Table 3.28: Tramway, Light Railway and LRT
U.S, Canada, Western Europe and Australasia
Se - Sy          Sea Isle City - Sydney     (3.28.1, 2008.6)
(Seattle tabulated separately)
City and Country
Population Served
System Length, km / mi
Annual Passengers (million)
Average Travel Distance, km / mi
Annual Traffic Density (million)
           
Sea Isle City (NJ) - 1907
NJ
@ 500
10.1 / 6.2
0.06
3 / 2
*** 0.08
Seattle (WA), US: see separate tabulation
         
Selma (AL) - 1907
US
@ 13,000
11.3 / 7.0
0.9
2 / 1
0.1
** Sevilla (Seville) - LRT Line 1
ES
1,415,000
u 704,000
19.0 / 11.8
20.4
4 / 2.5
4
Line 3
   
11 / 7
20
3 / 2
5
Line 4
   
15 / 9
19
3 / 2
4
Tram
   
1.3 / 0.8
     
Shawnee (OK) - 1910
US
@ 12,000
19 / 12
1
3 / 2
0.2
Sheffield - 1916
GB
@ 470,000
64.8 / 40.2
96.3
2.5 / 1.5
3.6
2003
 
1,300,000
u 440,000
30.5 / 18.9
12.3
3.5 / 2.2
1.4
Sherbrooke - 1912
CA
@ 20,000
14.9 / 9.3
1.0
2 / 1
0.2
Shreveport (LA) - 1907
US
@ 30,000
17.9 / 11.1
2.9
3 / 2
0.5
1927
 
@ 60,000
56.8 / 35.2
11.3
3 / 2
0.6
Sioux City (IA) - 1907
US
@ 50,000
51.6 / 32.0
8.0
3 / 2
0.5
Sioux Falls (SD) - 1907
US
@ 14,000
7.3 / 4.5
0.1
2 / 1
*** 0.1
Sóller - FS (Soller)
ES
10,000
5.0 / 3.1
0.5
3 / 2
0.3
Solothurn - SNB - 1920
CH
 
13.8 / 8.6
0.5
5.6 / 3.5
0.3
1930
   
14.5 / 9.0
0.6
"
0.2
1940
   
"
0.4
5.1 / 3.2
0.1
1955
   
"
0.6
6.5 / 4.0
0.3
1970
   
"
0.8
6.9 / 4.3
0.4
1984
   
"
0.6
7.3 / 4.5
0.3
2002
 
30,000
"
1
6.8 / 4.2
0.5
South Bend (IN) - 1912
US
@ 160,000
166.2 / 103.0
12.3
5 / 3
0.4
South Bend (WA) - 1915
US
@ 5,000
8.9 / 5.5
0.4
6 / 4
0.3
1927
 
@ 6,000
"
0.2
"
0.1
South San Francisco (CA), US: see San Francisco (CA), US (separate tabulation)
     
Spartanburg (SC) - 1907
US
@ 17,000
24.0 / 14.9
0.9
3 / 2
0.1
Spiez - SVB - 1910
CH
@ 3,000
1.3 / 0.8
0.06
1.3 / 0.8
0.06
1930
 
@ 5,000
"
0.05
"
0.05
1940
 
@ 6,000
"
0.02
"
0.02
1955
 
@ 7,000
"
0.05
"
*** 0.2
Spokane (WA) - WWP - 1915
US
@ 105,000
73 / 45
16.4
3 / 2
0.7
ST - 1915
   
51 / 32
12.3
3 / 2
0.8
SUR - 1927
 
@ 120,000
105 / 65
20.6
3 / 2
0.6
WWP - interurban - 1915
 
@ 110,000
37 / 23
0.2
15 / 10
0.1
S&E - 1926
 
@ 130,000
78 / 48
0.2
16 / 10
0.04
IE - 1926
 
@ 135,000
127 / 205
0.08
33 / 20
0.01
SC&P - 1935
 
@ 155,000
256 / 159
0.07
19 / 12
0.005
Springfield (IL) - 1907
US
@ 50,000
45.6 / 28.2
9.4
3 / 2
0.7
Stillwater (MN), US: see Minneapolis-St. Paul (MN), US
       
Stockholm - urban - 2002
SE
1,700,000
u 760,000
5.7 / 3.5
2.4
3.2 / 2.0
1.3
2006
 
1,942,000
u 783,000
"
2.5
"
1.4
Djurgårdslinjen - 2007
   
3.2 / 2.0
0.3
2 / 1
0.2
* 2010
   
5.4 / 3.3
5
"
2
Tvärbanan - 2002
   
9.2 / 5.7
6.8
3.3 / 2.0
2.4
2006
   
11.6 / 7.2
11.5
"
3.3
Lidingöbanan - 2002
   
9.2 / 5.7
2.4
4.4 / 2.7
1.1
2006
   
"
2.8
"
1.3
Roslagsbanan
   
see Table 4.31
     
Saltsjöbanan
   
see Table 4.31
     
Stockton (CA) - 1907
US
@ 20,000
20.2 / 12.5
2.6
2.5 / 1.5
0.3
1921
 
@ 40,000
15.3 / 9.5
6
"
1.0
1927
 
@ 45,000
17.9 / 11.1
5.5
"
0.8
TSO - 1921
 
@ 50,000
51.9 / 32.2
0.06
24 / 15
0.03
1927
 
@ 60,000
"
0.03
"
0.01
Strasbourg
FR
610,000
24.4 / 15.6
38
2.8 / 1.7
4.4
Lines A and D
   
12.3 / 7.6
20
"
4.6
Lines B and C
   
12.1 / 8.0
18
"
4.2
Strausberg, DE: see Berlin
           
Stuttgart - 1900
DE
 
23.6 / 14.6
14.1
3 / 2
1.8
1914 - urban
   
129.6 / 80.4
50.5
3 / 2
1.2
1914 - suburban (vorortbahnen)
   
56.3 / 34.9
5.5
5 / 3
0.5
1966
 
@ 890,000
136.2 / 84.4
125.6
5.1 / 3.2
4.7
1984
 
@ 850,000
119.9 / 74.3
143.9
5 / 3
6.0
2003
 
960,000
93.7 / 58.1
70
4.9 / 3.0
3.6
Zahnradbahn - 2003
   
2.2 / 1.4
1
1.5 / 1
0.7
Sudbury - 1946
CA
@ 40,000
12.7 / 7.9
2.3
2.5 / 1.5
0.4
Superior (WI), US: see Duluth (MN), US
           
Swansea - 1945
GB
@ 170,000
8.7 / 5.4
5
5 / 3
2.8
1953
   
"
3
"
1.7
Sydney region tramway lines arranged anti- (counter) clockwise (north, west, south).
Sydney - City - 1925
AU
@ 1,039,000
189.7 / 117.6
275.8
3 / 2
4.7
North Sydney - 1925
 
@ 105,000
u 49,000
37.3 / 23.1
25.2
2.5 / 1.5
1.6
Manly - 1925
 
@ 30,000
u 20,000
17.3 / 10.7
4.2
3 / 2
0.9
Ashfield - 1925
 
@ 115,000
13.7 / 8.5
7.5
2.5 / 1.5
1.3
Parramatta - 1925
   
3.4 / 2.1
0.5
2 / 1
0.2
Arncliffe - 1925
   
4.2 / 2.6
0.7
2 / 1
0.3
Rockdale - 1925
 
@ 25,000
2.0 / 1.2
1.2
1.3 / 0.8
0.8
Kogarah - 1925
   
9.0 / 5.6
1.4
2.5 / 1.5
0.4
Sutherland - 1925
   
11.9 / 7.4
0.7
4 / 2.5
0.2
             
Sydney - all - 1951
 
@ 1,860,000
210 / 130
256.7
4 / 2.5
5
LRT
 
3,600,000
7.2 / 4.5
4
1.5 / 1
1
Sydney - 1946
CA
@ 50,000
34.5 / 21.3
1.9
4 / 2.5
0.2
Key to Symbols:
* = in planning; ** = under construction.
*** = operated for less than 12 months as noted; traffic density scaled up to annual rate.
@ = population corresponds with historic data year.
u = population within municipal boundary.
 
Notes for Table 3.28
Sea Isle City: Population shown is the number of all-year residents. Operator title: New Jersey Rapid Transit Company. Operated for three months only during 1907. Traffic density scaled up to annual rate.
Selma: Operator title: Selma Street and Suburban Railway Company.
Sevilla - LRT: Metro de Sevilla, light metro. Population served is defined explicitly as that within 500 meters / 0.3 mi of stations, and is stated at 227,974 for Line 1. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecasts (passengers / year; as stated in table above).
Opening of Line 1 planned for 2008 September 30. Construction of initial segments of Lines 2, and 4 planned to start in 2009. Four-line, 57.5-km / 35.6 mi system planned.
Previous project for full-scale metro suspended 1984.
Tram: Metrocentro, street tramway. Initial segment opened 2007 October 28. To be extended to 2.7 km / 1.7 mi.
Shawnee: Operator title: Shawnee-Tecumseh Traction Company.
Operated town tramway services in Shawnee, and suburban extension to Tecumseh.
Sherbrooke: Operator title: Sherbrooke Railway and Power Company.
Shreveport: Operator titles: Shreveport Traction Company (at 1907); Shreveport Railways Company (at 1927).
Sioux City: Operator title: Sioux City Traction Company.
Operated town tramway services in Sioux City (IA) and South Sioux City (NE).
Sioux Falls: Operator title: Sioux Falls Traction Company.
Solothurn - SNB: Solothurn-Niederbipp-Bahn.
Extends Solothurn– Niederbipp. Opened 1918 January 9 (electric traction, 1,000V d.c.). Segment Solothurn (Bahnhofplatz, railway station) – Solothurn Baseltor, 0.6 km / 0.4 mi opened 1925 September 7. Merged into Aare Seeland mobil (ASm) from 1999.
South Bend (IN): Operator title: Chicago South Bend and Northern Indiana Railway Company (known locally as "Northern Indiana Railway").
Extended South Bend – La Porte – Michigan City, South Bend – Niles (MI), and South Bend – Elkhart – Goshen. Operated town tramway services in Elkhart, Goshen, La Porte, Michigan City and South Bend.
South Bend (WA): Operator title: Willapa Electric Company.
Tramway line, South Bend – Raymond.
Spartanburg: Operator title: Spartanburg Railway Gas and Electric Company.
Spiez - SVB: Spiezer Verbundungsbahn. Operated only during summer season (115 days at 1955; not stated at 1940). Traffic density for 1955 scaled up to annual rate.
Spokane - WWP: Operator title: Washington Water Power Company. Operated town tramway services in Spokane.
ST: Operator title: Spokane Traction Division, Spokane and Inland Empire Railway ("Inland Empire System"). Town tramway services in Spokane.
SUR: Operator title: Spokane United Railways (subsidiary undertaking of WWP). Operated former WWP and ST town tramway services.
WWP-interurban: Extended Spokane – Medical Lake, branch to Cheney. Closed 1921.
S&E: Operator title: Spokane and Eastern Railway and Power Company. Extended Spokane – Coeur d’Alene (ID), suburban line Spokane – Opportunity, branches to Hayden Lake and Liberty Lake.
IE: Operator title: Inland Empire Railway Company. Extended Spokane – Colfax, branch Spring Valley – Moscow (ID).
SCP: Operator title: Spokane Coeur d’Alene and Palouse Railway Company. Operated former S&E and IE lines (Opportunity line and Liberty Lake branch closed 1927, Hayden Lake branch closed 1929). Subsidiary undertaking of Great Northern Railway Company.
Springfield: Operator title: Springfield Consolidated Railway Company.
Stockholm - urban:
The current tramway Line 12, the Nockebybanan, was opened Alvik – Alléparken on 1914 August 29. It was extended Alléparken – Nockeby in stages 1920-1929, and was completed to Nockeby on 1929 October 1.
The segment Tegelbacken (central Stockholm) – Alvik was replaced by metro (T-bana) from 1952 October 26. This isolated the current Nockebybanan from the remainder of the Stockholm tramway system (see below).
Closed for rehabilitation 1997 June 9 – 1998 June 22; during this time the spacing between track centerlines was increased to permit operation of wider cars.
Operated under contract by Veolia Transport (formerly Connex). This undertaking is the transportation division of the French-based multinational company Veolia Environnement.
Djurgårdslinjen: Heritage tramway, operated as part of the public transport system as Line 7. Operated by AB Stockholms Spårvägar, a subsidiary of Svenska Spårvägssällskapet (Swedish Tramway Society), on a not-for-profit basis. Most staff are volunteers, but a small number of paid staff handle maintenance and administration.
The western segment of today’s Djurgårdslinjen was opened as part of the first horse tramway in Stockholm, opened 1877 August 10. The line was completed to its current terminal in 1878. Electric tramcars began operation on 1904 July 27.
The Stockholm municipal council decided at 1957 to replace all tramway and trolleybus lines. The "last" lines operated on 1967 September 2. Line 7 was the "last" tramway to operate in central Stockholm.
Reopened 1991 June 2. Most of the line was rebuilt to permit operation of vehicles up to 2.65m / 8'8" wide. The track at the approach to the Djurgården loop is original, will not clear vehicles wider than 2.2m / 7'2½", and is therefore signaled to permit only one tramcar at a time on this segment.
Operates daily, late Mayearly September.
Operates Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays, late March - late May, and early September - mid December.
Operating hours are, generally ca. 1100 - ca. 1800.
At 2007, the Djurgårdslinjen operated for ca. 150 days, operated ca. 4,000 trips and carried 290,000 passengers.
A Bombardier Flexity Outlook "Cityrunner" articulated tramcar, borrowed from Brussels, operated on the Djurgårdslinjen in 2006 August. An Alstom Citadis articulated tramcar, built for the Madrid Metro Ligero lines, operated on the Djurgårdslinjen in 2007 August and on the Lidingöbanan (below) during the following month.
A planned extension, Norrmalmstorg – Sergels torg – Stockholm Central, 1 km / 0.6 mi, would permit replacement of motorbus service 47 with modern tramcars. A new depot would be built in the Värtan free-port district. The 1.2-km / 0.7-mi connection to the existing line would also be worked for passenger service. According to plans, a concession would be issued during 2008 and service would begin by 2010.
(A petrol tramway (Bensinspårvägen) line, Karlaplan – Frihamnen, was opened on 1924 January 14 and closed on 1929 March 1. The Värtan extension is planned for construction on a different alignment.)
Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast: 13,000 / weekday during winter months, and 20,000 / weekday during summer months.
Tvärbanan: Modern tramway line, known in English as the "Cross-Connector."
The line is built mostly on reservation, but has a short segment of street track in the Gröndal district. The eastern segment has center reservation with road crossings.
Operating segments were opened as follows:
Alvik – Liljeholmen, 4.2 km / 2.6 mi, 2000 June 1.
Liljeholmen – Gullmarsplan, 5.0 km / 3.1 mi, 2000 January 8.
Gullmarsplan – Sickla udde, 2.4 km / 1.5 mi, 2002 August 14.
Operated under contract by Veolia Transport (formerly Connex).
Extensions in planning, as follows:
Alvik – Ulvsunda – Sundbyberg, branching to Solna station (serving a new national arena), and Solvalla – Kista – Sollentuna Centrum (or Helenelund). Completion planned by 2015.
Eventual continuation of the Solna branch, Bergshamra – Universitet – Ropsten.
Extension Ropsten – Värtan – Stockholm Central.
Sickla udde – Slussen, sharing a segment of the Saltsjöbanan (below).
Lidingöbanan: This line is built to railway standards and is classified legally as a railway (Järnväg). It has always been worked by tramway-type stock. Operated under contract by Veolia Transport (formerly Connex).
Norra Lidingöbanan (Islinge – Kyrkviken), 1907 October 7 – 1971 June 12. Built by Lidingö Trafik AB, to Tramcars carried by ferry, 1909-1914. To SL from 1968.
Södra Lidingöbanan (Ropsten –Islinge – Gåshaga), 1914 to date. Built by Trafik AB Stockholm-Södra Lidingön, to SL from 1968.
Gåshaga – Gåshaga brigga, 0.2 km / 0.1 mi, opened 2001 May 7.
Stockton: Operator title: Stockton Electric Railroad Company.
The Central California Traction Company operated competing town tramway services from 1906 to 1914, and a vestigial service (the "Sunnyside Trolley") thereafter to 1932, worked by one car at a time.
TSO: Operator title: Tidewater Southern Railway Company. Extended Stockton – Modesto. System length exclusive of goods-only branches.
Strasbourg: Regional population, including communities in Germany, stated at 860,000.
Tramway opened 1994 November 26. Four extensions totaling 10.4 km / 6.4 mi in planning; construction planned for 2005, opening planned for 2006 December. Additional extension, 3.1 km / 1.9 mi, opening planned for 2008. Tram-Train project, 44 km / 27 mi, in planning, opening planned for 2009. Resubmission of tramway expansion plans for consultation and public inquiry was (at 2005 January) anticipated to delay these projects by 12-18 months.
Stuttgart: System length includes 11.1 km / 6.9 mi of meter-gauge Straßenbahn (street tramway) and 110.2 km / 68.3 mi of standard-gauge Stadtbahn (LRT) lines. Tunnel segments extend 23.2 km (14.4 mi, 15 stations, opened from 1966).
The last meter-gauge tramway service, line 15, Ruhbank (Fernsehturm) — Eugensplatz — Hauptbahnhof — Nordbahnhof — Zuffenhausen — Stammheim, was withdrawn from 2007 December 8. This was also the last day of operation for Stuttgart’s distinctive type GT4 articulated tramcars, built by Duewag.
Zahnradbahn: Zahnradbahn Stuttgart, rack tramway, known locally as "Zacke."
Sudbury: Operator title: Sudbury-Copper Cliff Suburban Electric Railway Company.
Extended Sudbury – Copper Cliff.
Swansea: Operator title: Swansea and Mumbles Railway, Ltd.
Sydney-AU:Operator title: New South Wales Government Tramways; system owned and worked by the (federal) State of New South Wales. Claimed as the second-largest tramway system in the British Empire (after London).
City: City and Suburban, also known as "Sydney Main System." Served Sydney and adjacent suburban municipalities. Last line (La Perouse) closed 1961 February 25.
North Sydney: Lines from ferry landings at Milsons Point, Neutral Bay, Cremorne, Mosman and Athol. Extended on Sydney Harbour Bridge from Milsons Point to underground terminal at Wynyard station, Sydney, 1932 March 20. Last lines closed 1958 June 28.
Manly: Manly - The Spit, lines from Manly ferry landing. Closed 1939 October 12.
Ashfield: Ashfield - Mortlake - Cabarita, also known as "Enfield Lines." Lines from Ashfield railway station. Closed 1948 August 21.
Parramatta: Parramatta - Northmead [Woollen Mills], steam traction. Remnant of longer line, Parramatta – Northmead [Woollen Mills] – Castle Hill, 10.8 km / 6.7 mi. Closed 1926 December 31.
Northmead – Castle Hill connected to railway system and operated as railway branch from 1923 January 28. Extended Castle Hill – Rogans Hill, 2.2 km / 1.3 mi, 1924 November 24. Closed 1932 January 31.
Arncliffe: Arncliffe – Bexley, steam traction. Closed 1926 December 31.
Rockdale: Rockdale – Brighton-le-Sands. Closed 1949 September 3.
Kogarah: Kogarah – Sans Souci, steam traction. Electrification started, not completed. Closed 1937 July 4, replaced by trolleybuses.
Sutherland: Sutherland – Cronulla, steam traction. Closed 1931 August 3. (Sutherland – Cronulla railway branch opened 1939 December 16.)
LRT: Metro Light Rail. Trial service opened 1997 August 11, full-time service opened 1997 September 1.
Sydney-CA: Operator title: Cape Breton Bus and Tram Company, Ltd. Operated Sydney – Dominion – Glace Bay.
Town tramway lines in Sydney, and unconnected suburban tramway North Sydney Sydney Mines closed 1931; town tramway service in Glace Bay, worked by one car at a time, withdrawn 1938.
 
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