Table 1:
Tramway, Light Railway and LRT
Africa, Asia, CIS, Eastern Europe and Latin America
札幌     Sapporo     (version 1, 2012.1)
City and Country
Population Served
System Length, km / mi
Annual Passengers (million)
Average Travel Distance, km / mi
Annual Traffic Density (million)
           
Sapporo – 1912
JP
@ 95,000
10.9 / 6.8
0.009
10 / 7
0.009
1916
 
@ 87,000
20.5 / 12.7
0.8
2 / 1
0.08
1918
 
@ 95,000
6.4 / 4.0
1.5
"
0.5
1927
 
@ 154,000
16.3 / 10.1
14.3
2.5 / 1.5
2
1955
 
@ 427,000
23.2 / 14.4
40
3 / 2
5.1
1960
 
@ 524,000
22.9 / 14.2
90
"
11.8
1963
 
@ 705,000
25.0 / 15.5
100
3.5 / 2
14
1965
 
@ 795,000
"
94
"
13.2
1970
 
@ 1,010,000
"
58
"
8.1
1975
 
@ 1,241,000
cw 195,000
8.5 / 5.3
19.1
2.2 / 1.3
4.8
1980
 
@ 1,402,000
cw 182,000
"
12.2
2.4 / 1.5
3.5
1985
 
@ 1,543,000
cw 181,000
"
10.4
"
3.0
1990
 
@ 1,672,000
cw 179,000
"
9.3
"
2.6
1995
 
@ 1,757,000
cw 173,000
"
9.4
"
2.6
2000
 
@ 1,822,000
cw 181,000
"
8.4
"
2.4
2005
 
@ 1,881,000
cw 203,000
"
7.8
"
2.2
2009
 
u 1,904,000
cw 217,000
"
7.3
"
2.1
Onsen - 1929
   
1.8 / 1.1
0.1
1.8 / 1.1
0.1
1932
   
"
0.02
"
0.02
Kidō - 1912
   
11.3 / 7.0
0.04
5 / 3
0.02
1926
   
11.9 / 7.4
0.08
"
0.03
Teine - 1926
   
8.2 / 5.1
0.02
5 / 3
0.01
Tōbetsu - 1929
   
11.3 / 6.8
0.04
10 / 6
0.04
Notes
Sapporo 札幌: Sapporo was founded during 1871. The land area was 5.49 km2 / 2.1 sq. mi. at that time (the population at 1871 was 624). The current land area (from 1988) is 1,121.18 km2 / 431.0 sq. mi. Population statistics marked "cw" pertain to Chūō Ward 中央区, where the remaining tramway line is located.
Operator title: 札幌石材馬車鉄道 ("Sapporo Building Stone [and] Horse-Car Railway Company, Ltd.;" 1910-1912); 札幌市街軌道 ("Sapporo Street Tramway Company, Ltd.;" 1912-1916); 札幌電気軌道 ("Sapporo Electric Tramway Company, Ltd.;" from 1916).
Opened 1910 May 1 with horse traction. The primary traffic at opening was goods (building stone, from quarries southwest of the town). The two passenger cars were used for three return services per day.
Additional information:
 
1912
1914
1917
System length, km / mi
10.9 / 6.8
 
20.5 / 12.7
Cars
of which passenger cars
48
2
99
41
97
41
Horses
22
   
Passengers / day
25
1,490
2,110
The company began building tramway lines within Sapporo during 1912. It owned 41 passenger cars by 1914.
First electric operation 1918 August 12. Municipalized 1927 December 1.
Most of the Sapporo tramway system was closed 1971-1974 during the initial period of metro development. The remaining line was the busiest part of the network. The operator considered closure, but the 1974 "oil shock" and environmental concerns led to a decision in favor of tramway retention at 1976.
The tramway again came under threat of closure from 2003 because of operating losses, the deteriorated condition of rolling stock and facilities, and the cost of renewal. Following extended discussion, the Mayor of Sapporo announced at early 2005 that tramway operation would continue.
The two business-center terminals, Nishi-yon-chōme 西4丁目 and Susukino すすきの, are 0.4 km apart. Plans to build a connection, permitting operation of a circular service, under discussion, together with plans to extend the line to Sapporo station.
Onsen 温泉: Operator title: 札幌温泉電気軌道 ("Sapporo Onsen Electric Tramway Company, Ltd.;" to 1930). 札幌郊外電気軌道 ("Sapporo Suburban Electric Tramway Company, Ltd.;" from 1930). Extended Minami-Ichijō 南一条 – Onsen-shita 温泉下. Built to serve a hot-spring resort (onsen) southwest of central Sapporo. Opened 1929 June 30. Operation suspended 1930 August 31 because the electric power substation was destroyed by fire. Operation resumed 1931 (on or shortly after August 26) with a petrol railcar. Operation again suspended during summer 1933, not resumed.
Kidō 軌道: Operator title: 札北馬車軌道 ("Sahoku Horse-Car Tramway Company, Ltd.," to 1912); 札幌軌道 ("Sapporo Tramway Company, Ltd.," from 1912).
Extended Sapporo – Barato 次戸 – Kawagishi 川岸. Opened in stages 1911 June 11 -1917 September 4. Horse and internal-combustion traction; not electrified.
At opening, the scheduled running time between terminals was 1 hr.
The state railway Sassho South Line 札沼南線 was opened to Ishikari-Tōbetsu 石狩当別 station on 1934 November 20. This ended the need for the tramway, which was closed 1935 March 14.
Additional information:
 
1912
System length, km / mi
11.3 / 7.0
Cars
25
Horses
12
Passengers / day
210
Teine 手稲: Operator title: 軽石軌道 ("Keiseki Tramway Company, Ltd."). Extended Teine 手稲 (former name: Garugawa 軽軽) – Bannaguro 花畔. Horse traction; not electrified. Opened 1922 October 28. Closed 1940 October 23. Location: northwest of central Sapporo.
At opening, this line operated three services per day. Scheduled running time between terminals was 40 min.
Tōbetsu 当別: Operator title: 江当軌道 (written in contemporary sources as 江當軌道; "Etō Tramway Company, Ltd."). Extended Tōbetsu – Ebetsu 江別. Steam and internal-combustion traction; not electrified. Opened 1927 August 18.
Ebetsu terminal was located northwest of Ebetsu railway station, on the north (right) bank of the Ishikari-gawa 石狩川 river. The company provided road transport between the state railway station and its Ebetsu terminal.
At 1931, the tramway operated 7 return services. Scheduled running time between terminals was 40 minutes.
The state railway Sassho South Line 札沼南線 was opened to Ishikari-Tōbetsu 石狩当別 station on 1934 November 20. This ended the need for the tramway. It carried 18,340 passengers and 6,503 tonnes during 1934. Traffic fell to 3,260 passengers and 83 tonnes during 1935. The tramway was closed from 1936 April 30.
Location: northeast of Sapporo.
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