Table 3.7: Tramway, Light Railway and LRT
U.S, Canada, Western Europe and Australasia
E-F          Easton - Fribourg     (3.7.1, 2008.6)
City and Country
Population Served
System Length, km / mi
Annual Passengers (million)
Average Travel Distance, km / mi
Annual Traffic Density (million)
           
Easton (PA) - ETC - 1907
US
@ 30,000
76.4 / 47.3
9.1
3 / 2
0.4
NTC - 1907
   
34.5 / 21.4
2.5
3 / 2
0.2
East St. Louis (IL) - 1907
US
@ 105,000
127.8 / 79.3
33.8
4 / 2.5
1.1
see also St. Louis (MO), US
           
** Edinburgh
GB
1,250,000
u 450,000
15.5 / 9.6
9.4
3 / 2
1.8
Edmonton - 1916
CA
@ 30,000
45 / 28
10.9
3 / 2
0.8
1929
 
@ 70,000
45 / 28
14.1
"
1.0
1946
 
@ 110,000
40.6 / 25.2
24.5
"
2.0
LRT - 1982
 
@ 530,000
9.9 / 6.1
5.7
4 / 2
2.3
1987
 
@ 570,000
"
7.0
"
2.8
2004
 
620,000
12.3 / 7.6
6.4
"
2.1
El Paso (TX) - 1907
US
@ 40,000
39.6 / 24.6
6.6
3 / 2
0.5
1971
   
2.5 / 1.6
3
2.5/ 1.5
3
* SMART
 
2,140,000
u 609,000
2.4 / 1.5
3.0
2 / 1
2
Eltville - 1912
DE
 
7.6 / 4.7
0.1
5 / 3
0.08
Emden - 1906
DE
@ 20,000
3.7 / 2.3
0.7
1 / 0.5
0.2
1911
 
@ 25,000
"
0.9
"
0.2
1937
 
@ 35,000
"
0.3
"
0.09
Ennepe - 1908
DE
@ 40,000
9.3 / 5.8
1.2
4 / 2.5
0.5
1914
 
"
12.8 / 7.9
1.7
"
0.5
1937
 
"
11.9 / 7.4
1.9
"
0.7
1948
 
@ 60,000
"
8.2
"
2.8
1951
 
"
"
4.3
"
1.5
1956
 
"
"
4.6
"
1.6
Erfurt
DE
250,000
29.3 / 18.2
20
4 / 2
3
Essen - 1966
DE
@ 800,000
98.6 / 61.1
76.1
4.5 / 2.8
3.5
1984
 
@ 670,000
78.0 / 48.4
41.8
"
2.4
2002
 
640,000
66.9 / 41.5
50
4.6 / 2.9
3.4
Esslingen - END - 1966
DE
@ 40,000
11.4 / 7.1
4.0
4.8 / 3.0
1.7
Eugene (OR) - 1907
US
@ 9,000
9.7 / 6.0
0.3
2 / 1
0.05
1923
 
@ 13,000
16 / 10
0.2
"
0.02
Eureka (CA) - 1907
US
@ 12,000
18.2 / 11.3
2.2
2 / 1
0.2
1922
 
@ 13,000
"
1.4
"
0.1
1927
 
@ 15,000
17.2 / 10.7
1.3
"
0.1
Evansville (IN) - ERys - 1912
US
@ 130,000
88.3 / 54.8
10.4
3 / 2
0.4
E&SI - 1912
 
@ 107,000
50.1 / 31.0
0.7
15 / 9
0.2
ES&N - 1912
 
@ 100,000
39.8 / 24.7
0.5
11/ 7
0.1
* Everett (WA) - streetcar
US
u 102,000
2.4 / 1.5
     
Fargo (ND) - 1907
US
@ 19,000
16.1 / 10.0
1.9
2 / 1.5
0.3
** Firenze (Florence) - TramVia
IT
600,000
u 360,000
7.5 / 4.6
     
Flensburg - 1966
DE
@ 80,000
4.2 / 2.6
5.1
2.6 / 1.6
3.1
Fleurier - RVT - 1910
CH
 
13.6 / 8.4
   
0.3
1920
   
"
0.2
5.6 / 3.5
0.3
1930
   
"
0.1
"
0.3
1940
   
"
0.6
5.3 / 3.3
0.2
1955
   
"
1.0
"
0.4
1970
   
"
1.0
"
0.4
1985
   
"
0.8
6.4 / 4.0
0.4
2002
 
9,000
"
0.9
6.2 / 3.8
0.4
Florence, IT: see Firenze (IT)
           
Fort Collins (CO) - 1922
US
@ 9,000
10.5 / 6.5
0.4
2 / 1
0.08
1927
 
@ 10,000
"
0.5
"
0.08
1950
 
@ 15,000
13 / 8
0.4
2.5 / 1.5
0.07
* Fort Lauderdale (FL) - LRT
US
5,422,000
u 170,000
34 / 21
     
* Streetcar
           
see also Miami (FL) US (Table 3.9 and Table 4.7)
       
Fort Worth (TX) - 1921
US
@ 440,000
137 / 85
40
3 / 2
0.9
Tandy - 1980
 
@ 390,000
1.9 / 1.2
1.7
1.3 / 0.8
1.1
* Streetcar
 
620,000
12.2 / 7.6
     
see also Table 4.4, and Dallas (TX) US (Table 3.4 and Table 4.4)
       
Frankfurt am Main - 1904
DE
@ 330,000
42 / 26
56.6
3 / 2
4.0
1951
 
@ 600,000
126.1 / 78.2
157.3
4 / 2
5.0
1966
 
@ 1,080,000
130.6 / 81.0
149.3
4.4 / 2.7
5.0
U-Bahn (LRT) - 2003
 
840,000
58.7 / 36.4
95.4
3.5 / 2.2
5.7
Straßenbahn (Tram) - 2003
   
63.4 / 39.3
43.2
3.2 / 2.0
2.2
Frankfurt am der Oder - 2003
DE
70,000
20.2 / 12.5
8.1
2 / 1
0.8
Frauenfeld - FW - 1910
CH
       
0.1
1920
     
0.2
9.7 / 6.0
0.1
1930
     
0.4
8.7 / 5.4
0.2
1940
   
17.5 / 10.8
0.4
9.6 / 6.0
0.2
1955
   
"
0.7
8.7 / 5.4
0.3
1970
   
"
0.7
"
0.3
1984
   
"
0.6
9.4 / 5.8
0.3
2002
 
50,000
"
0.8
9.6 / 6.0
0.4
Freiburg im Breisgau - 1929
 
@ 100,000
19.7 / 12.2
13
2.5 / 1.5
1.6
1932
 
@ 100,000
"
8.6
"
1.1
1966
DE
@ 170,000
14.1 / 8.9
19.8
2.6 / 1.6
3.8
1984
 
@ 200,000
17.6 / 10.9
13.1
3.4 / 2.1
2.5
2002
 
160,000
26.2 / 16.2
35
2.5 / 1.5
3.3
Fresno (CA) - 1907
US
@ 25,000
17.6 / 10.9
2.7
2 / 1
0.2
1921 - town and suburban
 
@ 45,000
54.9 / 34.1
7
2 / 1
0.1
1926 - town lines
 
@ 50,000
34.9 / 21.6
7
"
0.3
1 - Recreation Tract
   
5.1 / 3.2
1.0
2 / 1
0.3
2 - McKenzie Ave
   
6.1 / 3.8
1.1
"
0.3
3 - Fresno Avenue and F Street
   
5.0 / 3.1
1.0
0.8 / 0.5
0.2
4 - Blackstone and Fulton
   
4.4 / 2.7
1.3
"
0.2
5 - Roeding Park
   
6.2 / 3.9
1.2
2 / 1
0.3
6 - Wishon Avenue
   
5.8 / 3.6
1.5
"
0.4
7 - West Fresno
   
5.1 / 3.2
0.05
0.8 / 0.5
0.02
Suburban Lines:
           
8 - Sunnyside
   
4.1 / 2.6
0.03
2 / 1
0.01
9 - Pinedale and River
   
23 / 14
0.04
8 / 5
0.01
1938 - town lines
 
@ 60,000
27.3 / 16.9
2.9
2 / 1
0.2
Fribourg - TF - 1910
CH
@ 20,000
3.0 / 1.9
1.2
1.5 / 1
0.6
1930
 
@ 22,000
6.4 / 4.0
1.2
2 / 1
0.4
1940
 
@ 25,000
"
1.5
"
0.5
1955
 
@ 30,000
5.1 / 3.2
1.7
"
0.7
GFM - 1910
   
32.2 / 20.0
   
0.1
1920
   
"
0.4
13.1 / 8.1
0.2
1930
   
"
0.4
11.9 / 7.3
0.2
1940
   
"
0.5
13.1 / 8.1
0.2
1955
   
"
0.7
13 / 8
0.3
1970
   
"
0.7
11 / 7
0.2
1984
   
"
0.7
14 / 9
0.3
2002
 
50,000
"
0.7
13 / 8
0.3
Key to Symbols:
* = in planning; ** = under construction.
*** = operated for less than 12 months as noted; traffic density scaled up to annual rate.
@ = population corresponds with historic data year.
u = population within municipal boundary.
 
Notes for Table 3.7
Easton - ETC: Operator title: Easton Transit Company.
NTC: Operator title: Northeast Traction Company.
East St. Louis: Operator title: East St. Louis & Suburban Railway Company.
Operated town tramway services in East St. Louis and Belleville. East St. Louis services operated across the Mississippi River to St. Louis on the Eads Bridge. Suburban extensions from East St. Louis to Belleville, O’Fallon – Lebanon, Edwardsville, and Alton.
Edinburgh: "Edinburgh Tram Network," under construction.
Preliminary construction started 2007 June. Three-route, 31-km / 19-mi network planned for 2011. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast.
Edmonton - 1916, 1929: Operator title: Edmonton Radial Railway (municipal undertaking).
LRT: Initial 6.9-km / 4.3-mi segment authorized 1973. Construction started 1974, line opened 1978 April 18. Claimed as the "first modern light rail transit system" to be built in a North American city "with a population of less than one million." South LRT Extension Project, 10 km / 6 mi, under construction. Initial stage, University – Health Sciences Centre, 0.8 km / 0.5 mi, opened 2006 January 1. Remainder planned for completion in 2008-2009.
El Paso: Operator title: El Paso Electric Railway Company (at 1907), El Paso City Lines, Inc. (at 1971).
Included international tramway line to Ciudad Juárez (MX) which survived the closure of the remainder of the system (at 1947). International tramway service closed from 1973 July 30, because Mexican authorities withdrew the company’s concession following a labor dispute. Operation restored in El Paso from 1973 November 14, closed 1974 May 4.
SMART: "Sun Metro Area Rapid Transit (SMART) Starter Line," in planning. Once described as a "light rail project" by the local authority, the project is being advanced as "Bus Rapid Transit," designed for future conversion to light rail transit. The initial stage will extend between the El Paso business center and the international bridge entrances just north of the frontier. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (2.956 million / year, initial operating period). “Population Served” includes Ciudad Juárez (MX).
Eltville: Dampfstraßenbahn (steam tramway), connected Eltville and Schlagenbad.
Ennepe: Tramway operated Voerde – Milspe – Gevelsberg – Haßlinghausen.
Essen: System length includes 52.4 km / 32.5 mi of meter-gauge Straßenbahn (street tramway) lines, and 19.6 km / 12.2 mi of standard-gauge Stadtbahn (LRT) lines.
Tunnel segments total 19 km / 12 mi, 20 stations, opened from 1967. Part of the tunnel system has meter-gauge tracks, and one segment has three rails for use by Stadtbahn and Straßenbahn services. Trackguided buses used part of the tunnel system, 1988-1995.
Eugene: Operator title: Eugene Street Railway (subsidiary undertaking of Southern Pacific Railroad Company).
Eureka: Operator titles: Humboldt Transit Company (to 1921); Eureka Municipal Railway (from 1921).
Evansville - ERys: Operator title: Evansville Railways Company.
Operated town tramway services in Evansville, and interurban extensions to Mount Vernon, Henderson (KY), and Grandview, branch to Richland. Subsidiary undertaking of E&SI (below).
E&SI: Operator title: Evansville and Southern Indiana Traction Company. Extended Evansville – Princeton – Patoka.
ES&N: Operator title: Evansville Suburban and Newburgh Railway. Extended Evansville – Boonville, branch to Newburgh.
Everett - streetcar: Feasibility study, released at 2007 December, outlined initial line extending Everett Station – business center ("Downtown"). Projected second-stage expansion, Everett Station – Riverfront, Downtown – Marina, and Downtown – Everett Community College, 5 km / 3 mi.
Fargo: Operator title: Fargo and Moorhead Street Railway Company.
Operated town tramway sevices in Fargo (ND) and Moorhead (MN).
Firenze-TramVia: Tramway, under construction.
Line 1, Stazione di Firenze Santa Maria Novella – Scandicci. Opening planned for 2008.
Line 2: Peretola Aeroporto (Aeroporto "Amerigo Vespucci" - Firenze) – Stazione Santa Maria Novella – Duomo – Piazza della Libertà.
Future expansion, Peretola Aeroporto – Castelo – Sesto Fiorentino.
Line 3: Stazione Santa Maria Novella – Careggi.
Future expansion, Fortezza – stazione Campo Marte – Rovezzano / Bagno a Ripoli.
21.2-km / 13.1-mi system planned.
Fleurier - RVT: Chemin de Fer Régional du Val-de-Travers. Travers – Fleurier – St-Sulpice, 10.5 km / 6.5 mi, opened 1883 September 24. Fleurier – Buttes, 3.1 km / 1.9 mi, opened 1886 September 11. Electrified 1944 May 4 (SBB system: 15kV 16⅔Hz a.c.).
Branch Fleurier – St-Sulpice, 1.6 km / 1.0 mi, closed to passengers 1973 June 2. Steam-worked excursion trains, summer weekends.
RVT merged with CMN (see under La Chaux-de-Fonds, Table 3.4 and Le Locle, Table 3.11) as Transports Régionaux Neuchâtelois (TRN) from 1999.
Fort Collins: Operator title: Fort Collins Municipal Railway.
Heritage tramway service operates on weekends, using restored Fort Collins tramcar and track reconstructed on original alignment in median of Mountain Avenue. Started 1984.
Fort Lauderdale - LRT: Elevated light rail transit line, in planning. Planned to extend Fort Lauderdale / Hollywood Airport – Office Depot Center. Construction planned for "about" 2012.
Streetcar: "Downtown Rail Project," town tramway (streetcar) line, in planning. Planned to connect business center ("Downtown Ft. Lauderdale") destinations with peripheral car parking facilities.
Fort Worth: Operator title: Northern Texas Traction Company. Operated town tramway services in Fort Worth, and interurban line to Dallas.
Tandy: Tandy Center Subway (originally Leonards M&O Subway). Opened 1963 February 12, closed 2002 August 30.
Streetcar: Plan for town tramway (streetcar) or LRT line, inactive because of lack of funds for local share of project cost.
Frankfurt am Main: The Stadtbahn (LRT) system, which is marketed as the U-Bahn, includes 23.5 km / 14.6 mi of tunnels, with 27 stations underground, opened from 1968.
Fresno: Operator title: Fresno Traction Company.
Recreation Tract line also known as Recreation Park line.
Sunnyside line extended eastward from Recreation Tract (Recreation Park) to Sunnyside. Operated as a shuttle (at 1926).
River line also known as Fresno Beach line. Pinedale and River (Fresno Beach) services operated on Wishon Avenue line to Fresno business center. System length includes Wishon Avenue segment.
Fribourg - TF: Tramways de Fribourg. Closed 1965 March 31. Replaced by trolleybus.
GFM: Chemins de fer Fribourgeois Gruyère-Fribourg-Morat.
Fribourg – Givisiez – (Payerne), 4.0 km / 2.5 mi, opened 1876 August 25 by CFF.
Givisiez – Murten (Morat), 18.1 km / 11.3 mi, opened 1898 August 23 by Chemin de fer Fribourg-Morat (FM), renamed Chemin de fer Fribourg-Morat-Anet (FMA) from 1903.
Murten (Morat) – Muntelier, 2.6 km / 1.6 mi, opened 1901 July 1 by Bern-Neuchatel.
Munterlier – Ins (Anet), 7.4 km / 4.6 mi, opened 1903 May 1 by FMA.
FMA merged with BR and CEG (see under Bulle, Table 3.2) as GFM from 1942. GFM merged with Fribourg municipal transport undertaking (Transports Fribourgeois, TF) as Transports publics Fribourgeois (tpf) from 2000.
System length inclusive of operation on CFF and BN.
 
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