Table 4.13: Metro and Suburban Rail
U.S., Canada, Western Europe and Australasia
W-Z          Washington - Zwickau     (4.13.1, 2007.10)
City and Country
Population Served
System Length, km / mi
Annual Passengers (million)
Average Travel Distance, km / mi
Annual Traffic Density (million)
           
Waidhofen am der Ybbs-YtB-1911
AT
 
76.7 / 47.5
0.2
21.0 / 13.0
0.05
Washington (DC) MTA (rly)-1990
US
 
242.7 / 150.5
3.4
50.3 / 31.2
0.7
2005
 
2,080,000
322.9 / 200.2
6.9
49.3 / 30.4
1.0
PRR-1956
   
64.7 / 40.1
0.4
30 / 20
0.2
PC-1970
   
0.2
0.1
Penn Line-1994
   
123.1 / 76.3
2.8
50 / 30
1.0
2004
   
4.2
1.5
B&O-1956
   
176.6 / 109.5
0.9
30 / 20
0.2
B&O - Camden Line-1970
   
58.2 / 36.1
0.2
0.09
Camden Line-1994
   
0.8
0.4
2004
   
1.0
0.5
B&O - Brunswick Line-1970
   
118.4 / 73.4
0.3
40 / 25
0.1
Brunswick Line-1994
   
1.4
0.5
2004
   
140.2 / 86.9
1.5
50 / 30
0.5
VRE-1998
   
130.2 / 80.7
1.9
59.2 / 36.7
0.9
2005
 
680,000
3.7
48.2 / 29.9
1.4
Manassas Line-1998
   
56.1 / 34.8
0.8
48 / 30
0.7
2005
   
1.9
44 / 27
1.5
RFP-1956
   
87.3 / 54.1
0.03
56 / 35
0.02
Fredericksburg Line-1998
   
1.1
0.7
2005
   
1.9
56 / 31
1.1
Metrorail (met)-1985
   
60.4 / 97.5
125.2
7.7 / 4.8
9.9
1990
   
112.2 / 69.6
182.0
8.8 / 5.5
14.3
2007
 
3,500,000
u 580,000
171.5 / 106.3
265
8.7 / 5.4
13.4
* Dulles Corridor
   
37.3 / 23.1
27
13 / 8
9
Wellington-Tranz Metro-all (rly) - 2001
NZ
450,000
u 180,000
150.2 / 93.7
10
23.7 / 14.7
1.6
EMU-main
   
81.1 / 50.3
10
20 / 12
2.5
Johnsonville
   
10.5 / 6.5
1
7 / 4
0.7
fn- 1984
   
0.6 / 0.4
0.8
0.6 / 0.4
0.8
Wien-S-Bahn (ÖBB)-1996 (Vienna)
AT
 
437 / 271
89.6
10 / 6
2
Stadtbahn-1911
 
@ 2,100,000
37.9 / 61.1
41.0
9.0 / 5.6
9.7
1962
 
@ 1,630,000
26.7 / 16.6
90
5 / 3
17
1966
 
@ 1,620,000
75.3
14
1974
 
@ 1,600,000
72.5
5.4 / 3.3
15
U6 (“LRT”)
   
17.5 / 10.8
113.6
5.2 / 3.3
35
U-Bahn-1984
   
32.2 / 20.0
192
5.5 / 3.4
33
2004
 
1,600,000
43.5 / 27.0
305
5.3 / 3.3
37
U1
   
10.0 / 6.2
     
U2
   
3.6 / 2.2
     
U4
   
16.4 / 10.2
     
Kahlenbergbahn-1911
   
5.3 / 3.3
0.2
5.3 / 3.3
0.2
Wiener Neustadt-SchbB-1911
AT
 
9.9 / 6.1
0.02
9.9 / 6.1
*** 0.06
2002
   
0.1
0.1
Wiesbaden-DB
DE
270,000
see Frankfurt am Main-DB (S-Bahn Rhein-Main)
Bergbahn fn-1966
   
0.5 / 0.3
0.2
0.5 / 0.3
0.2
Wil-MthB-1920
CH
 
42.0 / 26.0
0.3
13.2 / 8.2
0.1
1930
   
0.4
14.0 / 8.7
0.1
1940
   
0.4
14.7 / 9.1
0.1
1955
   
0.8
13.9 / 8.6
0.2
1970
   
1.0
15.1 / 9.4
0.4
1984
   
1.0
16.2 / 10.0
0.4
2002
 
140,000
1
16.6 / 10.3
0.5
Wolverhampton-Centro
GB
u: 240,000
see Birmingham-Centro
   
Worcester-CT, FGWL
GB
u: 90,000
       
Wuppertal - DB
DE
 
see Essen-DB (S-Bahn Rhein-Ruhr)
 
Schwebebahn (mo)-1919
 
@u: 310,000
13.3 / 8.2
17.4
5 / 3
6.5
1966
 
@u: 420,000
18.4
4.8 / 3.0
6.4
1985
 
@u: 370,000
16
4.1 / 2.5
4.9
2003
 
u: 360,000
23
7.1
York-NR
GB
u: 100,000
       
Zermatt- ZSB fn-1984
CH
 
1.520 / 0.9
0.7
1.520 / 0.9
0.7
1997
   
0.8
0.8
Zug-Stadtbahn Zug (SBB)
CH
125,000
79.5 / 49.3
     
ZBB fn-1910
   
1.261 / 0.8
0.03
1.261 / 0.8
0.03
1930
   
0.08
0.08
1940
   
0.09
0.09
1955
   
0.1
0.1
1970
   
0.2
0.2
1984
   
0.2
0.2
2002
 
20,000
0.3
0.3
Zürich-S-Bahn (SBB)-1999 (Zurich)
CH
 
380 / 236
211.8
15 / 9
8
2004
 
1,200,000
277.2
11
Db-1910
   
0.816 / 0.5
0.3
0.816 / 0.5
0.3
1930
   
0.5
0.5
1940
   
0.3
0.3
1955
   
0.4
0.4
1970
   
0.5
0.5
1984
   
1.3 / 0.8
0.6
1.3 / 0.8
0.6
2002
   
1.6
1.6
PBZ fn-1910
   
0.168 / 0.1
0.5
0.168 / 0.1
0.5
1930
   
0.9
0.9
1940
   
0.6
0.6
1955
   
0.6
0.6
1970
   
0.8
0.8
1984
   
0.7
0.7
1997
   
1.9
1.9
SR/VBZ fn-1910
   
0.301 / 0.2
0.2
0.301 / 0.2
0.2
1930
   
0.7
0.7
1940
   
0.5
0.5
1955
   
0.6
0.6
1970
   
0.4
0.4
1984
   
0.385 / 0.2
0.6
0.3 / 0.2
0.6
1997
   
0.6
0.5
Wädenswil-SOB-1910
   
49.2 / 30.5
   
0.2
1920
   
0.5
13.8 / 8.6
0.1
1930
   
0.7
13.9 / 8.6
0.2
1940
   
0.3
14.8 / 9.2
0.3
1955
   
2.2
14.2 / 8.8
0.6
1970
   
2.5
13.7 / 8.5
0.7
1984
   
3.1
12.5 / 7.7
0.8
2002
 
80,000
3.9
15.3 / 9.5
1.2
Uerikon-UeBB-1910
   
25.3 / 15.7
   
0.06
1920
   
0.1
9.7 / 6.0
0.04
1930
   
0.2
9.4 / 5.8
0.07
1940
   
0.2
7.9 / 4.9
0.05
Zwickau-rly
DE
u: 150,000
see Chemnitz - City-Bahn and Erzgebirgsbahn
Key to Symbols:
* = in planning; ** = under construction.
*** = operated for less than 12 months as noted; traffic density scaled up to annual rate.
@ = population corresponds with historic data year.
u = population within municipal boundary.
 
Notes for Table 4.13
Waidhofen am der Ybbs-YtB: Ybbstalbahn, Waidhofen am der Ybbs – Gsadt – Lunz am SeeKienberg-Gaming, branch Gstadt – Ybbsitz. 760-mm (2’ 5 13/16”) gauge. Lunz am See – Kienberg-Gaming closed 1988, museum railway from 1990.
Washington-PRR-1956, PC-1970: Pennsylvania Railroad Company (to 1968), Penn Central Transportation Company (from 1968). Washington – Baltimore (Penn Station). Weekday peak service only. Line also served by intercity trains.
Penn Line: Washington – Baltimore (Penn Station) – Perryville. Commuter service Baltimore – Perrysville started 1991.
B&O-1956: Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company. Washington – Baltimore (Camden Station) and Washington – Rockville – Brunswick – Martinsburg (WV).
Brunswick Line-2004: Washington – Martinsburg (WV), branch to Frederick. Service to Frederick started 2001 December 17.
VRE-Manassas Line: Washington – Alexandria – Manassas (Broad Run/Airport). Service opened 1992 June 22. Also served by Amtrak intercity trains.
RFP-1956: Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad Company. Washington – Alexandria Quantico Fredericksburg commuter service. Also served by intercity trains.
Fredericksburg Line: Washington Alexandria Quantico Fredericksburg. Service opened 1992 July 20. Also served by Amtrak intercity trains.
Metrorail-Dulles Corridor: Dulles Corridor Metrorail Project, in planning, construction planned for 2006. Initial phase planned to extend from Orange Line (near West Falls Church station) to Reston (Wiehle Avenue), 18.7 km (11.6 mi), opening planned for 2011. Second phase, Wiehle Avenue – Dulles International Airport – Route 722, 18.5 km (11.5 mi), opening planned for 2015. Traffic density estimate based on ridership forecast (91,200 / weekday, by 2025).
Wellington-Tranz Metro-all (rly): Includes all services operated by Tranz Metro (Wellington).
Tranz Metro-EMU-main: Includes all passengers transported by Tranz Metro (Wellington) and intercity passenger operator Tranz Scenic over EMU-worked segments of North Island Main Trunk and Hutt Valley lines, inclusive of Melling branch.
Tranz Metro-Johnsonville: Tranz Metro (Wellington) Johnsonville branch.
The Wairarapa Connection, Wellington – Upper Hutt – Masterton (91.0 km / 56.4 mi), a dedicated suburban service, is operated by Tranz Metro (the Wairarapa local authority contracts with the Greater Wellington Council for the service). Passenger service Masterton – Woodville – Palmerston North (108.3 km / 64.2 mi) withdrawn ca. 1991.
The Capital Connection, Wellington – Paekakariki – Palmerston North (136.2 km / 84.5 mi), a dedicated suburban service, started 1991 April 15. Operated as part of the Wellington suburban services until transfer to Tranz Scenic, from 2001.
Most recent extension of EMU-worked suburban service, Paekakariki – Paraparaumu (9.5 km / 5.9 mi), opened 1983 May 8. Extension to Lindale or Waikanae (7.2 km / 4.4 mi) under study.
Wien-S-Bahn (ÖBB): ÖBB was divided from 2004 January 1. The new passenger operator is Personenverkehr AG.
New through station, Bahnhof Wien Europa-Mitte, to replace the current Südbahnhof (which incorporates the former Ostbahnhof), under construction. Passenger interchange between S-Bahn and U-Bahn stations at Südtiroler Platz planned for opening in 2008. This will be followed by demolition of the current Südbahnhof. Start of construction of new main station planned for 2009. Completion planned for 2013.
Stadtbahn: Opened with steam traction 1898-1901, operated by Kaiserlich-Königliche Staatseisenbahnen (kkStB). Closed 1918 because of coal shortage following the end of the 1914-1918 war. Leased to the Wien local authority, reopened with electric traction 1925 as Wiener Elektrische Stadtbahn.
Rebuilt in stages for high-platform loading and incorporated into the U-Bahn network as lines U4 and U6. First U-Bahn trains began operation 1976.
U6 (“LRT”): This line, described by some sources as “LRT,” is in fact U-Bahn Line U6. This incorporates the last remaining Stadtbahn segment not rebuilt for high-platform loading, and uses cars built for low-platform loading.
Kahlenbergbahn: Wien-Nussdorf – Kahlenberg. First rack railway in Austria. 1874-1922.
Wiener Neustadt-SchbB: Schneebergbahn, rack railway, Puchberg-am-Schneeberg – Hochschneeberg. 1,000-mm (3’ 3⅜”) gauge. Operating season: April - November. 1911 traffic density scaled up to annual rate (in source document).
Wiesbaden-Bergbahn: Nerobergbahn Wiesbaden, funicular. Operates between Good Friday and October.
Wil-MthB: Mittelthurgau Bahn. Opened 1911 December 20. Electrified (SBB system: 15kV 16⅔Hz a.c.) 1965 September 24. To Thurbo AG, subsidiary enterprise of SBB, from 2002. System length includes operation on SBB.
Worcester-CT, FGWL: see also Birmingham-Centro.
Zermatt-ZSB: Standseilbahn Zermatt - Sunnegga, funicular. Opened 1980 November 21.
Zug: Stadtbahn Zug, upgraded regional rail services. Opened 2004 December 12.
ZBB: Zugerbergbahn, funicular.
Zürich-S-Bahn (SBB): Zürich Thalwil new alignment (quadrupling), 10.8 km (6.7 mi), of which 9.4 km (5.8 mi) in tunnel, opened 2003 June 15.
Infrastructure plans include Altstetten – Zürich Hauptbahnhof (HB) – Oerlikon cross-city link. Includes new four-track underground Löwenstrasse station at Zürich HB, and 4.8-km (3.0-mi) Weinberg tunnel to Oerlikon. Construction planned for 2007, opening planned for 2013-2015.
Db: Dolderbahn. Built as a funicular, 0.8 km (0.5 mi), opened 1895 July 13. (Tramway at summit, Waldhaus Dolder – Grand Hotel, 0.6 km (0.4 mi), opened 1899 July 5, closed 1930 December 31). Closed 1972 August 26 for reconstruction. Reopened 1973 September 30 as an electric rack railway, 1.3 km (0.8 mi), 600V d.c., overhead current collection.
PBZ: UBS-Polybahn, funicular. Owned by UBS AG (formerly Schweizerische Bankgesellschaft), operated by VBZ as part of the urban transport network.
SR/VBZ: Seilbahn Rigiblick, funicular. Operated by VBZ as part of the urban transport network. Known as Seilbahn Rigiviertel (SR) prior to reconstruction and extension (1978-1979).
Wädenswil-SOB: Südostbahn. Rapperswil – Pfäffikon, 4.0 km (2.5 mi), opened 1878 August 27. Pfäffikon – Samstagern, 12.3 km (7.6 mi), and Biberbrugg – Arth-Goldau, 20.2 km (12.5 mi), opened 1891 August 8. Wädenswil – Samstagern – Biberbrugg – Einsiedeln, 16.7 km (10.4 mi), opened 1877 May 1. Railway electrified 1939 May 15 (SBB system: 15kV 16⅔Hz a.c.).
Merged with Bodensee-Toggenburg-Bahn (BT) to form Schweizerische Südostbahn AG from 2001 (see St. Gallen-BT, Table 4.11).
Uerikon-UeBB: Uerikon-Bauma-Bahn. Uerikon – Bubikon – Hinwil – Bauma opened 1901 June 1. Hinwil – Bauma to SBB from 1947, remainder closed 1948. (SBB segment electrified 1947 October 11, passenger service withdrawn 1969 May 31, excursion railway service from 1978 May 6.)
Zwickau-rly: Lightweight DMU (diesel multiple unit) stock began operation on 1.4 km (0.9 mi) of town tramway line from 1999 May 30 (see under Zwickau, Table 3.20). These work Zwickau Zentrum (town center) – Hauptbahnhof (railway station – Falkenstein – Klingenthal; Zwickau Hauptbahnhof – Klingenthal is 65 km (40 mi). Segment Klingenthal – Kraslice (CZ), 4 km (2 mi), closed 1945, reopened 2003 July 7. Three daily services continue beyond Kraslice to Sokolov and Karlovy Vary.