Table 1:
Tramway, Light Railway and LRT
Africa, Asia, CIS, Eastern Europe and Latin America
岐阜     Gifu     (version 1, 2012.1)
Sections (scroll down):
1.) Gifu - Town tramway and suburban railway lines ("600-volt lines")
2.) Details of population and land area
3.) Historic data (1912-1926)
4.) Traffic statistics (from 1960)
5.) Details of lines: Town tramway lines
6.) Details of lines: Railway lines
7.) Additional Details:
1.) Gifu - Town tramway and suburban railway lines ("600-volt lines")
City and Country
Population Served
System Length, km / mi
Annual Passengers (million)
Average Travel Distance, km / mi
Annual Traffic Density (million)
           
Gifu - Minoden - 1912
JP
@ 47,600
29.0 / 18.0
2.3
3 / 2
0.2
1918
 
@ 57,100
30.1 / 18.7
4.3
"
0.4
Minoden - rly - 1918
   
5.5 / 3.4
0.6
4.1 / 2.6
0.5
1926
   
27.6 / 17.1
8.7
3.2 / 2.0
0.3
Minoden - twy - 1926
 
@ 84,300
32.7 / 20.3
11.0
2 / 1
0.7
Tramway lines - 1953
 
@ 236,800
7.3 /  4.5
19.6
2 / 1
5.4
1960
 
@ 312,600
17.2 /  10.7
27.3
"
3.2
1962
 
@ 312,600
15.4 /  9.5
28.1
"
3.7
1965
 
@ 358,300
13.4 /  8.3
22.7
"
3.4
1970
 
@ 385,700
14.8 /  9.2
15.0
2.5 / 1.5
2.5
1975
 
@ 408,700
"
9.9
2.7 / 1.7
1.8
1980
 
@ 410,400
"
8.0
"
1.5
1985
 
@ 411,700
"
6.5
"
1.2
1990
 
@ 410,300
10.9 /  6.8
5.1
2.9 / 1.8
1.3
1995
 
@ 407,100
"
4.9
"
1.3
2000
 
@ 403,000
"
3.5
"
0.9
2003
 
@ 414,000
"
2.9
"
0.8
Minomachi Line - 1953
   
24.9 / 15.4
7.8
5 / 3
1.6
1960
   
19.1 / 11.8
4.0
11 / 7
2.3
1962
   
"
2.8
"
1.6
1965
   
"
3.9
"
2.2
1970
   
"
2.6
"
1.5
1975
   
"
2.4
"
1.4
1980
   
"
2.5
"
1.4
1985
   
"
2.2
11.5 / 7.1
1.3
1990
   
"
1.9
11.7 / 7.3
1.2
1995
   
"
1.7
12.7 / 7.9
1.2
2000
   
13.0 / 8.1
1.3
8.6 / 5.3
0.9
2003
   
"
1.2
8.5 / 5.3
0.8
Takatomi Line - 1918
   
5.1 / 3.2
0.3
3.9 / 2.4
0.3
1953
   
"
1.5
3 / 2
0.9
*** 1960
   
3.3 / 2.0
0.1
2 / 1
1.3
Kagashima Line - 1953
   
3.1 / 1.9
1.2
1.5 / 1
0.6
1960
   
2.4 / 1.5
1.1
1 / 0.5
0.4
1962
   
"
0.6
"
0.3
Ibi Line - 1918
   
6.5 / 4.0
0.5
5.1 / 3.2
0.4
1953
   
18.3 / 11.3
3.7
11 / 7
2.2
1960
   
"
5.5
"
3.3
1962
   
"
4.2
"
2.5
1965
   
"
4.1
"
2.5
1970
   
"
4.1
"
2.5
1975
   
"
4.5
"
2.7
1980
   
"
4.3
"
2.6
1985
   
"
3.7
10.9 / 6,7
2.2
1990
   
"
3.3
10.6 / 6.6
1.9
1995
   
"
2.8
10.7 / 6.6
1.7
2000
   
"
1.9
10.5 / 6.5
1.7
2003
   
12.7 / 7.9
1.6
7.0 / 4.3
0.9
Tanigumi Line - 1926
   
11.2 / 6.9
0.4
5.2 / 3.3
0.2
1932
   
"
0.1
5 / 3
0.06
1953
   
"
0.6
"
0.3
1960
   
"
1.0
"
0.4
1962
   
"
0.8
"
0.4
1965
   
"
0.7
"
0.3
1970
   
"
0.6
"
0.3
1975
   
"
0.8
"
0.4
1980
   
"
1.0
"
0.4
1985
   
"
0.7
4.6 / 2.8
0.3
1990
   
"
0.5
"
0.2
1995
   
"
0.3
"
0.1
2000
   
"
0.3
"
0.1
Notes
岐阜 Gifu - Town tramway and suburban railway lines ("600-volt lines"):
Town tramway lines and associated suburban railway lines (known collectively in later years as 岐阜600V線区 "Gifu 600-volt lines" ) are tabulated above.
Most lines were built by 美濃電気軌道 ("Mino Electric Tramway Company, Ltd;" 美濃電 Minoden).
This undertaking merged during 1930 into 名古屋鉄道 ("Nagoya Railway Company, Ltd.," to 1930 and from 1935); renamed 名岐鉄道 ("Meiki Railway Company, Ltd.," 1930-1935).
The undertaking also used the English-language title Nagoya Railroad Company, Ltd.
See also Okazaki and Toyohashi; see also Nagoya (Table 2) for details of railway lines.
2.) Details of population and land area
The Gifu local authority was founded at 1889. The land area was 10.0 km2 / 3.8 sq. mi. at that time. The current land area (from 2006) is 202.89 km2 / 78.0 sq. mi.
Population of "central," "outskirts" and "suburban" areas:
Year
1960
1965
1970
1975
1980
1985
中心  Central
156,900
156,000
139,500
123,900
109,300
100,700
周辺  Outskirts
100,000
133,100
154,100
163,700
162,000
162,100
郊外  Suburban
55,700
69,100
92,100
121,100
139,100
148,800
Total
312,600
358,300
385,700
408,700
410,400
411,700
 
Year
1990
1995
2000
中心  Central
92,100
83.400
75,900
周辺  Outskirts
161,800
162,900
164,200
郊外  Suburban
156,300
160,800
162,900
Total
410,300
407,100
403,000
3.) Historic data (1912-1926)
1912 and 1918 statistics include: Minomachi Line (q.v., below) and town tramway line 岐阜駅 Gifu station – 徹明町 Tetsumei-chō – 長良橋 Nagara-bashi – (長良北町 Nagara-kitamachi, at 1918).
Additional details:
 
1912
1918
System length, km / mi
29.0 / 318.0
30.1 / 18.7
Cars
19
55
Passengers / day
6,400
11,700
1918 - rly statistics include:
笠松線 Kasamatsu Line: 新岐阜駅 Shin-Gifu station (now 名鉄岐阜駅 Meitetsu-Gifu station) – 笠松 Kasamatsu, 5.5 km / 3.4 mi.
1918 statistics for Ibi Line (q.v., below) pertain to segment Chūsetsu – Kitagata.
1926 - rly statistics include Kasamatsu  Line and:
高富線 Takatomi Line (q.v., below), 長良北町 Nagara-kitamachi – 高富 Takatomi, 5.1 km / 3.2 mi.
鏡島 線 Kagashima Line (q.v., below), 千手堂 Senjudō – 鏡島 Kagashima, 4.0 km / 2.5 mi.
揖斐線 Ibi Line (q.v., below), 忠節 Chūsetsu – 黒野 Kurono, 13.0 km / 8.1 mi.
1926 - twy statistics include Minomachi Line (q.v., below) and town tramway lines Gifu station – Tetsumei-chō – Nagara-kitamachi, and Tetsumei-chō – Senjudō – 忠節橋 Chūsetsu-bashi.
4.) Traffic statistics (from 1960)
Note: Traffic statistics from 1960 do not coincide with line nomenclature or operations.
"Town Tramway Lines:" Statistics pertain to lines included within the urban fare zone boundary. These were:
Gifu station – Tetsumei-chō – Senjudō – Chūsetsu, 3.7 km / 2.3 mi. Most "town" services to Chūsetsu were replaced by through workings to Ibi Line (q.v., below) from the 2001 October 1 timetable change.
Senjudō – Moriya, 2.0 km / 1.2 mi (Kagashima Line, q.v., below, closed 1964 October 3). Cars worked from Chūsetsu in the Gifu business center.
Tetsumei-chō – Nagara-kitamachi, 3.9 km / 2.4 mi (closed 1988 May 31).
Nagara-kitamachi – Shimo-Iwasaki, 1.8 km / 1.1 mi (Takatomi Line, q.v., below, closed 1960 April 21). Cars did not work through to the Gifu business center after ca. 1940.
Tetsumei-chō – Keirinjō-mae – Hinobashi, 5.8 km / 3.6 mi; and (from 1970 June 25) Tagami – Keirinjō-mae, 1.4 km / 0.9 mi (Minomachi Line, q.v., below).
"Minomachi Line:" Statistics pertain to segment Hinobashi – Shin-Seki – Mino (Hinobashi – Shin-Seki –Seki, from 1999 April 1).
"Takatomi Line:" Statistics pertain to segment Shimo-Iwasaki – Takatomi. Statistics for 1960 pertain to last 21 days of operation (1960 April 1 - April 21). Traffic density statistic scaled up to annual rate.
"Kagashima Line:" Statistics pertain to segment Moriya – Nishi-Kagashima.
5.) Details of lines: 市内線 Town tramway lines:
長良線 "Nagara Line": 岐阜駅 Gifu station – 徹明町 Tetsumei-chō – 長良橋 Nagara-bashi – 長良北町 Nagara-kitamachi.
Built by Minoden. Opened in stages 1911 February 11 - 1915 November 26. 高富線 Takatomi Line cars (below) worked through to Gifu business center on town tramway line, 1915 November 26 - ca. 1940.
Tetsumei-chō – Nagara-kitamachi, 3.9 km / 2.4 mi, closed 1988 May 31.
Gifu station – 新岐阜駅 Shin-Gifu station (now 名鉄岐阜駅 Meitetsu-Gifu station) closed 2003 December 1.
忠節線 "Chūsetsu Line": Tetsumei-chō – 千手堂 Senjudō – 忠節橋 Chūsetsu-bashi (later renamed 早田 Sōden).
Built by Minoden. Opened in stages 1925 June 1 - December 11. Extended on road bridge across 長良川 Nagara-gawa river to 忠節 Chūsetsu, 1953 July 1. Track connection at new Chūsetsu station ( 揖斐線 Ibi Line) opened 1954 December 21. Ibi Line trains worked through to Gifu business center on town tramway line from 1967 December 17.
Closed 2005 March 31.
美濃町線 Minomachi Line: 岐阜柳ヶ瀬 Gifu-Yanagase – 梅林 Bairin – 日野橋 Hinobashi – 新関 Shin-Seki – 美濃 Mino.
Built by Minoden. Opened in stages 1911 February 11 - July 24.
Gifu-Yanagase – Bairin segment, 0.8 km / 0.5 mi, replaced by Tetsumei-chō – Bairin segment, 0.9 km / 0.6 mi, from 1950 April 1.
New connection, 競輪場前 Keirinjō-mae – 田神 Tagami, (田神線 Tagami Line), 1.4 km / 0.9 mi, opened 1970 June 25. Used by Minomachi Line cars to reach Shin-Gifu station via 各務原線 Kakamigahara Line.
Shin-Seki – Mino, 6.3 km / 3.9 mi, closed 1999 March 31.
New extension Shin-Seki – Seki station, 0.3 km / 0.2 mi, opened 1999 April 1.
Tetsumei-chō – Shin-Seki – Seki, and Tagami Line, closed 2005 March 31.
6.) Details of Lines: 鉄道線 Railway Lines:
笠松線 Kasamatsu Line: see Tabe 2 (Nagoya - Meitetsu - Nagoya Main Line).
高富線 Takatomi Line: 長良北町 Nagara-kitamachi – 下岩崎 Shimo-Iwasaki – 高富 Takatomi.
Built by 長良軽便鉄道 ("Nagara Light Railway Company, Ltd."). To Minoden from 1920.
Opened 1913 December 25. Cars worked through to Gifu business center on town tramway line, 1915 November 26 - ca. 1940. Closed 1960 April 21.
鏡島線 Kagashima Line: 千手堂 Senjudō – 森屋駅 Moriya – 鏡島 Kagashima – 西鏡島 Nishi-Kagashima.
Built by Minoden. Opened to Kagashima 1924 April 21. (Cars worked through to Tetsumei-chō, in Gifu business center, from opening of "Chūsetsu Line," 1925 June 1.) Moriya – Kagashima closed (by government order) 1944 December 11. Restored and extended to Nishi-Kagashima in stages, 1953 August 16 - 1954 September 10. Closed 1964 October 3.
揖斐線 Ibi Line: Chūsetsu 忠節 – Kitagata 北方 (later Mino-Kitagata 美濃北方) – Kurono 黒野 – Hon-Ibi 本揖斐.
Built by 岐北軽便鉄道 ("Gihoku Light Railway Company, Ltd."). To Minoden from 1921.
Opened in stages 1914 March 29 -1928 December 20. Trains worked through to Gifu business center on town tramway line from 1967 December 17.
Kurono – Hon-Ibi, 5.6 km / 3.5 mi, closed 2001 September 30. Chūsetsu – Kurono, 12.7 km / 7.9 mi, closed 2005 March 31.
谷汲線 Tanigumi Line: Kurono – 谷汲 Tanigumi .
Built by 谷汲鉄道 ("Tanigumi Railway Company, Ltd."). To Meitetsu from 1944.
Opened 1926 April 6. Closed 2001 September 30.
7.) Additional Details:
The undertaking continued to invest in the Gifu tramway system until a few years before closure. New stock was purchased for the Minomachi Line in 1980 and 2000, for the Ibi and Tanigumi lines in 1987-1988, and for the remaining town tramway service in 1997-1998.
Following closure of the Kurono – Hon-Ibi segment and the Tanigumi Line, a new timetable took effect from 2001 October 1. Most "town" services to Chūsetsu were replaced by Ibi Line through workings.
The remaining tramway lines (and a segment of railway line operated as part of the network) were closed from 2005 March 31, because of large operating losses (stated by the undertaking at JPY 1 thousand million per year) and refusal by the local authority to provide funds to subsidize operations.
The company proposed closure of the remaining "600-volt" lines early in 2003. The local authority studied proposals to assume ownership and operation (e.g. organization of a "third-sector" undertaking). Study results were not promising. Continued tramway operation was found to be “conditional” on the abolition of parallel bus lines. However, this would inconvenience passengers forced to transfer. In order to insure financial viability, fares would have to be raised by 25 percent - and staff members would have to accept salaries reduced by one-third. Such findings raised doubts even among advocates for continued operation. Public support for continued tramway operation faded quickly. The remaining opposition to tramway closure, according to one source, was expressed by residents along the line who no longer traveled by tramway but wanted the service to continue - and by "railway enthusiasts."
A petition, signed by 20,000 residents of Gifu city and on-line municipalities was submitted to authorities. The authors estimate that this was roughly five times the number of persons who used the system during the last full year of operation. A petition opposing continued tramway operation was signed by 600 residents.
The Mayor of Gifu announced at mid-2004 that the local authority could not take on the financial burden of operating the system because its operating losses could not be eliminated.
A proposal to local and prefectural authorities by the Connex group (FR), at 2004 November, to take over operations was rejected. The authors note that this "proposal" was an expression of interest to operate and manage the system, under contract, to local or prefectural authorities if they assumed ownership. Connex was not willing to seek a new concession (license) for operation, as required by Japan’s 軌道法 Tramway Law.
Municipalities along the Ibi and Minomachi lines then proposed to organize a third-sector undertaking to purchase and operate the system. This would be managed by the 岡山電気軌道 Okayama Electric Tramway, a successful private-sector tramway operator in western Honshū. This proposal did not advance. According to one source, on-line local municipalities could not reach agreement with the Nagoya Railroad Company on price. The authors believe in addition that the required financing was not available. The cost of "infrastructure development and operation" was estimated at JPY 8.4 thousand million during a ten-year interval.
The ministry responsible approved the closure plan at 2004 November.
At early 2005, a group of local residents announced plans to organize a new company which would restore tramway operation. イオン株式会社 AEON Co., Ltd., owner of the ジャスコ JUSCO supermarket chain, then announced that its subsidiary 株式会社サン・ストラッセ Sun Strasse would reopen the tramway and create a modern light-rail system. (Sun Strasse owns the サンサンシティマーゴ SunSunCity Mago shopping center in Seki.) The authors note that Sun Strasse, a virtual "corporate angel," planned (or hoped) to carry this out without significant investment. A new railway undertaking would be managed by the Okayama Electric Tramway. The tramway facilities would be donated by the Nagoya Railroad to the new operator in exchange for tax benefits. Operations would be supported by the prefectural authority and by local authorities along the line. This plan required the cooperation and participation of the Nagoya Railroad, Gifu Prefecture and the on-line municipalities, but none were included as partners.
The local authority of Gifu city planned to remove street track and install bus lanes. This was postponed because of plans to restore tramway operation.
Sun Strasse planned a three-route tramway system:
1.) 岐阜駅 Gifu station – 徹明町 Tetsumei-chō – former 旧美濃町線 Minomachi Line. It petitioned the 中部運輸局 Chūbu Transport Bureau for a concession ("license") early in 2006.
2.) Reopening of the 旧揖斐線 former Ibi Line.
3.) A 市内循環線 town tramway loop line, serving 岐阜メモリアルセンター Gifu Memorial Center, a park with sports and event facilities.
Sun Strasse also planned to introduce "hybrid" stock, able to operate on electrified or unelectrified track. This would be used to extend Minomachi Line service on the 長良川鉄道 Nagara-gawa Railway from Seki to 郡上八幡 Gujō-Hachiman, 34.9 km / 21.6 mi.
The Chūbu Transport Bureau accepted the petition of Sun Strasse at mid-2006. However, in response to lack of a definite plan for operation, the prefectural authority began lifting segments of track at 2006 September from roads it managed. The stated explanation for this action was that the (unused) rails would present a hazard to road traffic during freezing weather. Completion was planned by 2009 March. The Gifu local authority also began track-lifting operations. Sun Strasse withdrew its petition at 2006 October, and announced at 2006 November that it would give up its plans to reopen the Gifu tramway.
The authors note that, as pointed out by one source, the plan described above included no outline of how it might be implemented.
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