Table 4.10: Metro and Suburban Rail
U.S, Canada, Western Europe and Australasia
D-E          Dallas - Exeter     (4.10.1, 2008.6)
City and Country
Population Served
System Length, km / mi
Annual Passengers (million)
Average Travel Distance, km / mi
Annual Traffic Density (million)
           
Dallas (TX) - DART, FWTA (rly)
US
2,750,000
u 1,260,000
56.0 / 34.7
2.2
21.3 / 13.2
0.8
Darmstadt - DB
DE
190,000
see Frankfurt am Main - DB (S-Bahn Rhein-Main)
Davos - DPB (fn) - 1940
CH
 
4.048 / 2.5
0.09
4.048 / 2.5
0.09
1955
   
"
0.4
"
0.4
1970
   
"
0.6
"
0.6
1984
   
"
0.7
"
0.7
1997
 
10,000
"
0.6
"
0.6
DSB (fn) - 1910
   
0.702 / 0.4
0.1
0.702 / 0.4
0.1
1930
   
"
0.1
"
0.1
1940
   
"
0.1
"
0.1
1955
   
"
0.2
"
0.2
1970
   
"
0.5
"
0.5
1984
   
"
0.3
"
0.3
1997
   
"
0.2
"
0.2
Den Haag - NS (The Hague)
NL
460,000
see Amsterdam - Netherlands
 
* Denver - rly
US
2,330,000
u 580,000
142 / 88
3
30 / 20
0.6
Derby - CT
GB
u 240,000
       
* Des Moines (IA) - rly
US
520,000
u 200,000
       
Detroit (MI) - GTW - 1970
US
 
42.4 / 26.3
0.4
27 / 17
0.2
SEMTA - 1979
   
"
0.4
"
0.2
             
PC - 1968
   
57.9 / 35.9
0.05
30 / 20
0.03
* AA-D
 
1,600,000
       
             
DPM - 1996
   
4.7 / 2.9
2.0
2.3 / 1.4
1.0
2005
 
4,740,000
"
1.3
"
0.6
Dijon - SNCF
FR
240,000
470 / 290
     
Donostia/San Sebastián - RENFE (San Sebastian)
ES
2,080,000
83.2 / 51.6
8
18 / 11
1.7
Dortmund - DB
DE
670,000
see Essen - DB (S-Bahn Rhein-Ruhr)
 
H-Bahn
   
1.8 / 1.1
1.3
1.0 / 0.6
0.7
Dover - SET
GB
u 100,000
       
Dresden - DB
DE
550,000
       
Schwebebahn (mo) - 2000
   
0.274 / 0.2
0.3
0.274 / 0.2
0.3
Standseilbahn (fn) - 2000
   
0.547 / 0.3
0.3
0.547 / 0.3
0.3
Dublin - IÉ - DART
IE
1,500,000
49.2 / 30.5
22
7 / 4
3
IÉ - all
   
213 / 132
24
15 / 9
2
* METRO
   
17 / 11
32
5 / 3
9
Dubuque (IA) - fn - ca. 1975
US
60,000
0.09 / 0.05
0.05
0.09 / 0.05
0.05
Dundee - FSR
GB
u 150,000
       
Dunedin - rly - 1950
NZ
@ 95,000
26.7 / 16.6
     
Dunkerque - Calais - Boulogne - SNCF
FR
430,000
210 / 130
     
Düsseldorf (Dusseldorf)
DE
1,000,000
see Essen - DB (S-Bahn Rhein-Ruhr)
 
Ebenfurth - GySEV - 1964
   
31.1 / 19.3
0.3
19 / 12
0.2
2002
   
"
0.9
19.9 / 12.3
0.6
Neuseidlerseebahn - 2002
   
48.7 / 30.2
0.4
22.0 / 13.6
0.2
Edinburgh - FSR
GB
u 450,000
       
Elizabeth (NJ)
US
u 126,000
see New York - NJT
   
Ellmau - fn - 2002
AT
2,700
2.317 / 1.4
0.8
2.317 / 1.4
0.8
Engelberg - EG (fn) - 1930
CH
 
0.512 / 0.3
0.2
0.512 / 0.3
0.2
1940
   
"
0.1
"
0.1
1955
   
"
0.3
"
0.3
1970
   
"
0.8
"
0.8
1984
   
"
0.9
"
0.9
1997
 
3,000
"
0.08
"
0.08
HT (fn) - 1910
   
0.133 / 0.08
0.03
0.133 / 0.08
0.03
1930
   
"
0.05
"
0.05
1940
   
"
-
-
-
1955
   
"
0.03
0.133 / 0.08
0.03
1970
   
"
0.2
"
0.2
1984
   
"
0.2
"
0.2
Essen - DB
DE
8,100,000
2,075 / 1,287
204
16 / 10
2
Évian-les-Bains - fn
FR
8,000
0.749 / 0.5
     
Exeter - WT
GB
u 100,000
       
Key to Symbols:
* = in planning; ** = under construction.
*** = operated for less than 12 months as noted; traffic density scaled up to annual rate.
@ = population corresponds with historic data year.
u = population within municipal boundary.
 
Notes for Table 4.10
Dallas: Trinity Railway Express (TRE), managed jointly by transport authorities of Dallas and Fort Worth.
Dallas – South Irving, 16 km / 10 mi, opened 1996 December 31.
South Irving – Richland Hills, 27 km / 17 mi, opened 2000 September 18.
Richland Hills – Fort Worth, 11 km / 7 mi, opened 2001 December 3.
Davos - DPB: AG Davos-Parsenn-Bahnen, funicular. Two sections.
DSB: Berghotel Schatzalp, "Schatzalpbahn," funicular.
Den Haag ("The Hague"): the formal name of this city is 's-Gravenhage.
Denver - rly: Regional ("commuter") rail service Denver – Longmont – Fort Collins – Greeley, in planning. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (10,290 / weekday, by 2020).
Derby - CT: See also Nottingham - CT.
Des Moines - rly: "Commuter Rail Feasibility Study," published 1999. Concluded that regional ("commuter") service on several radial corridors was physically feasible but could not be financed. Recommended further study of busways on rail alignments.
Detroit - GTW: Grand Trunk Western Railway Company (subsidiary undertaking of Canadian National Railways).
Regional ("commuter") service, Detroit – Pontiac, started 1929 August. Began using new alignment Royal Oak Bloomfield Center, 15 km / 9 mi, 1931 (replaced former alignment along east side of Woodward Avenue to permit road widening).
Handed to SEMTA from 1974. Withdrawn 1983 October 17.
(Amtrak intercity passenger service, Pontiac – Detroit – Chicago, continues.)
PC: Detroit – Ann Arbor regional ("commuter") rail service. Withdrawn (by Amtrak) 1984.
(Amtrak intercity passenger service, Pontiac – Detroit – Chicago, continues.)
AA-D: Restoration of Detroit – Ann Arbor regional ("commuter") rail service, in planning ("Ann Arbor to Downtown Detroit Rapid Transit Alternatives Analysis Study"). Incorporates previous "Downtown Detroit to Metro Airport Rail Study" (published 2001). Opening of service planned by 2010. Population stated is that for corridor. Subsequent extension to Lansing, 121 km / 75 mi, projected.
DPM: "Detroit People Mover," AGT, single-direction loop.
Dortmund - H-Bahn: Suspended peoplemover, also known as Sipem ("Siemens People Mover").
Dresden - Schwebebahn: Dresdner Schwebebahn, suspended funicular monorail, cable-worked. Located in the Loschwitz district.
Standseilbahn: Dresdner Standseilbahn, funicular. Located in the Loschwitz district.
Baile Átha Cliath /Dublin - General: Ten-year transport plan, "Transport 21," announced 2005 November, includes seven LUAS [LRT] projects, two Metro lines and extensions to the current DART electrified suburban railway network.
DART: Binn Éadair /Howth – Howth Jct – Dublin Connolly – Tara Street – Dublin Pearse – Bré /Bray electrification opened 1984 July 23. Electrification extension Howth Jct – Mullach Íde /Malahide (6.8 km / 4.2 mi) opened 2000 October 9. Electrification extension Bray – Na Clocha Liatha /Greystones (7.8 km / 4.8 mi) opened 2000 April 10.
Plans include electrification Malahide – Droichead Átha /Drogheda, 36.7 km / 22.7 mi, (or Malahide – Baile Brigín /Balbriggan, 20.6 km / 12.8 mi), electrification Connolly station – Maigh Nuad /Maynooth, 28.2 km / 17.5 mi, and electrification and quadrupling Heuston station – Cill Dara /Kildare, 48.4 km / 30.0 mi (or Heuston station – Colchoill /Hazelhatch, 10.0 km / 6.2 mi), all by 2015.
DART Airport line, new branch from a point north of Howth Jct to Aerfort Bhaile Atha Cliath /Dublin Airport, 4.1 km / 2.5 mi. This project is not part of "Transport 21" (although IÉ remains interested in building it).
(At 2007, Dublin Airport was used by more than 23.2 million passengers, of which more than 22.3 million international and 900,000 domestic.)
Navan Railway: Reopening of part of former Cluain Saileach /Clonsilla Dún an Rí /Kingscourt railway. Clonsilla – Pace (on the M3 road), 7.6 km / 4.7 mi, planned for reopening by 2009. Pace – An Uaimh /Navan, 30.2 km / 18.7 mi, planned for reopening by 2015. Electrification planned.
Inter-Connector: New underground line Docklands (Spencer Dock, west of Connolly station) – Pearse station – St. Stephen’s Green – High Street – Heuston station, 5.2 km / 3.2 mi. Some DART trains from Howth Jct and points north would operate via the Inter-Connector to Heuston station, then continue west to Kildare (or Hazelhatch). DART trains from points southwest to Greystones would operate via the Inter-Connector to Heuston station, then continue west to Maynooth. Completion planned by 2015.
METRO: Described as "LRT" with full separation ("Light Metro"), in planning.
Phase 1, "METRO North." Preferred alignment ("Central Route") planned to extend St. Stephen’s Green – Connolly station – Ollscoil Chathair Bhaile Átha Cliath /Dublin City University Baile Munna /BallymunMetropark Dublin Airport – Sord Cholm Cille /Swords – Lissenhall. Underground in central Dublin, surfacing just north of Dublin City University, continuing on viaduct to Metropark, then on ground level alignment and viaduct to Dublin Airport, Swords and Lissenhall terminal near the M1 road. Opening planned by 2012. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (24.28 million / year to Dublin Airport, additional 8 million / year if extended to Swords).
"METRO West," peripheral line Ballymun Baile Bhlainséir /Blanchardstown – Cluain Dolcáin /Clondalkin – Tamhlach /Tallaght. Opening planned in stages for 2010-2014.
70-km / 40-mi network planned by 2016, including line from Dublin city center to Tallaght and Tallaght West, upgrading of Green Luas (St.Stephen's Green – Sandyford, see Table 3.4) from LRT to METRO, and extension from Sandyford to Seanchill /Shankhill (Shanganagh). Extension south from Sandyford is planned currently as a Luas extension, in two stages.
Dunedin - rly: New Zealand Railways suburban services to Port Chalmers (11.6 km / 7.2 mi), withdrawn 1979 December 10. Suburban services to Mosgiel (15.1 km / 9.4 mi), withdrawn 1982 December 3.
Dubuque: "Fenelon Place Elevator Company," funicular. Operates April through November.
Ebenfurth - GySEV: This undertaking is organized as a private-sector enterprise, but the principal investors are the Hungarian state (57.4 percent of shares, at 2007) and the Austrian state (36.4 percent). Remaining shares are owned by a private-sector holding enterprise.
The railway's title in German is Raab-Ödenburg-Ebenfurter Eisenbahn (ROeEE), and in Hungarian Győr–Sopron–Ebenfurti Vasút (GySEV). The railway head office is located in Sopron (HU).
The railway was built by Hungarian capital, and had only a short segment in Austria. Following the First World War, the Austro-Hungarian Empire was dissolved by the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919). Hungary handed today's Burgenland state to Austria in 1921. As a result, the system length within Austria was increased from 2.1 km / 1.3 mi to 27.1 km / 16.8 mi, and the border station became Sopron (Ödenburg) rather than Neufeld an der Leitha (Lajtaújfalu). However, the railway was not divided.
In 1923, the Austrian state became a party to the GySEV concession, and issued a separate concession for the segment on line within Austria. A new undertaking (ROeEE AG) was formed, registered in Austria but wholly owned by GySEV.
GySEV is a single undertaking, operating two railways on the territory of two states, according to the laws and regulations of each state. This arrangement persisted through World War II and the Cold War.
(Most staff members are Hungarian. About 10 percent of staff are Austrians, who work in Austria. The railway's "official languages" are Hungarian and German. Hungarian staff are required to have a knowledge of German, but German staff are not required to know Hungarian.)
Data pertain to segments of line within Austria.
Neuseidlerseebahn: The segment within Austria is owned by Seebahn Neusiedler AG (NSB AG). The segment within Hungary is owned by Fertövidéki Helyiérdekü Vasút (Fhév). The combined undertaking is owned by the Austrian state (48.3 percent of shares, from 1997), the Austrian land [federal state] of Burgenland (25.4 percent), and the Hungarian state (26.3 percent) Operated under contract (from 1897) by GySEV.
Data pertain to segment of line within Austria.
Edinburgh - FSR: "Edinburgh Airport Rail Link" (EARL), in planning. Plans outline 1.5 km / 0.9 mi tunnel and underground station at Edinburgh Airport, connecting links to Edinburgh – Glasgow and Edinburgh – Fife railway lines, 13.5 km / 8.4 mi total. Start of construction planned for 2007, opening planned by 2011.
UPDATE: The project was "suspended" by the Scottish Executive at 2007 September (amounting effectively to abandonment) because of high cost. Of the estimated project cost, GBP 650 million (USD 1,300 million), nearly GBP 30 million (USD 60 million) had been spent. A new railway station at Gogar was planned to provide interchange with the Edinburgh tramway (under construction, see Table 3.7).
Ellmau - fn: Hartkaiserbahn, funicular, the longest in Austria. Extends Ellmau – Hartkaiser. Opened 1972 December 13. Operates December-March and June-September.
Nearest railway station (east) is Sankt Johann in Tirol, 12 km / 7 mi.
Engelberg - BET: Bergbahnen Engelberg-Trübsee-Titlis AG, funicular.
HT: Engelberg-Hotel Terrasse, funicular. Operation suspended 1940-1945 (?), and 1993-2003.
Essen - DB: Trains are operated by DB Regionalbahn Rhein-Ruhr GmbH. Other cities served include Bochum, Dortmund, Düsseldorf, Gelsenkirchen, Hagen, Krefeld, Mönchengladbach, Mülheim/Ruhr, Oberhausen, Recklinghausen and Wuppertal.
System length includes seven S-Bahn lines totaling 528 km / 327 mi. Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr (VRR) coordinates public transport services in the region.
Évian-les-Bains: funicular, opened 1907-1914 (known locally as le petit métro éviannais).
Closed 1969 September 10, left intact. Listed as a historic monument in 1983. Reconstruction began 1998, reopened 2002 July 20. Operates May - September, fare-free.
 
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