Table 3.17: Tramway, Light Railway and LRT
U.S., Canada, Western Europe and Australasia
O          Oberhausen - Ottawa     (3.17.1, 2008.6)
(Oakland tabulated separately)
City and Country
Population Served
System Length, km / mi
Annual Passengers (million)
Average Travel Distance, km / mi
Annual Traffic Density (million)
           
Oakland (CA), US: see separate tabulation
         
Oberhausen - 1966
DE
@ 260,000
26.4 / 16.4
8.7
4.2 / 2.6
1.4
2002
 
220,000
8.5 / 5.3
3
3 / 2
1
Ocean City (NJ) - 1907
US
@ 2,000
11.7 / 7.2
0.3
3 / 2
0.09
** Oceanside (CA)
US
800,000
35 / 22
3
13 / 8
1
Oensingen - OeBB - 1910
CH
 
4.0 / 2.5
   
0.3
1920
   
"
0.5
3.2 / 2.0
0.3
1930
   
"
0.6
"
0.4
1940
   
"
0.4
3.7 / 2.3
0.4
1955
   
"
0.6
4.0 / 2.5
0.6
1970
   
"
0.5
4.3 / 2.7
0.5
1984
   
"
0.5
4.5 / 2.8
0.5
2002
 
10,000
"
0.4
4.9 / 3.0
0.4
Offenbach am Main - 1966
DE
@ 160,000
2.7 / 1.7
4.0
1.9 / 1.2
2.8
Ogden (UT) - 1907
US
@ 26,000
31.0 / 19.2
2.6
3 / 2
0.3
UIC - 1936
 
@ 60,000
186.5 / 115.6
0.4
13 / 8
0.02
1945
 
@ 60,000
175.2 / 108.6
0.2
"
0.01
Oklahoma City (OK) - 1913
US
@ 100,000
u: 70,000
145 / 90
12.6
5 / 3
0.4
Urban - 1944
 
u: 205,000
65 / 40
52.1
3 / 2
2.6
Interurban - 1944
 
@ 250,000
105 / 65
2.3
11 / 7
0.2
Olympia (WA) - 1907
US
@ 7,000
6.2 / 3.9
0.5
2 / 1
0.1
1915
 
@ 7,500
"
0.7
"
0.2
1927
 
@ 11,000
"
0.8
"
0.2
Omaha (NE) - 1907
US
@ 170,000
123.9 / 76.8
51.6
3 / 2
1.3
1920
 
@ 230,000
126 / 78
61.7
"
1.6
1929
 
@ 260,000
"
41.4
"
1.1
1950
 
@ 270,000
47 / 29
18.5
4 / 2.5
1.6
* Streetcar
           
Oostende - 1984
BE
u 69,000
65.5 / 40.6
4.8
7 / 4
0.5
2005
 
200,000
u 69,000
67 / 42
12
"
1.3
Oporto (PT): see Porto
Orbe - OC - 1910
CH
 
3.9 / 2.4
   
0.1
1920
   
"
0.1
3.4 / 2.1
0.2
1930
   
"
0.2
3.1 / 1.9
0.1
1940
   
"
0.2
3.8 / 2.4
0.2
1955
   
"
0.2
3.9 / 2.4
0.2
1970
   
"
0.2
"
0.2
1984
   
"
0.1
3.8 / 2.4
0.1
2002
 
8,000
"
0.1
"
0.1
Oregon City - WVS - 1915
US
@ 6,000
51.5 / 31.9
0.007
16 / 10
*** 0.009
West Linn - 1923
 
@ 2,000
11.5 / 7.1
0.05
8 / 5
0.04
* Orlando (FL) - LRT
US
1,645,000
u: 190,000
32 / 20
     
Orléans (Orleans)
FR
270,000
17.7 / 11.0
12.5
3 / 2
2.1
* CLEO
   
11.8 / 7.3
5.5
"
1.4
* Oshawa
CA
331,000
u 142,000
20 / 13
     
Oslo - 2006
NO
1,121,000
u 550,000
38.3 / 23.7
30.4
2.5 / 1.5
2.0
Osnabrück (Osnabruck) - 1907
DE
@ 60,000
4.5 / 2.8
1.5
1 / 0.5
0.3
1912
 
@ 65,000
6.1 / 3.8
1.9
"
0.3
1928
 
@ 90,000
12.4 / 7.7
5.8
2 / 1
0.9
1937
 
@ 105,000
14.0 / 8.7
4.7
"
0.7
Ottawa - 1946
CA
@ 200,000
41.4 / 25.7
65
2.5 / 1.5
3.8
1950
 
@ 220,000
"
49.5
"
2.9
O-Train - 2003
 
720,000
8.0 / 5.0
1
3 / 2
0.5
* LRT
   
29.4 / 18.2
13
8 / 5
3.5
see also Gatineau (Hull)
           
Key to Symbols:
* = in planning; ** = under construction.
*** = operated for less than 12 months as noted; traffic density scaled up to annual rate.
@ = population corresponds with historic data year.
u = population within municipal boundary.
 
Notes for Table 3.17
Oberhausen: Tramway opened 1996 June 1 as part of urban redevelopment program. Previous town tramway closed 1968.
Ocean City: Population shown is the number of all-year residents. Operator title: Ocean City Electric Railway Company.
Oceanside: "Sprinter" diesel light rail project, opening planned for 2007 December. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (10,300 / weekday).
Oensingen - OeBB: Oensingen-Balsthal Bahn AG.
Opened 1899 July 17. Electrified 1943 October 4 (SBB system: 15kV 16⅔Hz a.c.).
The annual passenger and passenger-km statistics reported by this undertaking for 1970, 1984 and 2002 (and other years) imply an "average travel distance" greater than the system (line) length. This can be explained with reference to the railway’s excursion traffic. The authors believe that passengers who make a return trip between terminals aboard excursion trains are counted only once, and the distance traveled (e.g. twice the line length) is added to the annual passenger-km statistic. An "average travel distance" greater than the distance between terminals is unlikely, and rare, but not "impossible."
Offenbach am Main: Operated as part of the Frankfurt am Main system.
Ogden: Operator title: Ogden Rapid Transit Company.
Operated town tramway services in Ogden and suburban extension to Huntsville.
UIC: Operator title: Utah - Idaho Central Railroad Company. Operated Ogden – Brigham City – Logan – Lewiston – Preston; branches to Plain City (passenger service withdrawn 1939) and Quinney (passenger service for school children). Operated town tramway services in Brigham City (closed 1919) and Logan (closed 1926). 1936 passenger total, 408,634, of which 175,599 school children.
Oklahoma City: Operator title: Oklahoma Railway Company.
Operated town tramway services in Oklahoma City, interurban lines from Oklahoma City to El Reno, Guthrie and Norman, and town tramway services in El Reno, Guthrie and Norman.
Olympia: Operator title: Olympia Light and Power Company (at 1907 and 1915), Puget Sound Power & Light Company (at 1927).
Omaha: Operator title: Omaha and Council Bluffs Street Railway Company. 1907, 1920 and 1929 data include town tramway services in Council Bluffs (IA), closed 1948.
Oostende: Kusttram. Claimed as the world’s longest tramway line.
Population data are for wintertime (all-year) residents.
Traffic during the high season exceeds 1 million passengers / month; 3.2 million passengers were carried during July and August 2002.
De Panne – Adinkerke, 3 km / 2 mi, closed 1954 September 5. Kusttram Adinkerke extension, De Panne-Esplanade – De Panne station (Adinkerke), opened 1998 1 July. Built on a different alignment than used by the previous tramway.
Orbe - OC: Chemin de fer Orbe-Chavornay. Opened 1894 April 17.
First standard-gauge electric railway in Switzerland (600V d.c., later increased to 750V d.c.).
Merged with Transports Vallée de Joux - Yverdon-les-Bains - Ste-Croix (TRAVYS), itself a fusion of PBr (see under Le Pont Table 3.13) and YSteC (see under Yverdon, Table 3.33), in 2003.
Oregon City - WVS: Operator title: Willamette Valley Southern Railway Company.
Extended Oregon City – Mulino – Mollala – Mount Angel.
West Linn: Operator title: Southern Pacific Company. Line known locally as "Willamette Falls Railway."
Orlando - LRT: Two corridors in planning at 2006 June:
"Northern Alignment," Orlando business center ("Downtown Orlando") – Altamonte Springs, 14.0 km / 8.7 mi.
"Southern Corridor," Downtown Orlando – southern Orange County, 18 km / 11 mi.
(Orlando is the second-largest US town (after Las Vegas, NV) where no electric town tramway system was built. 1920 population: 9,000.)
Previous plan for 23.7-km / 14.7-mi LRT line, Downtown Orlando – International Drive – Convention Center (Interstate-4 / Central Florida Parkway). Planned for construction on railway alignment near Interstate-4 motorway.
Ridership forecast, current at 1998: 103,700 / weekday,by 2020. Implied passenger traffic density, assuming average travel distance of 6.5 km / 4 mi: 8.5 million passenger-miles per mile of route per year. The authors believe that this figure is unrealistically high.
Second-stage expansion was planned northward to Loch Haven/Princeton (2.7 km / 1.7 mi) and eventually to Sanford, and southward to Osceola County.
The project was cancelled at 1999 by the Orange County Commission. Attempts by the Orlando local authority to continue a portion of the project were not successful.
Orléans: Tramway opened 2000 November 20.
CLEO: Concevoir la liaison est-ouest, second tramway line. Opening planned for 2011. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (24,000 / weekday, at opening).
Oshawa: Population served is that of the “Census Metropolitan Area” (CMA). Oshawa is the largest town in the Regional Municipality of Durham (total population 561,000).
The MoveOntario 2020 transport plan released at 2007 July by the provincial authority, includes a "Durham Rapid Transit Line," Oshawa – Pickering, to be built in “Highway 2” (King Street West, Dundas Street West, and Kingston Road). To be built as dedicated busway or light rail transit (LRT). Few additional details were available (at 2007 December).
Oslo: Tramway extension John Colletts plass – Rikshospitalet, 1.5 km / 0.9 mi, opened 1999 May 30.
In response to a financial crisis and a directive from the municipal council to cut expenses, the undertaking announced at 2002 October that it would close tramway segments totaling 8.5 km / 5.3 mi from 2003 January 1. Then, with three days of advance notice, the 2-km / 1-mi segment Disen – Kjelsås was closed "temporarily" from 2002 November 22. The stated reason was the poor condition of part of the track, but most of the segment length had been renewed a few years before. The closure was made "permanent" with timetable changes from 2003 April 12. Additional closures planned for that date were not carried out because of popular and political opposition. Tram and metro curtailment plans became an issue during the 2003 election campaign. Following the election, the Oslo municipal council decided in 2004 that tramway service to Kjelsås would be restored following renewal of the deteriorated track segment. The segment was reopened on 2004 November 22.
Ottawa - 1950: Operator title: Ottawa Transportation Commission.
Ottawa - O-Train: Diesel LRT operation over railway goods trackage.
LRT: New electric LRT line, North-South corridor,Rideau Centre University of Ottawa – Barrhaven Town Center, in planning. Planned to incorporate existing O-Train route. Opening planned for 2009. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (43,000 / weekday).
UPDATE: Ottawa elected a new Mayor, Larry O'Brien, and a new municipal council on 2006 November 13. Prior to the election, O'Brien expressed skepticism that project benefits were worth the cost, and promised to cancel it if elected. The council voted to do so on 2006 December 14.
CAD 400 million had been promised by state (federal) and provincial authorities to the project. At the time of cancellation, CAD 65 million had been spent.
The municipal council had awarded a "design, build, and maintain" contract to Siemens-PCL/Dufferin, at 2006 July. The cancellation raised the prospect of court action by suppliers against the municipality. At the time of the cancellation, the local authority’s legal counsel estimated that the municipality might have to pay between CAD 200 million and CAD 300 million in claims.
Siemens Canada and PCL Constructors proposed a settlement, but this was rejected by the Ottawa local authority. Siemens and PCL then filed a lawsuit at 2007 July, seeking CAD 177 million in compensation for damages. At 2007 September, St. Lawrence Cement, Inc., parent of Dufferin Construction Company, filed a lawsuit seeking CAD 103.9 million.
At 2007 November, a group of municipal councillors were advancing a new public transport plan including a tunnel beneath the business center and light-rail lines extending south and east. The proposal had gained support from the Mayor and other councillors.
 
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