Table 3.18: Tramway, Light Railway and LRT
U.S, Canada, Western Europe and Australasia
Oakland     (3.18.1, 2008.2)
City and Country
Population Served
System Length, km / mi
Annual Passengers (million)
Average Travel Distance, km / mi
Annual Traffic Density (million)
           
Oakland (CA)-1907
US
@ 230,000
158.6 / 98.3
72
3 / 2
1.5
Richmond-ES&S-1907
   
22.6 / 14.0
2.4
"
0.3
Oakland-1925
 
@ 500,000
186.3 / 115.5
98.9
3.5 / 2.2
1.7
1933
 
@ 600,000
151.7 / 94.1
43
"
0.9
             
San Pablo Avenue-1924
   
25.3 / 15.7
12
3.0 / 1.9
1.5
East 14th Street-1924
   
24.0 / 14.9
15
"
1.9
Richmond-Hayward-1933
   
47.2 / 29.3
9.7
"
0.6
San Pablo Avenue-1946
   
17.3 / 10.7
20
3.5 / 2.2
4.1
San Pablo Avenue-bus-1998
   
32 / 20
4
5.5 / 3.5
0.7
East 14th Street-1946
   
28.7 / 17.8
17
3.5 / 2.2
2.1
East 14th Street-bus-1998
   
26 / 16
6.5
5.5 / 3.5
1.4
BART-Richmond-Hayward-2000
   
42.1 / 26.1
11.2
12.2 / 7.5
3.2
             
Grove Street-1924
   
11.9 / 7.4
10
3.4 / 2.1
2.9
1933
   
"
3.9
"
1.1
Telegraph Avenue-1924
   
12.5 / 7.7
7.5
3.7 / 2.3
2.2
1933
   
12.7 / 7.9
3.5
"
1.0
Telegraph Av.-Grove St.-1946
   
18.5 / 11.4
11
3.9 / 2.4
2.3
Park Boulevard-1924
   
10.5 / 6.5
4.9
3.1 / 1.9
1.4
1933
   
10.6 / 6.6
2.9
"
0.9
1946
   
10.8 / 6.7
4.5
"
1.3
MLK Wy.-Park Bl.-bus-1998
   
22.0 / 13.5
1.7
5 / 3
0.4
Telegraph Avenue-bus-1998
   
31 / 19
3.2
5.5 / 3.5
0.6
             
Shattuck Avenue-1924
   
12.2 / 7.6
2.8
3.8 / 2.3
0.8
1933
   
"
3
"
0.9
1946
   
8.7 / 5.4
5
3.9 / 2.4
2.2
bus-1998
   
26 / 16
2.5
5.5 / 3.5
0.5
             
College Avenue-1924
   
13.9 / 8.6
9
4.0 / 2.5
2.6
1933
   
13.7 / 8.5
6
"
3.2
bus-1946
   
12.9 / 8.0
10
"
4.0
Santa Clara Street-1924
   
10.0 / 6.2
4.7
5.4 / 3.4
1.5
bus-1933
   
"
2.8
"
1.4
bus-1946
   
"
7.4
"
4.1
College-Santa Clara-bus-1998
   
26 / 16
5.2
5.5 / 3.5
1.0
             
Piedmont Avenue-1924
   
6.5 / 4.0
3
4.0 / 2.5
1.9
Hopkins Street-1924
   
7.5 / 4.6
3
"
1.6
Piedmont Av.-Hopkins St.-1933
   
14.0 / 8.7
3.5
"
1.0
Piedmont Avenue-1946
   
6.7 / 4.2
2.5
"
1.5
bus-1998
   
13 / 8
0.3
"
0.1
MacArthur Boulevard-1946
   
8.0 / 5.0
3.5
4.0 / 2.5
1.8
bus-1998
   
40 / 25
5.3
5.5 / 3.5
0.7
             
bus-1998
   
4.5 / 2.8
0.4
2 / 1
0.1
Ashby Avenue-1924
   
4.1 / 2.5
0.8
1.8 / 1.1
0.3
bus-1933
   
4.3 / 2.7
0.4
"
0.2
bus-1946
   
"
0.8
"
0.3
Fruitvale Avenue-1924
   
3.0 / 1.8
1.1
1.6 / 1.0
0.6
1933
   
3.1 / 1.9
0.5
"
0.3
bus-1946
   
4.5 / 2.8
1.2
2 / 1
0.4
bus-1998
   
4 / 2.5
0.9
"
0.4
Dwight Way-1924
   
4.6 / 2.8
0.8
1.8 / 1.1
0.3
1933
   
"
0.2
"
0.09
bus-1946
   
5.5 / 3.4
0.9
"
0.3
bus-1998
   
6.0 / 3.7
0.4
2 / 1
0.1
             
Transbay-1907
   
18.1 / 11.2
8.4
10 / 6
4.5
1925
   
40.6 / 25.2
17.8
"
4.2
1940
   
46.0 / 28.5
9.0
"
1.9
1950
   
40 / 25
16.2
8 / 5
3.2
1957
   
"
7
"
1.4
SP-1925
   
73 / 45
22.6
6 / 4
2.0
IER-1940
   
65 / 40
9
10 / 6
1.4
Key to Symbols:
* = in planning; ** = under construction.
*** = operated for less than 12 months as noted; traffic density scaled up to annual rate.
@ = population corresponds with historic data year.
u = population within municipal boundary.
 
Notes for Table 3.18
Oakland-general: Oakland and adjacent towns, including Alameda, Albany, Berkeley, El Cerrito, Emeryville, Hayward, Piedmont, Richmond, San Leandro and San Pablo, are identified collectively as "Oakland" for the sake of brevity.
1907: Operator title: Oakland Traction Company. Under common financial control with SFO&SJ.
Richmond-ES&S-1907: Operator title: East Shore & Suburban Railway Company. Served Richmond and adjacent towns. Incorporated into Oakland tramway network from 1912.
1925: Operator title: Key System Transit Company. Served towns including Alameda, Berkeley, Emeryville, Hayward, Oakland, Piedmont, Richmond, San Leandro and San Pablo. System length includes 8 km / 5 mi shared with "transbay" services.
1933: System length includes 9.8 km / 6.1 mi shared with "transbay" services. Operator title: East Bay Street Railways Co., Ltd.
San Pablo Avenue-1924: Includes tramway service 2-San Pablo Avenue-Richmond.
East 14h Street-1924: Includes tramway service 8-Elmwood and Hayward.
San Pablo Av. - E. 14th St - 1933: Includes tramway services 1-Richmond-Hayward, 2-West Berkeley and 8-Elmhurst. Northern extremity, between University Avenue (Berkeley) and Richmond, replaced by motorbus in 1933 November. Southern extremity, between East 105th Avenue (Oakland) and Hayward, replaced by motorbus 1935 March.
San Pablo Avenue-1946: Includes tramway service 2-W. 7th - San Pablo (replaced by motorbus 1948 November), and motorbus service 72-Oakland-Richmond.
East 14th Street-1946: Includes tramway service 1-E. 14th St. (replaced by motorbus in 1948 November) and motorbus services 80, 81 and 82 (Oakland-Hayward).
San Pablo Avenue-bus-1998: Includes motorbus services 72, 72L and 73.
East 14th Street-bus-1998: Includes motorbus services 82 and 82L. A segment of East 14th Street has been renamed International Boulevard.
BART - Richmond - Hayward: Includes passengers traveling among stations between Richmond and Hayward. Exclusive of passengers traveling to or from other stations.
Grove Street-1924 and Telegraph Avenue-1924: Includes tramway services 3-Grove and West 8th Streets (exclusive of West 8th Street segment) and 5-Telegraph Avenue.
Grove Street and Telegraph Avenue-1933 and 1946: Includes tramway services 3 Grove Street and 5 Telegraph Avenue (at 1933), and 5 Telegraph Avenue - Grove Street (at 1946, replaced by motorbus 1948 November).
Park Boulevard-1924, 1933 and 1946: Includes Park Boulevard and Lakeshore Avenue (lettered "E" at 1924, numbered "18" from 1928, replaced by motorbus in 1948 March).
MLK-Wy. - Park Bl. - bus-1998: Includes motorbus service 15. Grove Street has been renamed Martin Luther King Jr. Way.
Telegraph Avenue-bus-1998: Includes motorbus services 40 and 40L, which serve Telegraph Avenue, Foothill Boulevard and Bancroft Avenue.
Shattuck Avenue-1924, 1933 and 1946: Includes tramway service 4-Shatttuck and Euclid Avenues (at 1924), and 4-Shattuck Avenue (at 1933 and 1946, replaced by motorbus 1948 November).
Shattuck Avenue - bus-1998: Includes motorbus service 43, which serves Solano Avenue, Shattuck Avenue and Foothill Boulevard.
College Avenue-1924, 1933 and bus-1946: Includes tramway service 6-College and Arlington Avenues (at 1924), 6-College Avenue (at 1933) and 6 College-University Avenue (at 1946, replaced by motorbus 1946 September).
Santa Clara Street-1924 and bus-1933: Includes tramway service 1-Santa Clara Street, replaced by motorbus 1928 October, and motorbus services 51 and 58 (at 1933).
Santa Clara St.-bus-1946: Includes motorbus services 51, 52 and 58 (Oakland-Alameda).
College-Santa Clara-bus-1998: Includes motorbus services 51, 51A and 51M.
Piedmont Avenue-1924 and 1933; Hopkins Street-1924 and 1933: Includes tramway services A-Piedmont Avenue and G-Hopkins Street (at 1924), and 10-Piedmont Avenue and Hopkins Street (at 1933).
Piedmont Avenue-1946 and bus-1998: Includes tramway service 10-Piedmont Avenue (at 1946, replaced by motorbus in 1948 June) and bus service 59 (at 1998).
MacArthur Boulevard-1946 and bus-1998: Includes tramway service 15-14th Avenue - MacArthur Boulevard (at 1946, replaced by motorbus 1948 March) and motorbus services 57, 57X and 58 (at 1998). Hopkins Street has been renamed MacArthur Boulevard.
Fruitvale Avenue: Includes tramway service 22-Fruitvale Avenue (not numbered at 1924), replaced by motorbus service 53 in 1935.
Ashby Avenue: Includes tramway service in Ashby Avenue, replaced by motorbus service 60 1928 April (service 74 at 1946, service 6 at 1998).
Dwight Way: Includes tramway service 24-Dwight Way (not numbered at 1924), replaced 1938 February by motorbus service 65.
Transbay-1907: Operator title: San Francisco Oakland & San Jose Railway. "Transbay" services operated over "Key Route Trestle," also known as "Key Pier," (5.2 km / 3.2 mi) to passenger ferry terminal.
Transbay-other dates: Operator titles: Key System Transit Company (to 1948), Key System Transit Lines, Inc (from 1948). "Transbay" services operated to passenger ferry terminal to 1939, thereafter to San Francisco on "Bridge Railway," built on the lower deck of the San Francisco - Oakland Bay Bridge.
SP-1925: Operator title: Southern Pacific Company, Oakland Alameda & Berkeley Electric Lines. Operated "transbay" services to passenger ferry terminals, and town tramway services in Alameda, Berkeley and Oakland.
IER-1940: Operator title: Interurban Electric Railway Company, subsidiary of Southern Pacific Company. Operated "transbay" services to San Francisco on Bridge Railway.