Table 3.26: Tramway, Light Railway and LRT
U.S, Canada, Western Europe and Australasia
San - Sc          San Antonio - Scranton     (3.26.1, 2008.6)
(San Diego, San Francisco and San Jose tabulated separately)
City and Country
Population Served
System Length, km / mi
Annual Passengers (million)
Average Travel Distance, km / mi
Annual Traffic Density (million)
           
San Antonio (TX) - 1907
US
@ 100,000
63.6 / 39.4
15.4
3 / 2
0.8
San Bernardino (CA), US: see Los Angeles (CA), US (separate tabulation)
     
San Diego (CA), US: see separate tabulation for San Diego, San Francisco and San Jose
   
San Francisco (CA), US: see separate tabulation for San Diego, San Francisco and San Jose
   
San Jose (CA), US: see separate tabulation for San Diego, San Francisco and San Jose
   
San Juan (PR) - 1907
US
@ 46,000
14.0 / 8.7
3.8
3 / 1.5
0.7
1913
 
@ 55,000
"
7.3
"
1.5
1920
 
@ 71,000
"
8.9
"
1.5
* Caguas
 
300,000
19 / 12
6
6 / 4
2
San Pedro (CA), US: see Los Angeles, US (separate tabulation)
     
St. Gallen - TStG - 1910
CH
u 60,000
10.0 / 6.2
5.3
2 / 1
1.0
1930
 
u 64,000
11.8 / 7.3
7.5
"
1.3
1940
 
u 65,000
"
6.7
"
1.1
1955
 
u 70,000
7.4 / 4.6
8.1
"
2.2
TB - 1910
   
9.8 / 6.1
   
0.2
1920
   
"
0.3
7.2 / 4.5
0.3
1930
   
"
0.4
6.8 / 4.2
0.3
1940
   
"
0.4
6.9 / 4.3
0.3
1955
   
"
0.7
7.2 / 4.5
0.5
1970
   
"
0.8
6.9 / 4.3
0.6
1984
   
"
1.0
6.1 / 3.8
0.6
2002
 
80,000
"
1.3
6.5 / 4.1
0.9
AS - 1920
   
19.4 / 12.0
0.4
9.9 / 6.1
0.2
AG
   
8.2 / 5.1
0.08
5.0 / 3.1
0.05
Summary
   
27.7 / 17.2
0.5
 
0.2
             
SGA - 1930
   
19.4 / 12.0
0.5
8.9 / 5.5
0.2
AG
   
8.2 / 5.1
0.09
5.0 / 3.1
0.05
Summary
   
27.7 / 17.2
0.6
 
0.2
             
SGA - 1940
   
19.4 / 12.0
0.6
8.8 / 5.5
0.3
AG
   
8.2 / 5.1
0.09
7.0 / 4.3
0.07
Summary
   
27.7 / 17.2
0.7
 
0.2
             
SGA - 1955
   
27.7 / 17.2
1.2
8.4 / 5.2
0.3
1970
   
"
1.4
9.1 / 5.6
0.4
1984
   
"
1.4
"
0.4
St. Gallen - AB - 2002
 
100,000
"
2
9 / 6
0.5
Gossau - AB - 1910
         
0.1
Gossau - AB - 1920
   
25.9 / 16.0
0.7
9.5 / 5.9
0.2
AWW
   
6.3 / 3.9
0.09
4.8 / 3.0
0.06
Summary
   
32.1 / 19.9
0.07
 
0.1
             
Gossau - AB - 1930
   
25.9 / 16.0
0.5
11.5 / 7.1
0.1
AWW
   
6.3 / 3.9
0.1
5.2 / 3.2
0.08
Summary
   
32.1 / 19.9
0.6
 
0.2
             
Gossau - AB - 1940
   
25.9 / 16.0
0.5
8.4 / 5.2
0.2
AWW
   
6.3 / 3.9
0.1
5.1 / 3.2
0.07
Summary
   
32.1 / 19.9
0.6
 
0.2
             
1955
   
32.1 / 19.9
1.3
8.9 / 5.5
0.4
1970
   
"
1.3
10.0 / 6.2
0.4
1984
   
"
1.3
10.3 / 6.4
0.4
2002
 
50,000
"
1
10 / 6
0.5
St. Pölten - 1911
AT
@ 23,000
7.1 / 4.4
0.1
4.7 / 2.9
0.1
1947
 
@ 40,000
7.4 / 4.6
1.4
5 / 3
0.9
1967
 
@ 42,000
7.1 / 4.4
0.2
"
0.1
Santa Ana (CA), US: see Los Angeles (CA), US (separate tabulation)
       
Santa Barbara (CA) - 1907
US
@ 11,000
10.9 / 6.7
1.3
2 / 1
0.2
1921
 
@ 20,000
11.4 / 7.0
1.8
"
0.3
1927
 
@ 30,000
"
1.9
"
0.3
Santa Cruz (CA) - 1907
US
@ 10,000
19.8 / 12.3
2.2
3 / 2
0.2
1921
 
@ 17,000
18.9 / 11.7
1.1
"
0.2
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
ES
220,000
12.3 / 7.6
12.3
6 / 4
6
Santa Monica (CA), US: see Los Angeles (CA), US (separate tabulation)
     
Santa Rosa (CA) - P&SR - 1907
US
@ 45,000
51.0 / 31.6
0.6
16 / 10
0.2
1912
 
@ 50,000
59.8 / 37.1
0.8
"
0.2
1921
 
@ 55,000
"
0.6
"
0.2
1927
 
@ 58,000
51.0 / 31.6
0.2
"
0.06
1931
 
@ 60,000
"
0.2
"
0.05
* Santander
ES
250,000
u 183,000
       
Saskatoon - 1916
CA
@ 20,000
20.4 / 12.6
3.3
2 / 1
0.3
1928
 
@ 40,000
23 / 14
5.5
"
0.4
1946
 
@ 45,000
18.9 / 11.7
12.4
"
1.4
1950
 
@ 50,000
5 / 8
5.5
"
0.7
Sássari (Sassari)
IT
u 120,000
7.7 / 4.8
     
Savannah (GA) - 1907
US
@ 60,000
68.8 / 42.7
8.3
3 / 2
0.4
Schaffhausen - SchSt - 1910
CH
@ 24,000
4.8 / 3.0
1.2
2 / 1
0.5
1920
 
@ 27,000
7.7 / 4.8
2.4
"
0.6
1940
 
@ 30,000
7.9 / 4.9
1.6
"
0.4
1955
 
@ 39,000
7.1 / 4.4
3.2
"
0.9
StSS - 1910
   
16.5 / 10.2
   
0.1
1920
   
"
0.3
9.4 / 5.8
0.2
1930
   
"
0.3
10.1 / 6.2
0.2
1940
   
"
0.3
9.3 / 5.8
0.1
1955
   
"
0.5
9.9 / 6.1
0.2
Schöneiche, DE: see Berlin
           
Schwanden - SeTB - 1910
CH
 
13.9 / 8.6
   
0.05
1920
   
"
0.1
7.1 / 4.4
0.07
1930
   
"
0.2
12.1 / 7.5
0.2
1940
   
"
0.2
7.2 / 4.5
0.08
1955
   
"
0.3
3.7 / 2.3
0.1
Schwerin
DE
110,486
22.2 / 13.8
15
4 / 2
3
Schwyz - SStB - 1910
CH
@ 8,000
1.7 / 1.1
0.2
1.5 / 1
0.2
1930
 
@ 10,000
7.1 / 4.4
0.6
2.5 / 1.5
0.2
1940
 
@ 10,000
"
0.5
"
0.2
1955
 
@ 10,000
"
0.8
"
0.3
Brunnen - BrMB - 1910
   
2.0 / 1.3
0.03
1.5 / 0.9
0.02
1920
   
"
0.06
"
0.04
1930
   
"
0.04
"
0.03
1940
   
"
0.03
"
0.02
1955
   
"
0.07
2.4 / 1.5
0.08
Scranton (PA) - 1907
US
@ 170,000
114.6 / 71.5
25.8
5 / 3
1.1
    1. 1950
 
@ 130,000
15 / 9
5.4
3 / 2
1.2
L&WV - 1907
   
36.5 / 22.6
3.5
10 / 6
0.9
1925
   
35.0 / 21.7
3.9
13 / 8
1.4
1930
   
"
2.1
"
0.8
1932
   
"
1.3
"
0.5
1940
   
"
1.0
"
0.4
1947
   
29.7 / 18.4
2.0
"
0.9
Key to Symbols:
* = in planning; ** = under construction.
*** = operated for less than 12 months as noted; traffic density scaled up to annual rate.
@ = population corresponds with historic data year.
u = population within municipal boundary.
 
Notes for Table 3.26
San Antonio: Operator title: San Antonio Traction Company.
San Juan: Operator title: San Juan Light and Traction Company.
Caguas: LRT, in planning. To extend between Cupey station, San Juan Tren Urbano (metro), and Caguas. Traffic density estimated from ridership forecast (20,000 - 25,000 per day).
Sankt Gallen - TStG: Trambahn St. Gallen. Closed 1957 October 1. Replaced by trolleybus.
TB: Trogenerbahn. Opened 1903 July 10. Steepest adhesion-only railway in Switzerland, with gradients to 7.6 percent (1 in 13). Merged with Appenzeller Bahnen (AB) from 2006 (see below).
SGA: St. Gallen-Gais-Appenzell-Altstätten. This railway was built by two undertakings, “ASt” (later SGA) and “AG,” merged from 1947.
Appenzeller-Strassenbahn-Gesellschaft (ASt) opened St. Gallen – Gais, 13.9 km / 8.6 mi, 1889 October 1. Opened Gais – Appenzell, 5.5 km / 3.4 mi, 1904 July 1. Renamed Elektrische Bahn St. Gallen-Gais-Appenzell (SGA) from 1931. Electrified 1931 January 23 1,500V d.c.).
Altstätten-Gais-Bahn (AG) opened Gais – Altstätten Stadt, 7.6 km (4.7 mi), 1911 November 18, electric traction (1,000V d.c.). Extended over town tramway tracks Altstätten Stadt – Altstätten SBB (railway station), 0.9 km / 0.6 mi, 1912 June 26.
Gais – Altstätten Stadt traction voltage increased to 1,500V d.c. from 1953. Operation on (former) Altstätten town tramway line withdrawn 1975 May 31.
AB: Appenzeller Bahn. This railway was opened by two undertakings, “AB” and “AWW,” merged from 1947.
Schweizerische Lokalbahnen (SLB) opened Winkeln – Herisau (to passengers) 1875 April 12. Herisau – Urnäsch, 10.2 km / 6.3 mi, opened 1875 September 21. Railway renamed Appenzeller Bahn from 1885. Urnäsch – Gontenbad, 7.7 km / 4.8 mi, opened 1886 August 16. Gontenbad – Appenzell, 3.0 km / 1.9 mi, opened 1886 October 29.
Gossau – Herisau, 5.0 km / 3.1 mi, opened, Winkeln – Herisau closed, 1913 October 1. Railway electrified 1933 April 22.
Säntis-Bahn (SB) opened Appenzell – Wasserauen, 6.3 km / 3.9 mi, 1912 July 13. Electric traction (1,000V d.c.). Renamed Appenzell - Weissbad - Wasserauen Bahn (AWW) from 1939. Merged with AB from 1947. Traction voltage increased to 1,500V d.c. from 1949.
SGA and AB under common management from 1970. Merged as Appenzeller Bahnen (AB) from 1989. Trogenerbahn (TB), Bergbahn Rheineck-Walzenhausen (RhW, see under Rheineck, Table 3.14) and Rorschach-Heiden-Bergbahn (RHB, see under Rorschach, Table 3.14) merged into AB from 2006.
Connection between former SGA and TB lines in central St. Gallen, in planning. To permit through working between Teufen (SGA) and Speicher (TB).
Sankt Pölten: Operator title St. Pöltner Straßenbahn AG. Extended St. Pölten –Harland (extensions Harland – Pyrha and Harland – Ochsenburg planned, not built).
1947 and 1967 were the years of maximum and minimum passenger traffic, respectively.
Passenger service Hauptbahnhof (railway station) – Harland, 7.1 km / 4.4 mi, opened 1911 March 20. Extension Hauptbahnhof – Brunngasse (in town center), 0.3 km / 0.2 mi, opened 1912 December 12.
The St. Pölten local authority requested removal of the tramway track from the town center at 1950. This was opposed by tramway management, which feared loss of traffic. The local authority could not prevent a railway or tramway from operating under concession in a public road. However, the offices of the local magistrate  (Magistratsdirektion) and police (Polizeikommissariate) threatened to block all traffic at the railway underpass because of "imminent danger" (unmittelbare Gefahr). The tramway management relented, and the last tramcar departed from Brunngasse on 1951 May 21. The new terminal was located at Goldegger Straße, north of the railway.
The undertaking faced difficult financial circumstances by 1970 because of declining traffic and receipts. The tramway reached a low point at 1973, with two of its five cars out of service. Track and rolling stock were in deteriorated condition. The company managed to secure a loan in 1974 to repair the worst of its track and to purchase two modern tramcars secondhand from Wien.
The St. Pölten local authority demanded renewal of deteriorated street track. Following prolonged negotiations, the federal Ministry of Transport, the [federal] state of Niederösterreich and the local authority agreed at 1975 to provide ATS 8 million (about USD 450,000 at the time; about USD 1.7 million today) in grants for complete reconstruction of track and overhead. By this time, the company decided that it did not wish to continue, and asked to hand the tramway to a public-sector operator. However, the St. Pölten local authority and ÖBB did not agree.
The first of the new tramcars entered service on 1975 September 1, but the undertaking could not place the second in service because its financial situation was deteriorating rapidly. The company declared bankruptcy on 1976 January 28. On 1976 February 9, the electric power supply undertaking informed the tramway management that it would cut off power on the next day, because of unpaid bills in the amount of ATS 30,000 (about USD 1,700 at the time; about USD 6,500 today). Tramway operation ended on 1976 February 10. The line was dismantled in 1976 October and November.
Santa Barbara: Operator titles: Santa Barbara Consolidated Railroad Company (at 1907) Santa Barbara and Suburban Railway Company. (at 1928).
Santa Cruz: Operator title: Union Traction Company.
Santa Cruz de Tererife: Tranvía Tenerife, tramway, opened 2007 June 2.
Santa Rosa - P&SR: Operator title: Petaluma and Santa Rosa Railroad Company.
Extended Santa Rosa – Sebastopol – Petaluma, branches to Forestville and Two Rock (Two Rock branch opened 1913, closed to passengers 1925).
Santander: Metro (i.e. light metro) and Tranvía (tramway), in planning.
Two Metro and two Tranvía lines planned for construction by 2013.
Saskatoon: Operator title: Saskatoon Municipal Railway.
Sássari: Metropolitana leggera di Sássari, opened 2006 October 27.
Savannah: Operator title: Savannah Electric Company.
Schaffhausen - SchSt: Schaffhauser Strassenbahn. Closed 1966 September 23. Replaced in part by trolleybus.
StSS: Strassenbahn Schaffhausen-Schleitheim. Neuhausen-Rheinhof – Schleitheim – Oberwiessen-Stühlingen. Opened 1905 August 8. Operated Schaffhausen Bahnhof – Neuhausen Rheinhof, 2.4 km / 1.5 mi, on Schaffhausen town tramway line. Closed 1964 October 1.
Schwanden - SeTB: Sernftalbahn. Extended Schwanden Elm.
Opened 1905 August 7 (electric traction, 750V d.c.). Closed 1969 May 31.
The railway was built entirely in road alignment. Approval by the local electorate of plans for road widening led to closure.
Schwyz - SStB: Schwyzer Strassenbahn.
Seewen (Schwyz SBB) – Schwyz opened 1900 October 6. Schwyz – Ibach opened 1914 October 12. Ibach – Brunnen Schifflände (pier) opened 1915 May 8. Closed 1963 December 15.
Brunnen - BrMB: Brunnen - Morschach - Axenstein-Bahn. Electric rack railway, 750V 50Hz three-phase a.c. 1905 August 1 - 1969 March 29. Closed a few days following the death of the railway's manager (at age 95).
The annual passenger and passenger-km statistics reported by this undertaking for 1955 imply an "average travel distance" greater than the system (line) length. As explained under Oensingen-OeBB (Table 3.17), the authors believe that a few excursion railways count passengers who make a return trip only once, and add the distance traveled (e.g. twice the line length) to the annual passenger-km statistic.
An "average travel distance" statistic greater than the distance between terminals is unlikely, and rare, but is not "impossible."
Scranton: Operator titles: Scranton Railway Company (to 1934); Scranton Transit Company (from 1934).
Operated town tramway services in Scranton, with suburban extensions (closed prior to 1950) to Moosic Pittston, Carbondale Forest City, and Hamlin.
L&WV: Operator title: Lackawanna and Wyoming Valley Railroad Company (known locally as the "Laurel Line"). Extended Scranton – Wilkes-Barre, branch to Dunmore.
 
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