Table 3.32: Tramway, Light Railway and LRT
U.S, Canada, Western Europe and Australasia
W          Walla Walla - Würzburg     (3.32.1, 2008.6)
City and Country
Population Served
System Length, km / mi
Annual Passengers (million)
Average Travel Distance, km / mi
Annual Traffic Density (million)
           
Walla Walla (WA) - 1915
US
 
31 / 19
1.2
2 / 1
0.06
1927
   
23 / 14
0.08
18 / 11
0.06
Wallasey - 1926
GB
@ 95,000
19.7 / 12.2
21.3
2 / 1
1.7
Wanganui - 1926
NZ
@ 24,000
23.4 / 14.5
3.6
2.5 / 1.5
0.4
1945
   
23.1 / 14.3
2.9
"
0.3
Washington (DC) - CTCo - 1937
 
@ 700,000
124 / 77
156.8
2.5 / 1.5
3
1944
 
@ 750,000
123 / 76
336.0
"
7
1953
 
@ 800,000
108 / 67
153.2
"
3
1957
 
@ 780,000
106 / 66
86.8
"
2
1960
 
@760,000
84 / 52
40.9
"
1
* LRT - Bi-County
   
23 / 14
     
** LRT - Anacostia
 
1,310,000
4.5 / 2.7
1
2.5 / 1.5
0.5
* LRT - Columbia Pike
   
7.6 / 4.7
6
3 / 2
2.5
W-VR - 1913
 
@ 25,000
73.9 / 45.8
5.7
8 / 5
0.6
Washington (IN) - 1927
US
@ 10,000
4.7 / 2.9
0.3
2 / 1
0.09
Washington (PA), US: see Pittsburgh
           
* Weil am Rhein
DE
30,000
see Basel (CH)
   
Wellington - 1926
NZ
@ 99,000
46.8 / 29.0
41.9
3 / 2
2.9
1945
   
49.1 / 30.4
58.9
2 / 1.5
2.9
West Chester (PA) - 1907
US
 
45.5 / 28.2
2.3
5 / 3
0.2
Wichita (KS) - 1907
US
@ 50,000
35.1 / 21.8
5.9
3 / 2
0.5
Wien - 1911
AT
@ 2,080,000
219.6 / 136.2
283.3
4.4 / 2.8
5.8
1929
 
@ 1,930,000
288 / 179
650
4 / 2
9
1943
 
@ 1,700,000
"
730
"
10
1962
 
@ 1,630,000
225 / 140
427.2
"
8
1967
 
@ 1,620,000
"
335
"
6
1974
 
"
200 / 125
285.8
"
6
1984
 
@ 1,515,000
190 / 120
239.0
"
5.0
2004
 
1,630,000
183.1 / 113.5
206.7
3.5 / 2.2
3.9
WLB - 1911
   
41.1 / 25.5
4.0
9.8 / 6.1
1.0
1956
   
30.4 / 18.8
3.8
10 / 6
1
1984
   
"
3.7
"
1
2002
   
"
7.1
"
2
EBMH - 1911
   
4.4 / 2.7
0.7
3.2 / 2.0
0.5
steam - 1911
   
26.7 / 16.6
4.7
4.6 / 2.8
0.7
Wiesbaden - 1951
DE
@ 240,000
24.4 / 15.1
6.0
4 / 2.5
1.0
* LRT
 
270,000
32 / 20
     
Wildwood (NJ) - 1907
US
@ 900
8.9 / 5.5
0.8
3 / 2
0.3
Wilhelmshaven - 1936
DE
@ 100,000
8.4 / 5.2
1.4
2 / 1
0.3
1940
 
"
"
2.0
"
0.5
Wilkes-Barre (PA) - 1907
US
@ 100,000
96.5 / 59.3
21.1
5 / 3
1.1
WBD&HL - 1907
   
19.1 / 11.8
1.2
5 / 3
0.3
Wilmington (DE) - 1913
US
@ 200,000
70.6 / 43.7
27.5
3 / 2
1.3
Wilmington (NC) - 1925
US
@ 40,000
35.2 / 21.8
3
6 / 4
0.5
Winnipeg - 1946
CA
@ 250,000
58.4 / 36.3
80
3 / 2
4.4
1950
 
@ 300,000
32 / 20
45
"
5.7
Winona (MN) - 1907
US
@ 19,000
10.3 / 6.4
1.0
2 / 1
0.2
Winston-Salem (NC) - 1920
US
@ 48,000
16.0 / 9.9
4
3 / 1.5
0.7
Winterthur - 1910
CH
@ 25,000
1.8 / 6.1
0.8
1 / 0.5
0.4
1930
 
@ 54,000
9.9 / 6.1
3.8
1.5 / 1
0.6
1940
 
@ 60,000
7.9 / 4.9
2.7
"
0.5
Wohlen - WM - 1920
CH
 
8.2 / 5.1
0.3
5.1 / 3.1
0.2
1930
   
"
0.4
5.4 / 3.3
0.3
1940
   
"
0.3
5.8 / 3.6
0.2
1955
   
"
0.5
5.9 / 3.7
0.3
1970
   
"
0.4
5.5 / 3.4
0.2
1984
   
"
0.3
6.0 / 3.7
0.2
1996
 
20,000
"
0.4
5.2 / 3.2
0.4
Woltersdorf, DE: see Berlin
           
Worcester - 1911
GB
@ 48,000
9.4 / 5.8
3
2 / 1
0.5
Wuppertal - 1966
DE
@ 660,000
56.1 / 34.8
28.6
4.7 / 2.9
2.3
1984
 
@ 480,000
23.1 / 14.3
7.0
"
1.4
Würzburg - 1966 (Wurzburg)
DE
@ 150,000
12.2 / 7.6
9.2
4.7 / 2.9
2.0
1984
 
@ 130,000
14.4 / 8.9
17.4
4.5 / 3
5.4
2003
 
130,000
19.8 / 12.3
24.8
"
5.6
Key to Symbols:
* = in planning; ** = under construction.
*** = operated for less than 12 months as noted; traffic density scaled up to annual rate.
@ = population corresponds with historic data year.
u = population within municipal boundary.
 
Notes for Table 3.24
Walla Walla: Operator title: Walla Walla Valley Railway Company.
Extended Walla Walla – Milton-Freewater (OR). Operated town tramway services in Walla Walla (closed 1926). Town tramway passengers at 1915: 1 million / year (estimate); tramway line annual traffic density: 0.2 million (implied by passenger traffic estimate).
Wallasey: Operator title: Wallasey Corporation Tramways (municipal undertaking).
Wanganui: Operator title: Wanganui City Council.
Washington (DC) - CTC: Operator title: Capital Transit Company (to 1956), D.C. Transit Company (from 1956).
LRT-Bi-County: "Bi-County Transitway," in planning (corridor also known as "Purple Line"). To extend between Bethesda, Medical Center, Silver Spring, College Park - U of MD and New Carrollton stations (Metrorail), in Montgomery and Prince George’s counties (MD). To be built as bus rapid transit (BRT) or LRT. "Locally Preferred Alternative" to be selected by 2007. Construction planned for 2011, opening of initial segment planned for 2013.
(Expansion to full orbital (circle) proposed (by Sierra Club, Metro DC Office), from New Carrollton via Largo Town Center, Suitland, King Street (Alexandria), Franconia-Springfield, Dunn Loring-Merrifield, and (future) Tysons Corner Metrorail stations to Bethesda.)
LRT-Anacostia: "Anacostia Corridor Demonstration Project" LRT, under construction. to be built on a disused railway alignment. Groundbreaking ceremony held on 13 November 2004. Opening planned by 2007; postponed. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (2,500 / weekday).
Long-range plans recommend modern tramway ("streetcar") lines for three corridors:
--Silver Spring – Near Southeast/ Southwest Waterfront.
--Georgetown – Minnesota Avenue station (Metrorail).
--Anacostia line, with extension on 11th Street Bridge to M Street SE.
LRT-Columbia Pike: "Columbia Pike Alternatives Analysis (’Pike Transit Initiative’)," in planning. Modern tramway ("streetcar"), similar to Portland Streetcar. To extend Pentagon City (Metrorail station) – Skyline, in Arlington and Fairfax counties (VA), with most of line in Columbia Pike. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (20,670 / weekday, by 2030).
W-VR: Operator title: Washington-Virginia Railway Company. Extended Washington (DC) – Arlington (VA), with suburban extensions to Alexandria – Mount Vernon, and Vienna – Fairfax.
Waterford: Three parties (Green Party, Fianna Fáil and Progressive Democrats) formed a coalition government following the election of 2007 May 24. The "programme for government" states that the government will "conduct feasibility studies to be completed in two years into Luas-style light rail transit systems in Cork, Galway, Limerick and Waterford." See also Table 4.3.
Wellington: Operator title: Wellington City Council.
West Chester: Operator title: West Chester Street Railway Company.
Operated town tramway services in West Chester, with suburban extensions to Kennett Square / Avondale – West Grove, and Hockessin (DE). See also Philadelphia-Suburban (to 1954).
Wichita: Operator title: Wichita Railway and Light Company.
Wien - General: System length includes 3.3 km (2.1 mi, 6 stations) in tunnel.
The line sometimes described as "LRT" is in fact U-Bahn Line U6. This incorporates the last remaining Stadtbahn segment, and uses cars built for low-platform loading. See Table 4.13.
EBMH-1911: Elektrische Bahn Mödling - Hinterbrühl, opened 1883-1885, first permanent electric tramway in Europe. Closed 1932.
Steam-1911: Operator title: Gemeinde Wien - Städtische Straßenbahnen. Steam tramway lines Wien – Stammersdorf, Florisdorf Groß-Enzersdorf, and Hietzing – Perchtoldsdorf – Mödling.
Stammersdorf line electrified 1910-1912, operation continues.
Groß-Enzersdorf line electrified 1922, Kagran - Groß-Enzersdorf closed 1970; extension of tram route 25 from Aspern (Oberdorfstraße) to Groß-Enzersdorf, in planning, opening planned for 2009. Additional tramway extensions in planning.
Mödling line electrified 1921, Rodaun – Perchtoldsdorf – Mödling closed 1967.
Wiesbaden - LRT: Wiesbadener Stadtbahn, "Karlsruhe Model" LRT, in planning.
Wildwood: Population shown is the number of all-year residents. Operator title: Five Mile Beach Electric Railway Company.
This undertaking continues to operate public transport services (in Cape May, Ocean City and Wildwood), and is claimed as "the oldest privately owned trolley company currently operating in the United States." (Tramway closed 1945, "trolley" in the current-day context refers to small motorbuses styled to resemble tramcars.)
Wilkes-Barre: Operator title: Wilkes-Barre and Wyoming Valley Traction Company.
Operated town tramway services in Wilkes-Barre and neighboring towns, with suburban extension to Nanticoke – Glen Lyon.
WBD&HL: Operator title: Wilkes-Barre, Dallas and Harvey’s Lake Railway Company. Extended Wilkes-Barre – Luzerne – Dallas – Harvey’s Lake.
Wilmington (DE): Operator title: Wilmington and Philadelphia Traction Company.
Operated town tramway services in Wilmington, with suburban extensions to State Line, New Castle – Delaware City, and Stanton.
Wilmington (NC): Operator title: Tidewater Power Company.
Operated town tramway services in Wilmington, with suburban extension to Wrightsville Beach.
Winnipeg: Operator title: Winnipeg Electric Company.
Winona: Operator title: Winona Railway and Light Company.
Winston-Salem: Operator title: Southern Public Utilities Company.
Winterthur: Städtische Strassenbahn Winterthur (StStW). 1898 - 1951 November 3.
Wohlen-WM: Wohlen-Meisterschwanden-Bahn.
Extended Wohlen – Fahrwangen-Meisterschwanden.
Opened 1916 December 18, electric traction (1,000V d.c.). Operated by BD (see under Zürich-Dietikon, Table 3.20) from 1920 March 1. Traction voltage increased to 1,200V d.c. from 1947. Electrification converted to SBB system (15kV 16⅔Hz) from 1966 March 18. Rail passenger service replaced by bus from 1 June 1997. Wohlen – Villmergen, 2.0 km / 1.3 mi retained for goods (freight) service.
 
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