Table 2.2: Metro and Suburban Rail
Africa, Asia, CIS, Eastern Europe and Latin America
C-E          Cagayan de Oro - Eupatoria     (2.2.1, 2007.10)
City and Country
Population Served
System Length, km / mi
Annual Passengers (million)
Average Travel Distance, km / mi
Annual Traffic Density (million)
           
* Cagayan de Oro
PH
u 500,000
       
Cairo, EG: see Qahira, El (EG)
           
Calcutta, IN: see Kolkata (IN)
           
Camagüey-UFC (Camaguey)
CU
u 290,000
220 / 140
     
Cape Town region suburban rail lines arranged anti- (counter) clockwise (north, west, south).
Cape Town - Metrorail-1997
ZA
 
204 / 126
200
20 / 12
20
2004
 
2,893,000
u 860,000
172
20 / 12
17
Monte Vista
   
19 / 12
1
15 / 9
0.6
Kraaifontein / Parow
   
31 / 19
17
20 / 12
11
Strand
   
54 / 33
27
20 / 12
10
Lavistown
   
33 / 20
12
15 / 9
5
Khayelitsha
   
36 / 22
43
25 / 16
30
Mitchell’s Plain
   
32 / 20
35
25 / 16
27
Cape Flats
   
25 / 15
11
15 / 9
6
Simon’s Town
   
36 / 22
26
13 / 8
10
Caracas-IAFE
VE
5,100,000
u 1,900,000
41.4 / 25.7
25
15 / 9
9
Metro - 1984
   
12 / 7
80.0
6.5 / 4.0
43
1995
   
45.6 / 28.3
289.3
41
2002
   
336
48
Line 1-1995
   
21.4 / 13.3
229.6
70
2002
   
240
73
Line 2-1995
   
18.6 / 11.5
44.5
16
2002
   
75
26
Line 3-1995
   
5.6 / 3.5
7.7
3 / 2
4
2002
   
20
 
10
Metro Los Teques
   
9.5 / 5.9
18
9.5 / 5.9
18
Cárdenas-UFC (Cardenas)
CU
u 93,000
97 / 60
     
Casablanca, MA: see Daru-al-Bayda, ad- (MA)
         
České Budějovice-ČD (Ceske Budejovice)
CZ
630,000
452 / 280
     
Chángchūn-ZT (Changchun)
CN
u 2,800,000
       
Chángshā-ZT (Changsha)
CN
u 1,490,000
       
Chángzhōu-ZT (Changzhou)
CN
u 830,000
       
Cheboksary-RZhD
RU
u 130,000
103 / 64
     
Chelyabinsk-RZhD
RU
u 1,080,000
772 / 479
     
** Metro
   
4.5 / 2.8
     
Chéngdū-ZT (Chengdu)
CN
u 2,930,000
       
* metro
   
16 / 10
     
Chennai-SR
IN
6,420,000
141.9 / 87.9
224
15 / 9
22.8
* Metro Rail
   
13.5 / 8.4
     
Cheorwon (Ch'ŏrwŏn) - 1925
KP
KR
 
28.8 / 17.9
0.19
15 / 9
0.1
1934
   
116.6 / 72.3
0.29
27 / 17
0.07
1938
   
0.57
24 / 15
0.1
Cherkasy-UZ
UA
u 292,000
122 / 76
     
Cherkessk-RZhD
RU
u 120,000
71 / 44
     
Chernihiv-UZ
UA
u 300,000
205 / 127
     
Chernivtsi-UZ
UA
u 242,000
363 / 225
     
* Chiang Mai-SRT
TH
690,000
u 200,000
30 / 19
     
* Chiāyì
TW
300,000
18 / 11
     
Chiba-monorail-1990
JP
829,000
8.0 / 5.0
5.55
3 / 2
2.1
1995
 
857,000
12.0 / 7.4
15.45
3.9 / 2.4
5.1
2000
 
887,000
15.2 / 9.4
16.48
4.1 / 2.5
4.4
2004
 
895,000
15.55
4.2
Line 1 - 2004
   
3.2 / 2.0
4
1.5 / 0.9
2
Line 2 - 2004
   
12.0 / 7.4
11.5
5 / 3
5
Chichibu-CTK
JP
150,000
71.7 / 44.5
10
14.6 / 9.0
2.0
Chişinău-CFM
MD
u 710,000
224 / 139
     
Chita-RZhD
RU
u 320,000
511 / 317
     
Chitose - JR-Hokkaidô
JP
120,000
59.1 / 36.6
     
Chóngqìng-ZT (Chongqing)
CN
3,400,000
       
    1. monorail
   
19.1 / 11.9
     
** metro - Line 1
   
16.4 / 10.2
     
** metro - Line 3
   
21 / 13
     
Ciego de Ávila-UFC
CU
u 90,000
60 / 40
     
Cienfuegos-UFC
CU
u 150,000
80 / 50
     
Cluj-Napoca
RO
1,100,000
343 / 213
     
* Coimbatore - metro
IN
1,300,000
       
Colombo-SLRA
LK
1,000,000
138 / 86
37
20 / 12
5.4
Concepción-EFE-2004 (Concepcion)
CL
600,000
40 / 25
0.8
7 / 4
0.1
Constanta-CFR
RO
720,000
269 / 167
     
Craiova-CFR
RO
1,500,000
591 / 366
     
Daegu-KNR
KR
5,300,000
372.3 / 230.8
     
metro - 2006
 
2,464,000
53.9 /33.4
108
5 / 3
10
Line 1
   
25.9 / 16.1
63
12
Line 2
   
28.0 / 17.4
45
8
Daejeon-metro
KR
1,441,000
20.5 / 12.7
     
Dakar-SNCS
SN
1,800,000
29 / 18
6
15 / 9
3
Dàlián-ZT (Dalian)
CN
u 2,120,000
       
Damascus, SY: see Dimashq ash-Sham (SY)
         
Dāndōng-ZT (Dandong)
CN
u 600,000
       
Dàqìng-ZT (Daqing)
CN
u 860,000
       
ad-Daru-al-Bayda - ONCFM (Casablanca)
MA
3,800,000
170 / 100
     
* Métro
   
11 / 7
     
Dàtóng-ZT (Datong)
CN
u 1,000,000
       
* Davao
PH
u 700,000
       
Debrecen-MÁV
HU
550,000
400 / 248
     
ÁEV
   
30 / 19
     
Delhi-NR
IN
13,780,000
256.0 / 158.7
     
Metro Rail
   
21.0 / 13.0
100
7 / 4
30
* monorail
   
15 / 9
     
Dhaka-BR
BD
10,000,000
12 / 7
     
* metro
           
* Dimashq ash-Sham (Damascus)
SY
2,000,000
       
Dniprodzerzhyns'k-UZ
UA
256,000
see Dnipropetrovs'k-UZ
   
Dnipropetrovs'k-UZ
UA
u 1,049,000
565 / 350
     
Metro-2006
   
7.1 / 4.4
15
2.1 / 1.3
4
Donets'k-UZ
UA
1,566,000
u 1,132,000
1,276 / 791
     
** Metro
   
9.7 / 6.0
     
Dōngyíng-ZT (Dongying)
CN
u 520,000
       
Drohobych-UZ
UA
u 77,000
see L'viv-UZ
   
** Dubai
AE
860,000
69.7 / 43.2
355
7 / 4
36
Durban - Metrorail-2004
ZA
4,716,000
u 3,347,000
278 / 172
57
15 / 9
3
Dushanbe-TR
TJ
u 540,000
90 / 56
     
Dzhankoy-UZ
UA
u 43,000
238 / 148
     
East London - Metrorail - 2004
ZA
700,000
u 200,000
42 / 26
5
15 / 9
2
Ebetsu - JR-Hokkaidô
JP
u 123,000
see Sapporo - Asahikawa
   
Elista-RZhD
RU
u 110,000
101 / 63
     
Engaru - JR-Hokkaidô
JR
24,000
38.6 / 23.9
     
Eupatoria-UZ
UA
u 103,000
see Simferopol-UZ
   
Key to Symbols:
* = in planning; ** = under construction.
*** = operated for less than 12 months as noted; traffic density scaled up to annual rate.
@ = population corresponds with historic data year.
u = population within municipal boundary.
 
Notes for Table 2.2
Cagayan de Oro: The first phase of a Mindanao railway network is planned to extend Cagayan de Oro – Iligan, 82.5 km (51.2 mi). Completion planned after 2010. Financing had not been secured (at 2007 September), but news reports stated that the governments of China, Saudi Arabia and South Korea had expressed interest. Subsequent phases (Phase 2 - Phase 5) are planned to serve other cities including Butuan, Davao and Zamboanga.
Santiago de León de Caracas-IAFE: Ferrocarril Ezequiel Zamora. Caracas (Mercado station, Metro de Caracas Line 3) – Charallave Tuy Medio (Cúa station). Standard-gauge, double-track, electrified (25 kV 60 Hz ac). Route length includes 20.1 km (12.5 mi) in tunnel and 8.3 km (5.1 mi) on viaduct. Opened 2006 October 15, fare-free service to 2007 January 1. First segment of 4,000-km (2,500-mi) Sistema Ferroviario Nacional (“National Railway System”), outlined as the Plan Ferroviario Nacional (“National Railway Plan”) and planned for construction by 2025. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (80,000 / day, at opening)
IAFE will build an eastward suburban railway La Urbina – Guarenas – Guatiras – Las Rosas, 36 km (22 mi). The start of construction is planned for 2007.
IAFE also plans a suburban railway extending northward Gato Negro – La Guaira. This would serve Simón Bolívar International Airport.
Metro: Metro de Caracas. Line 3 extension, El Valle Mercado La Rinconada, 8.3 km (5.1 mi), under construction, opening planned for 2006. Line 4, initial segment, Capuchinos Plaza Venezuela, 5.7 km (3.5 mi), under construction, opening planned for 2006. Extension, Plaza Venezuela – Parque del Este, 6.6 km (4.1 mi), in planning. Passenger traffic forecast: 160 million / year, at 2010.
Metro Los Teques: Suburban extension of Metro de Caracas, 9.5 km (5.9 mi), no intermediate stations. Opened 2006 November 3. Construction managed by an independent undertaking. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (60,000 / day, at opening).
Linea al Sureste (Line 5): In planning, to extend Santa Ana (Plaza Los Americas – Chuao – Tamanaco – La Trinidad – El Hatillo, 23 km (14 mi). One source describes this as Sistema de Transporte Ligero del Sureste, suggesting light metro or LRT.
Line 6: In planning, to extend La Urbina – Las Palmas – Urdaneta – Agua Salud – Gato Negro – Los Magallanes, 20 km (12 mi), paralleling Line 1 to the north.
Caracas also plans several “MetroCable“ lines to connect hilltop districts with metro stations.
Cape Town / iKapa / Kaapstad-Metrorail: Western Cape Region. “Regional” population is that resident within the municipal (“unicity”) boundary, as expanded from 2000. “Urban” population is that resident within the previous “Administration” of Cape Town proper.
The former South African Railways and Harbours Board was restructured as a state-owned enterprise, South African Transport Services (SATS) from 1989 April 1. Then, from 1990 April 1, SATS was incorporated as Transnet Ltd., wholly owned by the state. Spoornet, a Transnet division, administers rail infrastructure and operates goods (freight) trains (and intercity passenger services).
Commuter rail infrastructure was handed to another Transnet subsidiary, South African Rail Commuter Corporation, Ltd. (SARCC). Trains were operated by Spoornet, under contract. Then, in 1997, a new Transnet division, Metrorail, was created to operate all commuter rail services throughout South Africa. SARCC was merged into Metrorail during the 2006 fiscal year. (The combined undertaking is also planned to become the “organizational home” of intercity passenger rail services operated by Spoornet under the label Shosholoza Meyl.
System length statistic for all lines, 204 km / 126 mi, is that which corresponds to ridership statistics. This is also the system length within the Cape Town municipal boundary (and includes 31 km / 19 mi of Spoornet lines (Cape Town – Monte Vista – Bellville – Kraaifontein). The system length served by Metrorail Western Cape Region is significantly greater, and may be summarized as follows:
Total Metrorail Western Cape Region system length: 200 km / 124 mi, exclusive of Spoornet lines but inclusive of segment Eersterivier – Stellenbosch – Muldersvlei (which is outside the Cape Town municipal boundary).
Total system length worked by Metrorail Western Cape Region: 283 km / 175 mi, inclusive of Spoornet lines (Cape Town – Monte Vista – Bellville – Kraaifontein – Muldersvlei – Wellington) but exclusive of Malmesbury and Worcester services (see below).
Some segments of the Cape Town suburban rail system were built during the period 1959-1988 to serve townships built under the former apartheid regime for non-white residents. These townships were built in the Cape Flats area, southeast of central Cape Town. (This area was virtually unpopulated until the early 1950s.) The railways serving these townships include the segments Mutual – Langa – Bonteheuwel – Bellville (24 km / 15 mi), opened 1959-1964), Bonteheuwel – Nyanga (7 km / 4 mi, opened 1959), Nyanga – Mitchell’s Plain – Kapteinsklip (8 km / 5 mi, opened 1980), and Nyanga – Khayelitsha (14 km / 9 mi, opened 1988).
Key to Metrorail Western Cape Region services (as grouped for 2004 passenger traffic survey):
Monte Vista: Cape Town – Monte Vista – Bellville.
Service to Atlantis, 45 km (28 mi), in planning. Initial service planned to reach Bloubergsvlei.
Kraaifontein / Parow: Cape Town – Salt River (Soutrivier) – Maitland – Mutual – Parow – Kraaifontein.
Strand: Cape Town – Salt River (Soutrivier) – Mutual – Bellville – Eerste River (Eersterivier) – Strand.
Lavistown: Cape Town – Ysterplaat – Mutual – Langa – Bonteheuwel – Lavistown – Sarepta – Bellville.
Khayelitsha: Cape Town – Ysterplaat – Mutual – Kanga – Nyanga – Nonqubela – Khayelitsha.
Nyanga – Khayelitsha, 14 km (9 mi), opened 1988 February.
“Khayelitsha Rail Extension Project,” Khayelitsha – Baden Powell, 4.5 km (2.8 mi), under construction (from 2006).
“Blue Downs Line,” Kuilsrivier – Nonqubela, 12 km (7 mi), in planning.
Mitchell’s Plain: Cape Town – Salt River (Soutrivier) – Maitland – Pinelands – Langa – Bonteheuwel – Nyanga – Mitchell’s Plain – Kapteinsklip.
Cape Flats: Cape Town – Salt River (Soutrivier) – Maitland – Pinelands – Heathfield.
Simon’s Town: Cape Town – Salt River (Soutrivier) – Newlands (Nuweland) – Heathfield – Fish Hoek – Simon’s Town (Simonstown).
Other Services:
Cape Town – Salt River (Soutrivier) – Mutual – Bellville – Eerste River (Eersterivier) – Stellenbosch (48 km / 30 mi) – Muldersvlei (61 km / 38 mi). 6,194 passengers / weekday “from Stellenbosch” (at 2004).
Cape Town – Salt River (Soutrivier) – Mutual – Bellville – Kraaifontein – Muldersvlei – Paarl – Wellington (73 km / 45 mi). 12,663 passengers / weekday “from Wellington” (at 2004).
Service to Malmesbury: Cape Town – Monte Vista – Bellville – Kraaifontein – Malmesbury, 67 km (42 mi). One weekday return trip.
Service to Worcester: Cape Town – Monte Vista – Bellville – Kraaifontein – Muldersvlei – Paarl – Wellington – Wolseley (93 km / 58 mi) – Worcester (175 km / 108 mi). One daily return trip.
České Budějovice-ČD: Šumavské elektrické dráhy (“Šumava Electric Railway”), in planning. Improved passenger rail service in southwestern Jihočeský kraj (“South Bohemian Region”), which includes Šumava National Park. Plan includes:
Electrification (25kV 50 Hz ac) of existing lines České Budějovice – Křemže – Český Krumlov – Kájov – Polečnice – Černá v Pošumaví – Černý Křiž – Volary, 94 km (58 mi), Volary – Lenora – Vimperk, 39 km (24 mi), Volary – Ovesné u Prachatic – Prachatice, 29 km (18 mi), and Černý Křiž – Nové Údoli, 8 km (5 mi).
New lines Lipno nad Vltavou – Černá v Pošumaví, 25 km (15 mi), and Křemže – Tisovka – Ovesné u Prachatic; KřemžeTisovka, 23 km (14 mi). Implementation planned for 2010-2015.
Chelyabinsk Челябинск-Metro: Construction started in 1992. Opening of initial segment planned for 2010. Line 1 planned to extend 8.2 km (5.1 mi). Long-term plan, three-line system.
Chéngdū 成都-metro: Initial segment of Line 1. Construction started 2005 December. Trial operation planned for 2010 March, opening planned for 2010 October 1.
Line 1, 31.6 km (19.6 mi), of which 22.4 km (13.9 mi) in tunnel, and Line 2, 50.6 km (31.4 mi), of which 17.4 km (10.8 mi) in tunnel, planned for completion by 2014.
Seven-line network, 274.1 km (170.0 mi), of which 144.2 km (89.4 mi) in tunnel, planned for completion by 2035.
Chennai ென்னை -SR: “Mass Rapid Transit System,” 16 km (10 mi), opened 1995-2004. Built on viaduct and at ground level. Described as the first “elevated” railway in India. (The line is known colloquially, in Tamil, as Parakkum Rayil = “Flying Train” or “The Train That Flies”). Operated as an integral part of the suburban railway network.
Chennai Beach Thirumailai, in operation. Extension Thirumailai – Velacheri, 4 km (2 mi), under construction. Beach Velacheri system length 19.7 km (12.2 mi), of which 13.6 km (8.4 mi) on viaduct (12 stations), with remainder at ground level (5 stations).
Extension Velacheri St. Thomas Mount, 5 km (3 mi), authorized. Extension St. Thomas Mount Tiruvottiyur, 34 km (21 mi) to form circular route, in planning.
Metro Rail: In planning. Three-route, 66.7-km (41.4-mi) network outlined. Part of system length planned for construction in tunnel.
Cheorwon / Ch'ŏrwŏn (철원 (鐵原)): Kumgangsan Electric Railway (금강산전기철도 (金剛山電氣鐵道)). Extended Cheorwon (KR) – Naegumgang (KP, 내강산 (內金剛)).
Opened in stages, 1924 August 1 – 1931 July 1. Merged with Seoul Electric Company (then Keijô Electric Company) from 1942 January 1 as Seoul (Keijô) Electric Company, Kumgangsan Electric Railway Line (서울 (경) 금강산전철선 (서울 (京城) 電氣金剛山電鐵線)).
Ch’angdo (Changdo) (KP, 내강도 (昌道)) – Naegumgang, 49.0 km (30.4 km), closed 1944 September 30 by government order as a “Not Necessary, Not Urgent” railway. Dismantled to provide material material for the (Japanese) war effort. The remainder (all of which lies north of the 38th parallel) continued in operation until closed because of war damage, probably in 1950 or 1951. One car is preserved in Pyongyang.
Of the previous system length, 32.5 km (20.1 mi) lies south of the Military Demarcation Line (MDL), and 84.1 km (52.1 mi) lies north of the MDL. Restoration under discussion as a “possible long-term project.”
Cherkasy-UZ Черкаси-УЗ : The population of Cherkas'ka oblast' Черкаська область (province) is 1,335,000.
Chernihiv-UZ Чернігів-УЗ: The population of Chernihivs'ka oblast' Чернігівська область (province) is 1,157,000. See also Kyiv-UZ Київ-УЗ.
Chernivtsi-UZ Чернівці-УЗ : The population of Chernivets'ka oblast' Черніветська область (province) is 904,000.
Chiang Mai เชียงใหม-SRT: Electrification and double-tracking, Chiang Mai – Lamphun, in planning.
Chiayi (Jiāyì) 嘉義: “Light rail rapid transit” line, in planning, to connect Chiayi station to Taipao station on the new Taipei – Kaohsiung high-speed rail line (opening planned for 2006 October 31).
Chiba 千葉 -
Daytime and nighttime population, Chiba city, 2000:
Daytime
Nighttime
Difference
859,000
883,000
-24,000
 
monorail モノレール: Suspended (Mitsubishi-SAFEGE) system. Third-sector undertaking, financed by Chiba city and other investors. Marketed as “Townliner” タウンライナー.
Line 1   1号線, Chiba-minato 千葉みなと – Chiba 千葉 station – Kencho-mae 県庁前, opened in stages 1995 August 1 - 1999 March 24.
Line 2   2号線, Chiba 千葉 station – Sports Center スポーツセンター – Tsuge 都賀 – Chishirodai 千城台, opened in stages 1988 March 28 - 1991 June 12.
Extension of Line 1, Kenchô-mae 県庁前 – Chûô-hakubutsukan - Shiritsu-byôin-mae 中央博物館・市立病院, 3.4 km (2.1 mi), once planned for completion by 2008, with subsequent onward extension to Seikuki-Terminal 星久喜ターミナル, 1.7 km (1.1 mi). These plans attracted opposition from a newly-elected prefectural Governor in 2001, on grounds of cost. Local and prefectural authorities organized an independent review board, the "Chiba Urban Monorail Investigation Committee" 千葉都市モノレール事業に関する提言 at the end of 2001. This board studied strategies to eliminate operating losses, strategies to permit planned expansion to proceed, and surveyed public opinion. Among the solutions studied was closure, bringing the system under technical threat. This attracted news media attention at the end of 2002, when the committee submitted its report. The investigation found that only 26 percent of Chiba city residents favored closure, and that a large majority expressed at least conditional support expansion. A subsequent evaluation, published in 2004, concluded that the extension from Kenchô-mae was not necessary, and proposed closure of the segment between Chiba station and Kenchô-mae because of light traffic. An alternative alignment under study would bring the line to Chiba-dera 千葉大学 station, 3.6 km (2.2 mi), with an initial 2-km (1-mi) stage to Chiba University 千葉寺.
Chitose 千歳 - JR-Hokkaidô JR北海道:
Chitose 千歳 – Yûbari 夕張: Population served, exclusive of terminal towns (91,000 and 14,000, respectively) was 16,000 (at 2005). Annual passenger traffic: 300,000 (2005; estimate).
See also Sapporo – Muroran, Tomakomai – Iwamizawa.
Chóngqìng 重庆: Urban population stated at 3.4 million (2004); this refers to the urban population of Chongqing proper (Chongqing Municipality includes four “county-level cities” and a large rural area together with Chongqing proper).
Monorail: Limited trial service on initial segment was started on 2004 November 6. Full commercial service started on 2005 June 18. System length includes 2.2 km (1.4 mi) in tunnel. The onorail is Line 2 of the planned metro system.
Metro Line 1: Construction started 1992 under build-operate-transfer agreement with a Hong Kong based undertaking. Work stopped 1997 because of legal disputes, including land ownership (land for the project was provided by the Chongqing local authority). Construction resumed 2007 June 9. Opening planned for 2011.
Metro Line 3: Construction started 2007 April 5. Opening planned for 2010.
Long-term plans outline six-line, 130-km (80-mi) urban rail system by 2020, with 82 km (52 mi) in operation by 2015.
Coimbatore கோயம்புத்தூர்: Mass Rapid Transit system, in planning.
Concepción del Nuevo Extremo: Suburban rail service relaunched as Biotrén (named after the VIII Región del Biobío) from 2004 November 26. The project included track and station rehabilitation, and new rolling stock. Full service from 2005 September. Operated by Ferrocarriles Suburbanos de Concepción S.A. (FESUB Concepción S.A.), an EFE subsidiary, as part of the regional public transport network serving Gran Concepción. (the second-largest urbanized region of Chile). Tranvía Regional, under study.
Daejeon 대전 (大田): Metro Line 1, Panam (판암 (板岩)) – Government Complex Daejeon (jeongbucheongsa 정부청사 (政府廳舍)), 10.7 km (6.6 mi), opened 2006 March 16. Government Complex Daejeon – Banseok (반석 (盤石)), 9.7 km (6.0 mi),opened 2007 April 17. Long-term plans outline five-line, 102-km (63-mi) system.
ad-Daru-al-Bayda الدار البيضاء (Casablanca)-Métro, in planning. The urban development program adopted at 2006, Casa 2010, contains an urban transport plan (Plan de Déplacement Urbain) that includes rail development. This includes one metro line and three tramway lines (q.v.). Completion is anticipated by 2020.
Davao: See Cagayan de Oro.
Dhaka metro: Mass Rapid Transit system, in planning.
Delhi दिल्ली - Metro Rail: Construction started 1998. Initial segment of Line 1 opened 2002 December 25. Initial segment of Line 2 opened 2004 December 19. System length at 2005 July was 33 km (20 mi), with 28 stations. Initial segment of Line 3 planned for opening in 2005 December. Second phase, 42 km (26 mi), planned for completion by 2010. Master plan outlines 240-km (150-mi) network, planned for completion by 2021.
Monorail: Pilot project. 60-km (37-mi) network planned as feeders to Delhi Metro stations.
Dimashq ash-Sham دمشق الشام (Damascus): Metro (“Green Line”), monorail (“MR1”) and suburban railway services, in planning.
Metro: Funding is being sought from the European Investment Bank.
Monorail: A three-route, 35-km (22-mi) network, with 46 stations, has been outlined. The initial line, 9.5 km (5.9 mi), is planned for construction by MTrans Holdings Sdn Bhd, Malaysia.
Airport railway: A news report current at 2005 July states that the ministry responsible (the “General Establishment of the Hijaz Railway in Syria”) signed a contract with a Lebanese undertaking for construction of a new railway, described as “double track” and “electrified,” between Damascus and its international airport.
Dnipropetrovsk Дніпропетровськ-УЗ : The population of Dnipropetrovs'ka oblast' Дніпропетровська область (province) is 3,476,000.
Metro: (Дніпропетровський метрополітен Dnipropetrovs’kyy Metropoliten (Днепропетровский метрополитен Dnepropetrovskiy Metropoliten)) Construction started in 1981. Opened 1995 December 29. Line 1 to be extended to 11.8 km (7.3 mi). Long-term plan, three-line, 80-km (50 mi) system.
Donetsk-UZ Донецьк-УЗ : The population of Donets’ka oblast Донецька область (province) is 4,623,000.
Metro: under construction (from 1992), opening planned for 2010. Long-term plans outline a three-line system, 70 km (43 mi), with 46 stations.
Drohobych-UZ Дрогобич-УЗ : see also L’viv-UZ Львів-УЗ.
Dubai دبيّ: Dubai Metro Transit System (DMTS), also known as the “Dubai Light Rail Transport Project.” Of the total system length, 18 km (11 mi) is planned for construction in tunnel and the remainder on viaduct (with 10 of 55 stations underground). Trains will use steel wheels or pneumatic tires; decision pending. Driverless operation planned; the project is described as the “world’s longest driverless metro.” Start of construction planned for 2005 October. Opening planned for 2010 April; completion planned for 2012. Traffic forecast for completed network: 1.2 million passengers per workday, 355 million per year.
Reports describing DMTS as a “monorail” project have no basis in fact. One source explains that, during early planning stages, the Arabic phrase meaning “elevated light-rail railway” was mistranslated into English by news media as “monorail.” Several short monorail lines are planned in conjunction with land-development projects.
Durban / eThekwini-Metrorail: Durban Region. “Regional” population is that resident within the boundary of eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality (established 2000). “Urban” population is that resident within the previous “Administration” of Durban. (See note re. operators under Cape Town.)
System length includes 149 km (92 mi) of Spoornet lines.
Duff’s Road Bridge City, 3 km (2 mi), in planning.
Dzhankoy-UZ Джанкой-УЗ : see also Simferopol-UZ Сімферополь / Симферополь-УЗ.
East London / eMonti / Oos-Londen-Metrorail: Eastern Cape Region. “Regional” population is that resident within the boundary of Buffalo City Local Municipality (established 2000). “Urban” population is that resident within the previous “Administration” of East London. (See note re. operators under Cape Town.)
Metrorail suburban service operates East London – Berlin.
Engaru 遠軽 - JR-Hokkaidô JR北海道:
Engaru 遠軽 – Shirataki 白滝: Population served is that of Engaru town 遠軽町; this segment lies wholly within the municipal boundary. Annual passenger traffic: 100,000 (2005; estimate).
See also Kitami.