Table 3.33: Tramway, Light Railway and LRT
U.S., Canada, Western Europe and Australasia
Y-Z          Yakima - Zwickau     (3.33.2, 2008.6)
City and Country
Population Served
System Length, km / mi
Annual Passengers (million)
Average Travel Distance, km / mi
Annual Traffic Density (million)
           
Yakima (WA) - YVT - 1915
US
 
52.7 / 32.7
2.3
2 / 1
0.07
1927
   
45.3 / 28.1
0.8
"
0.03
1935
   
"
0.4
"
0.02
1946
   
11.0 / 6.8
0.9
"
0.1
Ybbs an der Donau - 1911
AT
@ 5,000
2.9 / 1.8
0.08
2.9 / 1.8
0.08
Yonkers (NY) - 1907
US
@ 80,000
39.4 / 24.4
12.6
3 / 2
1.0
1913
   
38.6 / 23.9
19.6
"
1.0
1927
   
39.0 / 24.2
29.9
"
2.5
1950
   
35 / 22
22.2
"
2.0
see also New York City (Table 3.16)
           
York (PA) - 1907
US
@ 100,000
88.2 / 54.7
5.0
8 / 5
0.5
1923
 
@ 80,000
116.5 / 72.2
9.0
5 / 3
0.4
Yverdon-les-Bains - YSteC - 1910
CH
 
24.2 / 15.0
   
0.06
1920
   
"
0.1
15.1 / 9.4
0.07
1930
   
"
0.3
16.0 / 9.9
0.2
1940
   
"
0.1
16.1 / 10.0
0.1
1955
   
"
0.5
16.5 / 10.2
0.3
1970
   
"
0.5
14.1 / 8.7
0.3
1984
   
"
0.4
16.0 / 9.9
0.2
2002
 
30,000
"
0.5
"
0.3
* Zaragoza
ES
784,000
u 667,000
       
Zermatt - GGB - 1910
CH
 
9.3 / 5.8
   
0.03
1920
   
"
   
0.02
1930
   
"
   
0.05
1940
   
"
0.03
8.6 / 5.3
0.02
1955
   
"
0.4
9.1 / 5.6
0.4
1970
   
"
1.6
8.0 / 5.0
1.4
1984
   
"
3.1
"
2.6
2002
 
4,000
"
3.2
"
2.7
RiT - 1910
   
0.5 / 0.3
0.003
0.5 / 0.3
0.003
1930
   
"
0.004
"
0.004
Zürich - urban - 1910 (Zurich)
CH
u: 190,000
34.9 / 21.6
33
1.5 / 1
1.4
1930
 
u: 290,000
55.9 / 34.7
93
"
2.5
1940
 
u: 340,000
63.3 / 39.2
78
"
1.9
1955
 
u: 420,000
62.4 / 38.7
140
"
3.4
1970
 
"
59.5 / 36.9
143
"
3.6
1984
 
u: 360,000
61.8 / 38.3
147
"
3.6
2002
 
u: 340,000
68.9 / 42.7
196
1.8 / 1.1
5.1
2004
 
u: 370,000
"
197.4
"
5.2
* Tram Zürich West
   
3 / 2
     
Dietikon - BD - 1910
   
10.6 / 6.6
   
0.1
1920
   
18.8 / 11.7
0.5
9.5 / 6
0.3
1930
   
"
0.9
9.2 / 5.7
0.4
1940
   
"
0.8
9.5 / 5.9
0.4
1955
   
"
1.4
9.8 / 6.1
0.7
1970
   
"
1.2
9.2 / 5.7
0.6
1984
   
"
1.5
8.5 / 5.3
0.7
2002
 
50,000
"
2.0
7.1 / 4.4
0.8
FB - 1920
   
17.0 / 10.5
0.3
8.1 / 5.0
0.2
1930
   
"
0.4
6.9 / 4.3
0.2
1940
   
"
0.5
5.6 / 3.5
0.2
1955
   
"
1.1
5.9 / 3.7
0.4
1970
   
"
1.9
7.2 / 4.4
0.8
1984
   
"
3.2
7.7 / 4.8
1.5
2002
 
410,000
16.4 / 10.2
4.3
8.7 / 5.4
2.3
SZU - Sihltal - 1910
   
17.4 / 10.8
   
0.3
1920
   
"
0.9
7.6 / 4.7
0.4
1930
   
"
1.5
7.3 / 4.5
0.6
1940
   
"
1.5
"
0.6
1955
   
"
2.9
7.5 / 4.7
1.1
1970
   
"
3.4
8.2 / 5.1
1.5
1984
   
"
2.7
8 / 5
1.2
2002
 
390,000
18.4 / 11.4
5
5 / 3
1.4
SZU - Uetliberg - 1910
   
9.1 / 5.6
   
0.08
1920
   
"
0.05
9.1 / 5.6
0.05
1930
   
"
0.3
8.3 / 5.2
0.2
1940
   
"
0.5
6.0 / 3.7
0.3
1955
   
"
0.8
"
0.5
1970
   
"
0.8
6.7 / 4.1
0.6
1984
   
"
1.2
7 / 4
1.0
2002
   
10.1 / 6.3
2.5
6 / 4
1.5
Esslingen - UOe - 1910
   
10.7 / 6.6
0.09
4.9 / 3.0
0.04
1920
   
"
0.1
"
0.06
1930
   
"
0.08
5.2 / 3.2
0.04
1940
   
"
0.07
6.4 / 4.0
0.04
Wetzikon - WMB - 1910
   
22.5 / 13.9
   
0.08
1920
   
"
0.5
4.7 / 2.9
0.1
1930
   
"
0.5
4.5 / 2.8
0.09
1940
   
20.0 / 12.4
0.2
6.5 / 4.0
0.07
** Glattal
 
140,000
12.7 / 7.9
     
LSB - 1920
   
12.0 / 7.4
2.3
5 / 3
0.9
* Limmattal
   
12.8 / 7.9
     
Zug - ESZ - 1920
CH
 
23.5 / 14.6
   
0.2
1930
   
"
0.7
6.4 / 4.0
0.2
1940
   
"
0.6
6.8 / 4.2
0.2
ZBB - 1910
   
3.0 / 1.9
0.2
2 / 1
0.1
1930
   
"
0.2
"
0.1
1940
   
"
0.2
"
0.1
1955
   
"
0.1
"
0.06
Zwickau - 1967
DE
@ 130,000
9.1 / 5.6
23.6
1.5 / 1
4
2002
 
150,000
"
10
"
2
Key to Symbols:
* = in planning; ** = under construction.
*** = operated for less than 12 months as noted; traffic density scaled up to annual rate.
@ = population corresponds with historic data year.
u = population within municipal boundary.
 
Notes for Table 3.33
Yakima - YVT: Operator title: Yakima Valley Transportation Company (subsidiary undertaking of Union Pacific Railroad Company).
Operated town tramway services in Yakima, with interurban extensions Selah – Speyers, Harwood – Gromore (Henrybro), and Ahtanum – Wiley City. Interurban passenger service withdrawn 1935.
1915 passenger traffic estimates: town tramway, 2.1 million; interurban: 200,000. Town tramway annual traffic density: 0.2 million (implied by passenger traffic estimate).
1927 passenger traffic estimates: town tramway, 740,000; interurban: 40,000. Town tramway annual traffic density: 0.09 million (implied).
1935 passenger traffic estimate: town tramway, 420,000; interurban: 10,000. Town tramway annual traffic density: 0.05 million (implied).
Ybbs an der Donau: Operator title: Elektrische Kleinbahn Ybbs - Kemmelbach.
Track gauge 760mm / 2’ 5⅞”. 1907-1953.
Yonkers: Operator title: Yonkers Railroad Company. Subsidiary undertaking of Third Avenue Railway System (1950: Third Avenue Transit System).
System length excludes segments (in The Bronx, New York City) owned by TARS.
York: Operator title: York Railways Company.
Operated town tramway services in York and adjacent towns, with suburban extensions to Shiloh Dover, Manchester York Haven with a branch to Mount Wolf, Stonybrook Wrightsville and Red Lion Bittersville. (York Hanover line, known locally as "Hanover Short Line," opened 1907).
Yverdon-les-Bains - YSteC: Chemin de fer Yverdon-Ste-Croix.
Opened 1893 November 27. Electrified 1945 January 25 (SBB system, 15kV 16⅔Hz a.c.).
Common management with PBr (see under Le Pont, Table 3.19) from 1981. Merged with PBr as Transports Vallée de Joux - Yverdon-les-Bains - Ste-Croix (TRAVYS) in 2001. OC (see under Orbe, Table 3.17) merged into TRAVYS from 2003.
Zaragoza: Project for Metro Ligero (light metro) or Tranvía (tramway), in planning.
Opening of initial segment planned for 2011 or thereafter.
Zermatt - RiT: Riffelalp Tram. Riffelalp station (GGB) – Hotel Riffelalp.
Opened 1899, electric traction (550V 40Hz three-phase a.c.). Maximum speed: 8 km/h / 5 mph. Elevation of line at Hotel Riffelalp, 2,225m / 7,300’, highest reached by tramway in Europe. Operation suspended for the winter season in 1960 September. Not reopened because of destruction of Hotel Riffelalp by fire in 1961.
New line opened 2001 June 25 to serve Riffelalp Resort (opened 2000), 0.8 km / 0.5 mi, accumulator (storage-battery) traction, maximum speed: 10 km/h / 6 mph.
Zug - ESB: Elektrische Strassenbahnen im Kanton Zug.
Operated Zug – Talacker – Nidfurren – Oberägeri, Zug – Baar – Talacker, and Nidfurren – Menzingen. Opened 1913 September 9. Closed in stages 1953 - 1955 May 22.
ZBB: Zuger Berg- und Strassenbahn. Town tramway service in Zug. 1907 - 1959 May 10.
Zürich-System length includes 2-km / 1-mi tunnel, with three stations, built together with a road project in anticipation of U-Bahn development. The U-Bahn plan was rejected by the cantonal electorate in 1973.
Extension Milchbuch – Schwamendingen – Hirzenbach / Bahnhof Stettbach, 6.3 km / 3.9 mi opened 1986 February 1. (Previous tramway, Oerlikon Schwamendingen, 2.1 km / 1.3 mi, 1906 - 1931 May 1.)
VBZ Linienkonzept 2025: The following projects are included in the tramway expansion project announced at 2006 July:
First stage, by 2010: Tram Zürich West: Escher-Wyss-Platz – Bahnhof Altstetten Nord, 3 km / 2 mi. The municipal electorate approved the municipal share of financing for the plan in 2007 July (68 percent "yes"). The cantonal electorate approved the cantonal share of financing in 2007 November (69 percent "yes"). Construction started 2008.
Second stage, by 2015: Schiffbau – Hardplatz, on Hardbrücke bridge, 0.7 km / 0.4 mi.
Third stage, by 2020: Albisriederplatz – Hardplatz, 0.6 km / 0.4 mi, Escher-Wyss-Platz – Bucheggplatz, 1.2 km / 0.7 mi, Bucheggplatz – Milchbuck, 0.8 / 0.5 mi, and Farbhof – Hermetschloo, 0.7 km / 0.4 mi. These links will permit operation of two new tangential services.
Fourth stage, by 2025: Kalkbreite – Bahnhof Wiedikon, 0.7 km / 0.4 mi, Schmiede Wiedikon – Laubegg, 1.5 km / 0.9 mi, and quadrupling of the Bahnhofbrücke bridge.
Beyond 2025: Additional tramway lines planned for construction after 2025:
Affoltern – Bucheggplatz, Affoltern – Oerlikon, Hegibachplatz – Farbhof – Schlieren (tram route 1, replacing trolleybus route 31), and  Bucheggplatz – Hönggerberg.
Routes planned to extend across the municipal boundary to adjacent towns are Altstetten – Schlieren (see Stadtbahn Limmattal, below), Wollishofen – Adliswil, Höngg – Engstringen, Oerlikon – Glattzentrum – Dietlikon, and Stettbach – Dübendorf.
FB: Forchbahn. Zürich-Rehalp – Esslingen, 13.2 km / 8.2 mi opened 1912 November 29. Electric traction, 1,000V d.c. (later increased to 1,200V d.c.). Operates on town tramway line Zürich-Stadelhofen – Rehalp, 3.4 km / 2.1 mi.
(Initial running time: 67 min. 2002 running time: 37 min.)
Tunnel, Waltikon – Neu Forch, 1.7-km / 1.1-mi, with two underground stations (Zumikon, Maiacher) opened 1976 September 25.
Extension planned (on town tramway line) to Zürich Hauptbahnhof, by 2025.
Dietikon BD: Bremgarten-Dietikon-Bahn.
Dietikon – Bremgarten, 10.6 km / 6.6 mi, opened 1902 May 1, electric traction (750V dc).
Bremgarten – Bremgarten West, 1.3 km / 0.8 mi, opened 1912 February 8.
Bremgarten – Wohlen (SBB), 7.0 km / 4.3 mi, opened 1876 September 1 by Wohlen-Bremgarten-Bahn, to SBB from 1902. Passenger service by BD from 1912 February 8, using third running rail for metre-gauge trains.
Traction voltage increased to 900V d.c. from ca. 1947, and to 1,200V d.c. from 1969.
Operated WM (see under Wohlen, Table 3.24) from 1920 March 1.
SZU-Sihltal: Sihltalbahn (SiTB).
Zürich-Selnau – Zürich-Giesshübel, 1.2 km / 0.7 mi, opened 1892 December 1.
Zürich-Giesshübel – Sihlwald, 12.1 km / 7.5 mi, opened 1892 August 3.
Sihlwald – Silhbrugg, 4.2 km / 2.6 mi, opened 1897 June 1.
Electrified 1924 June 3 (SBB system, 15kV 16Hz a.c.).
SZU-Uetliberg: Zürich-Selnau – Uetliberg opened 1875 May 12 by Uetlibergbahn (UeB).
Operation suspended from 1920 November 1 because of financial losses caused by loss of tourist traffic during 1914-1918 war. Undertaking liquidated thereafter. Railway acquired by Zürich local authority in 1922, which organized new undertaking, Bahngesellschaft Zürich-Uetliberg (BZUe) and reopened service at end of 1922 August. Electrified 1923 June 25 (1200V d.c.).
SZU: Sihltalbahn (SiTB) and Uetlibergbahn (BZUe) under common management from 1932. Undertakings merged 1973 as SZU. Extension Zürich-Selnau – Zürich Hauptbahnhof (main station), 1.2 km / 0.7 mi, opened 1990 May 5.
Esslingen-UOe: Uster-Oetwil. Operated Uster – Esslingen – Oetwil – Langholz. Opened 1905 May 28. Closed 1949 October 2.
Wetzikon-WMB: Wetzikon-Meilen-Bahn. Operated Kempten – Wetzikon Langholz Meilen. Opened 1903 October 3.
Kempten – Wetzikon closed 1939 May 14.
Wetzikon Meilen SBB closed 1950 May 13.
Meilen SBB – Meilen Schifflände (pier) closed 1931 March 10.
Glattal: Stadtbahn Glattal, also known as Glattalbahn, LRT, under construction. Initial stage ("1A1"), Bahnhof Oerlikon (Messe/Hallenstadion) – Ambassador Auzelg, 2.7 km / 1.7 mi, opened 2006 December 1.
Subsequent stages: "1A2," Ambassador – Glattbrugg Bahnhof – Balsberg Bahnhof – Flughafen Zürich Airport – Flughafen Fracht. Under construction, opening planned for 2008.
"1B," Auzelg Wallisellen Bahnhof – Giessen Bahnhof Stettbach. Construction planned for 2008, opening planned for 2010.
(Previous tramway, Seebach – Glattbrugg, 1.7 km / 1.1 mi, 1908 - 1931 May 1.)
Ringbahn Hardwald, second-stage expansion of Glattal LRT, in planning. Flughafen Fracht – Kloten – Bassersdorf – Dietlikon – Wangen – Dübendorf – Giessen.
LSB-1920: Limmattal-Strassenbahn, Altstetten – Schlieren – Dietikon, and Schlieren – Weiningen.
Limmattal: Stadtbahn Limmattal, LRT, in planning. Planned to extend Farbhof – Bahnhof Schlieren – Bahnhof Dietikon – Bahnhof Kilwangen-Spreitenbach, with 26 stops. Construction planned in three stages (Farbhof Schlieren as a Zürich tramway extension, Schlieren Dietikon, Dietikon Kilwangen-Spreitenbach). Opening planned for 2015.
(Previous tramway (LSB, above), Farbhof – Schlieren, 1900 - 1956 January 1, Schlieren – Dietikon, 1900 - 1928 January 31.)
Zwickau-Trains from Klingenthal, worked by lightweight DMU (diesel multiple unit) stock, reach the town center on 1.4 km / 0.9 mi of town tramway line. A third running rail was laid on the segment between Hauptbahnhof (main railway station) and Zentrum, and trains from Klingenthal began operation to Zentrum from 1999 May 30.
 
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