Table 2.3: Metro and Suburban Rail
Africa, Asia, CIS, Eastern Europe and Latin America
F-J          Feodosiya - Johannesburg     (2.3.1, 2007.10)
City and Country
Population Served
System Length, km / mi
Annual Passengers (million)
Average Travel Distance, km / mi
Annual Traffic Density (million)
           
Feodosiya-UZ
UA
u 74,000
93 / 58
     
Fortaleza-CCTM
BR
3,000,000
46 / 29
7
7 / 4
1
Fukagawa - JR-Hokkaidô
JP
66,000
66.8 / 41.4
     
             
Fukuoka - JR-Kyûshû - 1990
JP
 
36.2 / 22.4
51
6 / 4
8.5
JR-West
   
8.5 / 5.3
2
8.5 / 5.3
1.6
             
Nishitetsu-1985
           
1997
           
2001
   
120.9 / 75.0
126
17.9 / 11.1
18.6
2005
   
115.9 / 71.9
103.1
16.6 / 10.3
14.8
             
Ômuta lines-1960
     
66
   
1970
     
94
   
1980
     
115.65
   
1986
     
115.60
16.7 / 10.4
20.4
1996
     
119.54
   
2000
     
105.53
   
2004
     
96.86
   
Miyajidake Line-1960
   
20.9 / 13.0
10.0
7 / 4
3.3
1970
   
10.0
3.3
1975
   
11.3
3.8
1985
   
7.6
6.7 / 4.2
2.4
1992
   
12.2
7 / 4
4.1
1995
   
11.3
6 / 4
3.2
2004
 
1,550,000
7.2
4.8 / 3.0
1.7
             
metro-1985
 
u 1,127,000
11.6 / 7.2
68
5.0 / 3.1
29.3
2004
 
u 1,339,000
17.8 / 11.0
108
30.3
Nanakuma Line-2006
   
12.0 / 7.4
19
8.0
             
JR-Kyûshû Chikuhi Line
 
1,800,000
44.8 / 27.8
     
Fukushima-Abukyû
JP
350,000
54.9 / 34.0
3
14.4 / 8.9
0.8
Fǔshùn-ZT (Fushun)
CN
u 1,240,000
       
FMA
   
30 / 19
     
Fùxīn-ZT (Fuxin)
CN
u 690,000
       
Fúzhōu-ZT (Fuzhou)
CN
u 1,200,000
       
Galaţi-CFR (Galati)
RO
990,000
332 / 206
     
Gdańsk-PKP (Gdansk)
PL
2,200,000
330 / 205
     
SKM
   
51.2 / 31.7
36
15 / 9
10
Gifu - JR-Central
JP
u 400,000
see Nagoya - JR-Central
   
Meitetsu
   
see Nagoya - Meitetsu
   
* Goiânia - Metrô
BR
1,700,000
12.4 / 7.7
     
Gomel, BY: see Homyel (BY)
           
Grodno, BY: see Hrodna (BY)
           
Grozny-RZhD
RU
u 210,000
36 / 22
     
Guǎngzhōu-ZT (Guangzhou)
CN
u 4,150,000
       
metro
   
36.8 / 22.8
120
5 / 3
16
Guantánamo FCU (Guantanamo)
CU
u 210,000
90 / 55
     
Guìlín-ZT (Guilin)
CN
u 510,000
       
Guìyáng-ZT (Guiyang)
CN
u 1,010,000
       
Gwangju-KNR
KR
3,560,000
245.6 / 152.3
     
metro - 2005
 
u 1,400,000
12.2 / 7.6
11.3
5 / 3
5
Hà Nội-ĐSVN (Hanoi)
VN
4,100,000
102 / 63
     
* metro
   
14.9 / 9.2
     
Habana-UFC
CU
2,200,000
136 / 84
     
Hachinohe-Aotetsu
JP
 
25.9 / 16.1
     
Haifa-IsR
IL
940,000
25 / 15
0.7
10 / 6
0.3
Carmelit (fn) - 1962
 
185,000
1.8 / 1.1
7
1 / 0.5
4
1966
 
215,000
6
3
1974
 
230,000
6
3
2004
 
1,039,000
u 267,000
0.7
0.3
Hǎikǒu-ZT (Haikou)
CN
u 270,000
       
Hakodate - JR-Hokkaidô
JP
420,000
164.7 / 102.1
     
Hándān-ZT (Handan)
CN
u 1,070,000
       
Hángzhōu-ZT (Hangzhou)
CN
u 1,930,000
       
* metro
   
82.2 / 51.0
     
Harare-NRZ
ZW
2,800,000
u 1,600,000
39 / 24
     
Harbin (Hā'ěrbīn)-ZT
CN
u 2,670,000
       
* metro
   
14.4 / 8.9
     
Héféi-ZT (Hefei)
CN
u 1,110,000
       
Hègǎng-ZT (Hegang)
CN
u 590,000
       
Héngyáng-ZT (Hengyang)
CN
u 820,000
       
Hikone-Ohmi
JP
250,000
59.5 / 36.9
4
8.4 / 5.2
0.6
Hiroshima-JR-West - 1993
JP
2,870,000
495.1 / 307.0
56
15 / 9
1.7
Astram-1995
   
18.4 / 11.4
16.62
7.9 / 4.9
7.1
2000
   
19.34
7.8 / 4.9
8.2
2005
 
u 1,159,000
* 467,000
17.77
7.3 / 4.5
7.1
Skyrail-2002
 
10,000
1.3 / 0.8
0.15
1.1 / 0.7
0.1
Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh - metro
VN
4,000,000
20.6 / 12.8
     
Hohhot (Hūhéhàotè)-ZT
CN
u 820,000
       
Homyel-BCh
BY
u 481,000
392 / 243
     
Hong Kong-KCR-East - 1963
CN
 
35.9 / 22.2
141.1
15 / 9
59
1972
   
246.8
103
1977
   
34.0 / 21.1
296.1
131
2003
 
6,700,000
295
15.4 / 9.5
133
KCR-West
   
30.5 / 18.9
     
MTR-Urban
   
87.7 / 54.4
779
7.7 / 4.8
68
Peak Tramway (fn)
   
1.4 / 0.9
4
1.2 / 0.7
3
Horlivka-UZ
UA
u 290,000
see Donets’k-UZ
   
Hrodna-BCh
BY
u 315,000
218 / 135
     
Huáiběi-ZT (Huaibei)
CN
u 610,000
       
Huáinán-ZT (Huainan)
CN
u 860,000
       
Huangshi-ZT (Huangshi)
CN
u 590,000
       
Hyderabad-Secunderabad - SCR
IN
5,530,000
56 / 35
     
* metro
IN
 
35.3 / 21.9
     
Iaşi-CFR (Iasi)
RO
1,270,000
471 / 292
     
* Iloilo
PH
u 370,000
       
Imaji - JR-Shikoku
JP
u 177,000
see Matsuyama - JR-Shikoku
 
Incheon-metro - 2005
KR
2,628,000
24.6 / 15.3
52
5 / 3
11
Inuyama-Meitetsu-monorail
JP
70,000
1.2 / 0.7
0.7
0.8 / 0.5
0.06
Irkutsk-RZhD
RU
u 590,000
251 / 156
     
Ishikoshi-Kuriden
JP
100,000
25.7 / 15.9
0.3
10.2 / 6.3
0.1
El ‘Iskandariyyah-ER (Alexandria)
EG
3,500,000
81 / 50
     
İstanbul-TCDD-Asia-1985 (Istanbul)
TR
10,020,000
43.8 / 27.2
41
25.0 / 15.5
23
TCDD-Asia-1999
   
"
20
"
11
TCDD-Europe-1985
   
27.6 / 17.1
47
28.0 / 17.4
47
TCDD-Europe-1999
   
"
25
"
25
Metro - 2004
 
u 8,800,000
8.6 / 5.3
43.7
3 / 2
15
Hafif Metro - 1992
   
10.4 / 6.4
18.0
4 / 2
7
2004
   
19.3 / 12.0
64.7
13
* Hafif Metro - Asia
   
21.5 / 13.3
20
4 / 2
4
* monorail
   
3.4 / 2.1
     
Tünel (fn)-1962
   
0.5 / 0.3
6.5
0.5 / 0.3
6.5
1967
   
9.4
9.4
1974
   
3.9
3.9
1984
   
7
7
2004
   
4
4
Taksim-Kabataş (fn)
   
0.6 / 0.4
 
0.6 / 0.4
 
Itô - Izukyû
JP
100,000
45.7 / 28.3
7
20.9 / 13.0
3.1
Ivano-Frankivsk-UZ
UA
u 204,000
277 / 172
     
Ivanovo-RZhD
RU
u 450,000
162 / 100
     
Iwamizawa - JR-Hokkaidô
JP
u 83,000
see Sapporo - Asahikawa
   
Iyo-shi - JR-Shikoku
JP
u 40,000
see Matsuyama - JR-Shikoku
 
Izhevsk-RZhD
RU
u 700,000
580 / 360
     
İzmir-TCDD-1985 (Izmir)
TR
3,370,000
45 / 28
7
17.5 / 10.9
3
TCDD-1999
   
2
16.6 / 10.3
1
metro
 
u 2,230,000
11.5 / 7.1
25
4 / 2
9
Jakarta-KAI
ID
21,000,000
170.2 / 105.5
118
30.5 / 18.9
21
** monorail
   
27 / 17
80
4 / 2
12
* metro
   
16 / 10
95
4 / 2
24
al-Jazaa'ir SNTF-1999 (Algiers)
DZ
2,900,000
104 / 64
29
20 / 12
6
** Métro
   
9 / 6
93
3 / 2
31
Jiāmùsī-ZT (Jiamusi)
CN
u 590,000
       
Jiāozuò-ZT (Jiaozuo)
CN
u 570,000
       
Jílín-ZT (Jilin)
CN
u 1,240,000
       
Jǐnán-ZT (Jinan)
CN
u 1,920,000
       
Jīngzhōu-ZT (Jingzhou)
CN
u 610,000
       
Jǐníng-ZT (Jining)
CN
u 510,000
       
Jǐnzhōu-ZT (Jinzhou)
CN
u 690,000
       
Jixi-ZT
CN
u 760,000
       
João Pessoa-STU/JOP (Joao Pessoa)
BR
600,000
32 / 20
1.5
12.8 / 7.9
0.6
Johannesburg-Metrorail-2002
ZA
8,000,000
u 3,225,812
456 / 283
244
25 / 15
10
** Gautrain
   
78 / 48
38
17.8 / 11
8.6
Key to Symbols:
* = in planning; ** = under construction.
*** = operated for less than 12 months as noted; traffic density scaled up to annual rate.
@ = population corresponds with historic data year.
u = population within municipal boundary.
 
Notes for Table 2.3
Feodosiya-UZ Феодосія / Феодосия-УЗ : see also Simferopol-UZ Сімферополь / Симферополь-УЗ.
Fortaleza-CCTM: Metrofor project, upgrading and electrification of existing suburban railway lines, under construction. Linha Sul, electrified, 23.7 km (14.7 mi), to be extended to city center in 4-km (2-mi) tunnel. Linha Oeste, diesel traction, 19.5 km (12.1 km), eventual electrification planned.
Fukagawa 深川 - JR-Hokkaidô JR北海道:
Fukagawa 深川 – Rumoi 留萌 – Mashike 増毛: Population served, exclusive of Fukagawa, Rumoi and Mashike (26,000, 27, 000 and 6,000, respectively) was 7,000 (at 2005). Annual passenger traffic: 350,000 (2005; estimate).
See also Sapporo – Asahikawa.
Fukui 福井:
Daytime and nighttime population, Fukui city, 2000:
Daytime
Nighttime
Difference
286,000
252,000
34,000
 
Fukuoka 福岡:
Daytime and nighttime population, Fukuoka city, 2000:
Daytime
Nighttime
Difference
1,531,000
1,337,000
194,000
 
JR-Kyûshû JR九州: Statistics pertain to lines within the Fukuoka municipal boundary.
JR-West JR西日本: Shuttle service over Shinkansen depot access tracks, marketed as “Hakata-Minami Line” 博多南線.
Nishitetsu 西鉄: Statistics pertain to railway lines, and are exclusive of tramway lines (which are now closed).
Nishitetsu  西鉄
2005
System Length, km
115.9
Stations
77
Passenger Car Fleet
353
Passengers
103,099,000
Passenger-km
1,716,000,000
Vehicle-km
43,908,000
Company Staff
5,547
Note: “Company staff” includes all staff members and is not exclusive to the railway division.
Ômuta lines 大牟田線: Includes Nishitetsu standard-gauge lines:
Ômuta Main Line 大牟田線, Nishitetsu-Fukuoka 西鉄福岡 – Nishitetsu-Futsukaichi 西鉄二日市 – Miyanojin 宮の陣 – Kurume – Ômuta 大牟田, 74.8 km (46.4 mi).
This line was renamed the Tenjin-Ômuta Line 天神大牟田線, and Nishitetsu-Fukuoka terminal was renamed Nishitetsu-Fukuoka (Tenjin) 西鉄福岡(天神), both from 2001 January 1.
Dazaifu Line 太宰府線, Nishitetsu-Futsukaichi 西鉄二日市 – Dazaifu 太宰府, 2.4 km (1.5 mi).
Amagi Line 甘木線, Miyanojin 宮の陣 – Amagi 甘木, 17.9 km (11.1).
Miyajidake Line 宮地岳線: 1,067mm (3’6”)-gauge line extending northeast from Kaizuka (Fukuoka) 貝塚 (福岡). Population served, exclusive of terminal towns (Fukuoka, 1,418,000 and Fukutsu, 56,000), was 81,000 (at 2005).
Built by the Hakata Bay Railway and Steamship Co. 博多湾鉄道汽船 . Opened 1924-1925, electrified 1929, extended Miyajidake 宮地岳 – Tsuyazaki 津屋崎 1951 July 1. Segment from Shin-Hakata 新博多 terminal to Kaizuka 貝塚 regauged and reopened as part of the Fukuoka town tramway system from 1954 March 5.
Nishitetsu-Shingû 西鉄新宮 – Tsuyazaki 津屋崎, km (9.9 km / 6.1 mi), closed 2007 March 31. Line renamed Kaizuka Line 貝塚線 from 2007 April 1.
Metro 地下鉄: Initial segment opened 1981 July 26. Segment serving Fukuoka Airport 福岡空港 opened 1993 March 3.
Nanakuma Line 七隈線 (Line 3): Tenjin-minami 天神南 – Hashimoto 橋本, opened 2005 February 3 (total system length increased to 29.8 km / 18.5 mi.) This line uses linear-motor technology and small-profile trains. Traffic density estimate based on reported passenger traffic for April - November 2006 (52,913 / day, average).
JR-Kyûshû Chikuhi Line JR九州筑肥線: This line extends westward from a connection with the Fukuoka metro at Meinohama 姪浜 to Nishi-Karatsu 西唐津. Trains work through between Fukuoka-kûkô 福岡空港 and Nishi-Karatsu 西唐津.
Fukushima
Daytime and nighttime population, Fukushima city, 2000:
Daytime
Nighttime
Difference
305,000
291,000
14,000
 
Fúzhōu 福州 -ZT: New Fúzhōu-Xiàmén Railway 福厦线, started 2005, completion planned for 2009. Length: 273 km (169 mi). Maximum permitted speed: 200 km/h (124 mph).
Gdańsk-PKP: PKP was divided at the end of 2001. PKP-PLK owns and administers infrastructure. SKM operates the electrified service between Gdańsk and Wejherowo, with a branch to Gdańsk-Nowy Port. PKP-PR operates other local and regional services.
Gifu 岐阜:
Daytime and nighttime population, Gifu city, 2000:
Daytime
Nighttime
Difference
427,000
403,000
24,000
 
Goiânia: Metrô de Goiânia, in planning.
Guǎngzhōu 广州: Urban population stated at 4.16 million (2004). Long-term metro plans outline nine-line, 255-km (158 mi) network by 2010.
Pearl River Delta Railway Lines 珠江三角洲铁路: Guǎngzhōu - Fóshān Railway 广州佛山铁路 (Guǎngfó Railway 广佛铁路). Metro line, extending from Guangzhou to neighboring Fóshān (population 430,000), 33.0 km (20.5 mi). Opening planned for 2010.
Guǎngzhōu - Zhūhǎi Railway 广州珠海铁路 (Guǎngzhū Railway 广珠铁路), under construction. Guǎngzhōu Fóshān Zhōngshān (中山, population 430,000) Zhūhǎi (珠海, population 530,000), 114.5 km (71.0 mi); branch Xiaolan – Jiangmen (江門, population 350,000), 26.3 km (16.3 km). Maximum permitted speed 120 km/h (74 mph). Opening planned for 2008.
The Pearl River Delta Economic Zone, which also includes Guǎngzhōu 广州, Shēnzhèn 深圳, Dōngguǎn (东莞, population 405,000), Hùizhōu (惠州, population 315,000) and Zaoqing (肇庆, population 325,000), housed nearly 41 million people at 2000. Long-term plans outline nine new railway lines extending 930 km (580 mi) by 2020.
Guantánamo - FCU: Service on some segments suspended because of poor track condition and lack of rolling stock.
Gwangju 광주 (光州) - metro: The initial metro segment was opened on 2004 April 28.
Hà Nội (河内)-ĐSVN: Reconstruction of 24.6 km (15.3 mi) of existing rail lines within Hà Nội onto viaduct, in planning. To extend between Yên Viên (安园) (Gia Lâm (嘉林) district) and Ngọc Hồi (玉回) (Thanh Trì (清池) district). Construction planned in three stages, completion planned for 2010. Electrification and upgrading of Hà Nội – Hải Phòng (海防) line, with Japanese financial assistance, planned as pilot project for electrification of major ĐSVN lines.
Metro: Metro line, with most of system length on viaduct planned for construction between Hà Nội and Hà Ðông (河東) with Chinese technical and financial assistance. First phase, Cát Linh (吉灵) – Hà Ðông, on viaduct, 12.8 km (7.9 mi). Second phase, Hà Nội - Cát Linh, 2.1 km (1.3 mi), underground. Some reports describe this project, incorrectly, as a “monorail.”
Hachinohe 八戸-Aotetsu: This railway, a former segment of the JR-East Tôhoku Main Line JR東日本東北本線, began operation as a “third sector” enterprise from 2002 December 1.
Haifa חֵיפָה Carmelit כרמלית : Underground funicular, opened 1959. Operation suspended 1986 December 19 because of deteriorated condition. Re-equipped with Swiss-built rolling stock, reopened 1992 July 28.
Hakodate 函館 - JR-Hokkaidô JR北海道:
Hakodate 函館 – Esashi 江差: Population served, exclusive of terminal towns (297,000 and 10,000, respectively) was 51,000 (at 2005). Annual passenger traffic: 350,000 (2005; estimate).
Hakodate 函館 – Mori , including Sawara loop 砂原回り, Population served, exclusive of terminal towns (297,000 and 20,000, respectively), was 45,000 (at 2005). Annual passenger traffic: 500,000 (2005; estimate).
Annual passenger traffic at Hakodate station (all trains): 1,082,000 (2004).
Hǎikǒu 海口-ZT: Guǎngdōng-Hǎinán Railway 广东海南铁路, Zhanjiang 湛江 Hǎiān 海安 (132 km / 82 mi), train ferry Hǎi’ān 海安 Hǎikǒu 海口 (Qiongzhou Strait 琼州海峡, 23 km / 12.5 nautical miles), Hǎikǒu 海口 – Sanya 三亚 (182 km / 113 mi). Opened to Hǎi’ān 海安 2001 December. Train ferry to Hǎikǒu 海口 opened for goods 2003 January 7; first passenger service Guǎngzhōu 广州 – Hǎikǒu 海口 operated 2004 December 6. Hǎikǒu 海口 Sanya railway planned for completion in 2008.
Hángzhōu 杭州-metro: Initial stage, two lines, 82.2 km (51.0 mi), construction authorized 2005, planned for completion by 2010. Long-term plans outline eight-line, 278-km (172-mi) network, for completion by 2050.
Harbin (Hāěrbīn) 哈尔滨-metro: Construction of initial segment of Line 1 authorized by State Council at 2005 July. Project will utilize existing 6.3-km (3.9-mi) tunnel, described as an air-defense tunnel “compliant with metro standards.” 16 stations planned. Completion planned for 2009.
Hiroshima 広島:
Daytime and nighttime population, Hiroshima city, 2000:
Daytime
Nighttime
Difference
1,163,000
1,125,000
38,000
 
JR-West JR西日本: Statistics pertain to services within Hiroshima Prefecture.
Astram: AGT line, marketed as Astram Line アストラムライン. Extends Hon-dôri 本通 – Kôiki-kôen-mae 広域公園前. Opened 1994 August 8.
A plan released at 1999 November outlined a three-stage expansion program that would create a system shaped like the letter α (“alpha”).
Kôiki-kôen-mae 広域公園前 – Nishi-Hiroshima 西広島 station, 6.2 km (3.8 mi), by 2015, forming a “U”-shaped line. Project would include construction of a new Nishi-Hiroshima station for JR-West, the Astram Line and Hiroshima Electric Railway town tramway 市内線 and Miyajima Line 宮島線 services.
Nishi-Hiroshima 西広島 – Shirakamisha-mae 白神社前, 2.7 km (1.7 mi), and Hon-dôri 本通 – Shirakamisha-mae 白神社前, 0.5 km (0.3 mi), by 2020, forming a circular (“O”-shaped) line.
Shirakamisha-mae 白神社前 – former Hiroshima University campus site 広島大学跡地, 0.9 km (0.6 km), and Shirakamisha-mae 白神社前 – JR-West Hiroshima station 広島駅, 2.7 km (1.7 mi), by 2030, forming an α-shaped line.
However, at 2007 February, the local authority announced its position that “under current conditions, extension of the Astram Line would be very difficult,” and that alternatives, including existing modes such as LRT and bus, should be examined.
Skyrail: Skyrail Midorizaka Line スカイレールみどり坂線 (official title “Hiroshima Short Distance Transit Seno Line” 広島短距離交通瀬野線). Suspended monorail, driverless operation, individual cabins. The vehicles are worked by cable traction between stations, and linear induction motor technology within stations (for acceleration and braking). Located in Hiroshima City, Aki Ward 広島市安芸区. Extends Midoriguchi みどり口 – Midori-chûô みどり中央. Opened 1998 August 28.
Built to connect a housing development, “Skyrail Town Midorizaka” スカイレールタウンみどり坂, with the JR-West San-yô Main Line. Midoriguchi station is at the JR-West Seno 瀬野 station. The light traffic carried at the time of writing (2007 September) reflects the fact that a large share of the planned development had not been completed.
This line was listed among “AGT” lines by Japanese sources at the time of open. However, it is now listed among “monorail” lines.
Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh ((城鋪胡志明), Ho Chi Minh City; formerly Sài Gòn (柴棍), Saigon): Metro project, two lines planned for construction with German technical and financial assistance, part underground, part elevated. Construction planned for 2005, opening planned for 2008. Six-line, 193.8-km (120.2-mi) network planned for construction by 2020. Four suburban lines planned in addition.
Homyel-BCh Гомель-БЧ : The population of Homel'skaja vobłaść Гомельская вобласць (province) is 1,485,000.
Hrodna-BCh Гродна-БЧ : The population of Hrodzenskaja vobłaść Гродзенская вобласць (province) is 1,123,000.
Hyderabad  – Secunderabad - SCR: Suburban rail element of Multi-Modal Transport System, operated by SCR, inaugurated 2003 August 9.
Metro: In planning. Construction authorized; opening planned for 2008 December.
Iloilo: Rehabilitation of Panay Railway, in planning. Financing has not been secured (at 2006 February).
El ‘Iskandariyyah الإسكندرية (Alexandria)-ER: 55-km (34-mi) regional metro in planning. Cross-city tunnel planned along similar lines as El Qahira (Cairo) Line 1.
İstanbul-TCDD-Europe: Suburban (Banliyö) service between İstanbul (Sirkeci) and Halkalı. First commercial application of 25kV 50 Hz traction current to suburban railway electrification, inaugurated 1955 November 1.
TCDD-Asia: Suburban (Banliyö) service between İstanbul (Haydarpaşa) and Gebze, electrified 1969.
Mamaray project, including 1.5 km (0.9 mi) four-track tunnel beneath the Bosporus strait and connecting tunnels from Yenikapı (Europe) and Söğütlüçeşme (Asia), 13.3 km (8.2 mi) total, with intermediate stations at Sirkeci (Europe) and Üsküdar (Asia), under construction. Project also includes upgrading of TCDD suburban services to Halkalı and Gebze, with construction of third track over most of the route length. Completion planned for 2009.
Metro: Construction started 1992, initial segment, Taksim – 4.Levent, opened 2002. Yenikapi – Taksim, 5.4 km (3.3 mi), and 4.Levent – Ayazağa, 3.6 km (2.2 mi), under construction, completion planned for 2006. Aksaray – Yenikapı, 0.7 km (0.4 mi), under construction. Subsequent extension, Yenikapi – Bağcılar, 10.0 km (6.2 mi), in planning.
İkitelli – Olimpiyat Körü (Olympic Village), 2.9 km (1.8 mi), northwest of the historic center, in planning. Mahmutbey – İkitelli – Başakşehir, 7.8 km (4.8 mi), in planning.
Hafif Metro: Light metro, opened 1989. Extends Aksaray – Otogar – Zeytinburnu – Havaalani (“Airport”), branch Otogar – Eslentir. System length includes 4.4 km (2.7 km) in tunnel. Extensions in planning: EslentirBağcılarMahmutbey, 7.5 km (4.6 mi), Bakirköy - Beylikdüzü, 23.3 km (14.4 mi).
Hafif Metro - Asia: Kadıköy – Harem – Kartal, in planning. Subsequent expansion, in planning: Ümraniye – Harem Otogar (Anatolian Coach Station) – Göztepe, 5.7 km (3.5 mi), and Üsküdar – Ümraniye – Dudullu, 17 km (11 mi). Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (60,000 / day).
Monorail: Bakirköy – İncirli, in planning.
Tünel: Funicular, opened 1875. Underground.
Taksim-Kabataş: Funicular, opened 2006 June 29. Underground.
Ivano-Frankivsk-UZ Івано-Франківськ-УЗ : The population of Ivano-Frankivs'ka oblast' Івано-Франківська область (province) is 1,388,000.
Ivanovo-RZhD Иваново-РЖД: See also Yaroslavl-RZhD.
Iwamizawa 岩見沢 - JR-Hokkaidô JR北海道: see also Tomakomai – Iwamizawa.
İzmir-TCDD: Electrification of suburban (Banliyö) services and upgrading to metro standards (Hizli Tren), with separate tracks, in progress. Opening of initial service planned for 31 July 2007.
Alsancak – Aliaga, 57 km (35 mi), of which 3 km (2 mi) underground (at Karsiyaka).
Alsancak – Cumaovasi, 22 km (14mi), of which 1.7 km (1.1 mi) underground (at Buca-Sirinyer). To serve serving Menderes Havaalani (airport).
Metro: Trial service began 2000 May 22; commercial service began 2000 August 25.
Jakarta: Monorail network, under construction. Opening of initial 5-km (3-mi) segment planned for 2007 March. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (270,000 / day).
UPDATE: The project has been delayed by financial difficulties and disputes over technology.
The concession was awarded to PT Jakarta Monorail (”JM”), with the majority of shares (55 percent) held by PT Indonesia Transit Central (”ITC”). A Memorandum of Understanding was signed initially to MTrans Holdings Sdn Bhd [Sendirian Berhad], Kulala Lumpur. However, this was cancelled by following suspension of construction by MTrans only a few weeks following the start, at 2004 June. Hitachi Transportation Systems, Tôkyô, expressed interest, but the project was awarded to OmniCO Singapore Pte Ltd. OmniCO replaced MTrans as the minority (45 percent) shareholder in JM. OmniCO proposed to use magnetic-levitation (”maglev”) technology developed by Rotem Company, Seoul (a member of the Hyundai Motor Group), and this was supported by Jakarta authorities.
ITC signed a Memorandum of Understanding at 2005 July with an Indonesian consortium. This included the engineering firm PT Bukaka Teknik Utama Tbk, Bogor, the state-owned railway rolling stock firm PT INKA [Industri Kereta Api], Maidun, the state-owned electronics firm  PT LEN Industri, Bandung, and Siemens Indonesia, Jakarta. The venture was described as the Indonesia Consortium of Monorail Industries, or “Konsortium Indonesia.”
PK Jakarta Monorail decided at 2005 August that Indonesian-built straddle-beam monorail trains would be used instead of the Rotem maglev system because of lower cost. This change was also supported by Jakarta authorities, but was against the interests of OmniCO and drew criticism from its officers. OmniCO stated subsequently that the MoU with Konsortium Indonesia was signed without its approval. Governor Sutiyoso of Jakarta announced at 2005 October that OmniCO was withdrawing from the project, but this did not take place as announced. The OmniCO share of JM was reduced at 2005 December from 45 percent to two percent. The stated reason for loss of shares by OmniCO was failure to provide additional capital. The dispute led to court action by OmniCO.
Promises by JM that financial agreements would be concluded by 2005 September were not kept. This led to a warning from Sutiyoso at 2005 December that the company should secure investors immediately or face termination of its concession. At 2006 February, Sutiyoso announced that the Dubai Islamic Bank had agreed to provide a USD 500 million credit to finance the project. JM signed an agreement with a consortium of Dubai banks in 2006 March.
Metro: Mass Rapid Transit (MRT), in planning. North-south line, Jakarta Kota – Duku Atas – Fatmawati – Lebak Bulus, 16 km (10 mi). First stage, Duku Atas – Lebak Bulus, three stations underground, nine stations on viaduct. Second stage, Jakarta Kota – Duku Atas, underground. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (322,400 / day, at opening).
UPDATE: The Indonesian and Japanese governments failed at 2006 March to reach agreement on a loan plan to finance the MRT project. The Indonesian government then established a consortium of ten state-owned and five private-sector undertakings to take over financing and construction of the project. The 15 undertakings signed a Memorandum of Understanding at 2006 April.
al-Jazaa’ir الجزائر (Algiers)-SNTF: Electrification of suburban lines (300 km / 185 mi), in planning.
Métro: under construction, opening planned by 2010. Three-line, 54-km (33-mi) network planned.
Johannesburg-Metrorail: Wits Region. “Regional” population is that resident within the Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Area. “Urban” population is that resident within the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality. (See note re. operators under Cape Town.)
(“Wits” is short for Witwatersrand, the name of a mountain range also used as a synonym for greater Johannesburg.)
The metropolitan area includes the West Rand District Municipality (established 1999, population 740,000 at 2001), the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality, and Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality (East Rand region, established 2001, population 2,480,000 at 2001).
(Soweto, “South Western Townships,” became part of the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality in 2002. The “official” definition of Soweto includes 32 townships. These housed 897,000 people at 2001, about 33 percent of all Johannesburg residents.)
System length includes 149 km (92 mi) of Spoornet lines.
Gautrain: “Gautrain Rapid Rail Link,” new standard-gauge electrified railway. Construction started 2006 May 25. Planned to extend Johannesburg (Park Station) – Rosebank – Sandton – Marlboro – Midrand – Centurion (Pretoria) – Hatfield, branch Marlboro – OR Tambo International Airport . 14 km (9 mi) planned for construction underground, 12 stations planned, of which four underground. Traffic density estimate based on traffic forecast (674 million passenger-km / year, 104,000 passengers / day). Opening planned for 2010. (Gautrain = Gauteng Province + “train.”)