government will "conduct feasibility studies to be completed in two years into Luas-style light rail transit systems in Cork, Galway, Limerick and Waterford." See also Table 4.3.
Cornwall: Operator title: Cornwall Street Railway, Light and Power Company, Ltd.
Corpus Christi-Streetcar: Town tramway, to serve business center ("downtown") and Bayfront area, in planning.
Covington: Operator title: Cincinnati Newport and Covington Railway Company. Operated town tramway services in Covington (KY), Newport (KY) and suburban towns, and across the Ohio River to Cincinnati.
 
Copyright 2005-2008, Publictransit.us