Appendix 7:
Suburban Rail Systems - Additional Information - China
A 1985 article ("Commuter rail and metropolitan railways in China") stated the extent of suburban rail service in China as follows:
--454 daily trains, 23.5 percent of all (ZT) trains.
--210 million annual passengers, 20.3 percent of all (ZT) rail passengers.
--5,200 million annual passenger-km, 2.9 percent of all (ZT) passenger travel.
--Average distance traveled by suburban passengers, 24 km / 15 mi.
--Major suburban passenger networks were operated by the following divisions: Beijing, Guangzhou, Harbin, Jinan, Shanghai, Shenyang, Xi’an and Zhengzhou. These accounted for 97.8 percent of all rail commuter traffic. Shenyang alone accounted for 120 million annual passengers, or 55 percent of all (ZT) rail commuters.
The data above would pertain specifically to the national (ZT) rail network, and would not include traffic carried by separate undertakings. These include Anshan New Steel Company ("Angang," formerly Anshan Iron & Steel Company, Ltd.), and the Fushun Mining Administration.
The authors have tabulated Chinese cities where urban population is of a size sufficient to suggest some degree of rail "commuter" traffic. However, "commuter rail" system lengths could not be determined from available information.