Table 3.25: Tramway, Light Railway and LRT
U.S, Canada, Western Europe and Australasia
Saa - Sal          Saarbrücken - Salzburg     (3.25.1, 2008.6)
City and Country
Population Served
System Length, km / mi
Annual Passengers (million)
Average Travel Distance, km / mi
Annual Traffic Density (million)
           
Saarbrücken (Saarbrucken)
DE
360,000
17.5 / 10.8
9
4.0 / 2.5
1.8
* Saas Fee
CH
1,600
       
Sacramento (CA) - PG&E - 1907
US
@ 45,000
29.3 / 18.1
9.6
2 / 1
0.5
1921
 
@ 70,000
40.6 / 25.1
17
2.5 / 1.5
1.0
1927
 
@ 90,000
39.5 / 24.5
16
"
1.0
LRT - 1990
   
29.5 / 18.3
5.7
8.9 / 5.5
1.7
2006
 
1,390,000
u 467,000
58.6 / 36.3
14.5
8.7/ 5.4
2.2
             
SN - 1928
   
3.7 / 2.3
0.8
2 / 1
0.3
CCT - 1929
   
9.2 / 5.7
0.9
3 / 2
0.3
             
Sacramento - Chico - 1921
 
@ 120,000
260.5 / 161.5
2.1
16 / 10
0.1
1927
 
@ 140,000
253.5 / 157.2
1.8
"
0.1
Sacramento - Oakland - 1921
 
@ 290,000
137.5 / 85.2
0.9
65 / 40
0.4
1927
 
@ 350,000
136.4 / 84.6
0.7
"
0.3
Sacramento - Stockton - 1921
 
@ 120,000
88.7 / 55.0
1.4
8 / 5
0.1
1925
 
@ 135,000
"
1.4
"
0.1
1927
 
@ 140,000
"
0.7
"
0.07
1931
 
@ 150,000
"
0.8
"
0.07
St. Augustine (FL) - 1925
US
@ 9,000
7.6 / 4.7
0.06
2 / 1
0.01
St. Cloud-(MN) - 1907
US
@ 10,000
12.9 / 8.0
0.6
2 / 1
0.08
St-Étienne - 1930 (St Etienne)
FR
@ 200,000
90 / 56
38
3 / 2
1
ca. 1974
   
7 / 4
19.6
"
8
2003
 
450,000
9.3 / 5.8
16
3 / 2
5
St. Helens - 1925
GB
@ 105,000
30.4 / 18.9
10.0
3 / 2
1
Saint John - 1946
CA
@ 50,000
23.0 / 14.2
10.0
2 / 1
0.7
St. Joseph (MI), US: see Benton Harbor (MI), US
         
St. Joseph (MO) - 1907
US
@ 80,000
42.4 / 26.3
18.2
3 / 2
1.4
* Saint-Louis
FR
20,000
see Basel (CH)
   
St. Louis (MO) - 1923
US
@ 900,000
440 / 275
293
3 / 2
2
1950
 
@ 1,000,000
137 / 85
100
"
2.4
LRT - 1996
   
27.4 / 17.0
12.9
9.9 / 6.1
4.6
2005
 
1,560,000
61.1 / 37.9
15.6
12.1 / 7.5
3.1
** Cross County Extension + Existing
   
74 / 46
20
13 / 8
3.5
ITS-City - 1913
     
18.9
   
ITS-Interurban - 1913
   
653 / 405
9.7
24 / 15
0.1
see also East St. Louis (IL) US
           
St. Petersburg (FL) - 1907
US
@ 4,000
14.5 / 9.0
0.3
3 / 2
0.06
1925
 
@ 40,000
43.1 / 26.7
5.4
"
0.4
St. Thomas - 1916
CA
@ 10,000
11 / 7
0.5
2 / 1
0.07
Salem (OR) - 1907
US
@ 14,000
19.7 / 12.2
1.0
2 / 1
0.08
1923
 
@ 20,000
17.9 / 11.1
0.2
0.02
Salisbury (NC) - 1920
US
@ 14,000
15 / 9
1
3 / 1.5
0.2
Salt Lake City (UT) - 1907
US
@ 95,000
97.6 / 60.5
23.7
3 / 2
0.8
1914
 
@ 100,000
130 / 80
45
"
1
1925
 
@ 120,000
"
39
"
1
1938
 
@ 150,000
26 / 16
3
5 / 3
0.6
BR - 1947
 
@ 260,000
58 / 36
0.8
16 / 10
0.2
SLG&W - 1947
 
@ 180,000
26 / 16
0.02
26 / 16
*** 0.06
LRT - 2005
 
1,740,000
30.0 / 18.6
14.3
8.6 / 5.3
4.1
Sandy / Salt Lake Line
   
24 / 15
9
11 / 7
4
University Line
   
6 / 4
4
3 / 2
2
Salzburg - urban - 1911
AT
56,000
1.8 / 1.1
0.7
1.1 / 0.9
0.6
SLB - 1896
   
25.2 / 15.6
0.4
8 / 5
0.1
1911
   
40.8 / 25.3
0.9
7.8 / 4.9
0.2
SLB South Line - 1919
   
15.5 / 9.6
2.5
8 / 5
1.3
SLB - 1950
   
40.8 / 25.3
4.7
"
0.9
1953
   
"
2.5
"
0.5
1954
   
25.2 / 15.6
1.6
13 / 8
0.6
1964
   
"
1.5
"
0.8
1973
   
"
1.3
10 / 6
0.5
1996
   
34.0 / 21.1
3.6
"
1.1
2003
 
210,000
"
4.2
"
1.2
Key to Symbols:
* = in planning; ** = under construction.
*** = operated for less than 12 months as noted; traffic density scaled up to annual rate.
@ = population corresponds with historic data year.
u = population within municipal boundary.
 
Notes for Table 3.25
Saas Fee: This auto-free resort village is considering construction of a steam tramway because of road congestion caused by large numbers of (electric) vehicles. Two wood-burning locomotives would pull eight coaches on 750-mm / 2’5½” gauge track.
Sacramento - PG&E: Operator title: Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Sacramento Street Railway Division.
LRT: "Amtrak / Folsom Corridor," St. Rose of Lima Park – Sacramento Valley Station, 1.1 km / 0.7 mi, under construction. Opened 2006 December 8.
"South Sacramento Corridor Phase 2," in planning. Planned to extend Meadowview – Consumnes River College, 6 km / 4 mi. Subsequent extension planned Consumnes River College – Elk Grove, 2 km / 1 mi.
"Downtown Natomas Airport" corridor, in planning. Planned to extend Sacramento Valley Station – Arco Arena – North Natomas Town Center – Sacramento International Airport, 21 km / 13 mi.
Sacramento - SN: Operator title: Sacramento Northern Railway Company. Town tramway service in Sacramento.
Sacramento - CCT: Operator title: Central California Traction Company. Town tramway service in Sacramento.
Sacramento-Stockton - CCT: Interurban passenger service, operated Sacramento Stockton, branch to Lodi.
Saint Cloud: Operator title: Granite City Railway Company.
Saint-Étienne-1930: Operator title: Compagnie des Chemins de Fer à Voie Étroite de Saint-Etienne, Firminy, Rive-de-Gier et extensions (CFVE).
The tramway, opened 1881 December 4, carries 42 percent of public transport traffic. Branch, 2.5 km / 1.5 mi, Place du Peuple – Châteaucreux, under construction. Opening planned for 2006.
Saint John: Operator title: New Brunswick Power Company.
Saint Joseph: Operator title: St. Joseph Railway Light Heat and Power Company.
Saint Louis: Operator titles: United Railways Company (to 1927) and St. Louis Public Service Company (from 1927).
LRT - Cross County Extension + Existing: "Cross County Extension" (also called "Shrewsbury Branch"), Forest Park – University City – Shrewsbury-Lansdowne I-44, 13 km / 8 mi, opened 2006 August 28. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast for Cross County Extension (18,000 passengers / weekday), and pertains to total system length (extension plus "existing" line).
Extension, Shiloh-Scott – MidAmerica Airport, 8.5 km / 5.3 mi, in planning. Financing has not been secured (at 2007 December).
ITS-City: Sum of passengers carried by town tramway systems operated by Illinois Power and Light Company, "parent corporation" of Illinois Traction Company (trading as "Illinois Traction System"). Oscaloosa (IA), Bloomington (IL), Champaign and Urbana (IL), Danville (IL), Decatur (IL), Jacksonville (IL), Peoria (IL), Topeka (KS). Also includes ITS suburban service between St. Louis (MO) and Venice (IL), Madison (IL) and Granite City (IL).
ITS-Interurban: Operator title: Illinois Traction Company (trading as “Illinois Traction System”). Extended St. Louis (MO) Edwardsville – Springfield – Peoria, Springfield – Decatur – Champaign – Urbana – Danville, Decatur – Bloomington Mackinaw Jct, branches to Catlin, Hillsboro, Homer, Mechanicsburg and Ridge Farm.
Saint Petersburg: Operator titles: St. Petersburg and Gulf Railway Company (to 1919); St. Petersburg Municipal Railway (from 1919).
Saint Thomas: Operator title: St. Thomas Municipal Railway.
Salem (OR): Operator title: Salem Street Railway.
Salisbury: Operator title: North Carolina Public Service Company.
Salt Lake City-1907: Operator title: Utah Light and Railway Company. Operated town tramway services in Salt Lake City, with suburban extensions to Bountiful Centerville, Holliday, and Murray – Midvale – Sandy.
1938: Operator title: Utah Light and Traction Company. Includes lines 5 (1st South) and 8 (7th East), the last tramway lines remaining in operation at that date. Line 8 tramcars were replaced by motorbuses in 1940. Line 5 tramcars were replaced in 1941, but were returned to service because of the Second World War and operated to 1945.
Sandy / Salt Lake Line: Traffic density estimate based on reported weekday ridership ("nearly 30,000").
University Line: Traffic density estimate based on reported weekday ridership ("nearly 14,000").
BR: Operator title: Bamberger Railroad. Extended Salt Lake City – Ogden.
SLG&W: Operator title: Salt Lake Garfield and Western Railroad Company (known locally as the "Saltair Line"). Extended Salt Lake City – Garfield. Operated during summer months only at 1947.
Salzburg - urban: The town tramway (1909-1940) was known locally as the Salzburger Stadtbahn. Operated by SETG (below).
SLB-1896 and 1911: Operator title: Salzburger Eisenbahn- und Tramwaygesellschaft (SETG). To Salzburger Verkehrsbetriebe from 1948; Salzburger Stadtwerke from 1950, Salzburg AG from 1999.
Nordlinie ("North Line"): Salzburg – Lamprechtshausen opened 1896. Electrified 1948-1950. New underground terminal at Salzburg (Lokalbahnhof) opened 1996.
Südlinie ("South Line"): Salzburg Äußerer Stein – St. Leohnard – Berchtesgaden (DE); Äußerer Stein Parsch. Salzburg – St. Leohnard, 1886-1953. Äußerer Stein – Parsch, 1893-1953. St. Leonhard – Berchtesgaden 1907-1938. Electrified 1909 (closed, according to online sources, by order of the German government).
(German segment owned by Königlich Bayerische Staatsbahn (K.Bay.Sts.B.), Deutsche Reichsbahn (DR) from 1920, Deutsche Reichsbahn-Gesellschaft (DRG) from 1924, Deutsche Reichsbahn (DRB) from 1937. SETG trains were known locally as Rote Elektrischen, and Bavarian trains were known locally as Grünen Elektrischen. Salzburg town tramcars were known as Gelbe Elektrischen.)
Bürmoos – Trimmelkam (8.7 km / 5.4 mi) opened 1951, passenger service opened 1952, to SVB 1994.
SLB has been designated as lines S1 (Salzburg – Lamprechtshausen) and S11 (Bürmoos – Trimmelkam) of S-Bahn Salzburg (see also Table 4.28).
 
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