Table 3.19: Tramway, Light Railway and LRT
U.S., Canada, Western Europe and Australasia
P          Paderborn - Pueblo     (3.19.1, 2008.6)
(Paris, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh and Portland tabulated separately)
City and Country
Population Served
System Length, km / mi
Annual Passengers (million)
Average Travel Distance, km / mi
Annual Traffic Density (million)
           
Paderborn - 1906
DE
@ 25,000
9.3 / 5.8
0.3
2 / 1
0.07
Detmold - 1906
 
@ 13,000
9.3 / 5.8
0.3
2 / 1
0.07
Paderborn - 1911
 
@ 30,000
35.2 / 21.8
1.6
3 / 2
0.1
Detmold - 1911
 
@ 14,000
8.1 / 5.0
0.6
2 / 1
0.1
Paderborn-Detmold - 1937
 
@ 57,000
69.9 / 43.3
4.2
3 / 2
0.2
1951
 
@ 77,000
62.2 / 38.6
10.2
"
0.5
** Padova - Sir (Translohr) (Padua)
IT
211,000
10.4 / 6.4
     
** Palermo
IT
1,000,000
14.8 / 9.2
     
Palma de Mallorca - FS
ES
400,000
23.0 / 14.3
1
15 / 9
0.6
Metro
   
8.3 / 5.1
     
Palo Alto (CA) - 1925
US
@ 10,000
5.3 / 3.3
0.4
1.5 / 1
0.1
* Pamplona
ES
314,000
u 200,000
       
Paris, FR: see separate tabulation
           
Parla, ES: see Madrid
           
* Parma
IT
u 170,000
12.0 / 7.4
16.8
3 / 2
4
Pasadena (CA), US: see Los Angeles (CA), US (separate tabulation)
       
Paso Robles (CA) - 1907
US
@ 1,000
4.0 / 2.5
0.004
2 / 1
0.002
Pekin (IL) - 1927
US
@ 10,000
4.7 / 2.9
0.6
2 / 1
0.2
Pensacola (FL) - 1907
US
@ 20,000
29.7 / 18.4
2.9
3 / 1.5
0.2
1925
 
@ 31,000
32.6 / 20.2
1.5
"
0.1
Peoria (IL) - 1907
US
@ 66,000
20.3 / 49.8
16.3
3 / 2
0.7
Peterborough - 1916
CA
@ 20,000
10.3 / 6.4
1.2
2 / 1
0.2
Philadelphia (PA), US: see separate tabulation
         
Phillipsburg (NJ) - E&WTC - 1907
US
 
27.5 / 17.2
1.1
5 / 3
0.2
Phoenix (AZ) - 1907
US
@ 6,000
19.4 / 12.0
0.9
3 / 2
0.2
1929
 
@ 50,000
25.7 / 15.9
8
2 / 1.5
0.8
** LRT
 
2,400,000
32.0 / 19.8
7.5
8 / 5
2
Pireas - ca. 1974 (Piraeus)
GR
@ 200,000
10 / 6
2.1
3 / 2
0.6
Pittsburgh (PA), US: see separate tabulation
         
Pittsfield (MA) - 1915
US
@ 110,000
178.0 / 110.3
19.5
5 / 3
0.5
Plauen - 1975
DE
@ 80,000
17.5 / 10.8
17.3
3 / 2
3
2002
 
60,000
"
8
"
1
Point Pleasant (NJ) - 1907
US
@ 1,000
5.5 / 3.4
0.5
3 / 2
*** 0.3
Pomona (CA), US: see Los Angeles (CA), US (separate tabulation)
       
Ponce (PR) - 1907
US
@ 35,000
6.0 / 3.7
0.9
2/ 1
0.4
Le Pont - PBr - 1910
CH
 
13.3 / 8.2
   
0.04
1920
   
"
0.09
7.5 / 4.6
0.05
1930
   
"
0.1
7.0 / 4.3
0.06
1940
   
"
0.1
8.6 / 5.3
0.07
1955
   
"
0.3
7.0 / 4.3
0.2
1970
   
"
0.3
6.4 / 4.0
0.1
1984
   
"
0.1
8.7 / 5.4
0.09
2002
 
6,000
"
0.3
8.0 / 5.0
0.2
Porrentruy - CJ - 1910
CH
 
11.0 / 6.8
   
0.1
1920
   
"
0.2
7.4 / 4.6
0.1
1930
   
"
0.1
8.1 / 5.0
0.07
1940
   
"
0.1
7.4 / 4.6
0.07
1955
   
"
0.3
7.5 / 5
0.1
1970
   
"
0.3
"
0.1
1984
   
"
0.3
"
0.1
2002
 
10,000
"
0.3
"
0.2
Port Arthur, CA: see Thunder Bay (CA)
           
Portland (OR), US: see separate tabulation
           
Porto - Tram - 1950
PT
@ 285,000
82 / 51
88
3 / 2
3.2
1967
 
@ 325,000
72 / 45
91.5
"
3.8
1974
 
@ 336,000
38 / 24
30.3
"
2.4
1984
 
@ 320,000
21 / 13
22.2
"
3.2
2005
 
@ 327,000
5.9 / 3.7
0.08
5 / 3
0.06
Metro Ligeiro - 2006
 
1,500,000
70 / 43
35
5 / 3
2.5
Portrush - 1914
GB
 
14.9 / 9.2
0.2
11 / 7
0.1
1940
   
"
0.06
"
0.05
* Portsmouth
GB
370,000
14 / 9
11.7
4 / 2
3
Potsdam
DE
140,000
28.9 / 17.9
10
4 / 2
1.4
Prescott (AZ) - 1907
US
@ 5,000
3.6 / 2.2
0.1
2 / 1
0.05
Providence (RI) - 1907
US
@ 300,000
389.5 / 241.5
93.2
5 / 3
1.2
Pueblo (CO) - 1907
US
@ 40,000
28.7 / 17.8
7.0
3 / 1.5
0.6
Key to Symbols:
* = in planning; ** = under construction.
*** = operated for less than 12 months as noted; traffic density scaled up to annual rate.
@ = population corresponds with historic data year.
u = population within municipal boundary.
 
Notes for Table 3.19
Paderborn-Detmold: Paderborn undertaking absorbed Detmold undertaking in 1922. Operated betwen Paderborn, Horn and Detmold.
Padova-Sir (Translohr-De Simon) Sistema intermedio a rete (Sir), Translohr guided bus system, electric traction. (Translohr vehicles are not licensed as road vehicles, are bidirectional and can be operated as coupled formations).
Sir 1, north-south, Pontevigodarzere – Stazione FS – Guizza, under construction. Initial segment, Stazione FS – Guizza, 6.7 km / 4.2 mi,opened 2007 March 24 (limited "orientation" service).
Sir 2: east-west, Ponte di Brenta – Stazione FS – Sarmeola, 12.6 km / 7.8 mi, in planning.
Sir 3: southeast, Stazione FS – Voltabarozzo, 5.4 km / 3.3 mi, in planning.
Palermo: Tramway, in planning.
Three-route network planned: Linea Calatafini, 4.4 km / 2.7 mi, Linea Leonardo da Vinci, 4.8 km / 3.0 mi, and Linea Roccella, 5.6 km / 3.5 mi. Construction planned for 2006 May, completion planned for 2010.
Palma de Mallorca - Metro: Metro Ligero (light metro).
Construction started 2005, opened 2007 April 25. System length includes 5.7 km / 3.5 mi in tunnel. Tunnel segments includes 4-track segment, Plaça d'EspanyaSon Oliva, 1.8 km / 1.1 mi, shared with Palma – Inca railway.
Palo Alto: Operator title: Peninsular Railroad Company. Town tramway services.
Pamplona: Project for Metro Ligero (light metro) or Tranvía (tramway), in planning.
Parma: Metropolitana leggera di Parma (LRT), under construction.
System length includes 6.5 km / 4.0 mi underground, and 20 stations, of which 11 underground. Opening planned for 2010. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (16.8 million / year).
Paso Robles: Operator title: El Paso de Robles Street Car Company. Horse traction.
Pekin: Operator title: Pekin Municipal Railway.
Pensacola: Operator title: Pensacola Electric Company.
Peoria: Operator title: Peoria Railway Company.
Peterborough: Operator title: Peterborough Radial Railway Company (municipal undertaking).
Phillipsburg E&WTC: Operator title: Easton and Washington Traction Company.
Extended Phillipsburg – Washington – Port Murray.
Phoenix: Operator titles: Phoenix Railway Company (at 1907); Street Railway Properties, City of Phoenix (at 1929).
LRT: Under construction, opening planned for 2008 December. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (26,000 / weekday).
Pireas: Tramway line, operated by ISAP, opened 1936, closed 1977.
Pittsfield: Operator title: Berkshire Street Railway Company (subsidiary enterprise of New York New Haven and Hartford Railroad Company).
Extended Hoosic Falls (NY) – Bennington (VT) – North Adams (MA) – Pittsfield (MA) – Great Barrington (MA) – Canaan (CT). Operated town tramway services in Pittsfield.
Point Pleasant: Population shown is the number of all-year residents. Operator title: Point Pleasant Beach Traction Company. Operated for four months only during 1907. Traffic density scaled up to annual rate.
Ponce: Operator title: Ponce Railway and Light Company.
Le Pont - PBr: Chemin de fer Pont-Brassus.
Common management with YSteC (see under Yverdon, Table 3.33) from 1981. Merged with YSteC as Transports Vallée de Joux - Yverdon-les-Bains - Ste-Croix (TRAVYS) in 2001. OC (see under Orbe, Table 3.17) merged into TRAVYS from 2003.
Porrentruy - CJ: Line built by Régional Porrentruy-Bonfol (RPB), merged with three other railways in 1944 to form CJ (see under Chaux-de-Fonds, La, Table 3.4).
Porrentruy – Bonfol electrified 1952 May 18 (SBB system, 15kV 16⅔Hz a.c.).
Bonfol – Pfetterhouse (FR), 2.1 km / 1.3 mi, passenger service withdrawn 1946 February 14, closed 1970 January 4.
Porto - Tram: Porto’s remaining tramway has had the character of a heritage or tourist operation from 1996 - and carries passenger traffic levels typical of museum operations (79,000 / year, at 2005).
The tramway reached its peak system length of 82 km / 51 mi at 1950. A prolonged conversion period started in 1959. Tramcars were replaced at first by trolleybuses, and from 1967 by motorbuses. All remaining tram services were worked by motorbus after 2100 from 1978, and on Sundays from 1983.
The system, reduced to 18 km / 11 mi at 1978 July, remained relatively static through 1994. Following closure of the segment Castelo do Queijo – Matosinhos (1993 September 11), the remaining tramway consisted of a "C" shaped route, Boavista – Castelo do Queijo – Foz – Passeio Alegre – Massarelos – Viriate – Carmo, with a branch Massarelos – Alfândega – Infante. The system length was 13 km / 8 mi. All tramway service had operated from Massarelos depot from 1988 December
(Tramcars operated from Boavista Depot for several intervals thereafter because of roadworks. Boavista depot was closed and demolished in 1999 August. A new auditorium, Casa da Música, was built on the site and is served by the Metro do Porto station of the same name.)
The segment Massarelos – Viriate – Carmo (Linha da Restauração) was the first electric tramway in the Iberian Peninsula (opened 1895 September 12; Castelo do Queijo – Foz – Passeio Alegre – Massarelos – Alfândega – Infante was electrified 1896-1897).
A prolonged period of partial closures, because of roadworks, began on 1994 September 10 with suspension of service Massarelos – Infante, 1.6 km / 1.0 mi. This change coincided with the withdrawal of service 1, leaving only service 18 in operation. This used a maximum of seven cars to provide service every 15 minutes. However, with the opening of a parallel bus service, tramcar service was reduced from 1996 June 11 to a maximum of three cars in service, operating every 35 minutes 0900-1900.
Massarelos – Infante tram service was restored in 1999 April (weekends), 1999 June (full-time). Service 18 was renumbered 1E from 1999 July. Meanwhile, Porto’s last trolleybus operated on 1997 December 26.
Operation of the segment Massarelos – Viriate – Carmo was suspended from 1999 July 12 to permit reconstruction of the Rua da Restauração.
Operation of the segment Boavista – Castelo do Queijo – Foz – Passeio Alegre – Massarelos was suspended from 2000 May 29. This left only the Massarelos – Infante segment in operation, worked by a single car (service 1E), to 2001 February.
The Passeio Alegre – Massarelos segment, 3.3 km / 2.0 mi, was reopened on 2002 March 11.
The Massarelos – Viriate segment, 1.0 km / 0.6 mi, was reopened on 2001 February 15. Service 18 was reintroduced on this date. The segment Viriate – Carmo, 0.5 km / 0.3 mi, was reopened on 2005 December 17. This date marked the return of trams to the Porto business center.
Passenger traffic statistics for Porto trams, published by the operator, STCP, are summarized below:
 
2002
2003
2004
2005
System Length, km / mi
13.9 / 8.6
5.8 / 3.6
5.8 / 3.6
5.9 / 3.7
Annual Passengers
253,000
232,000
84,000
79,000
Annual vehicle-km
94,000
99,000
104,000
83,000
The reason for the sharp decrease in passenger traffic after 2003 is not clear.
The local authority plans to build an extension Carmo – Praça do Liberdade – Batalha, 1 km / 0.5 mi, serving the upper station of the rebuilt funicular (Elevador dos Guindais, see Table 4.9).
The undertaking plans to reopen the segment Castelo do Queijo – Foz – Passeio Alegre, 3.3 km / 2.0 mi.
The former tramway reservation on the segment Boavista – Castelo do Queijo, 4.8 km / 3.0 mi, is planned for use by a new LRT branch line.
Metro Ligeiro (LRT). System length includes 50 km / 30 mi of former railway alignment and 20 km / 12 mi built new, of which 7 km / 4 mi underground. Annual traffic for 2006 estimated based on results to 2006 March.
Portrush: Operator title: Giant’s Causway, Portrush and Bush Valley Railway and Tramway Company, Ltd.
Portsmouth: "South Hampshire Rapid Transit, Phase 1."
Construction planned for 2005; opening planned for 2008. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (11.7 million / year).
UPDATE: The minister responsible announced refusal of state financing on 2005 November 29, because of cost escalation. The local authority announced cancellation of the project at 2006 November 29.
Prescott: Operator title: Prescott and Mount Union Railway Company.
Providence: Operator Title: The Rhode Island Company (subsidiary enterprise of New York New Haven and Hartford Railroad Company).
Operated town tramway services in Newport, Providence, Pawtucket and Woonsocket, and rural tramway lines.
Pueblo: Operator title: Pueblo and Suburban Traction and Light Company.
 
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