Table 4.8: Metro and Suburban Rail
U.S., Canada, Western Europe and Australasia
C          Cádiz - Crotone     (4.8.1, 2008.6)
(Chicago tabulated separately)
City and Country
Population Served
System Length, km / mi
Annual Passengers (million)
Average Travel Distance, km / mi
Annual Traffic Density (million)
           
Cádiz - RENFE (Cadiz)
ES
400,000
49 / 30
3
18 / 11
1.1
Caen - SNCF
FR
200,000
280 / 170
     
Cagliari - FS
IT
u 160,000
155 / 96
     
FdS
   
20 / 12
     
Caldaro, IT: see Kaltern-Caldaro (IT)
           
Calvi - CFC
FR
5,000
21 / 13
     
Cambridge - ‘one’
GB
u 100,000
       
Camden (NJ)
PRR - Trenton - 1959
US
 
56 / 35
0.06
24 / 15
0.03
PRR - Pemberton - 1959
   
39 / 24
0.1
"
0.08
PRSL - Atlantic City - 1959
   
121 / 75
0.5
50 / 30
0.2
Cape May - 1959
   
154.2 / 95.6
0.2
65 / 40
0.07
Atlantic City / Cape May - 1970
   
198 / 123
0.1
"
0.03
NJT - Atlantic City - 1995
   
109.3 / 67.8
0.5
59.6 / 36.9
0.2
2005
   
"
1.2
"
1.0
WJ&S - 1907
   
120.7 / 74.8
3.8
24 / 15
0.8
PRSL - Millville - 1959
   
65.2 / 40.4
0.2
0.09
Cardiff - ATW
GB
760,000
137 / 85
14.3
15 / 9
2
Carlisle - NR
GB
u 100,000
       
Carrara - FS
IT
u 70,000
see La Spezia - FS
   
Cartagena - FEVE
ES
200,000
20 / 12
0.3
7 / 4
0.1
Caserta - FS
IT
u 70,000
see Napoli-FS
   
Catánia - FS (Catania)
IT
700,000
135 / 84
     
FCE
 
u 310,000
110 / 68
0.9
15 / 9
0.1
Metropolitana
   
3.8 / 2.4
0.09
2.5 / 1.6
0.06
Catanzaro - FS
IT
u 90,000
183 / 113
     
FC - 2002
   
55 / 34
1.4
17.4 / 10.8
0.3
Certaldo - fn
IT
16,000
0.129 / 0.08
0.2
0.129 / 0.08
0.2
Charleroi - B
BE
200,000
see Bruxelles / Brussel - Belgium
 
* Charlotte (NC) - rly
US
680,000
48 / 30
2
19 / 12
0.7
Châtelard - FCC - 1970
CH
 
1.302 / 0.8
0.007
"
0.007
1984
   
"
0.02
"
0.02
1997
   
"
0.05
"
0.05
Chattanooga (TN) - fn - 1985
US
@ 170,000
1.5 / 0.9
0.3
1.5 / 0.9
0.3
2005
 
160,000
"
0.4
"
0.4
Chemnitz - City-Bahn
DE
u 250,000
99.6 / 61.8
2.0
8 / 5
0.1
Erzgebirgsbahn
 
800,000
217 / 135
   
0.1
Chester - NR
GB
u 120,000
       
Chicago (IL), US: see separate tabulation
           
Christchurch - rly - 1950
NZ
@ 180,000
10.8 / 6.7
     
Cincinnati (OH) - Price Hill - fn - 1920
US
 
0.244 / 0.151
0.7
0.244 / 0.151
0.7
* rly
 
2,050,000
u 330,000
184 / 114
     
Clermont-Ferrand - SNCF
FR
260,000
526 / 326
     
             
Cleveland (OH) - EL (rly) - 1970
US
 
106 / 66
0.06
30 / 20
0.02
PRR
   
84.4 / 52.3
     
* NEOrail
   
100 / 60
2
20 / 12
0.4
Rapid - 1960
   
24.0 / 14.9
18.3
12.4 / 7.7
9.5
1969
   
30.8 / 19.1
16.5
"
6.6
1985
   
"
5.5
11.4 / 7.1
2.0
2006
 
1,410,000
"
7.2
11.9 / 7.4
2.7
Coimbra - CP
PT
435,000
u 138,000
38 / 24
1.1
10 / 6
0.3
See also Coimbra, Table 3.4
           
Cologne, DE: see Köln (DE)
           
Como - FS
IT
u 80,000
see Milano - FS
   
Copenhagen, DK: see København (DK); tabulated separately
       
Cork - IÉ
IE
380,000
u 119,000
52 / 32
0.6
18.0 / 11.1
0.2
Cosenza - FS
IT
u 70,000
88 / 55
     
FC
   
20 / 12
     
Cossonay - CG (fun) - 1910
CH
 
1.219 / 0.8
0.09
1.219 / 0.8
0.09
1930
   
"
0.1
"
0.1
1940
   
"
0.1
"
0.1
1955
   
"
0.1
"
0.1
1970
   
"
0.1
"
0.1
1984
   
"
0.1
"
0.1
1997
 
3,000
"
0.1
"
0.1
Cottbus - DB
DE
u 150,000
see Berlin - DB
   
Coventry - Centro
GB
u 300,000
see Birmingham - Centro
   
Cremona - FS
IT
u 70,000
110 / 68
     
Crotone - FS
IT
u 60,000
see Catanzaro - FS
   
Key to Symbols:
* = in planning; ** = under construction.
*** = operated for less than 12 months as noted; traffic density scaled up to annual rate.
@ = population corresponds with historic data year.
u = population within municipal boundary.
 
Notes for Table 4.8
Caen - SNCF: Current RFF (Réseau Ferré de France, the French rail infrastructure authority) projects include modernization and electrification Lisieux – Caen – Saint-Lô, 123 km / 76 mi, to permit regular-interval service, and construction of new suburban stations in Caen.
Camden - PRR: Operator title: The Pennsylvania Railroad Company.
Trenton: Camden – Riverside – Burlington – Bordentown – Trenton. Passenger service withdrawn 1963 June 28. Restored 2004 March 14; see Table 3.3 (Tramway, Light Railway and LRT tabulation).
(Philadelphia (Broad Street Station) – Delair – Bordentown – Trenton service withdrawn 1952 March 31.)
("Kinkora and New Lisbon Branch:" Kinkora – Lewiston – Pemberton, 23.9 km / 14.8 mi. Passenger service withdrawn 1940 July 31.)
("Burlington and Mount Holly Branch:" East Burlington – Mount Holly, 11.3 km / 7.0 mi. Experimental electrification opened 1895 June 18. Use of electric traction ended 1901 October 29 because electrical generating station destroyed by fire. The company decided not to restore electric traction. This was explained by contemporary news accounts as the result of "unsatisfactory" performance of electric traction compared to steam. The authors note, with interest, that a Mount Holly – Burlington electric tramway ("trolley") line was built thereafter and opened at 1904. Passenger service withdrawn 1924 March 1.)
Pemberton ("Camden and Burlington County Line," also known as "Pemberton Branch"): Camden Merchantville – Pennsauken – Maple Shade Moorestown Mount Holly Pemberton, 41.3 km / 25.6 mi.
Camden Terminal closed 1953 January 4. Trains operated thereafter from Broadway station, 1.1 km / 0.7 mi east of Camden Terminal).
Broadway station closed 1966 September 30. New station at 12th and Federal streets (0.9 km / 0.6 mi east of Broadway station). opened 1966 October 3 for remaining services: Camden – Pemberton and Camden – Millville, weekdays only.
Passenger service withdrawn 1969 April 25.
("Mount Holly and Medford Branch:" Mount Holly – Medford, 10.6 km / 6.6 mi. Passenger service withdrawn 1926 November 27.)
("Medford Branch:" Haddonfield – Woodcrest – Medford, 19 km / 12 mi. Passenger service withdrawn 1927 September 24.)
PRSL: Operator title: Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines (subsidiary undertaking of Pennsylvania Railroad Company and Reading Company).
Atlantic City: Camden – Haddonfield – Winslow Junction – Atlantic City.
1959: includes Philadelphia – Atlantic City trains, system length includes all lines used by Philadelphia Atlantic City and Camden Atlantic City services.
Line to Camden terminal curtailed in stages from 1966 because of construction of "PATCO Speedline" metro (see Philadelphia, Table 4.26).
"CP-MILL" ("interlocking") – West Haddonfield, 6.8 km / 4.2 mi, closed 1966 January 14. All Atlantic City and Cape May trains using Broadway station, Camden, extended to Philadelphia (30th Street) via PRR "Delair Branch."
PATCO Speedline opened 1969 February 15.
Passenger service Philadelphia – Atlantic City and Philadelphia – Cape May withdrawn 1969 September 30.
PRSL trains operated from PATCO Lindenwold terminal from 1969 October 1.
NJT: Assumed operation of remaining passenger service to Atlantic City, Ocean City, Wildwood and Cape May from 1978 September 16.
Passenger service Lindenwold Atlantic City withdrawn 1982 June 30 (because of poor condition of track).
Rail passenger service to Atlantic City restored 1989 May 23 by Amtrak intercity trains from Philadelphia. New Jersey Transit (NJT) "local" service Lindenwold – Atlantic City started 1989 September 17. Amtrak service withdrawn 1995 April 1, NJT service extended Lindenwold – Philadelphia.
Cape May: Camden – Haddonfield – Winslow Junction – Wildwood Junction – Cape May, branches Winslow Junction – Ocean City and Wildwood Junction – Wildwood.
Curtailed from Camden terminal from 1966 (above).
Passenger service withdrawn Wildwood – Cold Spring Harbor, 1958 April 26. Remaining passenger service withdrawn from Wildwood branch withdrawn 1972 December 29.
Passenger service withdrawn 4th Street (Ocean City Gardens) – 10th Street (Ocean City), 1958 October 25. Remaining passenger service withdrawn from from Ocean City branch, 1981 August 13.
Lindenwold – Cape May passenger service withdrawn 1981 October 5 (because of poor condition of track). Restoration planned.
(Excursion service, by Cape May Seashore Lines, Cape May Court House – Cold Spring, from 1996 May 18. Extended Cold Spring – Cape May from 1999 June 12. Excursion service, Richland – Tuckahoe, from 2005 October 8.)
WJ&S: Operator title: West Jersey and Seashore Railroad Company, Camden and Atlantic City Branch. Electrification (contact- (third-) rail along most of system length) Camden – Glassboro – Newfield – Atlantic City, branch Newfield – Millville. WJ&S merged into PRSL from 1933.
Electric traction replaced Newfield Atlantic City, 1931 September 26. Passenger service withdrawn 1950 December 30.
Electric traction replaced Glassboro Millville, 1949 June 20. Electric traction replaced Camden Glassboro 1949 September 24.
(Electric traction replaced because New Jersey authorities forbade continued operation of wood-bodied passenger stock, and most of the rolling stock had wood bodies.)
Millville: Camden – Millville, passenger service withdrawn 1971 February 5.
Catania - Metropolitana: Metropolitana di Catania, opened 1999 June 27.
Replaced a segment of Ferrovia Circumetnea (FCE) surface alignment. Extensions to city center, to Fontanarossa airport (10 km / 6 mi), and over upgraded FCE tracks to Paterno (20 km / 12 mi), in planning.
Operating statistics, 2003: 4 vehicles in use, 125,582 vehicle-km operated, 91,208 passengers carried.
Catanzaro - FS: Other cities served include Crotone.
Certaldo: Funicolare di Certaldo, station town.
Charlotte: "North Corridor Commuter Rail Project," in planning.
Planned to extend Charlotte – Huntersville – Cornelius – Davidson – Mooresville (Williams Street). Opening planned by 2010. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (7,000 passengers / weekday).
UPDATE: The Metropolitan Transit Commission voted at 2006 May to build the line only to Mount Mourne, 6 km / 4 mi short of Mooresville, because Mooresville and Iredell County authorities had not agreed to pay for construction north of Mount Mourne.
Châtelard - FCC: Funiculaire Châtelard-Château d'Eau, funicular.
Built 1920 to carry materials for CFF (SBB) hydroelectric power development. Public carrier 1935-198. To Trains Touristiques d'Emosson SA (now Parc d'Attractions du Châtelard VS SA) from 1974, reopened 1975. Claimed as the world’s steepest public carrier funicular (competing claim by single-car Funicolare Ritom, see Airolo, Table 4.1). Maximum gradient: 87 percent / 1 in 1.1.
Parc d'Attractions du Châtelard VS SA operates a 600-mm gauge "Decauville" railway (Petit train panoramique), Château d'Eau – Pied du Barrage, 1.85 km / 1.1 mi. Accumulator (storage battery) Built on alignment of former dam-construction railway, opened 1975 July 12. A small funicular ("Minifunic"), 0.260 km / 0.2 mi, carries visitors from Pied du Barrage at the foot of the dam to Lac d’Emosson. This was opened in 1991 to replace the previous Monorail à crémaillère ("Monorail cog railway"), petrol traction, 1977-1988.
Chattanooga: "Lookout Mountain Incline Railway," funicular.
Chemnitz - Citybahn: City-Bahn Chemnitz, a subsidiary undertaking of Chemnitzer Verkehrs-Aktiengesellschaft (CVAG) and Autobus GmbH Sachsen, operates four regional rail services:
Chemnitz Hauptbahnhof (Hbf, railway station) – Burgstädt, 14.5 km / 9.0 mi, diesel multiple unit (DMU), from 2002 July 1.
Chemnitz Altchemnitz Stollberg (Sachs), operating over 6.8 km / 4.2 mi of tram line between Chemnitz and Altchemnitz, and 16.3 km / 10.1 mi of railway. Electric LRT, from 2002 December 15.
Chemnitz Hbf – Hainichen, 25.9 km / 16.0 mi, DMU, from 2004 December 11.
Stollberg (Sachs) – Glauchau (Sachs) Zwickau (Sachs), 42.9 km / 26.6 mi, DMU, from 2003 February 15, extended to Zwickau from 2004 December 13.
Chemnitz – Limbach-Oberfrohna, in planning, as suburban extension of new Chemnitz tramway line to Borna.
Erzgebirgsbahn: Regional services operated by DB Regio AG, DB RegioNetz, Erzgebirgsbahn. Traffic density statistic for regional network calculated from reported annual passenger-km.
Christchurch - rly: New Zealand Railways suburban service, Christchurch – Lyttelton. Electrified 1929 February 14 (to reduce smoke pollution in 2.6-km / 1.6-mi Heathcote Tunnel). Last electric train operated 1970 September 18. Line closed to passengers from 1972 February 28.
Cincinnati - rly: 30-year public transport plan, including six LRT lines, two “urban streetcar” lines and three regional ("commuter") rail lines, developed by regional planning authority (Ohio-Kentucky-Indiana Regional Council of Governments, "OKI") for 7-county metropolitan region.
Railway lines included were:
--Cincinnati – Fairfield – Hamilton – Dayton, 126 km / 78 mi.
--Cincinnati – Lawrenceburg (IN), 35 km / 22 mi.
--Cincinnati – Milford, 23 km / 14 mi.
The Cincinnati and Hamilton County electorate rejected a tax proposal ("Cincinnati MetroMoves") to raise the local (Hamilton County) share of financing on 2002 November 5. Rail planning continues, and the priority regional rail route was the Cincinnati – Milford route (at 2006 May).
Cleveland - EL (rly)-1970: Erie - Lackawanna Railway Company.
Cleveland – Youngstown regional ("commuter") rail service (on alignment owned previously by Erie Railroad Company). Weekday peak-period service only. Service withdrawn 1977 January 14.
PRR: The Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Cleveland – Alliance regional ("commuter") rail service. Weekday peak-period service only. Service withdrawn 1959 October 23.
Intercity (Pittsburgh – Cleveland) began calling at local ("commuter") stations from 1959 October 26. Intercity passenger service withdrawn 2965 January 29. (Restored 1990 November 12.)
NEOrail: "Northeast Ohio Commuter Rail Feasibility Study," conducted 2000-2001. Proposed initial service in "Lorain-West" and "Aurora-Southeast" corridors, Lorain Cleveland Aurora. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (7,000 passengers / weekday).
Additional study to be conducted for "West Shore Corridor Regional Rail." Approximate system length Cleveland – Lorain 52 km / 32 mi, Cleveland – Lorain – Vermillion 69 km / 43 mi.
Coimbra - CP: Ramal da Lousã, Coimbra-Parque – Lousã – Serpins.
Rebuilding and electrification in progress as part of Metro do Mondego "tram-train" project (see Table 3.4).
Cossonay - CG: Funicular, connects railway station with hilltop town.
Cremona - FS: See also Piacenza - FS.
 
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