Table 3.11: Tramway, Light Railway and LRT
U.S., Canada, Western Europe and Australasia
Lo - Ly          Locarno - Lyon
(Los Angeles tabulated separately)     (3.11.1, 2008.6)
City and Country
Population Served
System Length, km / mi
Annual Passengers (million)
Average Travel Distance, km / mi
Annual Traffic Density (million)
           
Locarno - TLo - 1910
CH
@ 6,000
4.0 / 2.5
0.2
1.5 / 1
0.09
Le Locle - CMN - 1910
   
4.1 / 2.5
   
0.1
1920
   
"
0.2
3.9 / 2.4
0.1
1930
   
"
0.2
4.0 / 2.5
0.1
1940
   
"
0.2
"
0.1
1955
   
"
0.3
"
0.3
1970
   
"
0.3
"
0.3
1984
   
"
0.2
"
0.2
2002
 
10,000
"
0.2
"
0.2
London - MET - 1928
GB
 
86.2 / 53.5
110.6
3 / 2
4
LCC - 1930
   
269 / 167
830
2 / 1
5
LT - 1934
   
529.8 / 328.5
1,000
"
3
Croydon
   
28.0 / 17.4
22
5.3 / 3.3
4.2
* Cross River
 
6,300,000
16.5 / 10.2
66
2 / 1
8
* West London
   
20 / 12
44
2 / 1
4.5
Long Beach (CA), US: see Los Angeles (CA), US (separate tabulation)
     
* Lorain (OH) - Streetcar
US
69,000
       
Lörrach - 1966 (Lorrach)
DE
30,000
2.6 / 1.6
2.6
2.0 / 1.2
2.0
Los Angeles (CA), US: see separate tabulation
         
Louisville (KY) - 1907
US
@ 250,000
130.6 / 81.0
67.1
3 / 2
1.7
Ludwigshafen - 1966
DE
@ 180,000
26.1 / 16.2
22.6
4.5 / 2.8
3.9
1984
 
@ 160,000
29.5 / 18.3
13.8
4.6 / 2.9
2.2
2002
 
170,000
30.2 / 18.7
15
"
2
RHB - 2002
   
16.3 / 10.1
2
8.5 / 5.3
1.0
see also Mannheim
           
Lugano - TCL - 1910
CH
@ 13,000
6.7 / 4.2
1.5
1.5 / 1
0.3
1930
 
@ 15,000
7.5 / 4.6
2.5
"
0.5
1940
 
@ 17,000
"
2.1
"
0.4
1955
 
@ 18,000
5.6 / 3.5
3.2
"
0.9
* Tram
   
7.5 / 4.6
     
FLP - 1920
   
12.2 / 7.6
0.4
8.0 / 5.0
0.2
1930
   
0.5
8.1 / 5.0
0.3
1940
   
0.3
7.8 / 4.8
0.2
1955
   
0.9
9.7 / 6.0
0.7
1970
   
1.0
8.5 / 5.3
0.6
1984
   
1.5
7.7 / 4.8
0.9
2002
 
40,000
1.5
8.3 / 5.1
1.0
LCD - 1920
   
7.8 / 4.8
0.4
3.1 / 1.9
0.2
1930
   
0.5
5.0 / 3.1
0.3
1940
   
0.4
0.3
1955
   
1.0
3 / 2
0.4
LT - 1910
   
7.8 / 4.8
   
0.1
1920
   
0.2
7.4 / 4.6
0.2
1930
   
0.3
7.3 / 4.5
0.3
1940
   
0.3
7.4 / 4.6
0.2
1955
   
0.5
6.7 / 4.2
0.4
Capolago - MG - 1910
   
9.0 / 5.6
0.009
9.0 / 5.6
0.009
1920
   
0.02
0.02
1930
   
0.02
0.02
1940
   
0.004
0.004
1955
   
0.09
0.09
1970
   
0.1
0.1
1984
   
0.2
0.2
2002
   
0.2
0.2
* Luxembourg - tram
LU
130,000
6.4 / 4.0
     
Luzern - TrL - 1910
CH
@46,000
10.6 / 6.6
3.6
2 / 1
0.7
1930
 
@ 55,000
10.3 / 6.4
7.0
1.4
1940
 
@ 65,000
11.5 / 7.1
6.6
1.1
1955
 
@ 70,000
11.4 / 7.1
10.9
1.9
             
StEB - 1910
   
22.5 / 13.9
   
0.1
1920
   
0.2
9.7 / 6.0
0.1
1930
   
0.3
10.3 / 6.4
0.1
1940
   
0.3
8.8 / 5.5
0.1
1955
   
0.4
11.4 / 7.1
0.2
LSE - 1970
   
24.8 / 15.4
1.3
10.0 / 6.2
0.5
1984
   
1.3
13.4 / 8.3
0.7
2002
 
90,000
2.0
11.3 / 7.0
1.0
             
Alpnachstad - PB - 1910
   
4.3 / 2.7
   
0.05
1920
   
   
0.02
1930
   
   
0.04
1940
   
0.03
4.3 / 2.7
0.03
1955
   
0.2
0.2
1970
   
0.2
0.2
1984
   
0.3
0.3
2002
   
0.3
0.3
             
Arth - ARB - Talbahn - 1910
   
2.6 / 1.6
0.2
 
0.1
1920
   
0.1
2.0 / 1.2
0.09
1930
   
0.2
2.4 / 1.5
0.1
1940
   
0.2
2.6 / 1.6
0.1
1955
   
0.3
0.3
Arth - ARB - Rigi - 1910
   
8.5 / 5.3
   
0.03
1920
   
   
0.03
1930
   
   
0.08
1940
   
0.09
7.2 / 4.5
0.07
1955
   
0.2
7.0 / 4.3
0.2
1970
   
0.3
7 / 4
0.2
1984
   
0.3
0.3
             
Vitznau - RB - 1910
   
6.9 / 4.3
   
0.1
1920
   
   
0.04
1930
   
   
0.1
1940
   
0.1
3.6 / 2.2
0.06
1955
   
0.4
4.4 / 2.7
0.2
1970
   
0.5
5 / 3
0.4
1984
   
0.5
0.3
             
Rigi-Bahnen AG - 2002
 
9,000
15.4 / 9.5
0.7
6.1 / 3.8
0.3
             
Lynchburg - 1907
US
@ 30,000
19.0 / 11.7
4.7
2 / 1.5
0.6
1928
 
@ 40,000
24.2 / 15.0
7
2.3 / 1.4
0.7
Lyon
FR
1,650,000
18.3 / 11.3
28
3 / 2
4.6
Line T1
   
8.7 / 5.4
14.3
3 / 2
4.9
Line T2
   
10.0 / 6.2
14.5
3 / 2
4.3
Line T3
   
14.6 / 9.1
4
5 / 3
1
* Line T4
   
9.5 / 5.9
     
Key to Symbols:
* = in planning; ** = under construction.
*** = operated for less than 12 months as noted; traffic density scaled up to annual rate.
@ = population corresponds with historic data year.
u = population within municipal boundary.
 
Notes for Table 3.11
Locarno - TLo: Tramvie elettriche Locarnesi, town tramway service operated by Ferrovie Regionali Ticinesi (see below). Opened 1907. Closed 1960 April 24.
LPB: Ferrovia Locarno - Ponte Brolla - Bignasco. Ponte Brolla – Bignasco,23.6 km / 14.6 mi, opened 1907 September 2 (electric traction, 5,000V 26Hz a.c., converted to 1,500V d.c. from 1923). LPB merged into FRT (see below) from 1949. Closed 1965 November 29.
FART: Società Ferrovie autolinee regionali ticinesi.
Locarno (Stazione) – Locarno (San Antonio), 2.7 km / 1.7 mi, opened 1908 July 3 by Società tramvie elettriche locarnesi (STL, electric traction, 800V 26Hz a.c., converted to 1,200V d.c. from 1923).
Locarno (San Antonio) – Ponte Brolla, 3.6 km / 2.2 mi, opened 1907 September 2 by LPB (see below). (Electric traction, 5,000V 20 Hz a.c., later converted to 5,000V 26Hz a.c., converted to 1,200V d.c. from 1923.)
Ponte Brolla – Camedo Confine (frontier), 13.7 km / 8.5 mi, opened 1923. November 27 by Ferrovie regionali ticinesi (FRT). STL merged into FRT from 1923. FRT renamed FART from 1961. New underground alignment Locarno Stazione – Solduno, 1.6 km / 1.0 mi, opened 1990 June 30. Affiliated and operated jointly with SSIF (see under Domodossola, Table 3.4). International traffic interrupted 1943-1945 (?) because of closure of frontier.
Le Locle (CMN): Chemins de fer des Montagnes neuchâteloises.
Le Locle – Les Brenets opened 1890 September 1 by Régional des Brenets (RdB). Merged with PSC (see under La Chaux-de Fonds, Table 3.4) from 1947. Electrified 1950 July 1 (1,500V d.c.).
CMN (see also La Chaux-de-Fonds, Table 3.4) merged with RVT (see under Fleurier, Table 3.7) as Transports Régionaux Neuchâtelois (TRN) from 1999.
London (CA): Operator title: London and Port Stanley Railway Company (majority of shares held by local authorities of London and other municipalities along the railway).
London (GB): Operator titles:
MET: Metropolitan Electric Tramways, Ltd. (to 1933).
LCC: London County Council Tramways (to 1933).
LT: London Passenger Transport Board, trading as London Transport (from 1933).
Croydon: Croydon Tramlink, opened 2000 May 10. Extension, Beckenham Jct – Crystal Palace, 4.8 km / 3.0 mi, on existing railway alignment, in planning. Completion planned for 2013. Other extensions under consideration.
Cross River: "Cross River Tram," Euston Waterloo via central London; branches to Camden Town and Kings Cross in the north, Brixton and Peckham in the south. Start of construction planned for 2008, opening planned for 2016.
West London: "West London Tram," Shepherd's Bush – Uxbridge town centre via Acton, Ealing, West Ealing, Hanwell, Southall and Hayes End, in Uxbridge Road. Start of construction planned for 2007, opening planned for 2013.
UPDATE: The local authority announced on 2007 August 2 that the West London tramway would be cancelled and replaced by a bus-based project. The tramway was opposed by the local councils of all three London Boroughs along the route.
Lorain: Town tramway (streetcar) line, in planning, to serve planned redevelopment sites in and near business center (after the “Kenosha Model”).
Lörrach (DE): Built as part of Basel (CH) tramway network, operated by Lörrach local authority with hired Basel cars and staff.
Louisville: Operator title: Louisville Railways Company.
Ludwigshafen: System length includes 3 km / 2 mi of tunnel segments, opened from 1969.
Lugano - TCL: Tranvie comunale di Lugano, 1896 - 1959 December 17. Replaced by trolleybus. Town tramway service on LCD suburban line continued to 1964 (q.v.).
Tram: New tramway, Grancia – Paradiso – lakefront – town center – Cornaredo, under discussion.
FLP: Ferrovia Lugano-Ponte Tresa. Operates Lugano – Ponte Tresa. Opened 5 June 1912 (electric traction, 1,000V d.c.). Reconstruction of Caslano-Colombera – Ponte Tresa, 1.2 km / 0.7 mi, including new underground Ponte Tresa station, in planning.
LCD: Ferrovia Lugano-Cadro-Dino. Operated Lugano (Piazza Giardino) – La Santa di Viganello – Cadro – Dino. Operated town tramway service in Lugano. Opened in stages 1911 January 2 - June 27 (electric traction, 1,000V d.c.). Town tramway service withdrawn 1964 December 31. Closed 1970 May 30.
LT: Ferrovia Lugano-Tesserete. Operated Lugano – Tesserete. Opened 1909 July 28 (electric traction, 1,000V d.c.). Closed 1967 May 27.
Capolago-MG: Ferrovia Monte Generoso. Rack railway. Opened in stages 1890 June 5 - June 22. Electrified 1982 April 4 (1,500V d.c.).
Luxembourg - Tram: Tramway, LUXTRAM, in planning.
Planned to extend Luxembourg railway station (Gare Luxembourg) – town center (Centre Hamilius) – Luxexpo (Kirchberg). Construction planned for 2011, opening planned for 2015.
Luzern - TrL: Trambahn der Stadt Luzern.
Closed 1961 November 11. Replaced by trolleybus Reintroduction of town tramway (trambahn or stadtbahn) services under discussion, promoted by some political parties.
StEB: Stanssstad - Engelberg-Bahn. Opened 1898, at that time the longest electric railway in Switzerland. Used 750V 32Hz three-phase a.c. traction current. Closed 1964 November 30, reopened 1964 December 19 as Luzern - Stans - Engelberg-Bahn (LSE). New Lopper tunnel, 1.760 km / 1.1 mi, provided connection to SBB Brünig line at Hergiswil, and conversion to SBB system (15kV 16⅔Hz a.c.) traction current permitted LSE trains to work through to Luzern.
LSE: New tunnel alignment, Obermatt – Engelberg, 4 km / 2.5 mi, under construction. Will replace rack segment between Obermatt and Ghährst, 1.8 km / 1.1 mi). New alignment has gradients to 12 percent (1 in 8), compared to 24.7 percent / 1 in 4 on the current segment This will require rack assistance but the reduced gradient will permit higher speed. Opening planned for 2005, postponed to 2007 because of construction difficulties.
LSE and SBB Brünig line handed to new undertaking, Zentralbahn (zb), from 2005 January 1.
Alpnachstad - PB: Pilatusbahn, rack railway. Opened 1889 June 4. Electrified 1937 May 15 (1,550V d.c.). World’s steepest rack railway, gradients to 48 percent / 1 in 2.1.
Arth - ARB - Talbahn: Arth-Rigi-Bahn. Operated Arth am See – Oberarth – Arth-Goldau SBB. Opened 1875 June 4. All-year operation started 1884. Electrified 1906 January 1 (540V d.c., later increased to 600V d.c.). Closed 1959 August 31.
Arth - ARB - Rigi: Operates Arth-Goldau SBB – Rigi-Staffelhöhe – Rigi-Kulm. Opened 1875 June 4. Electrified 1907 May 1 (750V d.c., traction voltage increased to 1,500V d.c. from 1939 May). Winter operation started 1928.
Vitznau - RB: Rigi Bahn. Operates Vitznau – Rigi-Staffelhöhe – Rigi-Kulm. Vitznau – Rigi-Staffelhöhe opened 1871 May 23. Rigi-Staffelhöhe – Rigi-Kulm (parallel segments of ARB and RB lines owned by ARB) opened 1873 June 27. Winter operation (Vitznau – Rigi Staffelhöhe) started 1906. Electrified 1937 October 3 (1,500V d.c.).
Arth-Rigi-Bahn and Rigi Bahn Gesellschaft merged as Rigi-Bahnen AG from 1992.
Rigi - RSB: Rigi-Scheidegg-Bahn. Operated Rigi-Kaltbad (RB) – Rigi-Scheidegg. Opened in stages 1874 July 14 - 1875 June 1. Operated only during summer season. Closed 1931 September 21. Leased thereafter to hotel owners, who operated the line during the 1933 summer season. Dismantled 1942 (alignment is now a footpath).
Seetalbahn: See under Luzern, Table 4.16
Lynchburg: Operator title: Lynchburg Traction and Light Company.
Lyon: Tramway opened 2000 December 23 (Lines T1 and T2).
Line T1: Extension under construction, Perrache – Montrochet, 1.2 km / 0.7 mi, opened 2005 September 15. Extension Montrochet – Musée des Confluences, 0.6 km / 0.4 mi, planned for opening in 2008 (upon completion of new museum).
Line T2: Line extended by 4.5 km / 2.8 mi, to St Priest Bel Air, 2003 October 27.
Line T3: Also known as LEA (Ligne de l’Est de l’Agglomération), Part-Dieu Le Carré de Soie Meyzieu, opened 2006 December 4. Built on a former railway alignment, Chemin de Fer de l’Est Lyonnais (CFEL), opened 1881, closed to passengers 1947. Traffic density estimate based on most recent information available (at 2007 December).
Extension, 8.6 km / 5.3 mi, to Lyon – Saint-Exupéry airport (Ligne Express Lyon - St-Exupéry, LESLYS), under construction. Airport service planned to operate at 100 km/h / 62 mph between the Airport TGV station and Meyzieu, calling only at two stops between Meyzieu and Le Carré de Soie, where it will connect with a Métro Line A extension (from Laurent Bonnevay-Astrobolie). To be operated under tender by Rhônexpress. Opening planned for 2009.
Line T4: Jet d'Eau - Mendès France – Gare de Vénissieux – Cliniques Feyzin. Under construction, opening planned for 2009 April. Extension, Part-Dieu – Jet d 'eau, in planning.
 
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