Table 3.8: Tramway, Light Railway and LRT
U.S, Canada, Western Europe and Australasia
G-H          Galveston - Huntington     (3.8.1, 2008.6)
City and Country
Population Served
System Length, km / mi
Annual Passengers (million)
Average Travel Distance, km / mi
Annual Traffic Density (million)
           
Galveston (TX) - 1907
US
@ 40,000
37.4 / 23.2
6.4
2 / 1.5
0.4
2005
 
50,000
9.5 / 5.9
0.05
2.0 / 1.2
0.01
* Galway - LRT
IE
73,000
       
Gatineau (Hull) - 1946
CA
@ 35,000
14.9 / 9.2
6.6
3 / 2
1.4
Genève - 1910 (Geneva)
CH
@ 155,000
u 115,000
126.7 / 78.6
18.9
3 / 2
0.4
1930
 
@ 171,000
u 124,000
89.5 / 55.5
22.0
"
0.7
1940
 
u 125,000
64.2 / 39.8
21.3
"
1.0
1955
 
u 160,000
50.9 / 31.6
37.6
"
2.2
1970
 
u 175,000
8.3 / 5.1
18.2
2 / 1
4.4
1984
 
u 160,000
9.8 / 6.1
20.4
"
4.2
2002
 
400,000
u 185,000
12.1 / 7.5
30.7
1.8 / 1.1
4.6
GV - 1910
   
5.5 / 3.4
 
3.7 / 2.3
0.5
1920
   
"
0.8
"
0.5
1930
   
"
0.6
4.4 / 2.7
0.4
Genova - FGC (Genoa)
IT
640,000
24.3 / 15.1
0.2
15 / 9
0.2
Gent / Gand / Ghent - 1953
BE
@ 164,000
57 / 35
34
3 / 2
1.8
1967
 
@ 153,000
27.3 / 16.9
12.0
"
1.3
1974
 
@ 144,000
29.2 / 18.1
12.2
"
1.3
2005
 
233,000
30.0 / 18.6
13
4 / 2
1.7
Gera - 1933
DE
@ 84,000
12.9 / 8.0
4.8
2 / 1
0.7
1950
 
@ 100,000
9.4 / 5.8
13.0
"
2.7
1960
 
@ 110,000
12.0 / 7.4
18.4
"
3.1
1970
 
@ 111,000
10.4 / 6.4
18.8
"
3.6
1975
 
@ 120,000
7.9 / 4.9
20.2
"
5.1
2002
 
110,000
14.0 / 8.7
10
2.5 / 1.5
1.8
Stadtbahn Line 1
 
27,000
6 / 4
3
1.5 / 1
0.7
Gießen - 1912 (Giessen)
DE
@ 30,000
6.5 / 4.1
1.2
2 / 1
0.4
1937
 
@ 50,000
8.4 / 5.2
2.2
"
0.5
1951
 
"
5.4 / 3.3
1.7
"
0.6
Gisborne - 1926
NZ
@ 13,000
6.0 / 3.7
0.6
2 / 1
0.2
Gland - GB - 1910
CH
 
3.7 / 2.3
0.08
3.0 / 1.9
0.06
1920
   
"
0.06
"
0.05
1930
   
"
0.09
3.7 / 2.3
0.09
1940
   
"
0.09
2.7 / 1.7
0.06
Glasgow - 1916
UK
@ 1,150,000
159.1 / 98.6
311.4
2.5 / 1.5
4.7
Glendale (CA), US: see Los Angeles (CA), US (separate tabulation)
       
Gmunden - 1895
AT
@ 8,000
2.5 / 1.6
0.1
2.4 / 1.5
0.1
1911
 
@ 8,500
"
0.1
"
0.1
1918
 
@ 9,000
"
0.2
"
0.2
1928
 
@ 9,700
"
0.2
"
0.2
1937
   
"
0.07
"
0.07
1939
 
@ 11,000
"
0.2
"
0.2
1944
   
"
0.6
"
0.6
1946
   
"
0.7
"
0.7
1950
 
@ 13,000
"
0.4
"
0.4
1975
 
@ 12,000
"
0.5
"
0.5
1987
 
@ 13,000
2.3 / 1.4
0.3
2.0 / 1.2
0.2
2002
 
13,000
"
0.3
"
0.3
GV - 1964
   
15.0 / 9.3
0.2
11 / 7
0.2
2002
 
20,000
"
0.3
10.5 / 6.5
0.2
see also Lambach (AT) - LV
           
* Gold Coast
AU
430,000
17 / 11
7.5
5 / 3
2.2
Goldsboro (NC) - 1920
US
@ 11,000
8 / 5
0.5
2 / 1
0.1
Gorizia - 1911
IT
@ 31,000
4.6 / 2.9
1.2
2.1 / 1.3
0.6
Görlitz - 1926 (Gorlitz)
DE
@ 90,000
10.4 / 6.4
4.1
1.5 / 1
0.6
1935
 
@ 94,000
11.8 / 7.3
3.9
"
0.5
1949
 
@ 100,000
10.0 / 6.2
13.3
"
2.0
1964
 
@ 90,000
"
16
"
2.4
2002
 
60,000
13.4 / 8.3
3
"
0.3
Göteborg (Gothenburg)
SE
430,000
117.6 / 72.9
84.7
4.4 / 2.7
3.2
Line 1
   
15.6 / 9.7
9.1
"
2.6
Line 3
   
12.7 / 7.9
9.1
"
3.1
Line 4
   
19.3 / 11.9
7.7
"
1.7
Line 5
   
13.8 / 8.6
7.1
"
2.3
Line 6
   
24.6 / 15.2
12.1
"
2.2
Line 7
   
21.1 / 13.1
10.0
"
2.1
Line 8
   
21.3 / 13.2
5.5
"
1.1
Line 9
   
19.0 / 11.8
7.2
"
1.7
Line 10
   
8.8 / 5.4
4.4
3 / 2
1.5
Line 11
   
21.8 / 13.5
10.6
4.4 / 2.7
2.1
Line 13
   
7.2 / 4.5
0.3
3 / 2
0.1
Line 14
   
4.2 / 2.6
1.7
2 / 1
0.8
Gotha - urban - 1928
DE
@ 46,000
5.5 / 3.4
2.2
1.5 / 1
0.6
urban - 1971
 
@ 60,000
5.5 / 3.4
8
"
2.2
TWB - 1971
 
@ 25,000
21.6 / 13.4
3
10 / 6
1.4
2002
 
80,000
26.4 / 16.4
1.8
5.8 / 3.6
0.4
** Granada - Metro
ES
543,000
u 238,000
15.5 / 9.6
12
4 / 2.5
3
Grand Forks (ND) - 1907
US
@ 12,000
4.0 / 2.5
0.1
2 / 1
0.04
Graz - 1911
AT
@ 152,000
34.8 / 21.6
17.0
4.3 / 2.7
2.1
1926
 
@ 155,000
42.6 / 26.4
30
4 / 2
2.8
1946
 
@ 220,000
47.7 / 29.6
83.6
"
7
1959
 
@ 235,000
35.3 / 21.9
52
"
6
1969
 
@ 247,000
33.3 / 20.6
35
"
4
1972
 
@ 215,000
29.3 / 18.2
34.5
"
4.5
1979
 
@245,000
"
46
"
6
1984
 
@ 243,000
"
43.6
"
6
1989
 
@235,000
"
44
"
6
2006
 
320,000
u 250,000
30.1 / 18.7
51.6
4.1 / 2.5
7.1
Maria Trost - 1911
   
5.1 / 3.2
0.7
3.8 / 2.4
0.5
Great Falls (MT) - 1907
US
@ 15,000
15.7 / 9.7
1.4
2 / 1
0.1
Green Bay (WI) - 1907
US
@ 30,000
61.0 / 37.8
2.3
3 / 2
0.1
Greensboro (NC) - 1920
US
@ 20,000
19 / 12
2
3 / 1.5
0.3
Greensburg (PA) - WP - 1907
US
 
182.4 / 113.1
21.1
5 / 3
0.6
1950
   
135 / 84
10.9
"
0.4
Greenville (SC) - 1907
US
@ 16,000
18.1 / 11.2
1.6
3 / 2
0.3
P&N - 1925
 
@ 330,000
163.2 / 101.2
0.5
32 / 20
0.1
Grenoble - SGTE - 1927
FR
@ 100,000
60 / 40
7.2
3 / 2
0.4
GVL - 1927
   
39.0 / 24.2
0.3
10 / 6
0.1
2003
 
520,000
19.9 / 12.3
28.5
2.8 / 1.7
4.0
Line A
   
12.9 / 8.0
17.4
"
3.8
Line B
   
7.9 / 4.9
11.1
"
3.9
Line C
   
13.5 / 8.4
9.5
"
2.0
* YSIS
   
18.5 / 11.5
     
Guelph - 1916
CA
@ 15, 000
10 / 6
1.1
4 / 1
0.2
Hagen - 1906
DE
@ 80,000
28.3 / 17.5
5.8
4 / 2
0.8
1911
 
@ 90,000
56.0 / 34.7
9.0
"
0.6
1928
 
@ 140,000
54.8 / 34.0
19.6
"
1.4
1937
 
@ 150,000
73.9 / 45.8
18.8
"
1.0
1951
 
@ 170,000
72 / 45
31.0
"
1.7
1966
 
@ 300,000
38.1 / 23.6
22.2
3.9 / 2.4
2.3
Halberstadt - 1974
DE
@50,000
10.0 / 6.2
8
3 / 2
2.4
2002
 
80,000
8.3 / 5.1
2
"
0.5
Halle an der Saale - 1929
DE
@ 203,000
44.0 / 27.3
43
2 / 1
1.6
1932
 
@ 210,000
"
25.8
"
0.9
1940
 
@ 220,000
51.2 / 31.7
55.6
"
1.8
1984
 
@ 300,000
58.6 / 36.3
123.2
"
3.4
2002
 
300,000
77.1 / 47.8
40
3 / 2
3
Halifax - 1946
CA
@ 80,000
41.4 / 25.7
30
2 / 1
1.2
Hamburg - 1955
DE
@ 1,840,000
187 / 116
266
5 / 3
7
1963
   
144.5 / 89.6
159.3
5.5
1966
 
@ 2,360,000
114.7 / 71.1
101.9
4.9 / 3.0
4.2
Hamilton - 1946
CA
@ 200,000
27.4 / 17.0
23.4
2.5 / 1.5
2.1
* E-W Rapid Transit
 
693,000
u 505,000
14 / 8
     
* N-S Rapid Transit
   
7 / 4
     
Hamm in Westfalen - 1906
DE
@ 40,000
7.8 / 4.8
1.6
2 / 1
0.4
1910
 
"
11.2 / 7.0
2.0
"
0.4
1937
 
@ 60,000
22.5 / 13.9
4.0
3 / 2
0.5
1951
 
"
22.1 / 13.7
8.5
"
1.2
Hammond (IN) - 1907
US
@ 46,000
26.5 / 16.4
2.9
6 / 4
0.7
Hanau - 1908
DE
@ 30,000
5.3 / 3.3
0.8
1.5 / 1
0.2
1928
 
@ 40,000
9.7 / 6.0
2.2
"
0.3
1938
 
"
4.2 / 2.6
1.8
"
0.6
1944
 
"
4.6
"
1.6
Hannover - 1906
DE
@ 250,000
162.2 / 100.6
39.5
5 / 3
1.2
1912
 
@ 260,000
162.8 / 100.9
60.2
"
1.8
1937
 
@ 470,000
158.5 / 98.3
48.9
"
1.5
1951
 
@ 490,000
153.8 / 95.4
141.9
"
4.6
1966
 
@ 740,000
92.7 / 57.5
88.0
5.5 / 3.4
5.2
1984
 
@ 860,000
93.2 / 57.8
92.2
"
5.4
2002
 
700,000
103.4 / 64.1
108
5.6 / 3.5
5.3
Harrisburg (PA) - 1907
US
@ 70,000
83.5 / 51.7
17.8
5 / 3
1.0
* Le Havre
FR
297,000
u 191,000
12.7 / 7.9
     
Heidelberg - 1966
DE
@ 230,000
34.9 / 21.6
27.9
3.0 / 1.9
2.7
1984
 
@ 250,000
20.6 / 12.8
10.4
3 / 2
1.5
2002
 
290,000
20.8 / 12.9
20
"
3
Heilbronn
DE
120,000
2.8 / 1.7
     
Helena (MT) - 1907
US
@ 12,000
29.8 / 18.4
1.8
2 / 1.5
0.1
Helsinki - 1962
FI
@ 455,000
30 / 19
49.7
2 / 1
3.3
1967
 
@ 510,000
"
49.3
"
3.3
1974
 
@ 503,000
32 / 20
59.9
"
3.7
1984
 
@ 485,000
37.5 / 23.2
51.4
"
2.7
2000
 
@ 555,000
"
56.7
2.1 / 1.3
3.2
2006
 
560,000
42.2 / 26.2
52.8
"
2.6
Herten - VS - 1966
DE
@ 890,000
105.7 / 65.5
30.4
5.1 / 3.2
1.5
Hibbing (MN) - 1914
US
@ 30,000
56.1 / 34.8
1.6
10 / 6
0.3
Hildesheim - 1911
DE
@ 50,000
5.6 / 3.5
1.3
1.5 / 1
0.4
1924
 
@ 58,000
7.8 / 4.8
1.9
"
0.4
1936
 
@ 70,000
10.0 / 6.2
2.4
"
0.4
High Point (NC) - 1920
US
@ 14,000
10 / 6
0.7
2 / 1.5
0.2
Hobart - 1927
AU
@ 60,000
25.8 / 16.0
13.9
2 / 1.5
1.3
Honolulu (HI) - 1923
US
@ 200,000
37 / 23
25
2 / 1.5
1.6
Hot Springs (AR) - 1907
US
@ 14,000
10.7 / 6.6
3.1
2 / 1
0.5
Houston (TX) - 1907
US
@ 80,000
61.9 / 38.4
17.4
3 / 2
0.9
1923
 
@ 300,000
110 / 70
40
"
1.2
1935
 
@ 500,000
100 / 60
20
"
0.7
LRT - 2005
 
1,950,000
11.9 / 7.4
10.2
4.0 / 2.5
3.5
Houten, NL: see Utrecht-Houten, NL
           
Hull, CA: see Gatineau (Hull), CA
           
* Huntington (WV) - Streetcar
US
290,000
u 51,000
1.1 / 0.7
     
Key to Symbols:
* = in planning; ** = under construction.
*** = operated for less than 12 months as noted; traffic density scaled up to annual rate.
@ = population corresponds with historic data year.
u = population within municipal boundary.
 
Notes for Table 3.8
Galveston: Operator title: Galveston Electric Company.
Galway: Three parties (Green Party, Fianna Fáil and Progressive Democrats) formed a coalition government following the election of 2007 May 24. The "programme for government" states that the government will "conduct feasibility studies to be completed in two years into Luas-style light rail transit systems in Cork, Galway, Limerick and Waterford." See also Table 4.4.
Gatineau (Hull): Operator title: Hull Electric Company.
Operated town tramway services in Hull, and suburban extension to Aylmer. The town of Hull and neighboring municipalities were consolidated as the new Ville de Gatineau from 2002.
Genève: Operator title: Compagnie genevoise des des tramways électriques (CGTE, to 1977), Transports Publics Genevois (TPG, from 1977). Regional population statistics for 1910 and 1930 are for Canton Genève. At 2002, the combined population of Genève, its Swiss suburbs and neighboring communities in France is about 700,000.
The Genève tramway operated a large network of rural extensions that reached most areas of Canton Genève and extended into France. (Contemporary accounts make clear that the rural network was also notable for infrequent service, low speed and light traffic.) The system length peaked at about 125 km / 77 mi during 1912-1925. Thereafter, the rural network was closed in stages because of operating losses. Most long lines were closed by 1939, but that to Hermance survived to 1958. The last cross-border tramway service, to Annemasse (FR), was also closed in 1958. The two tramway lines that continued operation after 1961 were the circular (ceinture) route "1" (operated as services 1A/1B) and the busiest, route "12" (Carouge – Bel-Air (Cité) – Moillesulaz). These had always carried a large share of total tramway traffic. Route "1" was closed from 1969 May 31.
La reconstruction du réseau de tramways ("Reconstruction of the tramway network"):
Carouge Bachet-de-Pesay, Plainpalais – Strand and Bel-Air (Cité) – Gare Cornavin, 1.3 km / 0.8 mi, opened 1995 May 13, worked by new route "13" (Gare Cornavin Carouge – Bachet-de-Pesay). Gare Cornavin is the principal railway station of Genève.
Bachet-de-Pesay – Palettes, 1.0 km / 0.6 mi, opened 1997 June 13.
New route "16," Gare Cornavin – Moillesulaz, opened 1998 March 27, using connection Strand – Bel-Air (Cité).
Tram Sécheron: Gare Cornavin – Place des Nations, 2.2 km / 1.4 mi, opened 2003 December 13. Extension to Grand-Saconnex, 3 km / 2 mi, in planning, for construction after 2010.
Tram Acacias: Plainpalais – Acacias – Pont-Rouge (CFF), 2.3 km / 1.4 mi opened 2004 December 15, bringing the route length to 16.6 km / 10.3 mi.
Tram Lancy: Pont-Rouge (CFF) – Palettes, 1.5 km / 0.9 mi, opened 2006 May 20. Extension Bachet-de-Pesay – Onex, 4 km / 2 mi, in planning, for construction after 2010. Extension Bachet-de-Pesay – Plan-les-Ouates – Perley – Saint-Julien-en-Genevois (FR), 7 km / 4 mi, under discussion.
Tram Meyrin: Gare Cornavin – Vaudagne – Gravière / Meyrin-village – CERN, 9 km / 6 mi, under construction. Route length includes 0.535-km / 0.3-mi tunnel in Meyrin.
Initial segment, Gare Cornavin – Les Avanchets, 3.6 km / 2.2 mi,opened 2007 December 8. Completion planned to Meyrin in 2009, an to CERN by 2010.
Eventual cross-border extensions CERN – Saint-Genis-Pouilly (FR), 3 km / 2 mi, and Gravière – Ferney (FR), 2 km / 1 mi, proposed.
[The research institution CERN is titled Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire in French, and European Organization for Nuclear Research in English. CERN was originally an acronym for Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucleare, and currently, however informally, is an acronym for Centre Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire.]
GV: Chemin de Fer Genève – Veyrier. To CGTE from 1936.
Gera - Stadtbahn Line 1: Stadtbahnlinie 1, under construction.
Planned to extend Untermhaus – Hauptbahnhof/Theater – Heinrichstraße – Zwötzen, 6 km / 4 mi. Opening planned for 2006 October. Population is that within a 5-minute walk of a stop. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (10,000 / weekday).
Previous tramway line from town center to Untermhaus closed 1967. Previous tramway line from town center to Zwötzen closed 1971.
Gisborne-1926: Operator title: Gisborne Borough Council.
Accumulator (storage battery) traction.
Gland: Gland – Begnins. Opened 1906 June 18, closed 1954 May 23.
Gmunden-Electric tramway (600V dc), opened 1894 August 13.
Extends Gmunden bahnhof (railway station) – Kaiserplatz (now Franz-Josef-Platz) – Rathausplatz (extension for goods traffic, Bahnhof – Theresienthal and branch to Krananbeth planned, not built). Maximum gradient 10 percent / 1 in 10, claimed as the world's steepest on an adhesion tramway (steeper gradients are found in Lisboa, and on the Pöstlingbergbahn at Linz, but the latter uses a unique pincer brake system). Operated by Stern und Hafferl Verkehrsgesellschaft m.b.H. (StH).
The tramway carried about 111,000 passengers during its first year of operation. Passenger traffic rose gradually to exceed 140,000 at 1913, then fell with the outbreak of the First World War. By 1918, the tramway carried just short of 218,000 passengers, but traffic fell thereafter because of postwar economic difficulties.
Traffic increased from 1920, and at 1928 the tramway carried 230,266 passengers, 871 dogs, 20,528 pieces of luggage and 818.2 tonnes of goods. Traffic fell thereafter with the onset of the worldwide economic crisis. The overall low point was reached at 1934, when the tramway carried 92,561 passengers, 541 dogs, 8,157 pieces of luggage and 318.8 tonnes of goods. However, passenger traffic continued to fall, in part a result of the Tausend-Mark-Sperre ("Thousand-Mark Ban"), an economic sanction imposed by Germany against Austria at 1933 May. A German citizen wishing to travel to Austria had to pay Reichmark 1,000 (about USD 400 at the time; about USD 6,000 at today's prices) to secure permission. The economic impacts were substantial (about 40 percent of tourists visiting Austria at 1932 were from Germany). The passenger traffic carried by the Gmunden tramway fell to 67,000 at 1937.
The Tausend-Mark-Sperre was lifted at 1936 July, and Austria was annexed to Germany from 1938 March 12. Passenger traffic increased rapidly following the Anschluss, and the tramway carried 208,854 passengers at 1939. The increase continued following the outbreak of the Second World War because of restrictions on private motoring. Passenger traffic reached 586,404 at 1944. Traffic fell to 400,000 passengers at 1945 as shortages near the end of the war hindered operation. The tramway carried 736,898 passengers in 1946, its busiest year to date. Passenger traffic fell quickly thereafter, and the tramway carried fewer than 400,000 passengers at 1950.
Passenger traffic fluctuated between 400,000 and 500,00 passengers per year from 1950 to the late 1960s. Then began an interval of sustained growth. Annual passenger traffic reached about 540,000 at 1975, a "peacetime" peak.
Operation of the segment Franz-Josef-Platz – Rathausplatz was suspended from 1975 June 6, because of increasing road traffic and congestion in the town center. Passenger traffic fell thereafter, to 270,000 at 1987. Traffic has fluctuated between about 300,000 and 350,000 passengers per year since then. The tramway carried 318,393 passengers at 2006.
Two modern trams were acquired second-hand in 1977 and 1978. Driver-only operation and radio dispatching were introduced in 1978. The curtailment to Franz-Josef-Platz, announced originally to last three months, became virtually permanent although the track was not lifted.
The Gmunden tramway entered its Kritische Phase ("Critical Phase") when closure was threatened in 1989. At the suggestion of the town's Mayor, tramway supporters organized Verein Pro Gmundner Straßenbahn (VPGS; "Pro-Gmunden Tramway Association"). VPGS mobilized public support and collected 6,000 signatures on petitions favoring continued tramway operation. This forced the issue of tramway retention and re-extension to Rathausplatz onto the town council.
VPGS has about 400 members. Its primary goal is permanent retention of the Gmunden tramway and its upgrading to a modern, attractive transport facility. VPGS has the additional goals of extending the tramway to the Seebahnhof, improvement of passenger facilities, preservation of old stock and acquisition of new stock, reconstruction of the depot and renewal of track and equipment.
The operating segment was rehabilitated in 2004-2007. Reopening of the segment Franz-Josef-Platz – Rathausplatz is planned for 2008. Extension Rathausplatz – Klosterplatz – Seebahnhof is planned by 2012.
Extensions Seebahnhof – Sonnenang – Grünberg Seilbahn, and Gmundner Keramik –SEP (Salzkammergut Einkaufspark; shopping center) are also in planning.
The service Vorchdorf – Seebahnhof – town center – Gmunden Bahnhof would be designated service V, and the service SEP – town center – Sonnenhang would be designated service G (which is used by the existing service).
Also in planning is an extension Gmunden Bahnhof – Altmünster, paralleling the ÖBB Salzkammergutbahn alignment.
GV: Traunseebahn (also known as Lokalbahn Gmunden–Vorchdorf). Extends Gmunden (Seebahnhof) – Vorchdorf-Eggenberg. 1,000-mm / 3'3⅜"-in gauge.
Opened 1912 by StH. Electrified (750V dc). The original Gmunden-Traundorf terminal was located on the alignment once used by the České Budějovice – Linz – Gmunden horse railway. This was closed from 1990 May 27, and trains routed to the ÖBB Seebahnhof terminal. A third running rail was laid on 1.8 km / 1.1 mi of ÖBB alignment.
The undertaking planned to connect with the Gmunden tramway from the start. An extension of the Gmunden tramway to the current terminal is planned for opening by 2012.
The history of the ÖBB Lambach – Gmunden line began with the Pferdeeisenbahn Budweis–Linz–Gmunden ("BudweisLinzGmunden Horse Railway;" Budweis is now České Budějovice, CZ). This was built to transport salt between the Upper Austrian portion of the Salzkammergut and Bohemia, and was claimed as first railway on European continent. Construction was started at Budweis in 1825. The track gauge was 1,106 mm / 3'7 9/16". The official opening of the segment Budweis – Linz was held on 1832 August 1. The line reached Gmunden in 1836, and the short extension to Gmunden-Hauptplatz was completed in 1842. The completed railway extended 196.7 km / 122.0 mi; the segment Lambach – Gmunden-Hauptplatz segment extended 24.0 km / 14.9 mi. Passenger service began with excursions, and the first scheduled passenger service was offered in 1834. Through service (Budweis – Linz) began in 1842. Steam locomotives began operation on the Lambach – Gmunden segment in 1856. The line was converted to standard gauge in 1903. ÖBB withdrew the Lambach – Gmunden passenger service in 1988.
Gold Coast: "Gold Coast Rapid Transit System," in planning.
Initial phase to extend from Helensvale or Parkwood station (Citytrain; see Table 4.2) via Surfers Paradise to Broadbeach, Hooker Boulevard. Initial system length would be 16.6 - 20 km / 10.3 - 12 mi, depending on alignment and Citytrain interchange station. Planned as either bus rapid transit (BRT) or LRT, decision on mode pending. Construction planned by 2010.
Second phase, Broadbeach – Coolangatta, 19 km / 12 mi, opening planned for 2015.
Goldsboro: Operator title: Goldsboro Electric Railroad Company.
Göteborg: The total system length is less than the sum of route lengths for individual services because of significant overlap.
Key to tram services:
Line 1: Tynnered – Frölunda – Marklandsgatan – Linnéplatsen – Brunnsparken – Centralstationen – Härlanda – Östra Sjukhuset.
Line 3: Marklandsgatan – Mariaplan – Vasaplatsen – Brunnsparken – Centralstationen – Härlanda – Kålltorp.
Line 4: Mölndal – Krokslätt – Korsvägen – Brunnsparken – Centralstationen – Gamlestadstorget – Angered.
Line 5: Torp – Korsvägen – Brunnsparken – Lilla Bomen – Länsmansgården.
Line 6: Länsmansgården – Nordstaden – Brunnsparken – Järntorget – Linnéplatsen – Korsvägen – Ullevi Södra – Gamlestadstorget – Allhelgonakyrkan – Kortedala.
Line 7: Tynnered – Frölunda – Marklandsgatan – Vasaplatsen – Brunnsparken – Centralstationen – Gamlestadstorget – Allhelgonakyrkan – Bergsjön.
Line 8: Frölunda – Marklandsgatan – Ullevi Södra – Gamlestadstorget – Angered.
Line 9: Kungssten – Järntorget – Brunnsparken – Centralstationen – Gamlestadstorget – Angered.
Line 10: Guldheden – Vasaplatsen – Lilla Bommen – Eketrägatan – (Biskopsgården).
Line 11: Saltholmen – Kungssten – Mariaplan – Brunnsparken – Centralstationen – Allhelgonakyrkan – Bergsjön.
Line 13: Marklandsgatan – Korsvägen – Ullevi Södra – Centralstationen. Operates only during weekday late evening hours, and Saturday, Sunday and public holiday morning and late evening hours.
Line 14: Krokslätt – Korsvägen – Ullevi Södra – Centralstationen. Operates during weekday daytime and evening hours, and Saturday, Sunday and public holiday midday and evening hours.
Gotha - TWB: Thüringerwaldbahn, suburban tramway. Operates Gotha – Tabarz, branch Gleisdreieck – Waltershausen.
Construction started 1914 June, stopped because of the 1914-1918 war and the economic crisis of 1923-1924 (die Inflation). Project resumed at 1928 June, service opened 1929 July 17. 2002 data are inclusive of town tramway and Thüringerwaldbahn. Population served by "TWB" at 1971 is exclusive of town of Gotha.
Granada - Metro: Metro granadino (light metro).
Construction started 2006, opening planned for 2011. System length includes 2.8 km / 1.7 mi in tunnel. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (12 million / year).
Grand Forks: Operator title: Grand Forks Traction Company. Operated town tramway services in Grand Forks (ND).
Extension built to serve East Grand Forks (MN) after 1907.
Graz: Urban and regional population statistics for 2006 (and perhaps for some previous years) are inclusive only of persons with "primary" residential status. Persons with "secondary" residential status - e.g. students - are not included. At 2006, nearly 38,000 persons had "secondary" residence in Graz. Most of these were students.
Town center tramway subway, under discussion.
Extension Puntigam (now Brauhaus Puntigam) – Puntigam, 0.4 km / 0.2 mi, opened 2006 December 1. Extension Puntigam – Shopping Center West, in planning.
Extension Liebnau – Liebnau/MURPARK, 1.5 km / 0.9 mi, opened 2007 March 21.
Extension Sankt Peter (now Schulzentrum Sankt Peter) – Peterstal (now Sankt Peter), 1.8 km / 1.1 mi, opened 2007 November 9.
Extension Krenngasse – Schörgelgasse, in planning.
Extension from Sankt Leonhard/LKH toward Berliner Ring, in planning.
Extension Keplerbrücke – Lendplatz – Göstling, in planning.
New line, town center (Jakominiplatz) – Don Bosco, in planning.
New line, Merangasse – Universität, in planning.
New line, Hauptbahnhof (railway station) – Keplerbrücke – Merangasse – Schulzentrum Sankt Peter, skirting the historic center to the north and east, in planning.
Maria Trost-1911: Operator title: Kleinbahn Graz - Mariatrost, known locally as die Rote Tramway (also: die Roten). Opened 1898, regauged and incorporated into Graz tramway network from 1941. Operation continues (Line 1).
(The name of the village, now a district (Bezirk) of Graz, was spelled "Maria Trost" to 1945, and "Mariatrost" thereafter.)
Great Falls: Operator title: Great Falls Street Railway Company.,
Green Bay: Operator title: Green Bay Traction Company.
Operated town tramway services in Green Bay, suburban extension to East De Pere and interurban extension Green Bay – De Pere – Kaukauna.
Greensboro: Operator title: North Carolina Public Service Company.
Greensburg: Operator title: West Penn Railways Company. "Coke Region" lines extended Greensburg – Connellsville – Uniontown, with branches.
Greenville: Operator title: Operator title: Greenville Traction Company.
P&N: Operator title: Piedmont and Northern Railway Company ("South Carolina Division"). Operated Spartanburg Greenville Belton Greenwood, branch to Anderson.
Grenoble - SGTE - 1927: Operator title: Société Grenobloise de Tramways Électriques.
The system included suburban extensions to Voreppe, Veurey and Les Saillants. The route length of the "urban" network was about 30 km / 20 mi.
GVL - 1927: Grenoble/Villard-de-Lans rural tramway line.
2003: Service started 1987 August 3, official opening ceremony held 1987 September 5.
Line A: Traffic density estimate based on reported weekday ridership (69,700).
Line B: Traffic density estimate based on reported weekday ridership (45,000).
Line C: Tram 3, opened 2006 May 21. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (38,000 / weekday).
YSIS: Tramway YSIS, Grenoble – Moirans. Construction planned for 2006, opening planned for 2009.
UPDATE: The YSIS project has not advanced since 2005.
Guelph: Operator title: Guelph Radial Railway Company (municipal undertaking).
Halifax: Operator title: Nova Scotia Light and Power Company, Ltd.
Halle an der Saale: Extension Amendorf – Schkopau – Leipzig started prior to 1939-1945 war, not completed.
Line southward from Ammendorf built by independent undertaking (Merseburger Überlandbahnen-AG), merged into town tramway system from 1951. Through workings operated from 1971. Service 5, Heide – Marktplatz – Am Steintor – Hauptbahnhof – Ammendorf – Schkopau/Bunawerke – Merseburg/Zentrum – Merseburg/Süd – Bad Dürrenberg, extends approximately 31 km / 19 mi and is one of the world’s longest tramway lines.
The first major expansion since the late 1930s was started in 1976 to serve the Südstadt, about 3 km / 2 mi. An extension through the Silberhöhe district to Beesen, about 3 km / 2 mi, was opened in 1982.
A new residential suburb, Halle-Neustadt, was built just west of the town center from the 1960s. A new tramway line was planned but later rejected in favor of motorbuses. A new tramway line to connect the main railway station (Hauptbahnhof) with Halle-Neustadt, 8 km / 5 mi, started 1998 for construction in two stages. Initial stage, Rennbahnkreuz – Göttinger Bogen / Soltauer Straße (Halle-Neustadt), opened 1999-2003. Second stage, started 2001. Rennbahnkreuz – Franckeplatz on new Saalebrucke bridge opened 2003 November. Remaining segment, Franckeplatz – Riebeckplatz, planned for opening in 2006 December.
Connection between Kröllwitz and Heide terminals, 1.5 km / 0.9 mi, in planning. Construction planned to start 2007.
Hamilton: Operator title (at 1946): Hamilton Street Railway Company.
Rapid Transit: The population of Hamilton city at 2000 was 331,000. At the beginning of 2001, all municipalities within the former Regional Municipality of Hamilton-Wentworth were consolidated as an expanded city of Hamilton.
MoveOntario 2020 transport plan, announced by provincial authority at 2007 June, includes two "Rapid Transit" lines:
"Hamilton east-west rapid transit" described as extending Eastgate Mall – McMaster University in King/Main Streets.
"Hamilton north-south rapid transit," described as extending King Street – Rymal Road in James/Upper James Streets.
Few additional details were available (at 2008 June). No decision on technology (e.g. light rail transit, dedicated busway) had been made.
Hammond: Operator title: Hammond Whiting and East Chicago Electric Railway Company.
Operated town tramway services in Hammond, Whiting and East Chicago. Cars operated through to Chicago (South Side Elevated Railroad connection).
Hannover: System length (at 2002) includes 9 km / 6 mi of Straßenbahn (street tramway).
The remainder of the system length has been upgraded to Stadtbahn standards, including 17 km / 11 mi of tunnel, with 19 stations underground, opened from 1975.
Harrisburg: Operator title: Central Pennsylvania Traction Company.
Operated town tramway services in Harrisburg and neighboring towns, with suburban extensions to Hummelstown, Middletown and Linglestown.
Le Havre: "Guided transit line," conventional tramway or guided bus, in planning.
Decision in favor of tramway at 2007. Opening planned for 2012.
Heilbronn: This town has 2.8 km / 1.7 mi of street track, opened on 2001 July 21 and extended on 2004 November 25. This is used by Karlsruhe regional service S4 to reach the business center. Three additional "tram-train" lines are under construction. Heilbronn is located about 75 km / 50 mi east of Karlsruhe and about 50 km (30 mi) north of Stuttgart.
Helena: Operator title: Helena Light and Railway Company.
Helsinki: System length includes 26.9 km / 16.7 mi on reservation.
Hibbing: Operator title: Mesaba Railway Company.
Extended – Hibbing – Virginia – Eleveth – Gilbert.
High Point: Operator title: North Carolina Public Service Company.
Hobart: Operator title: Hobart Municipal Tramways.
Honolulu: Operator title: Honolulu Rapid Transit Company.
Hot Springs: Operator title: Hot Springs Street Railway Company.
Houston: Operator title: Houston Electric Co.
LRT "METRORail," opened 2004 January 1.
Huntington: Town tramway (streetcar) line, promoted by a not-for-profit organization to help spur redevelopment of the town’s business center. Planned route to extend between Hal Greer Boulevard and Eighth Street, in Fourth Avenue. Planned to use replica heritage stock.
 
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